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  • displaystyle
  • The Relative Utilitarian social choice rule selects the element in X {\displaystyle X} which maximizes the utilitarian sum W ( x ) := ∑ i ∈ I w i ( x ) . {\displaystyle W(x):=\sum _{i\in I}w_{i}(x). (wikipedia.org)
  • For a liquid mixture of two components (called a binary mixture) at a given temperature and pressure, the relative volatility is defined as α = ( y i / x i ) ( y j / x j ) = K i / K j {\displaystyle \alpha ={\frac {(y_{i}/x_{i})}{(y_{j}/x_{j})}}=K_{i}/K_{j}} When their liquid concentrations are equal, more volatile components have higher vapor pressures than less volatile components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, for the distillation of any multi-component mixture, the relative volatility is often defined as α = ( y L K / x L K ) ( y H K / x H K ) = K L K / K H K {\displaystyle \alpha ={\frac {(y_{LK}/x_{LK})}{(y_{HK}/x_{HK})}}=K_{LK}/K_{HK}} Large-scale industrial distillation is rarely undertaken if the relative volatility is less than 1.05. (wikipedia.org)
  • Entropy
  • We give a new characterization of relative entropy, also known as the Kullback--Leibler divergence. (emis.de)
  • We show that any convex linear, lower semicontinuous functor from FinStat to the additive monoid $[0,\infty]$ which vanishes when $s$ is optimal must be a scalar multiple of this relative entropy. (emis.de)
  • ratio
  • The relative permittivity of a material is its (absolute) permittivity expressed as a ratio relative to the vacuum permittivity . (wikipedia.org)
  • Likewise, relative permittivity is the ratio of the capacitance of a capacitor using that material as a dielectric , compared with a similar capacitor that has vacuum as its dielectric. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative molecular mass is the ratio of the average mass per molecule or specified entity of a substance to 1/12 of the mass of a carbon-12 atom. (daviddarling.info)
  • In epidemiology, relative survival (as opposed to overall survival and associated with excess hazard rates) is defined as the ratio of observed survival in a population to the expected or background survival rate. (wikipedia.org)
  • A relative price may be expressed in terms of a ratio between any two prices or the ratio between the price of one particular good and a weighted average of all other goods available in the market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative strength is a ratio of a stock price performance to a market average (index) performance. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative density, or specific gravity, is the ratio of the density (mass of a unit volume) of a substance to the density of a given reference material. (wikipedia.org)
  • restrictive
  • Whereas a non-restrictive or non-defining relative clause merely provides supplementary information, a restrictive or defining relative clause modifies the meaning of its head word (restricts its possible referent). (wikipedia.org)
  • This (who lives in this house) is a restrictive relative clause, modifying the meaning of man, and essential to the sentence (if the clause were omitted, it would no longer be known which man is being referred to). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a non-restrictive relative clause, since it provides supplementary information about the mayor, but is not essential to the sentence - if the clause were omitted, it would still be known which mayor is meant. (wikipedia.org)
  • refers
  • A bound relative clause, the type most often considered, qualifies an explicit element (usually a noun or noun phrase) appearing in the main clause, and refers back to that element by means of some explicit or implicit device within the relative clause. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, in the English sentence "The man whom I saw yesterday went home", the relative clause "whom I saw yesterday" modifies the head noun man, and the relative pronoun whom refers back to the referent of that noun. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is nearly always the case that measurements are made at nominally 1 atmosphere (101.325 kPa the variations caused by changing weather patterns) but as relative density usually refers to highly incompressible aqueous solutions or other incompressible substances (such as petroleum products) variations in density caused by pressure are usually neglected at least where apparent relative density is being measured. (wikipedia.org)
  • equation
  • In the demand equation Q = f(P) (in which Q is the number of units of a good or service demanded), P is the relative price of the good or service rather than the nominal price. (wikipedia.org)
  • atomic
  • Also called molecular weight and represented by the symbol M r , relative molecular mass is equal to the sum of the relative atomic masses of all the atoms that comprise a molecule. (daviddarling.info)
  • From this you can deduce the relative atomic mass of magnesium. (rsc.org)
  • The measured volume of gas produced and mass of magnesium are used to calculate the mass of magnesium that would be needed to produce one mole of hydrogen molecules, and hence deduce the relative atomic mass of magnesium. (rsc.org)
  • precise
  • In medicine and science, where precise definitions are crucial, relative directions (left and right) are the sides of the organism, not those of the observer. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike absolute pitch (sometimes called "perfect pitch"), relative pitch is quite common among musicians, especially musicians who are used to "playing by ear", and a precise relative pitch is a constant characteristic among good musicians. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unlike
  • Unlike perfect pitch, relative pitch can be developed through ear training. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another method of developing relative pitch is playing melodies by ear on a musical instrument, especially one which, unlike a piano or other fingered instrument, requires a specific manual adjustment for each particular tone. (wikipedia.org)
  • subsequent
  • Relative wages are also linked to subsequent economic development: over time, increases in the employment share of skill-intensive industries are greater in regions with lower initial skill premia. (nber.org)
  • given
  • One says that relative homology is given by the relative cycles, chains whose boundaries are chains on A, modulo the relative boundaries (chains that are homologous to a chain on A, i.e. chains that would be boundaries, modulo A again). (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative pitch is the ability of a person to identify or re-create a given musical note by comparing it to a reference note and identifying the interval between those two notes. (wikipedia.org)
  • definition
  • By definition, the linear relative permittivity of vacuum is equal to 1, that is ε = ε 0 , although there are theoretical nonlinear quantum effects in vacuum that become non-negligible at high field strengths. (wikipedia.org)
  • Units
  • For example, in 2005, a generic 99213 Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code was worth 1.39 Relative Value Units , or RVUs. (wikipedia.org)
  • A separate committee, the Specialty Society Relative Value Scale Update Committee (RUC), meets three times a year to set new values, determines the Relative Value Units (RVUs) for each new code, and revalues all existing codes at least once every five years. (wikipedia.org)
  • example
  • The Specialty Society Relative Value Scale Update Committee (RUC) is largely privately run, an example of regulatory capture . (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative Insight analyses the way a brand's target audience speaks online - for example on Facebook, Twitter, in comments and on forums - and provides insight to the brand on how best to appeal to this audience. (wikipedia.org)
  • in this example the same man is referred to by the subject of the matrix clause, but the direct object of the relative clause. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, in "The man you saw yesterday was my uncle", the relative clause you saw yesterday contains no relative pronoun. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, if all prices rise by 10% there is no change in any relative prices, so if consumers' nominal income and wealth also go up by 10% leaving real income and real wealth unchanged, then demand for each good or service will be unaffected. (wikipedia.org)
  • An example of a non-egocentric view is page layout, where the relative terms "upper half" "left margin," etc. are defined in terms of the observer but employed in reverse for a type compositor, returning to an egocentric view. (wikipedia.org)
  • For example, an ice cube, with a relative density of about 0.91, will float. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative volatilities are not used in separation or absorption processes that involve components reacting with each other (for example, the absorption of gaseous carbon dioxide in aqueous solutions of sodium hydroxide). (wikipedia.org)
  • known
  • The relative permittivity of a material for a frequency of zero is known as its static relative permittivity . (wikipedia.org)
  • Alternatively, the same skill which allows someone to hear a melody for the first time and name the notes relative to some known reference pitch. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • To construct a theory of relative motion consistent with the theory of special relativity, we must adopt a different convention. (wikipedia.org)
  • absolute
  • Relative dating is the science of determining the relative order of past events (i.e., the age of an object in comparison to another), without necessarily determining their absolute age, (i.e. estimated age). (wikipedia.org)
  • Prior to the discovery of radiometric dating in the early 20th century, which provided a means of absolute dating, archaeologists and geologists used relative dating to determine ages of materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative pitch is a lot more common than absolute pitch which one in one thousand people have. (wikipedia.org)
  • general
  • Often inflation makes it difficult for economic agents to immediately distinguish increases in the price of a good which are due to relative price changes from changes in the price which are due to inflation of prices in general. (wikipedia.org)
  • separation
  • Relative volatilities are used in the design of all types of distillation processes as well as other separation or absorption processes that involve the contacting of vapor and liquid phases in a series of equilibrium stages. (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • The most basic relative score is the percentile rank, which specifies the percentage of people in the normative group who score lower on the measure than yourself. (ablongman.com)
  • To calculate the relative strength of a particular stock, divide the percentage change over some time period by the percentage change of a particular index over the same time period. (wikipedia.org)
  • free
  • 0. When i = 0, H0(X, x0) is the free module of one rank less than H0(X). The connected component containing x0 becomes trivial in relative homology. (wikipedia.org)
  • value
  • Resource-based relative value scale ( RBRVS ) is a schema used to determine how much money medical providers should be paid. (wikipedia.org)
  • RBRVS assigns procedures performed by a physician or other medical provider a relative value which is adjusted by geographic region (so a procedure performed in Manhattan is worth more than a procedure performed in Dallas ). (wikipedia.org)
  • form
  • The relative survival form of analysis is more complex than "competing risks" but is considered the gold-standard for performing a cause-specific survival analysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • particular
  • But if the price of a particular good goes up by, say, 2% while the prices of the other goods and services go down enough that the overall price level is unchanged, then the relative price of the particular good has increased while purchasing power has been unaffected, so the demand for the good will go down. (wikipedia.org)
  • main
  • The relative clause may also function as an embedded clause within a main (or higher-level) clause, thereby forming a matrix sentence. (wikipedia.org)
  • science
  • Relative Dimensions is an audio drama based on the long-running British science fiction television series Doctor Who. (wikipedia.org)
  • Methods for relative dating were developed when geology first emerged as a natural science in the 18th century. (wikipedia.org)
  • analysis
  • Retrieved on 04/03/2015 http://relativeinsight.com/about/ Bryant, Martin (2014) Relative Insight: Language analysis to help brands understand their customers - and rivals, The Next Web. (wikipedia.org)
  • Retrieved on 04/03/2015 http://thenextweb.com/insider/2014/07/01/relative-insight-uses-language-analysis-help-brands-understand-customers-rivals/ Singhoff, Florian (2014) Talent Unleashed UK 2014 Awards Finalists Announced, Wired. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative survival of a disease, in survival analysis, is calculated by dividing the overall survival after diagnosis by the survival as observed in a similar population not diagnosed with that disease. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus, there are two ways in performing a cause-specific survival analysis "competing risks survival analysis" and "relative survival. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • Compared to summer when the moisture content of the air (relative humidity) is an important factor of body discomfort, air moisture has a lesser effect on the human body during outdoor winter activities. (infoplease.com)
  • The relative homology is useful and important in several ways. (wikipedia.org)
  • reference
  • Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) M. Thomson Request for Comments: 7035 Microsoft Category: Standards Track B. Rosen ISSN: 2070-1721 Neustar D. Stanley Aruba Networks G. Bajko Nokia A. Thomson Lookingglass October 2013 Relative Location Representation Abstract This document defines an extension to the Presence Information Data Format Location Object (PIDF-LO) ( RFC 4119 ) for the expression of location information that is defined relative to a reference point. (ietf.org)
  • The reference point may be expressed as a geodetic or civic location, and the relative offset may be one of several shapes. (ietf.org)
  • Optionally, a reference to a secondary document (such as a map image) can be included, along with the relationship of the map coordinate system to the reference/offset coordinate system, to allow display of the map with the reference point and the relative offset. (ietf.org)
  • A relative location is formed of a reference location plus a relative offset from that reference location. (ietf.org)
  • Relative exposure can be calculated by normalizing the surface area of the residue in the structure by the surface area of the same type of residue in some reference state. (ucsf.edu)
  • Since definitions of left and right based on the geometry of the natural environment are unwieldy, in practice, the meaning of relative direction words is conveyed through tradition, acculturation, education, and direct reference. (wikipedia.org)
  • If the reference material is water then a substance with a relative density (or specific gravity) less than 1 will float in water. (wikipedia.org)
  • object
  • x Relative Location This extension allows the creator of a location object to include two location values plus an offset. (ietf.org)
  • measure
  • Thus, the use of relative survival provides an accurate way to measure survival rates that are associated with the cancer in question. (wikipedia.org)
  • Relative volatility is a measure comparing the vapor pressures of the components in a liquid mixture of chemicals. (wikipedia.org)
  • optional
  • In addition to the relative location, an optional URI can be provided to a document that contains a map, floor plan, or other spatially oriented information. (ietf.org)
  • useful
  • Though relative dating can only determine the sequential order in which a series of events occurred, not when they occurred, it remains a useful technique. (wikipedia.org)
  • however
  • However, the heat that is added will cause a drying effect and lower the indoor relative humidity, unless an indoor moisture source is present. (infoplease.com)
  • However many languages do not distinguish the two types of relative clause in this way. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are definite relationships between the relative directions, however. (wikipedia.org)
  • students
  • Computer-aided ear training is becoming a popular tool for musicians and music students, and various software is available for improving relative pitch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some music teachers teach their students relative pitch by having them associate each possible interval with the first two notes of a popular song. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many western ear training classes use solfège to teach students relative pitch, while others use numerical sight-singing. (wikipedia.org)