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  • dorsal
  • Sciatic nerve crush was performed on 5-day-old rat puppies and the recurrent inhibition between lateral gastrocnemius-soleus (LG-S) and medial gastrocnemius (MG) motor pools was assessed by conditioning monosynaptic reflexes (MSR) elicited from the sectioned dorsal roots and recorded either from the LG-S and MG nerves by antidromic stimulation of the synergist muscle nerve. (hindawi.com)
  • In response to the electric stimulation of a lumbar dorsal root, the neonatal rat spinal cord generates a slow ventral root potential (slow VRP) and a monosynaptic reflex (MSR)in the corresponding ipsilateral ventral root and a dorsal root potential (DRP) in the adjacent dorsal root. (asahq.org)
  • inhibitory
  • We suggest that the cyclical changes of the reflex excitability resulted from the interaction of facilitatory and inhibitory mechanisms emerging after specific delays and with distinct durations, including post-activation depression, recurrent inhibition and facilitation as well as reafferent feedback activation. (wingsforlife.com)
  • spastic
  • Angel RW, Hoffmann WW (1963) The H reflex in normal, spastic and rigid subjects. (springer.com)
  • After delineating the differences in spasticity scores and reflex functions between spastic and normal states, the aims of this study were to examine the reliability of these measurements in hemiparetic subjects, and the correlation between altered reflex functions and clinically measured spasticity. (springer.com)
  • An aggregate of lower limb reflexes was comapred between ten spastic hemiparetic and seven age-matched normal subjects. (springer.com)
  • circuits
  • Particularly interesting was the finding of slow tonic myosin heavy chain expressing muscle fibers, a developmental marker for muscle spindles, in the cultures showing that this system has the potential to contain the complete reflex circuits. (ovid.com)
  • voluntary
  • The nervous system is a biological computer integrating the body's reflex and voluntary environmental interactions (behavior) with a relatively constant internal state (homeostasis)-- promoting survival of the individual and species. (nih.gov)
  • Chan CWY, Levin MF (1990) Relief of spasticity by TENS is associated with improvement in reflex and voluntary motor functions. (springer.com)
  • Clinical
  • As yet, there is no literature addressing the reproducibility of the existing barrage of clinical evaluations of spasticity and reflex measurement. (springer.com)
  • The testing of these reflexes, together with a knowledge of the different levels of the spinal cord responsible for each of them, provides a clinical method of examining the integrity of a reflex arc involving particular peripheral nerves and segments of the spinal cord. (encyclopedia.com)
  • lower
  • In individuals with motor-complete spinal cord injury, epidural stimulation of the lumbosacral spinal cord at 2 Hz evokes unmodulated reflexes in the lower limbs, while stimulation at 22-60 Hz can generate rhythmic burst-like activity. (wingsforlife.com)
  • example
  • For example, the reflex withdrawal of the hand from a noxious object minimizes the damage inflicted on the organism by the noxious agent. (encyclopedia.com)