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  • Mice
  • EPF, delivered intraperitoneally or orally to rats or intraperitoneally to mice, suppressed clinical signs of disease. (biomedsearch.com)
  • More than 43 metabolites were present in the urine and faeces of mice and rats (Matuso, 1984). (inchem.org)
  • Genetic mapping using collaborative cross mice (CC), a genetically diverse recombinant inbred mouse reference panel, offers a powerful tool to identify causal loci at a resolution under one mega base-pairs, with a relatively small cohort size. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Articular
  • Local subchondral administration of TGF-β antibody reduced abberant subchondral bone formation and articular cartilage degeneration in ACLT rats(a) Three dimensional μCT images of tibia subchondral bone medial compartment (sagittal view) in rats that underwent sham (Sham) or ACLT surgery with implantation of an alginate bead containing either vehicle (Vehicle) or TGF-β antibody (Antibody) 3 months post surgery. (nih.gov)
  • genetically
  • Such gene-by-environment interactions can be explored by studying rats that have been specifically bred to be genetically susceptible or resistant to drug use. (drugabuse.gov)
  • With a novel focus on the immune system this paper investigate whether late phase pulmonary effects developed in rats exposed to the nitrogen mustard melphalan are linked to the acute responses and whether the reactions are genetically regulated. (wiley.com)
  • stimuli
  • We have recently described two rat mutants, ci2 and ci3, in which lateralized rotational behavior occurs either spontaneously or in response to external stimuli, such as new environment or handling. (biomedsearch.com)
  • The abnormal motor response to external stimuli raised the possibility that the circling rat mutants may be more likely to express anxiety-related behavior in tests of emotionality. (biomedsearch.com)
  • Some were housed in the standard, social condition (SC) of multiple rats in one cage, others were housed in enriched conditions (EC), which involved group housing and exposure to novel objects, and others were housed in isolated conditions (IC), which removed all social and object stimuli. (drugabuse.gov)
  • dopamine
  • Based on previous findings of dysfunctions of the central dopamine system in ci2 and ci3 mutant rats, we assume that alterations in dopaminergic activity are involved in the maladaptive behavior observed in the present study. (biomedsearch.com)
  • islet
  • Enhanced isolated pancreatic islet recovery and functionality in rats by 17beta-estradiol treatment of brain death donors. (uab.edu)
  • light
  • In the present study, we characterized anxiety-related behaviors of ci2 and ci3 rats in the open field, elevated plus-maze and light/dark exploration test. (biomedsearch.com)
  • 3) Changes in Cerebral Microvasculature in Congenital Hydrocephalus of the Inbred Rat LEW/Jms: Light and electron microscopic examination. (exlibris.ch)
  • late phase
  • Moreover, arthritic rats in the late phase of AA also raised vigorous T cell responses to those carboxy-terminal determinants within self(rat) hsp65 (Rhsp65) that correspond in position to the above BCTD. (nih.gov)
  • activity
  • 9) Histochemical Study of Acetylcholinesterase Activity in the Hippocampus of Rats with Kaolin-induced Hydrocephalus: A preliminary report. (exlibris.ch)