• River Rats may refer to: Albany River Rats, an ice hockey team in the American Hockey League! (wikipedia.org)
  • River Rats, a Hardy Boys novel. (wikipedia.org)
  • River Rats", the seventh episode of All Grown Up! (wikipedia.org)
  • The Albany River Rats were a minor league professional ice hockey team in the American Hockey League. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this division, they compete with: Burlington WRFC Hartford Wild Roses Seacoast WRFC Worcester WRFC Portland, Maine (PWRFC) North Shore, Massachusetts North Shore Monsoons WRFC The Charles River Rats are a part of the New England Rugby Football Union, Senior Men's Division III in the Northern Conference. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Aguasabon River Rats were a Junior "B" ice hockey team based out of Terrace Bay, Ontario. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Aguasabon River Rats played in every season of the NSHL's history. (wikipedia.org)
  • The River Rats always did well, but from 1999-00 until 2001-02 the River Rats were the best in the league-three straight championships. (wikipedia.org)
  • After the 2003-04 season, the River Rats and Thessalon Flyers chose not to pursue another season in the NSHL. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Avon River Rats are a Canadian Junior C ice hockey team based in Windsor, Nova Scotia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Sanford River Rats are a wood bat collegiate summer baseball league team located in Sanford, Florida. (wikipedia.org)
  • The River Rats were one of the inaugural teams of the FCSL. (wikipedia.org)
  • A part of knowing the Sanford River Rats is knowing the fan club known as the "Rowdy Rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • There isn't much out there like it" To show its appreciation, on June 16th of 2015, The River Rats gave free admission to everyone in the fan group. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Nottawasaga River Rats were a senior hockey team based out of CFB Borden. (wikipedia.org)
  • This season would prove to be disastrous for the River Rats, as they finished the regular season with a 0-24-0 record, last place in the eighteen team WOAA. (wikipedia.org)
  • The River Rats struggles continued into their best of three qualifying series with the Drayton Icemen, as they were swept in two games by the Icemen, ending the River Rats season. (wikipedia.org)
  • After dropping their first game of the season, the River Rats would earn their first victory in nearly two years when Georgian Bay would defeat the expansion team Shallow Lake Crushers 7-5, ending their long losing streak. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wins would be few and far between for the River Rats all season long, as they finished with a 4-22-0 record, however, the Georgian Bay would finish in seventh place, and earn a spot in the "A" playoffs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The River Rats opponent in the quarter-finals was the Milverton Four Wheel Drives, and Georgian Bay quickly found themselves down two games to none after Milverton won both the games on their home ice by scores of 13-2 and 9-3. (wikipedia.org)
  • The series moved to Georgian Bay for the next two games, but it was Milverton continue to win by blowout scores, winning both games three and four by a 10-4 score, eliminating the River Rats from the playoffs. (wikipedia.org)
  • In June 2008, the Georgian Bay River Rats announced that they were moving from Thornbury, Ontario to CFB Borden and were renamed the Nottawasaga River Rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the River Rats first season in Nottawasaga, the club would continue to struggle, earning only one victory, defeating the Shallow Lake Crushers 6-5 in their fourteenth game of the year. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Evansville River Rats were a professional minor league baseball team based in Evansville, Indiana. (wikipedia.org)
  • La Crosse River Rats were an indoor football team based in La Crosse, Wisconsin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The River Rats were members of the Indoor Football League (IFL). (wikipedia.org)
  • The La Crosse River Rats were an expansion team in the IFL and then the league folded. (wikipedia.org)
  • River Rats is a Hardy Boys novel from the Casefiles series, published in 1997. (wikipedia.org)
  • Examples include the North American pack rats (aka wood rats ) and a number of species loosely called kangaroo rats . (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the widely distributed and problematic commensal species of rats are a minority in this diverse genus. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many species of rats are island endemics , some of which have become endangered due to habitat loss or competition with the brown, black, or Polynesian rat . (wikipedia.org)
  • The average lifespan of rats varies by species, but many only live about a year due to predation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mole-rats make up the family Bathyergidae, which includes at least 14 species in five genera (not to be confused with an unrelated family Spalacidae, containing a single genus living in eastern Europe and the eastern Mediterranean region). (encyclopedia.com)
  • The coloration of kangaroo rats varies from cinnamon buff to dark gray, depending on the species. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is also some variation in length with one of the largest species, the banner-tailed kangaroo rat being six inches in body length and a tail length of eight inches. (wikipedia.org)
  • They live in areas of stony soils, including clays, gravel and rocks, which are harder than soils preferred by some other species like banner-tail kangaroo rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • All kangaroo rat species are sensitive to extreme temperatures and remain in their burrows during rain storms and other forms of inclement weather. (wikipedia.org)
  • Different species of kangaroo rat may have different seed caching strategies to coexist with each other, as is the case for the banner-tailed kangaroo rat and Merriam's kangaroo rat which have overlapping ranges. (wikipedia.org)
  • The armored rat ( Hoplomys gymnurus ) is a species of rodent in the family Echimyidae . (wikipedia.org)
  • The armored rat is nocturnal species, which occupies burrows. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many indigenous species of other animals are extinct due to the introduction of rats. (reference.com)
  • Depending on species, lineage, and whether or not they are captive, rats live between one and four years. (reference.com)
  • Rats have been called the " mirror species " of humans. (healthline.com)
  • Rat opossum , (family Caenolestidae), also called selva or shrew opossum , any of six species of South American marsupials in the order Paucituberculata. (britannica.com)
  • Rat opossums include the common shrew opossums (genus Caenolestes ) with four species, the Incan caenolestid ( Lestoros inca ), and the Chilean shrew opossum ( Rhyncholestes raphanurus ). (britannica.com)
  • Doctor Rat is a credit to his species. (google.com)
  • They are a nonnative species and one of the largest rats in the world, weighing up to nine pounds. (care2.com)
  • Previously, the team had shown that another species, the naked mole rat, defies cancer by restraining cell division if the cells are too close together, as is the case in tumours. (newscientist.com)
  • The unique bird and reptile species that make the Galapagos Islands a treasure for scientists and tourists must be preserved, Ecuadorean authorities say - and that means the rats must die, hundreds of millions of them. (yahoo.com)
  • The invasive Norway and black rats, introduced by whalers and buccaneers beginning in the 17th century, feed on the eggs and hatchlings of the islands' native species, which include giant tortoises, lava lizards, snakes, hawks and iguanas. (yahoo.com)
  • Rats also have depleted plants on which native species feed. (yahoo.com)
  • The rats have critically endangered bird species on the 19-island cluster 600 miles (1,000 kilometers) from Ecuador's coast. (yahoo.com)
  • The active ingredient, vinylcyclohexene diepoxide, is only toxic to cells in rat ovaries and "does not affect other animal species or humans," according to the company. (nypost.com)
  • Bennett NC (1988) The trend towards sociality in three species of southern African mole-rats (Bathyergidae): causes and consequences. (springer.com)
  • To augment the unavoidably small human army of vat conscripts the HAR technicians have genetically engineered and then uplifted two species to fight alongside them - rats and bats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Home range size can vary within species with Merriam's kangaroo rats having larger home ranges than banner-tailed kangaroo rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The bamboo rats are the natural hosts for the disease-causing mold, Penicillium marneffei, which is endemic in all species in Southeast Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The plains rat, or plains mouse, or eastern mouse, or palyoora (Pseudomys australis), is a threatened rodent species native to inland Australia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The British novelist Charles Dickens acknowledged this in his weekly journal, All the Year Round, writing: "Now there is a mystery about the native country of the best known species of rat, the common brown rat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Academics began to prefer this etymology of the brown rat towards the end of the 19th century, as seen in the 1895 text Natural History by American scholar Alfred Henry Miles: "The brown rat is the species common in England, and best known throughout the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though the assumptions surrounding this species' origins were not yet the same as modern ones, by the 20th century, it was believed among naturalists that the brown rat did not originate in Norway, rather the species came from central Asia and (likely) China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite this, this species' common name of "Norway rat" is still in use today. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Elvira Rat (Cremnomys elvira) is a critically endangered species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tondano rat (Taeromys taerae) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Millard's rat (Dacnomys millardi) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The target rat (Stochomys longicaudatus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The target rat has a wide range and is a common species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Shortridge's rat (Thallomys shortridgei) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ruschi's rat or Ruschi's spiny mouse (Abrawayaomys ruschii) is a rodent species found in Argentina and Brazil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cane rats are not the most prolific of rodent species, but the high demand, attractive market price, and the small amount of investment required makes cane rats a suitable mini-livestock activity for income generation in many parts of West and Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aquatic rat, Ecuador fish-eating rat, or fish-eating rat (Anotomys leander) is a South American species of semiaquatic rodent in the family Cricetidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, other species, notably the Gambian pouched rat, have also been trained to assist humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Cutch rat (Cremnomys cutchicus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The summit rat has a mutualistic relationship with a species of giant pitcher plant, Nepenthes rajah. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bannister's rat, or great Key Island mosaic-tailed rat, or great Key Island melomys or great Kai Island melomys (Melomys bannisteri) is a species of rodent of the genus Melomys. (wikipedia.org)
  • Zokors (Myospalacinae), occasionally called mole-rats, about eight species from central and eastern Asia. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Komodo rat (Komodomys rintjanus) is a species of rodent in the family Muridae found only in the Lesser Sunda Islands of Indonesia, in Rintja, Padar, Lomblen, and Pantar islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Generally, when someone discovers a large muroid rodent, its common name includes the term rat , while if it is smaller, its name includes the term mouse . (wikipedia.org)
  • [ citation needed ] Rodent tails-particularly in rat models-have been implicated with a thermoregulation function that follows from its anatomical construction. (wikipedia.org)
  • As a group, bath-yergid mole-rats have the greatest diversity of both body size and social structure of any subterranean rodent. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Kangaroo rats are members of the rodent family, not marsupials like kangaroos. (answers.com)
  • Electronic rat traps detect the presence of a rodent via metal plates on the floor of the trap, then deliver a lethal dose of high-voltage electricity stepped up from batteries to several thousand volts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thought to have originated in northern China , this rodent has now spread to all continents, except Antarctica, and is the dominant rat in Europe and much of North America -making it the most successful mammal on the planet after humans. (princeton.edu)
  • Rat" is a general term applied to many members of different rodent families. (reference.com)
  • The so-called " Mars rat " has generated a lot of Internet interest lately, with some UFO buffs claiming that it may be an indigenous Red Planet lifeform or an Earth rodent Curiosity carried to Mars as part of a secret experiment. (yahoo.com)
  • Rat-bite fever (RBF) is a systemic bacterial illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis that can be acquired through the bite or scratch of a rodent or the ingestion of food or water contaminated with rat feces. (cdc.gov)
  • The chemical destroys [rat] eggs in their very smallest form so the animals can't ovulate anymore," says endocrinologist Pat Hoyer, who developed the rodent-busting formula. (nypost.com)
  • Rat running or rodent running or cut-through driving is the practice by motorists of using residential side streets or any unintended short cut such as a parking lot, delivery service lane or cemetery road instead of the intended main road in urban or suburban areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • A medium-sized rodent, Ruschi's rat has a broad head and rounded ears. (wikipedia.org)
  • The genus Thryonomys, also known as the cane rats, is a genus of rodent found throughout Africa south of the Sahara, the only members of the family Thryonomyidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • The dassie rat (Petromus typicus) is an African rodent found among rocky outcroppings. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Boomtown Rats are an Irish rock band that had a series of Irish and UK hits between 1977 and 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Boomtown Rats broke up in 1986, but reformed in 2013, without Johnnie Fingers or Gerry Cott. (wikipedia.org)
  • The album The Boomtown Rats was released the next month. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1980 "Banana Republic" was released, which was their last Top 10 hit, and in the following year the Boomtown Rats' next studio album Mondo Bongo was issued. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the US, the album was initially rejected by their American label, who instead issued a four-song EP called The Boomtown Rats featuring four selections from V Deep. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Boomtown Rats' involvement with Band Aid (on which they all played) raised their profile again, and In January 1985, a revised version of In the Long Grass was finally released in the US. (wikipedia.org)
  • The discography of Irish new wave group The Boomtown Rats consists of six studio albums, five compilation albums, 20 singles and three video albums. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Boomtown Rats' Greatest Hits is a compilation album of The Boomtown Rats' singles on Columbia Records from 1979 to 1985. (wikipedia.org)
  • The objective of this study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effect of the Biofield Energy Treated test formulation on female Sprague Dawley (SD) rats. (trivedieffect.com)
  • The experiment involved 8 rats of the Sprague-Dawley strain, which were conditioned in Skinner boxes. (earthlink.net)
  • Other common strains are the Sprague Dawley, Fischer 344, Holtzman albino strains, Long-Evans, and Lister black hooded rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data from four Sprague-Dawley rats measured in a two chamber plethysmograph were fitted to the model. (cdc.gov)
  • Twenty-four male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into four groups with 6 in each: sham operation, PD model, vehicle control and Xiaojin Pill groups. (urotoday.com)
  • A total of 20 male Sprague-Dawley rats at age 8 weeks were divided into three groups: Control group (n = 6, untreated sham operated rats), Pathologic group (n = 7, untreated rats with chronic pelvic ischemia [CPI]), and Treatment group (n = 7, CPI rats treated with omega-3 fatty acids). (urotoday.com)
  • Play media A 1972 study compared neoplasms in "Sprague-Dawley" rats from six different commercial suppliers and found highly significant differences in the incidences of endocrine and mammary tumors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lab Rats: Elite Force is an American sitcom created by Chris Peterson and Bryan Moore that aired on Disney XD, premiering on March 2, 2016, and ending on October 22, 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was subsequently announced that Lab Rats: Elite Force would premiere on Disney XD broadcast services on March 2, 2016, and will be available for earlier viewing on the channel's video-on-demand services on February 29, 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • In October 2016, actress Kelli Berglund reported on Twitter that there would not be a second season of Lab Rats: Elite Force. (wikipedia.org)
  • On October 13, 2016, series co-creator Bryan Moore posted on Twitter that there would be a Lab Rats marathon followed by the finale of Lab Rats: Elite Force, "The Attack", which aired on October 22, 2016. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plains rat photos and information Burbidge, A.A. & Woinarski, J. (2016). (wikipedia.org)
  • In July 2016, Wiebe announced that Rat Queens would continue as a webcomic. (wikipedia.org)
  • In November 2016, Wiebe announced that "Rat Queens" would return to print with a new series artist, Owen Gieni. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2016 Red Rat teamed up with DJ Buddha to create an EDM/Dancehall/Mumbaton fused song called "Higher" featuring an up-and-coming artist dEvolve which was released in September 2016 and became one of the fastest song to get over three million streams on Spotify in less than three months. (wikipedia.org)
  • Although rats do not 'think' like humans, some of their brain structure resembles the more primitive elements of human brains, and hence they can be used to model some human behaviours. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Many investigators who wish to trace observations on behavior and physiology to underlying genes regard aspects of these in rats as more relevant to humans and easier to observe than in mice, giving impetus to the development of genetic research techniques applicable to rat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fancy rats are used widely in medical research, as their physiology is very similar to that of humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • [ 2 ] Indeed, with rare exceptions (see below) the brown rat lives wherever humans live, particularly in urban areas. (princeton.edu)
  • Their leader, Nicodemus, tells Mrs. Frisby of the rats' capture by scientists working for a laboratory located at the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the subsequent experiments that the humans performed on the rats, which increased the rats' intelligence to the point of being able to read, write, and operate complicated machines, as well as enhancing their longevity and strength. (wikipedia.org)
  • Nicodemus also tells Mrs. Frisby about "The Plan", which is to abandon their lifestyle of dependence on humans, which some rats regard as theft, for a new, independent farming colony. (wikipedia.org)
  • Giant rats in Sub-Saharan Africa are being trained to sniff out tuberculosis in humans. (newscientist.com)
  • Rats are prolific animals, originating in Asia and spreading nearly everywhere humans live. (reference.com)
  • This leads to the second major part of the rat boom: humans. (healthline.com)
  • The implication is clear: Rats are getting all the food they need from humans. (healthline.com)
  • Second, rats are not humans. (slate.com)
  • The novel focuses upon laboratory rats whose spokesman, the Doctor Rat of the title, eventually escapes from the vast laboratory where experiments on his fellow-creatures are taking place, and whose adventures are interwoven with shorter tales told by animals of different kinds who finally try to form a whole that will make humans more peaceful and benign. (google.com)
  • Identification of risk factors in rat bite incidents involving humans. (cdc.gov)
  • In order to investigate, they fed rats a cookie laced with phthalates at quantities that mimicked those found in humans, based on data from pregnant women. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Phase I of the anti-rat campaign began in January 2011 on Rabida island and about a dozen islets, which like Pinzon and Plaza Sur are also uninhabited by humans. (yahoo.com)
  • He said what happened in the lab rats is what likely occurs in humans: their immune systems have got it so cushy they overreact to smallest of problems. (washingtonpost.com)
  • The analysis has already shown, for example, that rats have been evolving faster than both humans and mice. (newscientist.com)
  • The availability of the draft rat genome, covering 90 per cent of its genetic code, should accelerate research on the genetic roots of inherited disorders in humans. (newscientist.com)
  • The genome analysis, by 20 institutions from six countries, showed that humans, rats and mice have about the same number of genes. (newscientist.com)
  • The shrewlike rats, genus Rhynchomys, also known as the tweezer-beaked rats are a group of unusual Old World rats found only on the island of Luzon in the Philippines. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2006) supported this relationship and determined that within this division, Rhynchomys is most closely related to the other Philippine shrew-rats in the genus Archboldomys and Chrotomys. (wikipedia.org)
  • With the advent of personal computers in 1984, RATS went from being a specialty mainframe program to an econometrics package sold to a much broader market. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seminal Rats were an Australian punk, indie rock band, which existed from 1984 until the death of their lead guitarist, Michael Weber in January 1999. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seminal Rats were formed in Melbourne in 1984 as a punk, indie rock band by Dave Balsamo on bass guitar, Michael Harley on lead vocals, Todd McNeair on drums, Reubin Pinkster on guitar and Michael Weber on lead guitar. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 2× CD compilation album, The Essential Seminal Rats 1984-1991, was issued in August 2007, Trevor Block of Mess+Noise noticed, "[they] erupted into this landscape and quickly gained a firm foothold. (wikipedia.org)
  • Omnipotent (1986) - Mr. Spaceman (MRSM 04)/What Goes On (GOESON10) Life in the Necropolis (1990) - Mr. Spaceman (MRSM 17) Plectrum Muscle (by Cantankerous) (1998) - Rat Race Records (RRR 001) The Essential Seminal Rats 1984-1991 (August 2007) Bang! (wikipedia.org)
  • Official home page Seminal Rats - The Essential 1984-1991 (2× CD Book) at Bang! (wikipedia.org)
  • Forestry companies have maintained in operation logging camps near the mouth of the "Rivière aux rats" until 1984. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dinsmoor (1950) conducted an experiment using male rats as subjects, in which the rats were to be trained to discriminate between a light-on and light-off condition. (earthlink.net)
  • Development of an Improved Animal Model of Overactive Bladder: Transperineal Ligation versus Transperitoneal Ligation in Male Rats. (urotoday.com)
  • We compared a transperineal ligation model and a transperitoneal ligation model in male rats to determine which animal model of overactive bladder (OAB) was more useful based on cystometrography, estimations of oxidative stress, and measurements of pro-inflammatory cytokine levels. (urotoday.com)
  • It's the first large-scale test of ContraPest, which knocks lady rats into early menopause, stunts their eggs and temporarily messes with the sperm of male rats, Wired says. (nypost.com)
  • Young male rats are usually the object of more maternal grooming and licking, which apparently helps their genitalia develop. (popsci.com)
  • Rats are helping us understand why some people are more likely to become addicted to cocaine and why they can find it so difficult to overcome their addiction. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Using rats, researchers showed that addiction manifests itself differently in different individuals and that, for some, compulsive cocaine-seeking behaviour continues despite adverse circumstances. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Previous research in rat models of cocaine addiction has shown that repeated exposure to the drug leads to long-term changes in two major areas of the mesocorticolimbic reward system: the nucleus accumbens and the medial prefrontal cortex. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Scientists found such changes are partly triggered by modifications to the production of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) - a protein that activates TrkB receptors - and injecting BDNF directly into the nucleus accumbens of rats increases cocaine-seeking behavior. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • For their study, the team tested the effects of a newly developed compound called cyclotraxin-B - which can travel from the bloodstream to the brain to block TrkB receptors - on rats that had learned to press a lever in order to self-administer cocaine. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This led the rats to use significantly less cocaine and press the lever fewer times. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Citalopram, however, attenuated the discriminative-stimulus effects of cocaine in squirrel monkeys trained to discriminate cocaine from saline, though it enhanced the discriminative-stimulus effects of a low dose of cocaine in rats trained to discriminate high and low doses of the drug. (nih.gov)
  • This study investigated the effects of citalopram on cocaine's discriminative-stimulus effects in rats trained more simply to discriminate cocaine from saline. (nih.gov)
  • Each symbol represents the average of six to ten rats except at 0.3 mg/kg cocaine (n = 4), 10 mg/kg citalopram and 0.3 mg/kg of cocaine (n=4), and 10 mg/kg citalopram and 10 mg/kg cocaine (n=3). (nih.gov)
  • Domestic rats differ from wild rats in many ways: they are calmer and significantly less likely to bite, they can tolerate greater crowding, they breed earlier and produce more offspring, and their brains , livers , kidneys , adrenal glands , and hearts are smaller. (wikipedia.org)
  • In his lab at Duke University, Nicolelis has taken the first steps toward bringing brain-to-brain communication into reality by electronically connecting rats' brains. (popularmechanics.com)
  • By interconnecting the rats' brains wirelessly, allowing them to move freely and socialize, the researchers hope to see how the animals adapt to and use this new form of communication. (popularmechanics.com)
  • The researchers first isolated a set of cells known as neural stem cells (NSCs) from the brains of rats . (dictionary.com)
  • Reporting in the journal Nature, researchers measuring brain activity in sleep deprived-rats say some neurons in rats' brains can enter a sleep state, even though the rats are still awake. (npr.org)
  • Scientists report in the journal Nature this week that they've seen rat brains do just that. (npr.org)
  • And in this awake-but-sleepy state, they found that some cells in the rats' brains could actually go offline, as they called it, and switch to a sleep state. (npr.org)
  • A new study finds that exposure to these compounds reduces the number of neurons in rat brains. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • When the offspring of the phthalate-fed rats were born, their brains were investigated. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The study authors were able to prevent and repair damage to the brains of rats caused by Alzheimer's disease using IRL-1620. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • they formed Rats & Star again in the limitation of half a year and released the single "Yume de Aetara" in 1996, which was popular enough to encourage the group to go on a final nationwide tour. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats Saw God is a young adult novel written by Rob Thomas, published in 1996. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tunnel Rats proper released its debut album, Experience, in 1996 on Brainstorm Artists International, and started receiving letters from teenagers who were inspired by the group to leave gangs or excel in school. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the other end of the spectrum is the solitary Cape dune mole-rat, in which adult males may weigh up to 63 oz (1.8 kg). (encyclopedia.com)
  • Mole-rats are well-adapted to life underground. (encyclopedia.com)
  • First-time viewers may find the mole-rat ' s appearance a bit odd: they have short limbs, a cylindrically shaped body, and very loose skin with numerous folds. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Most mole-rats have a short tail, but naked mole-rats have a tail up to half of their body length, used to help guide the animal as it runs backwards along tunnels. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Large, prominent teeth are also important in food-gathering, as the primary food source of mole-rats is underground roots, tubers, and corms, which can be quite tough. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Openings are necessary during tunnel excavation, in which a digging mole-rat loosens the soil with teeth or forelegs, pushes it beneath its body, and kicks it behind. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With the naked mole-rat, the dry soil is vigorously ejected in a fine spray, creating the characteristic soil " volcanoes " that erupt at the excavation hole. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The mole rats divide up the specialized chores, such as collecting food, disposing of waste, and digging tunnels. (infoplease.com)
  • THEY may not be able to see, but blind mole rats have yielded new insights into fighting cancer. (newscientist.com)
  • A team led by Vera Gorbunova of the University of Rochester, New York, used a growth serum to grow skin-like fibroblast cells from the mole rats. (newscientist.com)
  • The researchers now hope to find out how blind mole rats react to cancers by exposing them to tumour-inducing chemicals. (newscientist.com)
  • Within the family of African mole-rats (Bathyergidae) there is a range of lifestyles from strictly solitary to eusocial. (springer.com)
  • This variation correlates strongly with numerous ecological factors providing evidence in support of an ecological basis for the evolutionary inception and maintenance of sociality in mole-rats. (springer.com)
  • Furthermore, recent studies on the relatedness of individuals both within and between neighboring colonies of social mole-rats suggest that previous arguments that expounded the importance of relatedness to the evolution of sociality were misleading. (springer.com)
  • A close look at arguably the only eusocial mammal known to science, the naked mole-rat, provides a unique opportunity to study the similarities in the selective environment of insects and mammals without the associated phylogenetic noise of a close common ancestry. (springer.com)
  • Bennett NC, Faulkes, CG, Spinks AC (1997) LH Responses to Single Doses of Exogenous GnRH by Social Mashona Mole-Rats: A Continuum of Socially Induced Infertility in the Family Bathyergidae. (springer.com)
  • Bishop JM, Jarvis JUM, Spinks AC, Bennett NC, O'Ryan C (2004) Molecular insight into pat-terns of colony composition and paternity in the common mole-rat Cryptomys hottentotus hottentotus. (springer.com)
  • Brett RA (1991) The population structure of naked mole-rat colonies. (springer.com)
  • Braude S (2000) Dispersal and new colony formation in wild naked mole-rats: evidence against inbreeding as the system of mating. (springer.com)
  • Burda H, Kawalika M (1993) Evolution of eusociality in the Bathyergidae: the case of the giant mole-rat (Cryptomys mechowi). (springer.com)
  • Burda H (1995) Individual recognition and incest avoidance in eusocial common mole-rats rather than reproductive suppression by parents. (springer.com)
  • Burda H, Honeycutt RH, Begall S, Löcker-Grutjen O, Scharff A (2000) Are naked and common mole-rats eusocial and if so, why? (springer.com)
  • Burland TM, Bennett NC, Jarvis JUM, Faulkes CG (2002) Eusociality in African mole-rats: new insights from patterns of genetic relatedness in the Damaraland mole-rat (Cryptomys dama-rensis). (springer.com)
  • Naked mole rats: Can they help us cure cancer? (slate.com)
  • There's a problem with the colonies of naked mole rats that Rochelle Buffenstein carted down to her new lab in Texas four years ago. (slate.com)
  • Nor has any other naked mole rat seen anywhere in the world. (slate.com)
  • They placed some mole rats in a gamma chamber and blasted their pale, pink bodies with ionizing rays. (slate.com)
  • This time she infected cells from a naked mole rat with a virus designed to corrupt their nuclei with the cancer-causing genes SV40 TAg and Ras . (slate.com)
  • But when Buffenstein and her colleagues used cells from a naked mole-rat, nothing happened . (slate.com)
  • Earlier this year, one of Buffenstein's graduate students tried smearing the skin of half a dozen naked mole rats with a pair of vicious carcinogens: A synthetic compound called DMBA and an inflammatory agent known as TPA . (slate.com)
  • The naked mole rats went on skittering through their tubes. (slate.com)
  • Her latest assault involves pouring carcinogens down the mole rats' throats in a last-ditch effort to induce liver or mammary cancer. (slate.com)
  • You name it," the professor says, "we tried all the kinds of toxins that are out there, and the naked mole rat seems to be very resilient and resistant. (slate.com)
  • A drug regimen that would be murderous to mouse cells must be doubled or tripled or even multiplied 50 times over, she explains, before it would have similar effects on a naked mole rat. (slate.com)
  • Here in Texas, I've got a precious mole rat squirming, unprotected, in the palm of my hand. (slate.com)
  • Mole rats have spent the last 24 million years adapting to a life spent in dark and humid tunnels six feet underground. (slate.com)
  • Some find the animal hideous while others find it adorable, but anyway you cut it, the naked mole rat is a quirky creature. (livescience.com)
  • Even with all these abnormalities, it turns out the naked mole rats had another weird trick up their sleeves: Even their sperm is weird. (livescience.com)
  • Surprisingly, despite the low motility and dismal features of their sperm, these naked mole rat males are fertile and fathered a number of healthy offspring per litter,' study researcher Gerhard van der Horst, of the University of the Western Cape in South Africa, said in a statement. (livescience.com)
  • For naked mole rats, only a small number of males, up to three, are allowed to breed with her. (livescience.com)
  • Naked mole rat sperm have an irregularly shaped head and many other irregularities. (livescience.com)
  • The researchers collected sperm from 15 mole rats that live in Kenya and analyzed the samples under the microscope. (livescience.com)
  • Bandicota bengalensis from southern Asia, also known as the Indian mole-rat. (wikipedia.org)
  • The term rat is also used in the names of other small mammals that are not true rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are rat-like mammals with long tails and large feet like a miniature kangaroo. (answers.com)
  • Always place the bird feeder where access is difficult for small mammals such as squirrels and rats. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The combined discography of Tunnel Rats, a West Coast underground Christian hip hop collective founded in 1993 in Whittier, California, three studio albums, a collaborative compilation album, several compilation appearances, one guest appearance, one music video, and a collection of unfinished material. (wikipedia.org)
  • Named after the tunnel rats in the Vietnam war, the mixed-gender, multi-racial collective comprises eighteen individual members and has incorporated six affiliated groups, LPG, Future Shock, Footsoldiers, Foundation, New Breed, and The Resistance, which have recorded both within Tunnel Rats and independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2006, several Tunnel Rats, working as Footsoldiers and production team Resistance, collaborated with KRS-One on his album Life, and released a mixtape and a studio album, Live This. (wikipedia.org)
  • Though currently on hiatus, Tunnel Rats has not disbanded, according to a statement by member Peace 586. (wikipedia.org)
  • Re: Who Are the (Current) Tunnel Rats? (wikipedia.org)
  • somehow it got released as a Tunnel Rats album which is incorrect. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tunnel Rats is the third studio album by West Coast underground Christian hip hop collective Tunnel Rats, released on March 3, 2004, through Uprok Records. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tunnel Rats formed in Los Angeles in 1993 after group leader and founder Dax Reynosa held an open mike at his house. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wade-O Radio explains that over the next few decades, the Tunnel Rats "expanded and contracted through nearly three 'generations'," and shifted from a heavy California focus to include artists from Boston, Texas, and New York City. (wikipedia.org)
  • After some line-up changes, including the addition of members Sev Statik (also of Deepspace5) and brother-sister duo New Breed, Tunnel Rats released its second studio album, Tunnel Vision, in 2001 through the independent label Uprok Records. (wikipedia.org)
  • Farias found himself somewhat surprised that the Tunnel Rats' decided to release a self-titled release after over ten years of activity, especially since by the time of the release and recording of Tunnel Rats, Uprok Records had declined, overshadowed by its parent company BEC Recordings, and very little promotion was devoted to any of the remaining artists on the Uprok roster. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lyrically, much of the album continued with the braggadocio that Tunnel Rats was known for, with Brenten Gilbert noting that "over half of the lyric sheets with reminders of who they are and what they've accomplished. (wikipedia.org)
  • Andree Farias Christianity Today rated the album four-and-a-half stars out of five, saying of Tunnel Rats that "this heterogeneous crew features some of the most proficient wordsmiths and beatmakers in underground hip-hop today, faculties that shine copiously throughout the album's 20 rock-solid compositions. (wikipedia.org)
  • Never The Less" and "Planet Dok" Farias considered a departure from the Tunnel Rats norm, with "Dre-inspired rhythm tracks and Eminem-esque string sections. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tunnel Rats is a West Coast underground hip hop collective founded in 1993 in Whittier, California. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pioneers in the Christian hip hop genre, Tunnel Rats often met with resistance from church leaders who disliked the collective's aggressive style and felt that Tunnel Rats praised their rapping skills more than glorifying God. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the early 2000s, the East Coast group The Cross Movement likewise criticized Tunnel Rats, claiming it did not place enough emphasis on the Gospel. (wikipedia.org)
  • Due to a high number of Mexicans in the collective, Tunnel Rats also encountered racism when performing in the South. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite these hardships, Tunnel Rats managed to garner critical acclaim and significantly impacted the Christian hip hop movement. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tunnel Rats formed after rapper Dax Reynosa performed at a graffiti equipment store Hex's Hip Hop Shop. (wikipedia.org)
  • Raphi), all of whom came together to form the Tunnel Rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reynosa was inspired to name the group "Tunnel Rats" after his father, who served in the Vietnam War as a tunnel rat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ahred, a member of Future Shock, stated in an interview that "We just put a name to it and called it Tunnel Rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Vietnam, the tunnel rats were the guys who went underground to make sure that the tunnels were clear so the soldiers could go through. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Tunnel Rats performed at churches throughout Southern California, and eventually throughout the Northeast and Deep South. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1997, the Brainstorm label folded, but Tunnel Rats' membership expanded, with Sev Statik of Deepspace5 and the brother-sister duo New Breed joining the group. (wikipedia.org)
  • At this point, the group Future Shock decided to leave Tunnel Rats and go on independently. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2001, The Tonic, a member of Christian hip hop group The Cross Movement, criticized the Tunnel Rats in an interview, accusing the group of placing more importance on musical credibility than sharing the Gospel. (wikipedia.org)
  • In one study, researchers injected rats with cannabinoids-chemicals that act like THC, the main active ingredient in marijuana-for weeks, habituating them to the compounds. (slate.com)
  • For the study, the researchers injected rats with Alzheimer's disease with IRL-1620, a drug known to bind to ETB receptors and observed its effects on spatial memory, oxidative stress and the expression of certain proteins in the brain. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • He has won the World Fantasy Award for Best Novel for Doctor Rat in 1977. (google.com)
  • Kotzwinkle won the World Fantasy Award for Best Novel for DOCTOR RAT in 1977, and he has also won the National Magazine Award for fiction. (google.com)
  • Ambrósio Amaro Manuel Pascoal best known as Rats, (born 5 May 1977) is a retired Angolan football player. (wikipedia.org)
  • Almost all disease-linked human genes have counterparts in the rat. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Rats bearing mutant genes which are phenotypically expressed in the animals. (nih.gov)
  • Philip Landfield, John Gant, Eric Blalock and colleagues found that long-term and short-term treatment of aging rats that induces overexpression of FK506-Binding Protein 12.6/1b (FKBP1b) restored the expression of more than 800 genes affected by aging to levels comparable to those of young untreated rats, in addition to improving performance on a water maze task. (eurekalert.org)
  • Rats have an estimated 2070 smell receptor genes, about a third more than mice, and also make more "pheromone" scents. (newscientist.com)
  • Rats have also zoomed ahead in the evolution of genes that help them detoxify chemicals in their livers and elsewhere. (newscientist.com)
  • Rats occur in smelly sewer pipes and yucky places, as compared with the mouse living in nice clean fields, and that fits the model of how their genes develop," Gibbs says. (newscientist.com)
  • By "knocking out" genes, it might be possible to genetically engineer rats so that their detox machinery is identical to ours, improving the predictive accuracy of toxicology and drug safety testing. (newscientist.com)
  • Researchers were relieved to find that almost all the human genes linked with disease so far are identical in rats too, validating the use of rats in their experiments. (newscientist.com)
  • The identification of disease genes will in many cases be five fold quicker with a [rat] genome sequence," says Kerstin Lindblad-Toh, at MIT's Whitehead Institute in Cambridge Massachusetts. (newscientist.com)
  • The rats are about the size of a small cats, mixing genes from the elephant shrew, with add-ons from real shrews and rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Part of the infraorder Hystricognathi and family Echimyidae , armored rats are more closely related to porcupines , Guinea pigs , chinchillas , and common degus than to the common brown rat . (wikipedia.org)
  • it is a subspecies of the brown rat . (wikipedia.org)
  • By the early to middle part of the 19th century, British academics believed that the brown rat was not native to Norway, hypothesizing (incorrectly) that it may have come from Ireland, Gibraltar or across the English Channel with William the Conqueror. (wikipedia.org)
  • Against this hypothesis stands the fact that when the brown rat had become common in this country, it was unknown in Norway, although there was a small animal like a rat, but really a lemming, which made its home there. (wikipedia.org)
  • The brown rat is a rather large true murid and can weigh twice as much as a black rat and many times more than a house mouse. (wikipedia.org)
  • These subordinates are worker rats , which find the food and defend the burrow, and disperser males, which don't breed with the queen but given the opportunity, will mate with an unrelated female. (livescience.com)
  • Brown rats dig well, and often excavate extensive burrow systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • In Japan, there was a widespread practice of keeping rats as a domesticated pet during the Edo period and in the 18th century guidebooks on keeping domestic rats were published by Youso Tamanokakehashi (1775) and Chingan Sodategusa (1787). (wikipedia.org)
  • It may seem surprising that the blood sport of rat-baiting was an antecedent for the practice of keeping rats as pets. (wikipedia.org)
  • A study published in the journal Behavioral Brain Research in 2000 tested this hypothesis, and found that not only did young rats exhibit a strong vocal response to tickling that was similar to "youthful human laughter that typically occurs during play," but that rats that were isolated and kept away from others actively sought out tickling more frequently. (amnh.org)
  • The books are Rats, Bats and Vats (2000) and its direct sequel The Rats, The Bats and The Ugly (2004). (wikipedia.org)
  • In 18th century Europe, wild brown rats ran rampant and this infestation fueled the industry of rat-catching. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact it is common for breeding wild brown rats to weigh (sometimes considerably) less than 300 g (11 oz). (wikipedia.org)
  • The laboratory rat has made invaluable contributions to cardiovascular medicine, neural regeneration, wound healing, diabetes, transplantation, behavioural studies and space motion sickness research. (cam.ac.uk)
  • The albino laboratory rat with its red eyes and white fur is an iconic model organism for scientific research in a variety of fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Over the next 30 years rats were used for several more experiments and eventually the laboratory rat became the first animal domesticated for purely scientific reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • For varieties bred as lab animals, see Laboratory rat § Stocks and strains . (wikipedia.org)
  • STORY: This laboratory rat is paralysed - but, with electric stimulation applied to its severed spinal cord, can now walk again, albeit involuntarily. (reuters.com)
  • Genetic analysis of 117 albino rat strains collected from all parts of the world carried out by a team led by Takashi Kuramoto at Kyoto University in 2012, showed that the albino rats descended from hooded rats and all the albino rats descended from a single ancestor. (wikipedia.org)
  • In female albino rats adrenal venous blood was collected after inserting a cannula into the left adrenal vein. (springer.com)
  • A 2012 study by Courtine's team saw paralysed rats walk after being injected with cell binding chemicals and similar electric stimulation. (reuters.com)
  • Dune Rats are an Australian rock band from Brisbane, Queensland, originally formed by Danny Beausa and BC Michaels as a duet with Beausa on guitar/vocals and Michaels on drums. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lab Rats Challenge is an Australian children's game show. (wikipedia.org)
  • In contrast to other Australian children's game shows such as Sharky's Friends, A*mazing, and Go Go Stop, which are filmed on a large set in front of a live studio audience, Lab Rats Challenge uses several smaller sets resembling an abandoned science laboratory as well as special effects sequences inserted in post-production. (wikipedia.org)
  • With typically Australian dry wit, Australians reclaimed the name as a badge of pride, even going so far as to strike their own unofficial medal bearing the likeness of a rat. (wikipedia.org)
  • Reference to former rules for rat strain nomenclature can be found in Committee on Rat Nomenclature (1992). (jax.org)
  • Rats and mice can be found in and around every town and farm in the country. (in.gov)
  • The Swamp Rat is found near the coast of south and eastern Australia . (wikipedia.org)
  • Most common in the southern and western parts of the United States, but found as far south as Nicaragua, the pack rat stores the objects it collects to decorate its nest. (infoplease.com)
  • FLATOW: So you found that when you hook these rats up to the brainwave machines, you found that even though the rat was awake, some of the neurons, the cells in the brain, were sleeping actually. (npr.org)
  • A study from Columbia University in 2014 found that rats in New York carried everything from E. coli and salmonella to Seoul hantavirus and C. difficile . (healthline.com)
  • The study found an increase of the neurotransmitter dopamine in rats' nucleus accumbens-often termed "the pleasure center of the brain"-following several cannabinoid injections. (slate.com)
  • Targeting the compound was found to slow down the condition in rats - a discovery that may soon lead to new drugs for the illness. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The researchers found that the compound called acrolein tends to build up in the brain tissue of rats affected by Parkinson's. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • The team, led by Prof. Janice Juraska, found a significant lack of both neurons and synapses in the rats' medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • They found that the drug improved memory, prevented oxidative stress and enhanced neurovascular modeling in rats that had demonstrated impaired learning and increased oxidative stress caused by the disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • On the other hand, studies have found that inhibiting BDNF production or BDNF/TrkB signaling in the nucleus accumbens reduces signs of drug dependency in rats. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers found a direct relationship between how high rats lifted their legs and the frequency of the electrical stimulation. (reuters.com)
  • The program was then expanded by Tom Doan, then of the Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, who added ARIMA and VAR capabilities and went on to found the consulting firm that owns and distributes RATS software. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rat is a morphological relative of T. hamatus, which is found only in central Sulawesian mountains. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Salokko rat has been found in the Mekongga Mountains of southeastern Sulawesi, and Lore Lindu National Park, Central Sulawesi. (wikipedia.org)
  • Despite being a four legged animal, the kangaroo rat hops on its hind legs, in a movement similar to that of the kangaroo. (answers.com)
  • Edgerton's team tested rats with complete spinal injuries that left no voluntary movement in their hind legs. (tgdaily.com)
  • The combination of stimulation and sensation triggered the spinal rhythm-generating circuitry and prompted walking motion in the rats' paralyzed hind legs. (tgdaily.com)
  • City of the Rats is the third book in the eight-volume Deltora Quest series written by Emily Rodda. (wikipedia.org)
  • They are now searching for the opal, which is located in Hira, or the City of the Rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lief realized that the past inhabitants of the City of the Rats were the people of Noradz. (wikipedia.org)
  • At the top of that list: Norwegian wharf rats. (huffingtonpost.com)
  • Wharf Rats are a group of concert-goers who have chosen to live drug and alcohol free. (wikipedia.org)
  • They announce their presence with yellow balloons, signs, and the Wharf Rats information table. (wikipedia.org)
  • Like Deadheads, members of Wharf Rats come from all walks of life. (wikipedia.org)
  • By 1990, the Wharf Rats mailing list had some 3,000 names. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Wharf Rats originally came from a small group of Narcotics Anonymous members who went to a Grateful Dead concert in Philadelphia and located each other by their Yellow balloons with the NA symbol drawn on in Magic Marker. (wikipedia.org)
  • However due to operational differences they soon split off from Narcotics Anonymous, and are not affiliated with them, NA, or any other twelve-step program, though many of members of the Wharf Rats are members of AA, NA or other 12-step programs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Wharf Rats see themselves as "a group of friends sharing a common bond, providing support, information and some traction in an otherwise slippery environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • The relationship between the Wharf Rats and more traditional such groups has been studied in the academic journal Deviant Behavior. (wikipedia.org)
  • While the Wharf Rats originated at Grateful Dead concerts, they now have a presence at other jam band concerts as well. (wikipedia.org)
  • the Digital Buddhas for The Disco Biscuits, Better Than Before for The Werks and the Hummingbirds for Bassnectar all based on the Wharf Rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • 1990. "The Wharf Rats: A Preliminary Examination of Alcoholics Anonymous and the Grateful Dead Head Phenomena. (wikipedia.org)
  • Who are the Wharf Rats" Tim Power, Sobernation.com, March 2015 http://www.soberlawyer.com/2015/06/20/wharf-rats-a-grateful-dead-recovery/ "Greatest Stories Ever Told" David Dodd, Dead.net Dodd, David (June 2007). (wikipedia.org)
  • however, the resulting search for more booby trapped rats consumed enough German resources for the SOE to conclude that the operation was a success. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats are often used to study behaviour in psychology experiments. (cam.ac.uk)
  • In Nicolelis's experiments, two thirsty rats are placed into separate, identical cages. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Based on the information from rat No. 1, the second rat pushed the correct lever 85 percent of the time in the experiments. (popularmechanics.com)
  • Jonathan Frisby and Mr. Ages were the only two survivors of a group of eight mice who had been part of the experiments at NIMH, and made the rats' escape possible. (wikipedia.org)
  • That day is not likely to come anytime soon, Janda cautions, as the vaccines must first prove their efficacy in larger trials as well as experiments with clinically obese animals and rats fed a high-fat diet similar to the one thought to be driving the unprecedented weight gain worldwide. (scientificamerican.com)
  • books.google.com - As the grant-supported, knowledgeable survivor of the most refined scientific experiments, Doctor Rat, Ph.D., dedicates himself to defending mankind against the worldwide rebellions, uprisings, and insurgencies of his fellow animals. (google.com)
  • SOUNDBITE (English) GRÉGOIRE COURTINE, EPFL NEUROSCIENTIST, SAYING: "We performed experiments with rats that received a complete transection of the spinal cord that completely interrupts the communication between the brain and the spinal cord. (reuters.com)
  • Rats will bite babies in their cribs, because the smell of milk or other food on the baby is attractive to a rat looking for food. (in.gov)
  • After noting several discrepancies in his client's story, the attorney began to smell a rat. (dictionary.com)
  • Apopo researchers used bananas and peanuts to reward rats when they stopped beside a target smell. (newscientist.com)
  • In this way, they sensitised five rats to the smell of TB bacteria in saliva and another five to the smell of TB bacteria grown in cultures. (newscientist.com)
  • For the past two weeks residents living around China 's second largest lake have been able to smell a rat-make that two billion rats. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • What the rats are trained to do is associate the smell of TB with a reward, so it's what they call operative conditioning,' Valverde said. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • Rat strain names should be registered through the Rat Genome Database (RGD) at http://rgd.mcw.edu/tools/strains/strainRegistrationIndex.cgi . (jax.org)
  • Care should be taken that mouse and rat strains do not overlap in strain designations. (jax.org)
  • Scientists have bred many strains or "lines" of rats specifically for experimentation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Antioxidant Mechanism of Xiaojin Pill () for Treatment of Peyronie's Disease in Rats Based on Matrix Metalloproteinases. (urotoday.com)
  • LONDON (Reuters) - Scientists in Switzerland have restored full movement to rats paralysed by spinal cord injuries in a study that might eventually be used in people with similar injuries. (reuters.com)
  • But Bradbury notes that very few human spinal cord injuries are the result of a direct cut through the cord, which is what the rats had. (reuters.com)
  • Scientists at the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology have brought back full movement of the rats paralyzed by spinal cord injuries in a study that might sooner or later be used in people with similar injuries. (ibtimes.com)
  • UCLA scientists have made paralyzed rats walk again after spinal-cord injuries, in an achievement that could give hope to paraplegic people. (tgdaily.com)
  • Investigating discriminative behavior in rats has been the topic of many research projects and reports over the years. (earthlink.net)
  • The anxious, guarded behavior of the low-nurtured rat is an advantage in an environment where food is scarce and danger is high. (utah.edu)
  • Shi, Rochet, and colleagues used a model of genetically modified rats to induce Parkinson's-like symptoms and study the behavior of their dopaminergic cells, both in vitro and in vivo. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • And then there's tickling: adult rats produce ultrasonic calls around 50 kilohertz in response to tickling-a behavior that's been tested in the lab, using what the researchers called "manual tickling sessions"-and some suspect there may be a correlation to human laughter. (amnh.org)
  • We investigated the effects of bladder wall injection of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on bladder tissues, function, and nociceptive behavior in a chemically induced interstitial cystitis-like rat model. (urotoday.com)
  • Here, we assessed the effects of a 1-week treatment with blebbistatin, a myosin II inhibitor, on changes in behavior and detrusor overactivity (DO) symptoms induced by a 6-week administration of 13-cis-retinoic acid (13-cis-RA), with the aid of the forced swim test (FST), spontaneous locomotor activity test, and in vivo cystometric investigations in female Wistar rats. (urotoday.com)
  • Milder winters allow rats to have more litters, and their population explosion could help spread diseases such as E. coli and bubonic plague. (healthline.com)
  • But, as winters have become milder due in part to climate change over the past decade, rats have been able to produce extra litters. (healthline.com)
  • Still, these rats reproduce prolifically and can have five litters a year, or up to about 20 offspring annually. (care2.com)
  • Chrome Rats Vs. Basement Rutz is the debut studio album by Chromatics, released in 2003 on the Gold Standard Laboratories record label. (wikipedia.org)
  • City Baby Attacked by Rats is the debut album by the band Charged GBH. (wikipedia.org)
  • A group of rats is referred to as a mischief . (wikipedia.org)
  • One rat, Jenner, disagreed vehemently with The Plan and left the colony with a group of followers at some point prior to Mrs. Frisby's arrival. (wikipedia.org)
  • While captured, Mrs. Frisby overhears the Fitzgibbons discussing an incident at a nearby hardware store in which a group of rats were electrocuted after seemingly attempting to steal a small motor. (wikipedia.org)
  • This has attracted the attention of a group of men (who never identify themselves) who have offered to exterminate the rat colony on Fitzgibbon's land free of charge for him. (wikipedia.org)
  • they assume that the rats at the hardware store were all from Jenner's group and that the group of men were from NIMH and are looking for them specifically. (wikipedia.org)
  • For more options, visit this group at http://groups.google.com/group/everything-list?hl=en . (mail-archive.com)
  • But when the Wisconsin scientists applied the same intensive touching regimen to a group of girl-rats, not only did the number of estrogen receptors in the stroked females decrease, but their actual DNA changed--permanently, the researchers suspect. (popsci.com)
  • Rats & Star (ラッツ&スター, Rattsu ando Sutā), formerly called Chanels, was a male blackface J-pop group which specialized in doo-wop-influenced music. (wikipedia.org)
  • Street Rats was the eighth studio album by the English rock group Humble Pie, released in 1975. (wikipedia.org)
  • The name of this group comes from the 1971 Dead song "Wharf Rat" (written by Jerry Garcia and Robert Hunter and appearing on Skull & Roses), which contains the self-told story of August West, a down-and-out dockside wino. (wikipedia.org)
  • A second live album, Plectrum Muscle (1998), was issued by the group under the name, Cantankerous, via Rat Race Records. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1973, the Charles River Rugby Football Club, affectionately dubbed "The Rats", was founded by a group of ruggers from Tufts University and Boston Rugby Football Club. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Rowdy Rats have been a group that has been attending the games since the summer of 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some molecular phylogenetic studies have suggested that the New World rats and mice are not a monophyletic group, but this is yet to be confirmed. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Rock n Roll Rats are a Canadian punk rock group formed in 2009 in Calgary, Alberta. (wikipedia.org)
  • The character of Rat-Man appeared for the first time in the second issue of Spot , a supplement to the Italian magazine L'Eternauta #86 of June 1990, shortly after Leonardo Ortolani won a young artists' contest. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1990 to 1995 Rat-Man was published on the fanzine Made in USA . (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats earned 47 caps and scored 4 goals for the USSR, from 1986 to 1990. (wikipedia.org)
  • Seminal Rats issued a live album, ''Life in the Necropolis, in 1990 - it had been recorded in the previous year by live audio engineer, Andy Turner, and recording and post-production by Simon Grounds. (wikipedia.org)
  • Rats have also been widely used to test drug efficacy and safety. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Most are derived from the albino Wistar rat, which is still widely used. (wikipedia.org)
  • Because of these considerations, the OVX rat model is widely used for the studies relating to the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis in general as well as studies relating to the healing of osteoporotic fractures. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tuberculosis is a growing worldwide epidemic," says Bart Weetjens, director of the rat programme at Apopo, a Belgian research organisation hosted by Sokoine University of Agriculture in Tanzania. (newscientist.com)
  • It is the same principle applied to detecting land mines, only the rats are trained to recognize the scent of specific molecules that reflect the presence of the tuberculosis germ-not the explosive vapor associated with land mines. (nationalgeographic.com)
  • A Belgian non-government organization, APOPO, trains Gambian pouched rats (Cricetomys gambianus) to sniff out land mines and tuberculosis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cane rats range in body length from 35 to 60 centimetres. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cane rats are sexually mature and able to reproduce at 6 months of age. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the savanna area of West Africa, people have traditionally captured wild cane rats and fattened them in captivity. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the high exploitation of cane rats in the wild has not had a serious effect on their numbers, and in fact some researchers[citation needed] believe that their populations may actually be increasing due to deforestation and changing land use patterns in West Africa as they have adapted to deforested areas and occur in close proximity to farmlands and people. (wikipedia.org)
  • Both morphological and molecular studies suggest the closest living relatives to the dassie rats are the African cane rats in the family Thryonomyidae. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tasty is a 1974 album by Good Rats and was released on the Warner Brothers Records label. (wikipedia.org)
  • From Rats to Riches is a studio album by the rock band Good Rats, released in 1978. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2005 also marked the first season of the Lady Rats, a women's team to compliment the men's team. (wikipedia.org)
  • In August 2011, the Lady Rats welcomed new coach, Jessica Balogh. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Charles River Lady Rats are a part of the New England Rugby Football Union, Senior Women's Division II. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fancy rats were originally targets for blood sport in 18th- and 19th-century Europe. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fancy rats care for themselves and are affordable, even compared to other small pets. (wikipedia.org)
  • Healthy fancy rats typically live 2 to 3 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • Fancy rats are affected by different health risks compared to their wild counterparts, and thus are unlikely to succumb to the same illnesses as wild rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • Most wild R. norvegicus are a dark brown color, while fancy rats may be anything from white to cinnamon to blue . (wikipedia.org)
  • Laboratory rats share origins with their cousins in domestication, the fancy rats. (wikipedia.org)
  • The rat study, which will begin in July 2004, will test the olfactory abilities of about 30 giant pouched rats ( Cricetomys gambianus ). (newscientist.com)
  • White rats were trained to bar press for food during an SD and to not bar press during the Sd time. (earthlink.net)
  • In an experiment by Smith and Hoy (1954) , discrimination training was given to 24 white rats. (earthlink.net)
  • The White Rats was an organization formed by vaudeville performers, led by George Fuller Golden, as a labor union to support the rights of male performers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Golden wrote a book about the White Rats, My Lady Vaudeville and her White Rats, which was published in 1909 by the Broadway Publishing Company. (wikipedia.org)
  • It was restricted against Women Performers The White Rats met on Twenty-third street in New York City, in a space above Koster & Bial's Music Hall between Broadway and Sixth Avenue. (wikipedia.org)
  • 565 Soon after the White Rats union was formed in 1900, its leadership committee attempted to negotiate with the VMA, led by E.F. Albee and B.F. Keith, to reduce or remove a 5% kickback each act was forced to pay in exchange for being booked on the lucrative VMA circuit. (wikipedia.org)
  • After negotiations failed, the White Rats called a strike in February 1901. (wikipedia.org)
  • The White Rats staged a strike in 1916 to protest poor treatment by vaudeville bookers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The White Rats disbanded not long thereafter. (wikipedia.org)
  • ACTORS GO ON A STRIKE(2) - Members of the "White Rats" Organization Refuse to Play. (wikipedia.org)
  • New York: Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc., 1976) My Lady Vaudeville and her White rats - Google Books Samuels, Charles & Louise. (wikipedia.org)
  • New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1974) The White Rats page at Vaudeville.org, archived at the Internet Archive's Wayback Machine on August 10, 2007. (wikipedia.org)
  • In consequence, in the present study, we have investigated the effect of HFD for up to 20 weeks upon the endocannabinoid system in the prefrontal cortex of female rats. (diva-portal.org)
  • Significance: It is concluded that HFD produces an increased CB1 receptor functionality in the prefrontal cortex of female rats. (diva-portal.org)
  • After four inoculations, 10 rats given either of two of those vaccines gained less weight than four rats on the third version and three control rats--despite the same food intake. (scientificamerican.com)
  • This was the case for both of the phthalate groups when compared with the control rats. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Keep bird seed, and any other things such as pet foods, that will attract rats in metal containers. (ehow.co.uk)
  • The poisoned bait, developed by Bell Laboratories in the United States, is contained in light blue cubes that attract rats but are repulsive to other inhabitants of the islands. (yahoo.com)
  • Rats & Star released a duet with Masayuki's older sister Kiyomi Suzuki called "Lonely Chaplain" in 1986, which also became a huge hit. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the 1986 World Cup he scored a goal with a 27-meter shot against France in a 1-1 draw in the first round: a headed clearance by France was picked up by Ihor Belanov and laid off to Rats, who on the first touch, struck the ball powerfully from several yards outside the area past French goalkeeper Joël Bats and into the top left corner of the net. (wikipedia.org)
  • The Range Rats was a band formed in 1986. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 1986, following the breakup of the Portland, Oregon band Western Front, guitarist/vocalist Fred Cole and his wife Toody (bass/vocals) formed The Range Rats, which continued Western Front's mix of punk rock and country music. (wikipedia.org)
  • This rat was first described by Cunha and Cruz in 1979 and is named in honour of the Brazilian naturalist Augusto Ruschi (1915 - 1986). (wikipedia.org)
  • The Eliminator (South Africa) and Victor (US) are two brands of electronic rat traps. (wikipedia.org)
  • The target rat is native to humid rainforests in tropical western Central Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dassie rats are restricted to rocky outcrops in Namibia, parts of Angola, and northwest South Africa. (wikipedia.org)
  • Dassie rats are the only remaining members of a once-diverse family that first appeared in the Oligocene of Africa. (wikipedia.org)