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  • vaccines
  • Be aware that if you are in a remote area and are offered daily rabies treatment injections lasting 14 to 21 days, it may be one of the older animal brain-derived vaccines. (iamat.org)
  • bats
  • Most human rabies deaths in the United States can be attributed to unrecognized exposures to rabies viruses associated with bats, particularly those associated with two infrequently encountered bat species ( Lasionycteris noctivagans and Pipistrellus subflavus ). (cdc.gov)
  • Bites by rabid dogs are the source of 35,000-50,000 human rabies deaths each year globally ( 1 ), whereas most human rabies deaths in the United States are attributed to unrecognized exposures to rabid bats. (cdc.gov)
  • Molecular typing (i.e., phylogenetic analysis of DNA data) has shown that rabies viruses associated with insectivorous bats ( L. noctivagans and P. subflavus variants in particular) are the culprits in what otherwise would have been unsolved cryptic human rabies deaths. (cdc.gov)
  • exposure
  • Travellers who have not received the pre-exposure series need 4 to 5 shots of the rabies vaccine (depending on your health status) and the Human Rabies Immune Globulin (HRIG) which is calculated as 20 IU (International Units) per kilo of body weight. (iamat.org)
  • In some countries purified Equine Rabies Immune Globulin (ERIG) is used for post-exposure therapy when HRIG is not available. (iamat.org)
  • human
  • This market intelligence report is a comprehensive analysis of the situation of Human Rabies Immunoglobulin (IM) market. (medgadget.com)
  • This report provides a through outline of Human Rabies Immunoglobulin (IM) market based on important parameters such as applications end users, products, regions and many more. (medgadget.com)
  • An estimated volume revenue growth with respect to global market for Human Rabies Immunoglobulin (IM) over the forthcoming years has been mentioned in detail. (medgadget.com)
  • This report defines the specifications, applications, classifications of Human Rabies Immunoglobulin (IM) market and explains the industrial chain structure in detail. (medgadget.com)
  • Detailed business profiles are discussed with respect to Human Rabies Immunoglobulin (IM) market allowing the reader to understand the strength and weakness of competitors. (medgadget.com)
  • These human rabies cases tend to cluster in the southeastern and northwestern United States. (cdc.gov)
  • Particular attention has focused upon two relatively rare bat species ( Lasionycteris noctivagans and Pipistrellus subflavus ) because rabies variants associated with these species (variants) account for approximately 70% of human cases and 75% of cryptic rabies deaths ( 2 - 6 ). (cdc.gov)
  • However, phylogenetic analyses of human rabies cases have not provided insights into why an unexpectedly large proportion of human rabies deaths involve the uncommon L. noctivagans and P. subflavus variants. (cdc.gov)
  • surveillance
  • While these surveillance studies are known to produce biased estimates of the true prevalence of rabies in natural bat populations, they should accurately reflect the prevalence of rabies in bat species encountered by the public. (cdc.gov)
  • deaths
  • The preponderance of rabies deaths connected with the two uncommon L. noctivagans and P. subflavus bat rabies viruses is best explained by their evolution of increased viral infectivity. (cdc.gov)