• During World War II, the Japanese conquered Java and the United States lost access to the cinchona plantations that supplied war-critical quinine medication. (wikipedia.org)
  • Botanical expeditions - called Cinchona Missions - were launched in 1942-1944 to explore promising areas of South America in an effort to locate cinchona species that contained quinine and could be harvested for quinine production. (wikipedia.org)
  • it may.act here by improving the general nutrition and lessening the cachexiaand wasting, but in addition arsenic acts on the malarial parasite,though less powerfully than quinine. (cash4deal.com)
  • The deforestation, coupled with severe political instability in the region (where a small handful of countries endured 43 revolutions in the 30 years between 1820 and 1850 ) was turning quinine into a very precious commodity. (everything2.com)