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  • phenotypic
  • A quantitative trait locus ( QTL ) is a region of DNA which is associated with a particular phenotypic trait , which varies in degree and which can be attributed to polygenic effects, i.e., the product of two or more genes , and their environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • Moreover, a single phenotypic trait is usually determined by many genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • This approach has several limitations such as requires long period (5-12 years) to develop crop variety, based on phenotypic selection (PS), high environmental noise, and less effective for complex and low heritable traits ( Tuberosa, 2012 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • MAB involves the use of molecular markers for the indirect selection on trait of interest in crop species, requires minimum phenotypic information during training phase, and were initiated to solve limitations of conventional breeding ( Collard and Mackill, 2008 ). (frontiersin.org)
  • adult
  • We measured a suite of seedling and adult traits in the greenhouse, as well as performance-related traits in field sites native to the two ecotypes. (wiley.com)
  • explain
  • The constructed predictors explain, respectively, ∼40, 20, and 9% of total variance for the three traits, in data not used for training. (genetics.org)