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  • sustainability
  • The development of a thorough and goal-oriented sustainability program, one that integrates climate change impacts into risk management and takes into account the key role of private and public stakeholders, is critical to successful planning. (environmental-expert.com)
  • estimate
  • The Odds Ratio for one unit of dose [OR = 1.76 (95% CI: 1.21, 2.55)] showed a very good consistency with the risk assessment estimate computed after the literature dose-response, provided application of a 20 % abatement factor to the cysts counts that were measured in the epidemiological study. (biomedcentral.com)
  • protozoa
  • The dose-response functions that are currently used in risk assessment studies for protozoa stem from clinical trials where adult healthy volunteers have been exposed to known amounts of well characterized micro-organisms and followed to ascertain the development of infection (faecal excretion, seroconversion). (biomedcentral.com)
  • Giardia
  • We compare the risk estimates associated with Giardia in drinking water derived from the dose-response parameter published in the literature and the incidence of acute digestive conditions (ADC) measured in the framework of an epidemiological study in a general population. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Doing so, a daily water intake of 2 L and a Giardia concentration of 10 cysts/100 L, would yield an estimated relative excess risk of 12 % according to the Rendtorff model, against 11 % when multiplying the baseline rate of ADC by the corresponding OR. (biomedcentral.com)
  • effluent
  • Results The annual diarrhea risk caused by exposure to biogas effluent through irrigation activities ranged from 17.4 to 21.1% (E. coli O157:H7), 1.0 to 2.3% (G. lamblia), and 0.2 to 0.5% (C. parvum), while those caused through unblocking drains connected to biogas effluent tanks were 22.0% (E. coli), 0.7% (G. lamblia), and 0.5% (C. parvum). (repec.org)
  • Conclusions Further measures are needed to reduce the risk by either improving the microbial quality of biogas effluent or by ensuring the use of personal protective measures when exposed to biogas wastewater. (repec.org)
  • drinking water
  • The human health risks of trace amounts of pharmaceuticals in drinking water have however not been evaluated in any great depth. (environmental-expert.com)
  • it addresses the effect of bioterrorism on drinking water safety, particularly safeguards that are in place to protect consumers against the microbial agents involved. (wiley.com)
  • environmental
  • The environmental risks of pharmaceuticals in surface waters have been evaluated and generally found to be low if the wastewater is treated before release to the environment. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Some of the main products were a policy plan with respect to the risks of accidents with hazardous materials and an environmental policy plan. (environmental-expert.com)
  • In order to address increased interest from scientists and regulators in quantifying environmental risks associated with release of common down-the-drain consumer products, a single-medium contaminant fate model for the lower St. Lawrence drainage basin in Southern Ontario was developed. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The production and use of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) are increasing rapidly, and therefore, the need to assess their environmental exposure and associated risks has become increasingly important. (environmental-expert.com)
  • data
  • We offer an analysis of revenue risk using actual utility data in three states that are experiencing changing water use patterns: Colorado, North Carolina and Texas. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The LR value in the secondary treatment was virus type and unit process dependent, which raised the importance for accumulating the data of virus LR values applicable to the multiple-barrier system, which is a global concept of microbial risk management in wastewater reclamation and reuse. (iwaponline.com)
  • different
  • The risk in different level of urbanization, and sensitivity of factors are being analysed. (cgiar.org)
  • Forests worldwide are at increased risk of death from drought, which is occurring more frequently and are more severe, according to researchers at the University of Stirling in Scotland.Sarah Greenwood, a postdoctoral researcher in the University of Stirling's Faculty of Natural Sciences, said:We can see that the death of trees caused by drought is consistent across different environments around the world. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Because of inherent risk at each stage of different ways of commercialisation, it is necessary to carry out risk assessment for all stages. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Risk assessment at different stages of know-how commercialisation can reduce the technology development lead time and commercialisation lead time and creates competitive advantage for commercialisation. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This study investigated the volume of wastewater retained on the surface of three different varieties of lettuce, Iceberg, Cos, and Oak leaf, following submersion in wastewater of different microbial qualities (10, 102, 103, and 104E. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Management
  • Historically, regulation and management of this bioaccumulation pathway has focused on siteā€specific risk assessment. (environmental-expert.com)
  • The most important aspects of integrated risk management are not the science and the tools of risk assessment, but rather the structuring of political decision-making and the initiating of a policy process based on the risk concept. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Integrated risk management at the local government level was introduced in the town of Ventspils in Latvia. (environmental-expert.com)
  • This paper focuses on the forecasting risk analysis in supply chains with intermittent demand, which is typical for the inventory management of the 'slow-moving items', such as service parts or high-priced capital goods. (environmental-expert.com)
  • A Construction Management-at-Risk (CM-at-Risk) delivery method was selected to enhance the construction process, provide flexibility during delivery and focus on achieving schedule restrictions. (environmental-expert.com)
  • coli
  • The results showed that although irrigation water was highly contaminated (5.6 Log E. coli /100 ml), exposure to farm soil (2.3 Log E. coli /g) was found to be the key risk pathway due to soil-to-mouth events. (biomedcentral.com)
  • approach
  • This research develops a mixed methodologies approach to design, optimise and assess failure risk for a proposed installation in a village in India. (environmental-expert.com)
  • model
  • The present article proposes a model to assess risks of know-how commercialisation, based on comprehensive review of literature and personal experience of the authors. (environmental-expert.com)
  • According to the model, understanding IP-related risks play an important role in determining the economic value of the organisation's IP. (environmental-expert.com)
  • Cases of foodborne salmonellosis in humans were attributed to travel, outbreaks and four animal reservoirs, namely pigs, broilers, turkeys and laying hens, using a Bayesian model based on microbial subtyping in 24 countries of the European Union. (dtu.dk)