• The most common cardiovascular causes are acute myocardial infarction and congestive heart failure while common pulmonary causes include chronic obstructive pulmonary disease , asthma , pneumothorax , pulmonary edema and pneumonia . (wikipedia.org)
  • People with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), most commonly emphysema or chronic bronchitis , frequently have chronic shortness of breath and a chronic productive cough. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and emphysema can be related to smoking or exposure to harmful substances. (meddic.jp)
  • The invention relates more specifically to devices and methods for treating conditions associated with bronchial constriction, including: asthma, anaphylaxis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), exercise-induced bronchospasm and post-operative bronchospasm. (justia.com)
  • Acute shortness of breath is usually connected with sudden physiological changes, such as laryngeal edema , bronchospasm , myocardial infarction , pulmonary embolism , or pneumothorax . (wikipedia.org)
  • Stimulation of any group of receptors may cause reflex changes in breathing (including defensive reflexes), bronchomotor tone, airway mucus secretion, the cardiovascular system (including the vascular bed of the airways), laryngeal calibre, spinal reflexes and sensation. (biologists.org)
  • These receptors in turn signal the medullary control centers to increase sympathetic stimulation of the heart, leading to increased heart rate, a.k.a. tachycardia . (wikidoc.org)
  • Unlike Ach, deltasone davis drug guide succinylcholine produces continuous stimulation of the nicotinic receptor, and the endplate membrane remains depolarized with the channel open. (xaydungdongnam.com)
  • Animals exhibited significant weight loss, decreased oxygenation, increased respiratory elastance and pulmonary inflammation (intra-alveolar leukocyte influx/cytokine levels and histological injury scores). (ersjournals.com)
  • Reflexes that regulate cardiorespiratory function arise from a wide variety of internal receptors, and include those that signal changes in blood pressure, the level of blood oxygenation, respiratory activity, and metabolic activity. (oxfordre.com)
  • A major role of respiratory control comes from pulmonary stretch receptors and their myelinated fibers that give input to our respiratory centers supplementing that from CO 2 , O 2 , pH (measure of the acidity or basicity of a solution) and neurohormonal factors. (spacedoc.com)
  • B . Cough results from activation of myelinated cough receptors and unmyelinated C-fibers, whose cell bodies are in the jugular and nodose ganglia. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Risk factors for acute decompensation include high dietary salt intake, medication noncompliance, cardiac ischemia, abnormal heart rhythms , kidney failure , pulmonary emboli, hypertension , and infections. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this context, we hypothesized that tissue-specific expression of the A2B adenosine receptor is responsible for the previously described attenuation of ALI. (jimmunol.org)
  • To directly deliver an A2B adenosine receptor-specific agonist to alveolar epithelial cells, we subsequently performed studies with inhaled BAY 60-6583. (jimmunol.org)
  • Thus, c-fos is induced in rat striatum following administration of caffeine and other xanthines that (provided they enter the brain) block adenosine receptors, suggesting an involvement of central adenosine receptors. (storysteel.tk)
  • We know, excercise increases the systemic blood pressure ,we presume it should not raise the PAP (however severe the exertion is 1 )as pulmonary circulation is a high compliant low pressure system. (drsvenkatesan.com)
  • Application of cyclic stretching during the entire induction period or only during the final 15 hours of the induction period significantly retarded the induction of glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPDH) activity and the accumulation of intracellular triglycerides by the end of the maturation period. (biologists.org)
  • Cyclomidril eyedrops used to dilate eyes contain cyclopentolate hydrochloride (anticholinergic) and phenylephrine hydrochloride (╬▒ 1 -adrenergic receptor agonist). (cancertherapyadvisor.com)