• The symphysis pubis is a secondary cartilaginous joint and in response to hormonal changes during pregnancy (especially the 3rd trimester), the joint widens to increase the saggital diameter of the outlet. (semanticscholar.org)
  • We present a case of spontaneous symphysis pubis diastasis in a healthy primigravida, after a vaginal delivery. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Diastasis of symphysis pubis and labor: Systematic review. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Symphysis pubis diastasis after normal vaginal birth: a case report. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Disruption of the symphysis pubis during vaginal delivery. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Typical presentation involving pubic symphysis diastasis following pregnancy is unrelenting pain in the anterior pelvis and suprapubic region, with or without pain localized over the sacroiliac joints from associated posterior pelvic ring ligamentous injury. (statpearls.com)
  • On pelvis X-ray PA view, a gap in the region of pubic symphysis was visualized, suggesting the diagnosis of PSD [Figure 2]. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The pubic symphysis is the slightly moveable joint at the front of the pelvis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Apart from some diastasis of the pubic symphysis, the pelvis and hips appear normal. (britishmuseum.org)
  • An immature pelvis with open triradiate cartilage most commonly sustains fractures of the pubic rami and iliac wings. (posna.org)
  • The pelvis is a ring-like structure composed of two innominate bones (joined at the pubic symphysis) and the sacrum (joined to the innominate bones at the sacroiliac (SI) joint). (aapc.com)
  • A palpably widened pelvis with widely separated pubic bones. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • PGP refers to pain felt either at the back of the pelvis, on one or both sides, and/or pain over the pubic joint. (fitwise.com.au)
  • The Sacroiliac Joint in the centre of your pelvis and at the bottom of the pelvis is your Symphysis Pubis Joint. (blogspot.co.nz)
  • Pain is primarily experienced at the pubic symphysis joint at the front of the pelvis with the joint widening remaining within the normal limits for pregnancy of under 9mm. (ultimatesleep.com.au)
  • Closed nailing of femur and external fixation of pelvis with closed reduction of pubic symphysis were done to get an acceptable position. (hwbf.org)
  • Chiropractic care including stabilizing exercises, home care advice, a sacroiliac belt, as well as specific chiropractic adjustments to reduce joint dysfunction appears to decrease the pain and immobility associated with postpartum pelvic pain associated with pubic symphysis diastasis, a recent study shows. (chiroeco.com)
  • 1 "Existing literature concerning chiropractic care for symphysis pubis dysfunction during pregnancy is limited," the study author says, but it "indicates a potential benefit. (chiroeco.com)
  • Deepening the arch in the lumbar spine further stretches the already overstretched abdominals, putting mamas at risk for developing diastasis recti (the tearing away of the rectus abdominis from the fibrous tissue that connects them, called the linea alba) and pubic symphysis dysfunction (inflammation and pain of the pubic bone). (yogajournal.com)
  • Pregnancy belts can help to improve pelvic stability By Isa Herrera, MSPT, CSCS, founder of www.PelvicPainRelief.com Wearing a supportive belt during pregnancy can make a positive difference for women suffering from low back pain, pelvic pressure, diastasis recti separation, sacroiliac joint pain, Symphysis Pubic Dysfunction, pelvic instability, and incontinence. (pregnancymagazine.com)
  • A summary of exercise modifications, not just for the straight forward pregnancies, but for those with low back pain, pelvic girdle pain, including sacroiliac and pubic symphysis dysfunction, incontinence is explained and the indications for appropriate referral to a medical professional is reviewed. (essa.org.au)
  • Pelvic girdle pain is a set of very commonly occurring symptoms in pregnancy and includes the conditions of sacroiliac joint dysfunction, sacroiliac joint instability, diastasis symphysis pubis and pubic symphysis dysfunction. (ultimatesleep.com.au)
  • Follow the link to find out more about pubic symphysis dysfunction in pregnancy. (ultimatesleep.com.au)
  • Pelvic girdle pain and disability is much greater than with pubic symphysis dysfunction. (ultimatesleep.com.au)
  • The incidence of complete separation of the pubic symphysis is reported to be within 1 in 300 to 1:30,000, with many instances likely undiagnosed. (statpearls.com)
  • Mild separation of the pubic symphysis is therefore considered necessary for childbirth, with an average normal radiological distance between pubic bodies of 4 mmwidening by a further 3 mm during pregnancy. (semanticscholar.org)
  • BACKGROUND: Separation of the pubic symphysis with corresponding diastasis can be stabilized by symphyseal plating. (bvsalud.org)
  • This could be due to a sprain or separation of the pubic symphysis joint, termed a diastasis pubis. (feminapt.com)
  • We report two cases of young women who sustained postpartum disruption of the pelvic ring: one case is an 8.8 cm wide separation of the pubic symphysis with sacroiliac joint disruption underwent surgical stabilization and the second case with 4.0 cm disruption being treated non-operatively. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Symphysiotomy is the deliberate surgical separation of the pubic symphysis to aid vaginal delivery in cases of obstructed labor. (jpgo.org)
  • Pubic symphysis diastasis (PSD) following childbirth via vaginal delivery is a rare but debilitating condition. (statpearls.com)
  • We present a case of spontaneous symphysis pubis diastasis in a healthy primigravida, after a vaginal delivery. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Disruption of the symphysis pubis during vaginal delivery. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Symphysis pubis diastasis is defined as "a complication of pregnancy and vaginal delivery in which the pubic symphysis separates, resulting in acute pelvic pain. (chiroeco.com)
  • The case of a young 39-year-old woman, an artist by profession who developed diastasis of symphysis pubis following normal vaginal delivery is presented. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Diastasis of the pubic symphysis following vaginal delivery. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Pubic symphysis diastasis after an uncomplicated vaginal delivery: A case report. (lenus.ie)
  • In another scenario, women may experience immediate, central pubic pain during their vaginal delivery. (feminapt.com)
  • Fixation of old pubic symphysis diastasis with reconstruction plate by filling the gap by using corticocancellous autograft, might not prevent ultimate implant failure if the symphysis pubis diastasis is part of an unstable pelvic fracture in the very beginning. (koreamed.org)
  • Preliminary radiographic examinations showed severe diastasis of the symphysis pubis, avulsion fracture of the medial aspect of the left superior pubic ramus, and separation of the left sacroiliac joint (Figure 1 ). (hindawi.com)
  • Urethral injury was present in 25 patients and all had anterior pelvic fracture (inclusive of pubic symphysis diastasis). (ovid.com)
  • Each millimeter of symphysis pubis diastasis or inferomedial pubic bone fracture displacement was associated with an approximately 10% increased risk of urethral injury. (ovid.com)
  • whereas new codes 27197 and 27198 specify " posterior pelvic ring fracture, dislocation(s), diastasis or subluxation. (aapc.com)
  • Do not report 27197 or 27198 for closed treatment of anterior (vs. posterior) pelvic ring fracture and dislocation(s) of the pubic symphysis and superior/inferior rami (unilateral or bilateral). (aapc.com)
  • After x-ray exams were performed after the compression belts had been removed, a type II anterior posterior compression fracture was diagnosed in one patient, and marked pubic symphysis and left-sided sacroiliac joint diastasis in keeping with an anterior posterior compression fracture type III was diagnosed in the other patient. (appliedradiology.com)
  • Effective January 1, 2017, in accordance with AMA CPT coding guidelines, to report closed treatment of only anterior pelvic ring fracture(s) and/or dislocation(s) of the pubic symphysis and/or superior/inferior rami, unilateral or bilateral, providers should use an appropriate evaluation and management service code. (emblemhealth.com)
  • 3) Right inf pubic rami fracture. (hwbf.org)
  • How safe is it to use fracture table with perineal post in the presence of pubic symphysis diastasis? (hwbf.org)
  • Our patient to date has achieved sacral fracture union, minimal residual pubic diastasis, and has no evidence of neurologic injury. (jocr.co.in)
  • [8] A modulator of arterial compliance and cardiac output during pregnancy, relaxin also serves to relax the pelvic ligaments and contribute to softening of the cartilage of the pubic symphysis for preparation of the birth canal for delivery. (statpearls.com)
  • The symphysis pubis is a secondary cartilaginous joint and in response to hormonal changes during pregnancy (especially the 3rd trimester), the joint widens to increase the saggital diameter of the outlet. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Pubic symphysis diastasis is a recognised rare complication of pregnancy, with a variable reported incidence of 1 in 300 to 1 in 30,000 deliveries. (semanticscholar.org)
  • No previous literature was found concerning the chiropractic care of a patient with diastasis, and only two articles describing pelvic pain during pregnancy were found. (chiroeco.com)
  • diastasis rec´ti abdo´minis separation of the rectus muscles of the abdominal wall, sometimes occurring during pregnancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • About Abdominal Connections: Abdominal Connections is an alternative rehabilitation program for women who have been diagnosed with diastasis recti, and all women seeking to regain abdominal integrity after pregnancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • We conclude that asymptomatic pubic symphysis diastasis might be symptomatic after additional trauma (such as pregnancy) in the following days, if it was unstable in the very beginning of injury. (koreamed.org)
  • These functional improvements may result from restoring strength and stability in the abdominal and pelvic region as the operation incorporates repair of the abdominal muscle separation (rectus diastasis ) that can occur after pregnancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • She shared that she has diastasis recti, which means that her stomach muscles widened due to pregnancy. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The non-pregnant gap of the symphysis pubis is 4-5mm but in pregnancy there will be an increase of at least 2-3mm, therefore, it is considered that a total width of up to 9mm between the two bones is normal for a pregnant woman. (wikidoc.org)
  • About problems with Pubic Symphysis during pregnancy and birth and post birth. (blogspot.com)
  • There was a firm nodular abdominal mass measuring 52 cm from the pubic symphysis to the epigastrium. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Al inicio del estudio solo un 20% presenta diastasis abdominal. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Figure 3: Anteroposterior thoraco-abdominal-pelvic radiograph** reveals hypoplastic clavicles bilaterally, absence of synostosis of the posterior arches of the cervical spine, bilateral shoulder dislocation, diastasis of the pubic symphysis and bilateral dislocation of the hips. (eurorad.org)
  • Diastasis Recti is a condition where the abdominal separate at the linea alba (the white line which starts from the xiphoid process to the pubic symphysis). (physio4life.co.uk)
  • A KUB, or plain abdominal film, allows for measurement of the pubic diastasis to assist in planning operative approaches. (clinicalpainadvisor.com)
  • CT examinations of 49 patients with binders and 49 controls performed from January 2008-June 2016, and matched 1:1 for Tile instability grade and Pennal/Young-Burgess force vector, were compared for differences in pubic symphysis and sacroiliac displacement using caliper measurements in three orthogonal planes. (springer.com)
  • Tape applications for instability of the pubic symphysis. (eventbrite.ca)
  • Instability in the sacroiliac joint or the symphysis pubic joint can cause either SPD, sciatic pain or both. (blogspot.co.nz)
  • Left sacroiliac dislocation and pubic symphysis diastasis were still evident despite the external fixation (Figure 2). (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The pelvic radiograph can demonstrate a widened pubic symphysis, pelvic dysplasia, small iliac wings, coxa vara, very short femoral necks [1], congenital dislocation of hip and multiple spinal anomalies [4]. (eurorad.org)
  • Novais EN, Kestel L, Carry PM, Sink E, Strupp K. Local Infiltration Analgesia Compared With Epidural and Intravenous PCA After Surgical Hip Dislocation for the Treatment of Femoroacetabular Impingement in Adolescents. (harvard.edu)
  • and offers clinical opinions from the perspective of women 's health PM&R physicians.Recent FindingsExisting and recent literature on pelvic girdle pain, lumbosacral back pain, pubic symphysis separation, transient osteoporosis, rectus diastasis, and postpartum neuropathy offer some new insights on management, which is often context-dependent. (medworm.com)
  • Biomechanical analysis of pubic symphysis diastasis using a cadaver model. (andrewsinstitute.com)
  • Several units from China and one from Spain have published clinical and biomechanical studies supporting percutaneous reduction and fixation of the pubic symphysis with various screw configurations. (bvsalud.org)
  • the forcible separation of two parts that are normally joined, such as parts of a bone at an epiphysis, two bones that lack a synovial joint, or two muscles, as in diastasis recti abdominis. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Pelvic fractures that were independently associated with urethral injury from multiple regression analysis included displaced fractures of the inferomedial pubic bone, OR 6.4 (95% CI 1.6 to 24.9), and symphysis pubis diastasis, OR 11.8 (95% CI 4.0 to 34.5). (ovid.com)
  • Pubic symphysis diastasis with the left pubic bone lying superior to the right pubic bone. (radiopaedia.org)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging features of pubic symphysis urinary fistula with pubic bone osteomyelitis in the treated prostate cancer patient. (duke.edu)
  • INTRODUCTION: Pubic bone osteomyelitis with pubic symphysis urinary fistula represents a debilitating complication of radiation and ablative treatments for prostate cancer. (duke.edu)
  • Inflammatory myositis with diastasis of the pubic symphysis and cortical bone erosion were identified in the majority of patients. (duke.edu)
  • [8] As seen in most pelvic ring injuries that separate anteriorly at the pubic symphysis, there is often an associated posterior pelvic ring injury as well, with stretch, partial tears, or complete tears of the sacroiliac ligaments. (statpearls.com)
  • The symphysis pubis connects these two weight-bearing arches, and the ligaments that surround this pelvic region maintain the mechanical integrity. (wikipedia.org)
  • Separation of the two pubic bones during delivery at the symphyseal joint is extremely rare. (wikipedia.org)
  • The sacroiliac and pubic symphyseal joints are wider and thicker in children than adults and are capable of absorbing a greater amount of force. (posna.org)
  • The only exception remains reduction and fixation of pubic symphyseal injuries. (bvsalud.org)
  • Traditionally, excision of the fistulous tract and concomitant cystectomy with urinary diversion and pubic symphyseal debridement has been done using an open approach. (bvsalud.org)
  • METHODS AND MATERIALS: Between January 2007 and January 2018, all patients who underwent pubic symphyseal debridement with or without cystectomy were identified. (bvsalud.org)
  • Radiographs revealed pubic symphyseal widening of 4.7 cm. (jocr.co.in)
  • Pubic symphysis over-ride is suggestive of binder over-reduction in globally unstable injuries. (springer.com)
  • Imaging studies show minimally displaced fractures of the anterior and posterior portions of the pelvic ring, with ipsilateral fractures of the pubic rami and sacrum. (aapc.com)
  • Though her prolapse has remained stable and urinary incontinence has improved, Anna's diastasis sadly worsened when she gave birth to her second child, Mattie, in August 2017. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The patient was treated with open reduction and internal fixation of the symphysis pubis. (koreamed.org)
  • The more prominent symphyses are: the pubic symphysis sacrococcygeal symphysis intervertebral disc between two vertebrae in the sternum, between the manubrium and body mandibular symphysis, in the jaw Pubic symphysis diastasis, is an extremely rare complication that occurs in women who are giving birth. (wikipedia.org)
  • Separation of pubic symphysis during delivery is a rare complication resulting in considerable and prolonged morbidity for parturient women. (readbyqxmd.com)
  • Boissonnault JS, Blaschak MJ (1988) Incidence of diastasis recti abdominis during the childbearing year. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • The innominate bones join the sacrum posteriorly at the sacroiliac joints and anteriorly at the pubic symphysis. (medscape.com)
  • The pelvic ring consists of two arches: a posterior arch that includes the sacrum, SI joints, and posterior ilium, and a weaker anterior arch that includes the pubic rami bones and symphysis. (aapc.com)
  • There is severe diastasis of the pubic symphysis, avulsion of the left superior pubic ramus, and separation of the left sacroiliac joint. (hindawi.com)
  • The pubic symphysis is the joint (E) at the front between the two innominates (A) at the pubic ramus (D). This joint rotates especially in the gait or walking cycle. (ultimatesleep.com.au)
  • The anterior column consists of the anterior iliac wing, superior pubic ramus, and anterior wall of the acetabulum. (emdocs.net)
  • Pubic symphysis diastasis, sacroiliac diastasis, and sacral, iliac, and pubic rami fractures were statistically associated with bladder rupture. (vrad.com)
  • OBJECTIVE: To assess the success of robot-assisted holmium laser debridement of the pubic symphysis for osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis with associated urosymphyseal fistula. (bvsalud.org)
  • We reviewed patients who underwent planned robot-assisted cystectomy with holmium laser debridement for osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis as a result of urinary fistula. (bvsalud.org)
  • CONCLUSION: Definitive surgical treatment with holmium laser debridement of the pubic symphysis with concomitant robot-assisted cystectomy and urinary diversion is a safe and durable approach to the complex problem of urinary fistula with pubic symphysis osteomyelitis. (bvsalud.org)
  • In this study, we characterize the plain film and magnetic resonance imaging findings of pubic osteomyelitis. (duke.edu)
  • MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed a database of prostate cancer survivors with diagnosed pubic osteomyelitis from 2011 to 2015. (duke.edu)
  • 16 patients with diagnosed pubic osteomyelitis from 2011 to 2015 underwent imaging at our institution. (duke.edu)
  • 63% of conventional radiographs demonstrated no radiographic evidence of pubic osteomyelitis. (duke.edu)
  • CONCLUSION: Magnetic resonance imaging of pubic symphysis osteomyelitis in the prostate cancer survivor is characterized by high signal on T2-weighted images and low signal on T1-weighted images of the involved pubic rami, with the majority of patients demonstrating regional myositis. (duke.edu)
  • Imaging data combined with clinical assessment should prompt diagnosis and management of pubic osteomyelitis. (duke.edu)
  • [1] However, reports of non-physiologic pubic diastasis exceeding that typically required for childbirth (typically greater than 1 cm) can leave mothers with debility and extreme pain. (statpearls.com)
  • There is a pain that is associated with symphysis that can make simple everyday tasks truly unbearable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Unfortunately, many overlook their pain that they experience after delivering their child, and just account the pain as postpartum which delays the diagnosis and treatment for symphysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • Often, patients with pubic symphysis diastasis are able to benefit from non-operative procedures to heal them and take away their pain. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even without proof or diagnosis of a hernia, there can be major pain and soreness experienced in the air of the symphysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • During a practice session just prior to presentation to the clinic, he executed a slap shot and immediately felt a sharp pain above the pubic symphysis and along the left inguinal ligament. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Women often have pain and inflammation in the pubic symphysis , which may radiate into the lumbar and thigh areas, mainly in the medial regions. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • A recent case study indicates that a combination therapy including chiropractic adjustments can improve pain and reduce diastasis for pubic symphysis separation in postpartum women. (chiroeco.com)
  • This March 2015 study, "Chiropractic management of postpartum pubic symphysis diastasis: A case report," involved treatment of a 30-year-old female with severe postpartum pain. (chiroeco.com)
  • The author acknowledges that there is no way to know what intervention helped in this patient's improvements or whether reduction in pain and decreased diastasis resulted from natural history. (chiroeco.com)
  • 2 Scriven MW, Jones DA, McKnight L. The importance of pubic pain following childbirth: a clinical ultrasonographic study of diastasis of the pubic symphysis. (chiroeco.com)
  • The case of a 39 year old woman who had diastasis of pubic symphysis following childbirth and later developed severe chronic neuropathic pain and disability is presented. (lenus.ie)
  • Spinal cord stimulator can be considered for the management of pain due to diastasis of pubic symphysis, not amenable to other therapies. (lenus.ie)
  • low back pain, pubic symphysis diastasis (PSD), neck and shoulder pain, headaches and rib pain. (betterhealthosteopathy.nz)
  • I didn't say 100% because when I'm extremely tired or sick, there can still be some pain in pubic symphysis area. (blogspot.com)
  • And I really can live with my back pain now, so I would say my pubic symphysis is ok enough. (blogspot.com)
  • PGP involving the pubic symphysis joint can also refer pain to the groin, inner thigh, lower abdomen, and vaginal area. (fitwise.com.au)
  • Musumeci, 1994) When this separation occurs, the patient will experience pain over the pubic sympysis joint, sacroiliac joints, buttocks and/or thighs. (feminapt.com)
  • Immediately after delivering a healthy male (9 Lb 42 oz) she developed sudden severe pain over the pubic symphysis and buttocks. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The patient is a 29-year-old female (gravida III, para III) referred for evaluation of pain and pubic diastasis 2 months after her last delivery. (biomedcentral.com)
  • While increased serum relaxin hormone levels have been identified in women with pubic symphysis diastasis, however, no direct correlation has been proven between these elevated levels and an increased incidence of post-partum separation. (statpearls.com)
  • Post partum diastasis of the pubic symphysis: a case report. (semanticscholar.org)
  • A working clinical and radiological diagnosis of post-partum pubic diastasis was made by the referring physician. (thefreedictionary.com)
  • Women have a greater thickness of this pubic disc which allows more mobility of the pelvic bones, hence providing a greater diameter of pelvic cavity during childbirth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This hormone softens the pubic symphysis, the cartilage that holds the hip bones together, as your body prepares for childbirth. (babybellyband.com)
  • Peripartum pubic symphysis separation: a case series and review of the literature. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Peripartum pubic separation is reported in the literature as having an infrequent occurrence in as few as one in 521 deliveries. (feminapt.com)
  • The ends of both pubic bones are covered by a thin layer of hyaline cartilage attached to the fibrocartilage. (wikipedia.org)
  • Adolescents with a closed triradiate cartilage most commonly sustain fractures of the acetabulum, diastasis of the pubic symphysis, and separation of the sacroiliac joints. (posna.org)
  • The pubic symphysis is a secondary cartilaginous joint between the left and right superior rami of the pubis of the hip bones. (wikipedia.org)
  • The pubic symphysis is a nonsynovial amphiarthrodial joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • A symphysis is an amphiarthrosis, a slightly movable joint. (wikipedia.org)
  • There is mild widening/diastasis of the right SI joint (upto 7 mm). (radiopaedia.org)
  • Symphysis pubis is a non-synovial amphiarthrodial joint and comes from the Greek word "symphysis" meaning growing together. (wikidoc.org)
  • On exam, tenderness in the symphysis pubis and the left sacroiliac joint were elicited. (biomedcentral.com)
  • I think the anterior opening of the SI joint will close down once you repair the symphysis diastasis. (hwbf.org)
  • Four Tile C patients with binders demonstrated over-reduction resulting in pubic body over-ride. (springer.com)
  • 3) Open reduction and plating of pubic symphysis. (hwbf.org)
  • The ex-fix frame can be used as a reduction tool to allow easy plating of the symphysis. (hwbf.org)
  • In males, the suspensory ligament of the penis attaches to the pubic symphysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • The superior pubic ligament connects together the two pubic bones superiorly, extending laterally as far as the pubic tubercles. (wikipedia.org)
  • Patients can present with pubic symphysis diastasis before delivery, during delivery, or most commonly postpartum. (statpearls.com)
  • Globally unstable (Tile C) binder patients showed decreased sacroiliac diastasis (4.7 mm vs. 6.4 mm, p =0.04), without significant difference in haematoma volumes (284 ml vs. 234 ml, p =0.34). (springer.com)
  • Rotationally unstable patients with binders have significantly less sacroiliac diastasis versus controls, corresponding with significantly lower haematoma volumes. (springer.com)
  • On physical examination, the patient demonstrated a broad-based gait, which is expected in patients with wide pubic symphysis. (healio.com)
  • RESULTS: Twelve patients underwent holmium laser debridement of the pubic symphysis during robot-assisted cystectomy for urinary fistula. (bvsalud.org)
  • RESULTS: All patients demonstrated increased signal on T2- weighted sequences and decreased signal on T1-weighted sequences along the pubic symphysis and the marrow of the involved pubic rami. (duke.edu)
  • The main motions of the symphysis pubis are superior/inferior glide and separation/compression. (wikipedia.org)
  • A left external iliac arteriogram was performed, revealing active extravasation from an aberrant pubic branch off the left external iliac artery proximal to the take-off of the left inferior epigastric artery (Figure 3 ). (hindawi.com)
  • A selective left inferior epigastric arteriogram confirmed the absence of corona mortis or pubic branches (Figure 4 ). (hindawi.com)
  • On the pre-contrast study, there is a small amount of extravasated contrast within the retro-pubic space (cave of Retzius), inferior extraperitoneal pelvic cavity and tracking into the perineum/perineal muscles and adductor musculature of the left thigh. (radiopaedia.org)