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  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • P-type ATPases are α-helical bundle primary transporters named based upon their ability to catalyze auto- (or self-) phosphorylation (hence P) of a key conserved aspartate residue within the pump and their energy source, adenosine triphosphate (ATP). (wikipedia.org)
  • Complexes
  • The SMF is generated by primary sodium pumps (e.g. sodium/potassium ATPases, sodium translocating respiratory chain complexes) or via the action of sodium/proton antiporters. (wikipedia.org)
  • The complex structure of the V-ATPase has been revealed through the structure of the M. Sexta and Yeast complexes that were solved by single-particle cryo-EM and negative staining, respectively (Muench 2009, Diepholz 2008, Zhang 2008). (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • H+ -ATPases in plants are expressed from a multigene subfamily, and Arabidopsis thaliana for instance, have 12 different H+ -ATPase genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • After a hormone binds to the corresponding receptor, the newly formed receptor-ligand complex translocates into the cell nucleus, where it binds to many hormone response elements (HREs) in the promoter region of the target genes in the DNA. (wikipedia.org)
  • synthesis
  • Instead the F-type ATPase of P. modestum uses only Na+ to drive the reaction, demonstrating the production of H2O from O2 during the synthesis of ATP does not consume the H+ used by all other known F-type ATPases. (wikipedia.org)
  • Amino Acids
  • It is interesting to note that the folding pattern and the locations of the critical amino acids for phosphorylation in P-type ATPases has the haloacid dehalogenase fold characteristic of the haloacid dehalogenase (HAD) superfamily, as predicted by sequence homology. (wikipedia.org)
  • transmembrane proton
  • F 0 F 1 -ATP synthases use the free energy derived from a transmembrane proton transport to synthesize ATP from ADP and inorganic phosphate. (pnas.org)
  • Two types of inorganic diphosphatase, very different in terms of both amino acid sequence and structure, have been characterised to date: soluble and transmembrane proton-pumping pyrophosphatases (sPPases and H(+)-PPases, respectively). (wikipedia.org)