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  • Mitochondria
  • Mitochondria play a huge role in the cycling of pyocyanin between its redox states. (wikipedia.org)
  • Succinate is generated in mitochondria via the tricarboxylic acid cycle (TCA), an energy-yielding process shared by all organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • epithelial
  • The results show that the combination of a prooxidant/antioxidant had a cytotoxic effect on HuH7 and HepG2 liver cancer cells, but not on either of two normal human epithelial cell lines or on primary hepatocytes. (hindawi.com)
  • prooxidants
  • The objective of the present study was to determine the effect on hepatocellular carcinoma cells of a combination treatment with maleic anhydride derivatives (prooxidants) and quercetin (an antioxidant). (hindawi.com)
  • receptor
  • Mesangial cells play a role in restricting macromolecules from accumulating in the mesangial space by receptor- independent uptake processes of phagocytosis, micro- and macro-pinocytosis, or receptor-dependent processes and then transported along the mesangial stalk. (wikipedia.org)
  • glycolysis
  • The second mode, or non-oxidative branch, of the pentose phosphate cycle includes several interconversion steps of C7, C4, and C3 ketoses and aldoses regenerating glucose-6-phosphate, fructose-6-phosphate, and glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, all three being metabolites of glycolysis/gluconeogenesis. (factbites.com)
  • It converts pyruvate, the final product of glycolysis , to lactate when oxygen is absent or in short supply, and it performs the reverse reaction during the Cori cycle in the liver . (wikipedia.org)
  • Besides glycolysis in tumor cells glutaminolysis is another main pillar for energy production. (wikipedia.org)
  • antibodies
  • Learn about a wide range of applications and techniques related to using primary and secondary antibodies in your cell biology research. (thermofisher.com)
  • The rearranging of genes makes the cells capable of generating antibodies with a higher or lower affinity to the specified antigen. (wikipedia.org)
  • cellular
  • The term cell analysis encompasses a broad range of applications, instrumentation and products that can be used to understand cellular function. (thermofisher.com)
  • To receive news and publication updates for Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity, enter your email address in the box below. (hindawi.com)
  • Cellular senescence is a programmed response that prevents a cell from dividing after some number of cell divisions. (wikipedia.org)
  • p38α MAPK is implicated in diverse cellular function, from gene expression to programmed cell death through a network of signaling molecules and transcription factors. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • BCL-6 genes are involved in several cell processes that can affect the ability of the B-cell to differentiate and proliferate. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] Mesangial cells have irregular shapes with flattened-cylinder-like cell bodies and processes at both ends containing actin, myosin and actinin, giving mesangial cells contractile properties. (wikipedia.org)
  • It plays an important role during embryonal development as programmed cell death and accompanies a variety of normal involutional processes in which it serves as a mechanism to remove "unwanted" cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • Eosinophils are also involved in many other biological processes, including postpubertal mammary gland development, oestrus cycling, allograft rejection and neoplasia. (wikipedia.org)
  • phosphate
  • In this study reported here the activity of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, the first and rate-limiting enzyme of the oxidative pentose phosphate shunt, was very low in the human heart and was of the same order of magnitude in the myocardium of various animal species. (factbites.com)
  • genes involved in cell
  • Arango D, Parihar A, Villamena FA, Wang L, Freitas MA, Grotewold E, Doseff AI (2012) Apigenin induces DNA damage through the PKCδ-dependent activation of ATM and H2AX causing down-regulation of genes involved in cell cycle control and DNA repair. (springer.com)
  • extracellular
  • Mesangial cells are separated by intercellular spaces containing extracellular matrix called the mesangial matrix that is produced by the mesangial cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • When eosinophils are activated, they undergo cytolysis, where the breaking of the cell releases eosinophilic granules found in extracellular DNA traps. (wikipedia.org)
  • flow cytometer
  • A flow cytometer is similar to a microscope, except that, instead of producing an image of the cell, flow cytometry offers high-throughput, large-scale, automated quantification of specified optical parameters on a cell-by-cell basis. (wikipedia.org)
  • A flow cytometer has five main components: a flow cell, a measuring system, a detector, an amplification system, and a computer for analysis of the signals. (wikipedia.org)
  • receptors
  • GCB DLBCL shows amplification of the oncogenic mir-17-92 microRNA cluster and deletion of the tumor suppressor PTEN but these events have not been found in ABC DLBCL B-cells form in the bone marrow and undergo gene rearrangement in order to develop B-cell receptors (BCRs) that bind to a specific antigen. (wikipedia.org)
  • B-cells within the germinal center proliferate and undergo immunoglobulin somatic hypermutation (SHM) of IgV region genes to revise their antigen receptors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Endothelial precursor cells secrete platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-B and mesangial cells have receptors for PDGF. (wikipedia.org)
  • transcription
  • Reverse transcription quantitative PCR (RT-qPCR) was used to measure the expression of miR-1269b and target genes in HCC tissues and cell lines. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • The expression of key transcription factors in B cell development is frequently regulated by non-coding RNAs termed microRNAs. (wikipedia.org)
  • The transcription factor for PDGFRβ, Tbx18, is crucial for the development of mesangial cells. (wikipedia.org)