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  • cannabis
  • Independent addiction experts and clinicians repeatedly assert that some controlled substances, including cannabis and 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), are wrongly placed in the drug conventions' most restrictive schedules. (hhrjournal.org)
  • paper
  • This paper argues that the drug conventions' prioritization of criminal justice measures-including efforts to prevent non-medical use of controlled substances-undermines access to medicines and infringes upon the right to health and the right to enjoy the benefits of scientific progress. (hhrjournal.org)
  • Laws
  • Drug conventions serve as the cornerstone for domestic drug laws and impose a dual obligation upon states to prevent the misuse of controlled substances while ensuring their adequate availability for medical and scientific purposes. (hhrjournal.org)
  • economics
  • THIS MONTH ONLY: Subscribers get a free chapter of Morgan Simon's new book, "REAL IMPACT: The New Economics of Social Change. (nextbillion.net)
  • Committee
  • 3 To this end, WHO convenes an Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (WHO Expert Committee) to study controlled substances and make recommendations on the level of risk of harm and the therapeutic utility of a substance, which should subsequently be reflected in the substances' scheduling under the drug conventions. (hhrjournal.org)
  • 4 On several occasions, however, the UN Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND) rejected the recommendation of the WHO Expert Committee, particularly when it comes to recognizing the potential therapeutic benefits of certain cannabinoids that are controlled (as is discussed below). (hhrjournal.org)
  • Implementation
  • Despite the mandate that these two obligations be enforced equally, the dominant paradigm-in both the text of the drug conventions and their implementation-is an enforcement-heavy criminal justice response to controlled substances that centers on preventing what is deemed in law to be their misuse. (hhrjournal.org)
  • health care
  • 2 Essential controlled medicines are used across the spectrum of health care, from childbirth, surgical anesthesia, and pain relief in palliative care (such as for people with end-stage AIDS or terminal cancer), to mental health treatment, drug dependence treatment, and neurological care. (hhrjournal.org)
  • people
  • Prioritizing restrictive control is to the detriment of ensuring adequate availability of and access to controlled medicines, thereby violating the rights of people who need them. (hhrjournal.org)
  • criminal justice
  • Despite the mandate that these obligations be enforced equally, the dominant paradigm enshrined in the drug conventions is an enforcement-heavy criminal justice response to controlled substances that prohibits and penalizes their misuse. (hhrjournal.org)
  • includes
  • Indeed, the World Health Organization's (WHO) Model List of Essential Medicines includes 12 medicines that contain internationally controlled substances, such as morphine, methadone, buprenorphine, diazepam, and phenobarbital. (hhrjournal.org)