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  • calculus
  • But if the number of events is very large, as in the distribution of energy among the molecules of a gas, then the probability can be approximated by a continuous variable so that the methods of calculus can be used. (gsu.edu)
  • Our degrees of belief ought to conform to the probability calculus just because the physical chances of the coin tosses conform to that same calculus. (pitt.edu)
  • outcome
  • Subjective probability is a type of probability derived from an individual's personal judgment or own experience about whether a specific outcome is likely to occur. (investopedia.com)
  • The probability for a given event can be thought of as the ratio of the number of ways that event can happen divided by the number of ways that any possible outcome could happen. (gsu.edu)
  • equally
  • One especially important use of these probability rules is the conclusions that can be drawn if we assume that a number of events are equally likely. (calvin.edu)
  • If there are only n such events that are possible in a given situation, and all are equally likely and pairwise mutually exclusive (no two can happen at once), then each must have probability 1/ n . (calvin.edu)
  • distribution
  • For example, the prior could be the probability distribution representing the relative proportions of voters who will vote for a particular politician in a future election. (wikipedia.org)
  • For application of probability to physical processes, the use of the distribution function is a very useful strategy. (gsu.edu)
  • For any segment of the real line, you can determine exactly what the probability will be that a point will fall on it--even though the distribution extends forever. (mail-archive.com)
  • The fact that there's an infinite number of choices doesn't mean that those choices can't be normalized to a probability distribution. (mail-archive.com)
  • See also conditional probability and conditional probability distribution . (wikipedia.org)
  • push forward measure of the probability distribution on the state space. (mcgill.ca)
  • The support of a distribution is the smallest closed set whose complement has probability zero. (mcgill.ca)
  • Probability distribution fitting or simply distribution fitting is the fitting of a probability distribution to a series of data concerning the repeated measurement of a variable phenomenon. (wikipedia.org)
  • The aim of distribution fitting is to predict the probability or to forecast the frequency of occurrence of the magnitude of the phenomenon in a certain interval. (wikipedia.org)
  • Regression method , using a transformation of the cumulative distribution function so that a linear relation is found between the cumulative probability and the values of the data, which may also need to be transformed, depending on the selected probability distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • We will also introduce random variables together with its probability distribution, expectation and variance. (le.ac.uk)
  • example
  • An example of subjective probability is a 'gut instinct' when making a trade. (investopedia.com)
  • An example of subjective probability is asking New York Yankees fans, before the baseball season starts, about the chances of New York winning the World Series . (investopedia.com)
  • Joseph Bertrand introduced it in his work Calcul des probabilités (1889) as an example to show that probabilities may not be well defined if the mechanism or method that produces the random variable is not clearly defined. (wikipedia.org)
  • This example is developed in Section 8.3 of " Probability Disassembled " and in " Induction without Probabilities . (pitt.edu)
  • heads
  • The percentage chance of a flipped coin landing on heads or tails can be interpreted as a probability, expressed as a 50% chance that it will land heads up, and a 50% chance it will land tails up. (investopedia.com)
  • There is probability of a half that a coin tossed fairly will come up heads. (pitt.edu)
  • dice
  • In the probability of a throw of a pair of dice , bet on the number 7 since it is the most probable. (gsu.edu)
  • odds
  • forms of sports gambling is odds betting, in which a casino or bookmaker evaluates the contestants in a competition and assesses the probability of victory: 2 to 1, 5 to 1, 1 to 4, and so forth. (britannica.com)