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  • 2001
  • The first usage of the term and generic, publicly available implementation of a system prevalence layer was Prevayler, written for Java by Klaus Wuestefeld in 2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • "Prevalence: Transparent, Fault-Tolerant Object Persistence", by Jim Paterson for O'Reilly's OnJava.com "Object Prevalence": Original Article by Klaus Wuestefeld published in 2001 on Advogato. (wikipedia.org)
  • Africa
  • South Africa, Botswana, and Zimbabwe have successful family planning programs, but other central and southern African countries continue to encounter extreme difficulties in achieving higher contraceptive prevalence and lower fertility for a wide variety of compounding reasons. (wikipedia.org)
  • found
  • Prevalence in epidemiology is the proportion of a particular population found to be affected by a medical condition (typically a disease or a risk factor such as smoking or seat-belt use). (wikipedia.org)
  • It was found that the prevalence effect is a consequence of bottom-up experience and unaffected by top-down control. (wikipedia.org)
  • Researchers found that when observers repeatedly pressed the same key for target-absent trials in low-prevalence blocks, they tended to press the same key too fast even if they could see the target. (wikipedia.org)
  • A national study from 2014 found an overall prevalence of 42.8% for self-reported male circumcision. (wikipedia.org)
  • In that report they found from 1985 to 1991, prevalence of "current smoking" (which they defined as daily smokers and occasional smokers) declined overall, for both sexes and all age groups except for those aged 15 to 24. (wikipedia.org)
  • adults
  • Numerous large-scale surveys of the prevalence of mental disorders in adults in the general population have been carried out since the 1980s based on self-reported symptoms assessed by standardized structured interviews, usually carried out over the phone. (wikipedia.org)
  • Listed here are the prevalence rates among adults in various countries, based on data from various sources, largely the CIA World Factbook. (wikipedia.org)
  • Data
  • commented that: "Most of the currently available data on the prevalence of [male circumcision] are several decades old, while several of the recent studies were carried out as adjuncts to demographic and health surveys and were not designed to determine the prevalence of [male circumcision]. (wikipedia.org)
  • Prevalence of tobacco consumption is reported by the World Health Organization (WHO), which focuses on smoking (not smokeless chewing tobacco) due to reported data limitations. (wikipedia.org)
  • occur
  • Eye tracking experiments demonstrate that a large prevalence effect can occur across a group of participants with targets of similar appearance. (wikipedia.org)
  • proportion
  • Point prevalence is the proportion of a population that has the condition at a specific point in time. (wikipedia.org)
  • Period prevalence is the proportion of a population that has the condition at some time during a given period (e.g., 12 month prevalence), and includes people who already have the condition at the start of the study period as well as those who acquire it during that period. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2007-08, the prevalence of smoking was strongly associated with socioeconomic disadvantage: a greater proportion of men (33%) and women (26%) who live in the most disadvantaged 20% of areas were current smokers than those who live in the least disadvantaged 20% of areas (12% and 11% respectively). (wikipedia.org)
  • territories
  • This is a list of countries (and some territories) by the annual prevalence of opiates use as percentage of the population aged 15-64 (unless otherwise indicated). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a list of countries (and some territories) by the annual prevalence of cocaine use as percentage of the population aged 15-64 (unless otherwise indicated). (wikipedia.org)
  • This is a list of Indian states and territories ranked by their relative prevalence of open defecation in both urban and rural areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Influence
  • Various processes influence the prevalence of genetic diseases in the population, in particular the mutation rate, selection and founder effect with genetic drift. (els.net)
  • It is not the current rate of newborn males who undergo neonatal circumcision, which may influence future prevalence. (wikipedia.org)
  • higher
  • Although cues suggested a higher target probability, searchers took longer to respond "no" (suggesting that the prevalence effect is ingrained). (wikipedia.org)
  • percentage
  • The prevalence of circumcision is the percentage of males in a given population who have been circumcised. (wikipedia.org)
  • The indicator is the "annual prevalence" rate which is shown as the percentage of the youth and adult population who have consumed the drugs at least once in the past year. (wikipedia.org)
  • Search
  • An experiment similar to an x-ray baggage search at an airport reveals how likely one is to make errors when searching for low-prevalence targets. (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • And, a common cancer with shorter survival may have a lower prevalence count than a less common cancer with longer survival. (cancer.org)
  • For example, although lung cancer is one of the most common cancers in both men and women, the prevalence count for lung cancer is lower than that for non-Hodgkin lymphoma , a less common cancer. (cancer.org)
  • rates
  • When participants had a chance to correct their responses, their miss rates were reduced (demonstrating that if motor responses contribute to the prevalence effect, there is a perceptual effect if the task is difficult). (wikipedia.org)
  • Colombia
  • The overall prevalence of circumcision is reported to be 6.9% in Colombia, and 7.4% in Brazil (13% in Rio de Janeiro), with most of those being done due to medical issues later in life. (wikipedia.org)
  • period
  • Period prevalence is analogous to a long exposure (seconds, rather than an instant) photograph: the number of events recorded in the photo whilst the camera shutter was open. (wikipedia.org)
  • means
  • Prevalence means the total number of health-related states or events that exist in a specified population at a particular point in time, regardless of when these began or how long they have existed. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Year
  • Declines in daily smoking prevalence occurred for both sexes and all age groups over the entire 17-year time span, although youth smoking did not start significantly declining until the mid-1990s. (wikipedia.org)
  • countries
  • Smoking prevalence has changed little since the mid-1990s, before which time it declined in English-speaking countries due to the implementation of tobacco control. (wikipedia.org)
  • simple
  • System prevalence is a simple software architectural pattern that combines system images (snapshots) and transaction journaling to provide speed, performance scalability, transparent persistence and transparent live mirroring of computer system state. (wikipedia.org)
  • national
  • The numbers on this chart are prevalence counts from the American Cancer Society's Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures 2014-2015 , a collaboration with the National Cancer Institute. (cancer.org)