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  • placenta
  • 7 , 8 , 9 For instance, some viral organisms, such as herpes simplex virus 10 and human cytomegalovirus, 11 have been shown to infect the placenta/fetus directly, and pregnancy loss related to these infections may be the result of direct damage to the developing fetus by the infectious organism. (glowm.com)
  • fetal heart
  • 3 However, many recommend that clinical investigation and intervention be initiated after two consecutive spontaneous abortions, especially if any of the following are coexistent: fetal heart activity was identified before any of the pregnancy losses, fetal karyotyping of pregnancy tissues revealed normal chromosome content, the woman is older than 35 years of age, or the couple also shows subfertility. (glowm.com)
  • Protein restriction before and shortly after conception (-60 d up to 23 dpc) increased MUA diameter and indices of velocity during late pregnancy, reduced fetal heart weight in the female fetus and increased heart rate at birth, but decreased systolic blood pressure at six months of age. (jove.com)
  • menstrual
  • Spontaneous pregnancy loss is the most common complication of pregnancy: approximately 70% of human conceptions fail to achieve viability, and an estimated 50% are lost before the first missed menstrual period. (glowm.com)
  • Reproductive
  • Reproductive tract infections with bacterial, viral, parasitic, zoonotic, and fungal organisms have been theoretically linked to both isolated and recurrent pregnancy loss. (glowm.com)
  • The tone of these lipid mediators-deeply modulated by the activity of biosynthetic and hydrolyzing machineries-regulates reproductive functions from gonadotropin discharge and steroid biosynthesis to the formation of high quality gametes and successful pregnancy. (hindawi.com)
  • delivery
  • Supplementary therapy with progestins is indicated during pregnancy to obtain delivery of vital puppies but unwarranted side effects of such treatment are poorly documented. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However
  • Ultrasonographic examination is a well-established tool for diagnosing pregnancy and assessing fetal health in many animal species 1-7 , including several species of farmed cervids 8-19 , however this technique has not been described in Reeves' muntjac deer. (jove.com)