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  • high-density lip
  • Results from univariate logistic regression indicated that insulin resistance was significantly associated with male sex, greater waist circumference, higher triglyceride levels, lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, higher plasma creatinine levels, higher alanine transaminase levels, greater energy expenditure, and sleep duration of more than 8 hours per night. (beds.ac.uk)
  • endothelial dysfunction
  • This study nicely demonstrates that weight gain and increases in abdominal fat are directly contributing to endothelial dysfunction, he says. (nyhq.org)
  • Further, this endothelial dysfunction is entirely reversible after the excess weight and abdominal fat is lost through diet. (nyhq.org)
  • serum
  • All the study group underwent full clinical history and examination which included measurement of BP and waist circumference and the following laboratory investigations (FBS, serum TG, HDL, and LDL). (mejfm.com)
  • logistic regression
  • Demographic information and clinical characteristics were collected and multiple logistic regression analysis was used to evaluate the association between sleep duration and insulin resistance. (beds.ac.uk)
  • Multiple logistic regression revealed that insulin resistance was significantly and independently associated with sleep duration of more than 8 hours per night (odd ratios = 2.27, 95% confidence interval = 1.24, 4.11) after adjusting for waist circumference and levels of alanine transaminase. (beds.ac.uk)
  • levels
  • The stress hormone cortisol is regulated by the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis and has been associated with higher levels of abdominal fat and therefore a higher WHR. (wikipedia.org)
  • association
  • The American Heart Association and the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI) recommend to keep your waist circumference less than 40 inches for men and less than 35 inches for women. (nyhq.org)
  • However, it is not known whether the association between sleep duration and insulin resistance also exists in vegetarians who are potentially less prone to insulin resistance compared to omnivores. (beds.ac.uk)
  • diseases
  • The National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK) states that women with waist-hip ratios of more than 0.8, and men with more than 1.0, are at increased health risk because of their fat distribution. (wikipedia.org)
  • health risks
  • Research shows that people with "apple-shaped" bodies (with more weight around the waist) face more health risks than those with "pear-shaped" bodies who carry more weight around the hips. (wikipedia.org)