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  • Intakes
  • This new report, the sixth in a series of reports presenting dietary reference values for the intakes of nutrients by Americans and Canadians, establishes nutrient recommendations on water, potassium, and salt for health maintenance and the reduction of chronic disease risk. (nap.edu)
  • arterial stiffness
  • Also, the low-potassium mice had increased stiffness of their aortas, and high-potassium mice had decreased stiffness, as indicated by the arterial stiffness indicator called pulse wave velocity, which is measured by echocardiography in live animals. (uab.edu)
  • artery
  • A UAB team led by Yabing Chen , Ph.D., UAB professor of pathology and a Research Career Scientist at the Birmingham VA Medical Center, explored this mechanism of vascular disease three ways: living mice fed diets that varied in potassium, mouse artery cross-sections studied in culture medium with varying concentrations of potassium, and mouse vascular smooth muscle cells grown in culture medium. (uab.edu)
  • Aldosterone
  • Aldosterone synthesis is stimulated by several factors: increase in the plasma concentration of angiotensin III, a metabolite of angiotensin II increase in plasma angiotensin II, ACTH, or potassium levels, which are present in proportion to plasma sodium deficiencies. (wikipedia.org)
  • autophagy
  • In turn, CREB activation increased autophagy - the intracellular degradation system - in the low-potassium cells. (uab.edu)
  • researchers
  • University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers have shown, for the first time, that reduced dietary potassium promotes elevated aortic stiffness in a mouse model, as compared with normal-potassium-fed mice. (uab.edu)
  • So the UAB researchers tested the effect of growing vascular smooth muscle cells in low-potassium cell culture. (uab.edu)
  • biochemical
  • To determine whether the administration of an alkalinizing salt of potassium alters the effect of protein on biochemical markers of bone turnover in the same population. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Nutrition
  • Data from the 1988-1994 U.S. National Health and Nutrition Survey III showed that low potassium levels were seen in patients with RA. (empr.com)
  • salt
  • This study will investigate whether the addition of an alkaline salt of potassium, potassium bicarbonate, will allow dietary protein to have a more favorable net impact on intermediary indices of bone and muscle conservation than is observed with protein in the usual acidic environment. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • blood
  • This review briefly highlights the epidemiological and experimental evidences for the effects of dietary K + on arterial blood pressure. (springer.com)
  • It plays a central role in the homeostatic regulation of blood pressure, plasma sodium (Na+), and potassium (K+) levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another example is spironolactone, a potassium-sparing diuretic of the steroidal spirolactone group, which decreases blood pressure by releasing fluid from the body while retaining potassium. (wikipedia.org)
  • This creates a concentration gradient which results in reabsorption of sodium (Na+) ions and water (which follows sodium) into the blood, and secreting potassium (K+) ions into the urine (lumen of collecting duct). (wikipedia.org)
  • several
  • They found that the low-potassium conditions promoted the expression of several gene markers that are hallmarks of bone cells, but decreased the expression of vascular smooth muscle cell markers, suggesting the transformation of the vascular smooth muscle cells into bone-like cells under low-potassium conditions. (uab.edu)
  • In others, it substitutes for potassium in several roles, such as maintaining turgor pressure and aiding in the opening and closing of stomata. (wikipedia.org)
  • Role
  • The present study investigated the potential role for activation of PPARα and CAR/PXR by potassium PFOS (K⁺ PFOS) with respect to the etiology of hepatic hypertrophy and hepatocellular adenoma in rats. (semanticscholar.org)
  • protein
  • Undernourished women can benefit from having dietary education sessions and, balanced energy and protein supplements. (wikipedia.org)
  • studies
  • Four studies are available that show that blacks excrete much less potassium than whites. (annals.org)
  • One of these studies also showed, by analyzing duplicate meals, that blacks consumed much less potassium than whites. (annals.org)
  • Results
  • Hepatocellular hypertrophy and cell proliferation in Sprague-Dawley rats from dietary exposure to potassium perfluorooctanesulfonate results from increased expression of xenosensor nuclear receptors PPARα and CAR/PXR. (semanticscholar.org)