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  • primary motor
  • Primary motor cortex (MI) and parietal area PE both participate in cortical control of reaching actions, but few studies have been able to directly compare the form of kinematic encoding in the two areas simultaneously during hand tracking movements. (springer.com)
  • Dushanova J, Donoghue JP (2010) Neurons in primary motor cortex engaged during action observation. (springer.com)
  • My general view-and I believe a growing consensus-is that the functional similarities between long-latency stretch responses and voluntary control processes can be readily understood based on their shared neural circuitry, especially a transcortical pathway through primary motor cortex. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here I provide a very brief and selective account of the human and monkey studies linking a transcortical pathway through primary motor cortex to the generation and functional sophistication of the long-latency stretch response. (frontiersin.org)
  • Here, I provide a brief review of the monkey and human studies linking the long-latency response of the arm, and its functional sophistication, to a transcortical pathway centered on primary motor cortex (M1). (frontiersin.org)
  • Right Posterior Pariet
  • Since previous evidence suggests that the right posterior parietal cortex (PPC) plays a role in modulating the processing speed of a visual target, we applied single-pulse TMS over the region in 14 normal subjects, while they judged the temporal order of two consecutive visual stimuli. (ed.gov)
  • humans
  • a new method for studying functional "connections," or functional interplay, between PPC to ipsilateral motor cortex non-invasively in humans, using a "paired-pulse" or twin-coil transcranial magnetic stimulation (tcTMS) paradigm. (jneurosci.org)
  • cerebellum
  • This time course further suggests that the cerebellum might promote neural changes in superior temporal cortex, which was selectively activated during the later phase of prism exposure and could mediate the effects of prism adaptation on cognitive spatial representations. (jneurosci.org)
  • whereas the subsequent cognitive effects might involve the posterior parietal cortex (PPC) via bottom-up signals generated by the cerebellum. (jneurosci.org)
  • frontal cortex
  • Here we employed multivoxel pattern analysis (MVPA), a multivariate technique sensitive to spatially distributed fMRI patterns, to provide a more detailed understanding of how hand and eye movement plans are coded in human parieto-frontal cortex. (jneurosci.org)
  • Instead, inferior frontal cortex increases its effective connectivity with sensory regions representing the evidence, is modulated by the amount of evidence, and shows greater task-positive BOLD responses during the perceptual decision stage. (jneurosci.org)
  • monkey
  • Gail A, Andersen RA (2006) Neural dynamics in monkey parietal reach region reflect context-specific sensorimotor transformations. (springer.com)
  • dorsolateral
  • Here we explore whether there are unique striatal regions that exhibit convergent anatomical connections from orbitofrontal cortex, dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and posterior parietal cortex. (jneurosci.org)
  • This diffuse overlap of corticostriatal projections has been proposed as an explicit substrate for reinforcement learning that directly integrates reward and executive control signals from the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) and dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), respectively (for review, see Haber and Knutson, 2010 ). (jneurosci.org)
  • connectivity
  • The detection of chemical synapses in 3-dimensional electron microscopy data has been automated such that synapses in large-scale connectivity maps of the cerebral cortex, connectomes, can be charted without the need for human interaction. (elifesciences.org)
  • inferior
  • It is true that intentional responses observed in our study after PPC stimulations could have been caused by the inactivation of the inferior parietal lobule (IPL) or the activity or disinhibition of another ("so far unknown") structure connected to the IPL, as suggested by Karnath et al . (sciencemag.org)
  • anterior
  • The anterior intraparietal cortex (AIP) is strongly involved in the sensorimotor transformation of grasping movements, but the extent to which it encodes context-specific information for hand grasping is unclear. (jneurosci.org)
  • region
  • In this study, we will focus on the posterior parietal cortex, the region involved in the transformation of visual inputs into the preliminary motor plans. (rero.ch)
  • This study contributes to the analysis of motor intention in the 7a parietal region. (rero.ch)
  • We also observed an itch-related magnetic response in the posterior part of the centroparietal region in six subjects. (physiology.org)
  • movements
  • Buneo CA, Andersen RA (2006) The posterior parietal cortex: sensorimotor interface for the planning and online control of visually guided movements. (springer.com)
  • Georgopoulos AP, Kalaska JF, Caminiti R, Massey JT (1982) On the relations between the direction of two-dimensional arm movements and cell discharge in primate motor cortex. (springer.com)
  • analyze
  • The cortex ability to perceive and analyze an enormous amount of information in an instance of time, the parallelism and computational efficiency are among the questions that attract attention. (rero.ch)