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  • obesity
  • Although the question is often framed in terms of "obesity," defined by BMI cutpoints, correlations between BMI and blood pressure have been observed even in very lean populations, including groups in Africa, 7,8 Asia, 9,10 and South America. (ahajournals.org)
  • In addition to trends in treatment and screening practices, it is important to consider trends in population-level risk exposures such as obesity. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Between 1980 and 2002, obesity [defined as body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m 2 ] prevalence rates in men ages 40 to 74 years more than doubled in the United States, from 15% to 32% ( 7 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Both migraine and obesity are prevalent disorders in the general population, which are characterized by disability and impaired quality of life. (hindawi.com)
  • Although so many researches had studied the association between migraine and obesity, there are still no full knowledge of the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and migraine, especially chronic migraine (CM). In this study, we analyzed a previous epidemiological survey data of primary headache patients in Chongqing, which surveyed consecutive neurological outpatients through face-to-face interview with physicians using a headache questionnaire. (hindawi.com)
  • A cross-sectional population study also confirmed the relationship between obesity and CDH and suggested that obesity was a risk factor for transforming from EM to CM [ 5 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Methods The authors used multilevel modelling in Hong Kong's population-representative 'Children of 1997' birth cohort (n=8327) to examine the association of BMI z-score and overweight (including obesity) at ages 6-11 years with parental education, mother's birthplace, sex and neighbourhood median income. (bmj.com)
  • Therefore, any associations found between the physical community structures and body weight would be useful, especially as such associations are modifiable by community planning [ 12 ] and could provide tools for preventing obesity. (biomedcentral.com)
  • It was ranked 15th in the Euro health consumer index 2015 and second in the 2012 Euro Hepatitis Index, It had the third highest rate of obesity in Europe in 2015. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health. (wikipedia.org)
  • if not fully satisfactory, at least as good as any other relative weight index as an indicator of relative obesity" The interest in an index that measures body fat came with increasing obesity in prosperous Western societies. (wikipedia.org)
  • Carl Lavie has written that, "The B.M.I. tables are excellent for identifying obesity and body fat in large populations, but they are far less reliable for determining fatness in individuals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Following a 2010 speculation of m6A in mRNA being dynamic and reversible, the discovery of the first m6A demethylase, fat mass and obesity-associated protein (FTO) in 2011 confirmed this hypothesis and revitalized the interests in the study of m6A. (wikipedia.org)
  • New obesity index proposed, but further work needed (theheart.org) Better than a BMI? (wikipedia.org)
  • New obesity scale proposed (Ottawa Citizen, originally Reuters) Body Adiposity Index Utilization in a Spanish Mediterranean Population: Comparison with the Body Mass Index. (wikipedia.org)
  • person's
  • B M I = mass kg height m 2 = mass lb height in 2 × 703 {\displaystyle \mathrm {BMI} ={\frac {{\text{mass}}_{\text{kg}}}{{\text{height}}_{\text{m}}^{2}}}={\frac {{\text{mass}}_{\text{lb}}}{{\text{height}}_{\text{in}}^{2}}}\times 703} BMI provides a simple numeric measure of a person's thickness or thinness, allowing health professionals to discuss weight problems more objectively with their patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • A frequent use of the BMI is to assess how much an individual's body weight departs from what is normal or desirable for a person's height. (wikipedia.org)
  • BMI calculates a person's mass (weight) divided by the square of their height. (wikipedia.org)
  • high
  • For example, data from Austria, the United States, and the United Kingdom show that populations with high PSA screening rates have lower prostate cancer mortality rates than populations with low uptake of screening ( 5 , 6 ). (aacrjournals.org)
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the combined effects of high body mass index and smoking on hypertensive disorders during pregnancy. (plos.org)
  • The effect estimates for hypertensive disorders with high body mass index appeared more pronounced among smokers than non-smokers, although the observed difference was not statistically significant. (plos.org)
  • This results in taller people having a reported BMI that is uncharacteristically high, compared to their actual body fat levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • In humans, unlike the original animal/plant applications, relatedness is usually known with high confidence in the 'wild population', and the benefit of GCTA is connected more to avoiding assumptions of classic behavioral genetics designs and verifying their results, and partitioning heritability by SNP class and chromosomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • health
  • BTB was supported by the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development of the National Institutes of Health (Bethesda, Maryland, United States) under award number K08HD075831, https://www.nichd.nih.gov/Pages/index.aspx . (plos.org)
  • SHD was supported by grant R01MH100216 from the US National Institute of Mental Health, https://www.nimh.nih.gov/index.shtml . (plos.org)
  • In 2003, the government introduced a comprehensive health reform program aimed at increasing the budget rate allocated to healthcare services and ensuring that a large part of the population is healthy. (wikipedia.org)
  • The data highlighted on this page comes from World Health Organisation statistics for adult (18 years old and older) populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • gender
  • Our results demonstrated that regardless of gender and age variables, WC could be a preferred parameter for predicting metabolic syndrome compared to BMI and WHR in Iranian population. (hindawi.com)
  • association
  • The association between measures of body mass and blood pressure has been extensively documented, usually with body mass index (kg/m 2 ) as the measure of relative weight. (ahajournals.org)
  • We used logistic regression models to calculate odds ratios and corresponding 95% confidence intervals as measures of association, adjusting for potential confounders and tested for additive and multiplicative interactions of body mass index and smoking. (plos.org)
  • Conclusions In this recently developed Chinese population, there was no consistent association between socio-economic characteristics and childhood BMI. (bmj.com)
  • this association between weight and plantar fasciitis has not been observed in the athletic population. (wikipedia.org)
  • The energy consumption of modulated and the association of -55CT polymorphism of UCP3 with the body weight and in type 2 diabetic patients. (wikipedia.org)
  • different
  • 3 Furthermore, the use of BMI has been questioned because percent body fat, absolute fat mass, and body-fat distribution, or other relevant biological quantities, may not be linearly related to BMI across the entire range of possible values or across different population subgroups. (ahajournals.org)
  • So far, two receptors have been identified with homology to G protein-coupled receptors, and one receptor similar to the cadherin family: Adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) Adiponectin receptor 2 (AdipoR2) T-cadherin - CDH13 These have distinct tissue specificities within the body and have different affinities to the various forms of adiponectin. (wikipedia.org)
  • The BMI may also be determined using a table or chart which displays BMI as a function of mass and height using contour lines or colours for different BMI categories, and which may use other units of measurement (converted to metric units for the calculation). (wikipedia.org)
  • distribution
  • 4-6 Finally, the effect of treatment in many populations truncates the distribution of blood pressures and therefore reduces the correlation that would be observed between BMI and blood pressure in untreated settings. (ahajournals.org)
  • tissue
  • They include: Cell growth and division absent the proper signals Continuous growth and division even given contrary signals Avoidance of programmed cell death Limitless number of cell divisions Promoting blood vessel construction Invasion of tissue and formation of metastases The progression from normal cells to cells that can form a detectable mass to outright cancer involves multiple steps known as malignant progression. (wikipedia.org)
  • among
  • We investigated this question among 11 235 adult men and women from seven low-BMI populations in Africa and the Caribbean. (ahajournals.org)
  • The mean BMI among the subjects was 24.7 kg/m 2 , but it increased by increasing road distance (by 1.3 kg/m 2 from 5-10 to 20-184 km) and by decreasing population density (by 1.7 kg/m 2 from 1000-19,192 to 1-5 inhabitants/km 2 ). (biomedcentral.com)
  • average
  • BMI was designed to be used as a simple means of classifying average sedentary (physically inactive) populations, with an average body composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Walkability increases social interaction, mixing of populations, average number of friends and associates where people live, reduced crime (with more people walking and watching over neighborhoods, open space and main streets), increased sense of pride, and increased volunteerism. (wikipedia.org)
  • study
  • The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between BMI and tooth decay in a population of Iranian children. (hindawi.com)
  • The results of the present study showed that caries rate in the deciduous teeth of 3-6-year-old children decreases with an increase in body weight. (hindawi.com)
  • The aim of this population-based study is to evaluate the GWG in Campinas city, southeast of Brazil. (hindawi.com)
  • patients
  • The maintenance of normal body weight is disrupted in patients with anorexia nervosa (AN) for prolonged periods of time. (unc.edu)
  • years
  • Life expectancy in Turkey is 71.1 years for males and 75.2 years for females, and the life expectancy of the total population is 73.2 years. (wikipedia.org)
  • large
  • Cancers are a large family of diseases that involve abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • modern
  • It's a war between our bodies and the demands our body makes, and the accessibility that modern society gives us with food. (wikipedia.org)
  • weight is associated
  • Excessive body weight is associated with various diseases and conditions, particularly cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus type 2, obstructive sleep apnea, certain types of cancer, osteoarthritis and asthma. (wikipedia.org)
  • total
  • The figure entitled "Population Growth and Crude Death and Birth Rates for Tajikistan between 1950 and 2015" shows the trends in life expectancy at birth (left axis) and total fertility rate (right axis). (wikipedia.org)
  • The figure entitled "Trends in Life Expectancy at Birth and Total Fertility Rate in Tajikistan between 1960 and 2014" shows the population growth (right axis) and crude death rate and crude birth rate (left axis). (wikipedia.org)
  • lower
  • 2013) The research of counterfeits in two independent population there was a similarity between the -55CT mutation of UCP3 and lower BMI. (wikipedia.org)
  • group
  • Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body. (wikipedia.org)
  • A neoplasm or tumor is a group of cells that have undergone unregulated growth and will often form a mass or lump, but may be distributed diffusely. (wikipedia.org)
  • decrease
  • The mathematical relations that we have formulated can quantitatively determine how ablation of an oncogene's protein activity can result in apoptosis and/or a decrease in proliferation within a population of tumor cells. (biomedcentral.com)
  • several
  • However, there are no reports on relationship between non-HDL-C and SUA as well as comparison of the relationships between several lipid parameters and SUA level or hyperuricemia in Chinese population. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Virden is a regional service centre owing in part to its location, and it has a stable commercial sector, including several restaurants, gas stations, body shops, a movie theatre, and a performing arts theatre. (wikipedia.org)
  • Major impact events have significantly shaped Earth's history, have been implicated in the formation of the Earth-Moon system, the evolutionary history of life, the origin of water on Earth and several mass extinctions. (wikipedia.org)
  • He eventually got in touch with several Ulema and created a strong union of religious scholars with which to oppose Soviet propaganda and to attempt to inform the general population on the problems of communism. (wikipedia.org)
  • people
  • Over 90 percent of people in the United States carry BPA residues in their bodies. (saferchemicals.org)
  • Walkability increases social interaction, mixing of populations, average number of friends and associates where people live, reduced crime (with more people walking and watching over neighborhoods, open space and main streets), increased sense of pride, and increased volunteerism. (wikipedia.org)
  • generally
  • Accordingly, although personal expressions of religious faith were not explicitly banned, a strong sense of social stigma was imposed on them by the official structures and mass media and it was generally considered unacceptable for members of certain professions (teachers, state bureaucrats, soldiers) to be openly religious. (wikipedia.org)
  • risk
  • This normal adaptive response to the microgravity environment is, for the most part, of little consequence within the space vehicle per se, but may become a liability resulting in increased risk of an inability or decreased efficiency in crewmember performance of physically demanding tasks during extravehicular activity (EVA) or abrupt transitions to environments of increased gravity (return to Earth, landing on the surface of another planetary body). (wikipedia.org)