• Some of the biggest drops were In the seas near China and Japan, where fish populations dropped by as much as 35 percent from 1930 to 2010, the decades analyzed in the study. (usatoday.com)
  • It's not necessarily all bad news, however: While most fish populations will see a downturn as the seas warm, some, like black sea bass along the Mid-Atlantic coast, saw an increase. (usatoday.com)
  • However, "fish populations can only tolerate so much warming," said study co-author Olaf Jensen , also a Rutgers scientist. (usatoday.com)
  • And worldwide, more fish populations dropped than rose during the period studied. (usatoday.com)
  • petition: Urge Congress to Protect Our Nation's Fish Populations! (thepetitionsite.com)
  • If passed, they will take us back several decades, to the day when overfishing and depleted fish populations were chronic problems. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • Help ensure that fishermen, coastal communities, oceans and future generations benefit from stable, abundant fish populations. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • The bills significantly weaken the health of U.S. oceans and fisheries by increasing the risk of overfishing, which occurs when fish are caught faster than they can reproduce, and by delaying the rebuilding of vulnerable commercial and recreational fish populations to sustainable levels. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • H.R. 200 and H.R. 3588 provide shortsighted approaches that would take us back to the day when overfishing and depleted fish populations were chronic problems. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • They will reverse recent hard-earned gains the U.S. has made towards more stable, abundant fish populations that benefit fishermen, coastal communities, oceans, and future generations. (thepetitionsite.com)
  • We must protect our young fish populations The status quo in water and nutrient management is incredibly damaging and grossly unfair to seafood suppliers working to make a responsible living on the water. (news-press.com)
  • Despite multiple red tides, the worst oil spill in history and the near destruction of productive fish nurseries by repeated massive canal discharges from Lake Okeechobee, some fish populations in the Eastern Gulf of Mexico have improved significantly. (news-press.com)
  • We can thank a strong, flexible federal fisheries management system that guards against depleting fish populations and provides managers at the Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council with tools to keep fishermen fishing while stocks recover. (news-press.com)
  • Between late 1996 and 2001, we worked with different populations, both introduced and created in the country. (fao.org)
  • In other words, if a species is considered as made up of a number of different populations, how much of the total variation in the species exists within each population, and how much variation exists among all the populations? (encyclopedia.com)
  • New advances in this research direction are expected to play a key role in identifying loci that are different among different populations and are still associated with a disease. (nih.gov)
  • The concept of different populations of stars has undergone considerable change over the last several decades. (britannica.com)
  • It is possible to segregate various components of the Galaxy into the two population types by applying both the idea of kinematics of different populations suggested by their position in the Andromeda system and the dynamical theories that relate galactic orbital properties with z distances (the distances above the plane of the Galaxy) for different stars. (britannica.com)
  • As time progressed, it was possible for astronomers to subdivide the different populations in the Galaxy further. (britannica.com)
  • Unless climate policies take people into account, they will fail to mitigate climate change or to shield vulnerable populations from the potentially disastrous impacts. (slideshare.net)
  • The BGLP program targets vulnerable populations, i.e., shoreline anglers, sport anglers, immigrants and tribal communities, who may eat more local fish, aquatic plants and wildlife - as an inexpensive source of food or as a cultural custom- than the general population. (cdc.gov)
  • The Council's Julie Pulerwitz notes that efforts to prevent HIV have not been successful in reaching some of the most vulnerable populations. (popcouncil.org)
  • Or are the past and extinct populations completely different from any other population model constructed from living species? (springer.com)
  • Overpopulation occurs when the population of a living species exceeds the carrying capacity of its ecological niche. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It has now been listed as Endangered due to its small population size, a fact not apparent when it was treated as the same species as the Greater Sage-Grouse. (usgs.gov)
  • Wild horse populations can increase rapidly, resulting in the need for removal of animals in order to protect the habitat that horses share with numerous other species. (usgs.gov)
  • We conducted a range-wide genetic survey of the species which included 46 populations and over 1000 individuals using both mitochondrial sequence data and data. (usgs.gov)
  • Warming oceans from human-caused climate change has shrunk the populations of many fish species. (usatoday.com)
  • Warming oceans from human-caused climate change has shrunk the populations of many fish species around the world, according to the study released Thursday. (usatoday.com)
  • For forty years, since the first United Nations environment meeting in Stockholm in 1972, environmentalists have debated whether we should include human population growth among the urgent challenges of human consumption, industrial toxins, species loss, global warming, and so forth. (greenpeace.org)
  • This change has led to the depletion of many marine species, but, as a recent study in Current Biology reveals, cephalopod populations, including squid, octopuses, and cuttlefish, have increased globally since the 1950s. (csmonitor.com)
  • Why are cephalopod populations, unlike most marine species, booming? (csmonitor.com)
  • A 2011 estimate with a separate research team - based on 18,000 fluke identification photographs - pegged the entire North Pacific's humpback population at 21,808, suggesting to some that the species may be doing better than ever recorded before. (livescience.com)
  • The species is naturally resistant to penicillins, and members of the population often carry acquired resistance to multiple antimicrobials. (nature.com)
  • Though genetics of skin pigmentation has shown recent advancements in the last decade, studies involving populations of South Asia, one of the major hot spots of pigmentation diversity, is still in its infancy. (phys.org)
  • There are at least three deep lineages in Native American populations," said co-author David Reich, Professor of genetics at Harvard Medical School. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The population of the UK at 30 June 2017 exceeded 66 million people (66,040,229), an increase of 392,000 people since mid-2016. (ons.gov.uk)
  • These are the official population estimates for the UK as at 30 June 2017 and therefore reflect the size of the usually resident UK population a year on from the EU referendum (23 June 2016). (ons.gov.uk)
  • A 2016 study by the U.S. Geological Survey concluded that because of ongoing low population levels, there is an 11% to 57% risk that the eastern monarch migration could collapse within the next 20 years. (usatoday.com)
  • The International Center for Reach on Women (ICRW) recently awarded Population Council's Eunice Muthengi with the 2016 Paula Kantor Award for Excellence in Field Research. (popcouncil.org)
  • Our work demonstrates the rare but systematic presence of black-swan events in animal populations around the world (mostly birds, mammals, and insects). (pnas.org)
  • Ignoring the presence of downward black swans may severely underestimate extinction risk in animal populations, particularly under a changing climate, where such extreme events are expected to increase in frequency and magnitude. (pnas.org)
  • Radio Tracking and Animal Populations is a valuable book that should be of interest to a wide readership. (bioone.org)
  • Racial and ethnic minority populations in the United States, primarily African Americans and Hispanics, constitute 58 percent of the more than 928,188 cases of AIDS reported to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) since the epidemic began in 1981. (thebody.com)
  • NIAID's HIV/AIDS research agenda includes conducting clinical trials that address the specific needs and concerns of minority populations, ensuring that all populations have access to clinical trials and the latest information on HIV/AIDS treatment and prevention. (thebody.com)
  • In addition, NIAID's Office of Special Populations Research and Training encourages research aimed at improving the health of minority populations and also works to increase the effectiveness of outreach and education programs. (thebody.com)
  • Specifically, the displacement of thousands of residents of the former Palestine and the wholesale destruction of over 500 Arab villages created a refugee population that is, today, the world's largest (over 4 million) and longest-lasting, including over two generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Refugee populations are some of the world's poorest, most insecure, most fragile, and most dependent communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • Population growth in the years between 1950 and 1970 centered on areas of new irrigation projects, areas subject to refugee resettlement, and regions of urban expansion. (countrystudies.us)
  • Both languages and genes experience descent with modification, and both are affected by evolutionary processes such as migration, population divergence, and drift. (pnas.org)
  • The two main contributors to population change are natural change (births minus deaths) and net migration (the difference between long-term moves into and out of the UK or local areas). (ons.gov.uk)
  • Further information can be found in the Quality and Methodology Information (QMI) reports for population estimates and for internal migration estimates , and in the Methodology Guide . (ons.gov.uk)
  • This often involves factors such as where populations are found and how the size and composition of these populations is regulated by the demographic processes of fertility , mortality , and migration . (wikipedia.org)
  • The US is expected to be one of a handful of developed nations whose population will continue to grow strongly, largely through an inward migration of more than a million people a year. (newscientist.com)
  • By studying variations in Native American DNA sequences, the international team found that while most of the Native American populations arose from the first migration, two subsequent migrations also made important genetic contributions. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • However, even these populations have inherited most of their genome from the First American migration. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • One of the main interests in studies of genetic variation is the question of how variation is apportioned both within and among populations. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Kidd said that created a domino effect, causing the population of lake trout, the fathead minnow's main predator, to decline. (cbc.ca)
  • The main threat to shark populations is overharvesting by humans. (answers.com)
  • How has this affected the approach to population health management in the last five years? (wired.com)
  • This is my vision of population health - where data/analytics, medical evidence and care coordination come together to optimally provide care, information, and a personalized approach to a large group of patients. (wired.com)
  • In the near future, population health will be comprised of a care team using data and technology to engage patients in the community. (wired.com)
  • India's poor tribal people have far worse health indicators than the general population. (worldbank.org)
  • This is compounded by the lack of awareness among these populations about the measures needed to protect their health, their distance from medical facilities, the lack of all-weather roads and affordable transportation, insensitive and discriminatory behavior by staff at medical facilities, financial constraints and so on. (worldbank.org)
  • The popularity of these initiatives and their impact on the health of tribal populations has prompted all three states to expand most of these endeavors in a phased manner. (worldbank.org)
  • While gaps still remain - such as the lack of credible private health care providers, budget constraints, the need for better oversight mechanisms, and improved capacity for the effective management of PPP contracts - there is considerable scope to expand these initiatives for the benefit of tribal populations in regions that continue to be underserved. (worldbank.org)
  • The Partnership for Health in Aging (PHA) was formed by the American Geriatrics Society to "to prepare America's formal and informal caregiving workforce to provide quality care for America's aging population, and to ensure the financial feasibility of providing that care. (asha.org)
  • The Population Health Research Network (PHRN) has been established to build a nationwide data linkage infrastructure capable of securely and safely managing health information from around Australia. (youtube.com)
  • With the establishment of the PHRN, data linkage units and managing nodes now operate across every state and territory in Australia, allowing population health research to be carried out more thoroughly and more effectively. (youtube.com)
  • Acuña believes that 90% of the Mexican population has untreated cavities, and Mexico's health ministry says that the country's six million people over age 65 have on average 18 missing or damaged teeth out of 32. (who.int)
  • An unfounded belief by families and health-care practitioners that tooth loss is inevitable during ageing, lack of education on the importance of oral health and components of dental care, poor access to services and a low dentist-to-population ratio complete the picture. (who.int)
  • Why SAS ® for population health? (sas.com)
  • How is a landmark population health study helping the state of Nevada address some of its most complex health problems? (sas.com)
  • Develop a health determinants platform that will surface population health risks from patient variables, such as gender, age, and personal or family health history. (sas.com)
  • Analyze population health outcomes and their correlations to participant genetic information and varying environmental factors such as air and water quality. (sas.com)
  • Course examines bridging of "individual-centered" epidemiology and "macro-epidemiology" to recognize social, economic and cultural context, assess impacts on populations, and provide inputs for public health and health policy. (princeton.edu)
  • With long-term efficacy of contraception, however, comes increased concern about the genetic health of populations and about the potential for local extirpation. (usgs.gov)
  • Population health initiatives are key to addressing the global situation, as are informed and robust individual actions and treatment options to help attain and retain heart health for the long haul. (philips.com)
  • Provides an international platform for discussions of population, health and development issues. (springer.com)
  • Clearly, human population figures have an impact on the health of natural ecosystems. (greenpeace.org)
  • For providers, this means having a deep understanding of population health management and their specific role in the continuum of care. (constantcontact.com)
  • This requires providers to understand the financial implications of population health management and work together with other providers across the continuum of care. (constantcontact.com)
  • We can conduct a population health assessment to benchmark current characteristics of performance and identify steps in a strategic plan to position your organization to become a strong partner in a clinically integrated network. (constantcontact.com)
  • Population health addresses the health status and health issues of the aggregate population. (himss.org)
  • It brings significant health concerns into focus and addresses ways in which communities, healthcare providers, and public health organizations can allocate resources to overcome the problems that drive poor health conditions in the population, e.g. diabetes, obesity, autism, heart disease, etc. (himss.org)
  • Information technology is a part of the core infrastructure on which population health can be assessed and addressed. (himss.org)
  • In this section, articles will describe population health in more depth and will explain the role of information technology in improving population health. (himss.org)
  • In a complimentary May 25 webinar managed and moderated by Atlantic Information Services, a senior executive at 3M Health Information Systems will discuss value-based approaches health plans can use to serve special needs populations. (prweb.com)
  • Special needs populations require special care, with services that address mental health and substance abuse issues, certain comorbidities, economic disadvantages, housing instability and more. (prweb.com)
  • In "Effective Strategies for Managing Special Needs Populations Within Value-Based Care," a complimentary May 25 webinar managed by Atlantic Information Services, Inc. (AIS) and presented by 3M Health Information Systems, Herb Fillmore, senior director of market development at 3M Health Information Systems, will discuss value-based approaches health plans can use to serve these populations. (prweb.com)
  • Stratify populations to see which subgroups and individuals have the greatest health risk. (prweb.com)
  • Under the Affordable Care Act's expansion of Medicaid, 25 states and the District of Columbia have broaden their health coverage for low-income individuals and the uninsured-the population the law was originally intended to help. (foxbusiness.com)
  • It's a way of connecting the population within the health-care system. (foxbusiness.com)
  • Generally, information from these surveys has been used to look at the effect of nutrition, particularly micronutrients, on the health status of the population, or subgroups within the population. (scienceblogs.com)
  • This course allows the student, under faculty guidance, to engage in a limited research project unrelated to his or her thesis or dissertation, but concerned with their area of study (Population Health Sciences, Clinical Sciences, Rehabilitation Sciences, or Public Health). (utmb.edu)
  • A deeper understanding of K. pneumoniae population structure and diversity will be important for the proper design and interpretation of experimental studies, for interpreting clinical and public health surveillance data and for the design and implementation of novel control strategies against this important pathogen. (nature.com)
  • Genomic analysis of diversity, population structure, virulence, and antimicrobial resistance in Klebsiella pneumoniae , an urgent threat to public health. (nature.com)
  • Desde la segunda mitad del año 1996 y hasta el 2001 se ha venido trabajando con las poblaciones introducidas y las creadas en el país. (fao.org)
  • India's population is likely to exceed the 1 billion mark before the 2001 census. (countrystudies.us)
  • Individuals who carry two copies of the lighter pigmentation gene are 14 percent lighter-skinned than the population average, the researchers said. (phys.org)
  • The foundations for establishing the programme lay in training its researchers in the methodology, and introducing and evaluating populations available at CIAT, Colombia. (fao.org)
  • Researchers in population studies also focus on methodology. (encyclopedia.com)
  • With gene drives-so named because they drive a gene through a population-researchers just have to slip a new gene into a drive system and let nature take care of the rest. (pbs.org)
  • The researchers do note, however, that they can only speculate about which environmental changes are responsible for the increasing population. (csmonitor.com)
  • Humpback whale populations are on the rise in a small coastal area of British Columbia, a new estimate reveals, but researchers remain cautious about the whales' safety in the face of several human threats. (livescience.com)
  • Using a statistical metric called "potential biological removal" that shows the impact of individuals leaving the population, the researchers say it could take the death of just one or two whales before the numbers go down again. (livescience.com)
  • The disease, which originated in livestock, could now threaten Mongolia's entire Saiga population, the researchers said. (rferl.org)
  • While it's clear that climate change is leading to less sea ice near the peninsula and more open water, what's less certain is how these changes are directly linked to the region's changing penguin populations, scientists say. (scientificamerican.com)
  • UNFPA's State of World Population 2009 is about the human dimension of climate change, going beyond technology as the problem or the solution. (slideshare.net)
  • These events are predominantly downward, implying that unexpected population crashes occur more frequently than increases. (pnas.org)
  • Black-swan events manifest primarily as population die-offs and crashes (86%) rather than unexpected increases, and ignoring heavy-tailed process noise leads to an underestimate in the magnitude of population crashes. (pnas.org)
  • Indeed, such die-offs may be the most important element affecting population persistence ( 10 ) and their importance is likely to increase given projected increases in the frequency and magnitude of climate-related extremes ( 11 ). (pnas.org)
  • This year, NACo has strongly advocated for legislation like the reauthorization of the Older Americans Act, which increases flexibility and resources so that counties and those we partner with can better understand and meet the needs facing our older population and those caring for them. (naco.org)
  • Lastly, Wolfgang Lutz expands the scope of projections, showing the considerable uncertainty about the timing and pace of population aging in the developing world and the effects on future elderly of the increases in educational attainment in much of the world during the second half of the twentieth century. (repec.org)
  • Warmer temperatures may make them reproduce more quickly and, in turn, increase the rate at which the population increases. (csmonitor.com)
  • For the week of August 3, 2009, Drs. Hodgson and O'Neal discuss scouting reports from the previous week indicating increases in aphid populations. (iastate.edu)
  • Population increases in the Southwest have been the most outstanding demographic trend of the past 41 years," says Andy Grose, president of a demographic tracking firm, Westrends. (csmonitor.com)
  • Population density has risen concomitantly with the massive increases in population. (countrystudies.us)
  • Population models can incorporate genetic data to assess potential impacts of different management strategies on connectivity, effective population size, and genetic diversity. (usgs.gov)
  • Additionally, the study only looked at how warming oceans affect fish and did not take into account other climate-driven impacts, such as ocean acidification, which can also lead to marine populations declines. (usatoday.com)
  • Each subdivision was found to contain (though not exclusively) characteristic types of stars, and it was even possible to divide some of the variable-star types into subgroups according to their population subdivision. (britannica.com)
  • Similarly, long-period variables were divided into different subgroups, such that those with periods of less than 250 days and of relatively early spectral type (earlier than M5e) were considered " intermediate Population II," whereas the longer period variables fell into the " older Population I" category. (britannica.com)
  • Populations PCT-4, PCT-7 and GPIRAT-10 were introduced in the second semester of 1996 and evaluated until early 2000, leading to the development of PIACuba-1 and PIACuba-2 (Pérez Polanco et al . (fao.org)
  • 2000). The first is a product of introducing four Cuban varieties into GPIRAT-10, and the second resulted when PCT-4 was used as a base population to introduce five varieties grown in the country. (fao.org)
  • The programme also ensured that, for each generation, a minimum of 200 male-sterile plants were harvested, as recommended by Geraldi and Souza (2000), to prevent changes in the populations allelic frequencies. (fao.org)
  • The gene that causes lighter skin pigmentation, SLC24A5, was introduced from eastern African to southern African populations just 2,000 years ago. (phys.org)
  • The community's two residents, Mike and Mary Finnegan, organized a family reunion with the help of Ancestry.com that swelled the town's population by more than 2,000 percent. (newsweek.com)
  • Although these groups have seen considerable progress over the years-poverty among tribal groups declined by more than a third between 1983 and 2005 - nearly half the country's Scheduled Tribe population remains in poverty, due to their low starting point. (worldbank.org)
  • Dec 7 2017 (Dawn, Pakistan) - There is no doubt that conducting a population census is an important planning and development tool for a country's policymakers. (ipsnews.net)
  • Between 1961 and 1971, the country's population increased by 24.8 percent. (countrystudies.us)
  • Similarly, the Hispanic/Latino population can be identified only by a common language, and the African American population by their origin from the African continent. (nih.gov)
  • The goal of these partnerships is to enhance NIAID's ability to provide messages on HIV vaccine, treatment, and prevention research to African Americans, Hispanic, and MSM populations. (thebody.com)
  • Demographers further assess the distribution of populations by region, country, province or state, urban or rural area, and by neighborhood. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A paper suggests that China has entered a long-term downward population spiral. (newsweek.com)
  • We suggest modelers consider heavy-tailed, downward-skewed probability distributions, such as the skewed Student t used here, when making forecasts of population abundance. (pnas.org)
  • Our results demonstrate the importance of both modeling heavy-tailed downward events in populations, and developing conservation strategies that are robust to ecological surprises. (pnas.org)
  • Establishing the size of this population is very important in determining an accurate estimation of Armenian losses between 1915 and 1923 during the Armenian Genocide . (wikipedia.org)
  • and uses of model life tables and stable population analysis and other techniques of estimation when faced with inaccurate or incomplete data are studied. (princeton.edu)
  • Additionally, the paper outlines a number of extensions to this work, including the development of more refined models of the relation between generational average error and ultimate convergence quality, the development of online methods for sizing populations via the estimation of population-s. (psu.edu)
  • Scientists have found that Native American populations - from Canada to the southern tip of Chile - arose from at least three migrations, with the majority descended entirely from a single group of First American migrants that crossed over through Beringia, a land bridge between Asia and America that existed during the ice ages, more than 15,000 years ago. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • Linda Martin proposes that population scientists working in aging emulate those studying fertility and family planning in previous decades, learning from interventions (in this case, aimed at increasing retirement savings and reducing disability at older ages). (repec.org)
  • Scientists have figured out how to use a cell's DNA repair mechanisms to spread traits throughout a population. (pbs.org)
  • From this data, scientists speculated that the cephalopod population was increasing. (csmonitor.com)
  • The good news is that after removing the estrogen, the fathead minnow population recovered back to what it was before the research began, said Kidd. (cbc.ca)
  • The first stage in managing these germplasm materials was to select, within the populations, those genes that would help increase the potential for yield and, at the same time, improve the grain quality of the materials being used by Cuba s conventional genetic improvement programme. (fao.org)
  • One technique, he wrote, would be to modify certain individuals to carry "deleterious genes" that could be passed on generation after generation until they pervaded the entire population. (pbs.org)
  • How could polar bear populations be effected by Global Warming on the polar ice ecosystem? (answers.com)
  • There is concern for the impact on the wider grassland ecosystem, particularly on the populations of animals the snow leopard preys on. (rferl.org)
  • The demographic structure of the population is both the outcome of evolutionary processes operating on groups of individuals and the basis on which future evolutionary forces can potentially operate. (springer.com)
  • The rice genetic improvement programme (RGIP) of the Cuban Rice Research Institute began working in the area of population management at the same time as did other countries in Latin America, that is, in 1996. (fao.org)
  • It is campaigning to fulfill the goal of the 1994 U.N. population conference to provide basic education for all children, especially girls, by 2015, since research shows that educated women have fewer children. (washingtonpost.com)
  • NIAID is currently implementing an HIV Vaccine Communications Campaign (HVCC), which is aimed at increasing awareness of and support for HIV vaccine research, especially in at-risk populations. (thebody.com)
  • Recruiting minorities into clinical trials is a priority for NIAID to ensure that research results will apply to all populations affected by HIV. (thebody.com)
  • This journal provides an international platform for discussions on topics related to various population phenomena and development issues, complemented by a strong representation of the research trend and achievement in China and other Asian countries. (springer.com)
  • The journal, hosted by China Population and Development Research Center, draws on the energetic and resourceful Chinese research community as well as in close contact with the Asian research community in the area, features the Asian perspective on the field of population studies. (springer.com)
  • This journal publishes original research papers including empirical studies, theoretical and methodological analysis, policy reviews, and survey reports in population and development related fields. (springer.com)
  • UCL research into the BRCA gene mutation in the Jewish population show that only assessing family history misses half of the people with the mutation. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • The concept surfaced a few more times before being picked up by Austin Burt, an evolutionary biologist and population geneticist at Imperial College London. (pbs.org)
  • We also present some preliminary results of strategies for population improvement and line development, and indicate prospects and future work plans of the Cuban rice genetic improvement programme. (fao.org)
  • The Conference was organized within the framework of the global ICPD beyond 2014 review on implementation of the Programme of Action agreed upon at the International Conference on Population and Development in Cairo in 1994 (ICPD PoA). (unece.org)
  • Furthermore, although geographically isolated populations lose genetic diversity via genetic drift, phonemes are not subject to drift in the same way: within a given geographic radius, languages that are relatively isolated exhibit more variance in number of phonemes than languages with many neighbors. (pnas.org)
  • In the most comprehensive survey of genetic diversity in Native Americans so far, the team took data from 52 Native American and 17 Siberian groups, studying more than 300,000 specific DNA sequence variations called Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms to examine patterns of genetic similarities and differences between the population groups. (ucl.ac.uk)