• Source: CDC, National Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System. (cdc.gov)
  • Epidemiology of cerebral palsy in Bangladesh: a population-based surveillance study. (bvsalud.org)
  • Enhanced epidemiology and surveillance programs were implemented at Vancouver Coastal Health to monitor and evaluate the additional harm reduction interventions. (vch.ca)
  • Here, we present the most updated incidence rates of second primary malignancy from original diagnosis of PTC by using the data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results. (hindawi.com)
  • 95% CI, 2.7-3.1) based on data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) dataset [ 1 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • The material in this report originated in the Epidemiology Program Office, Stephen B. Thacker, M.D., Director, and the Division of Public Health Surveillance and Informatics, Daniel M. Sosin, M.D., Director. (cdc.gov)
  • Malaria is a devastating global health concern as its high morbidity and mortality pose threats to many populations around the world. (plos.org)
  • Public health surveillance is the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, interpretation, and dissemination of data about a health-related event for use in public health action to reduce morbidity and mortality and to improve health ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Finally, we draw on innovations in laboratory and data science to suggest key ingredients for an integrated serologic surveillance (serosurveillance) platform. (cdc.gov)
  • The CDI surveillance program also provides an infrastructure for further public health research, including special studies aimed at identifying risk factors for C. difficile disease, populations to prioritize for vaccines, and monitoring effectiveness of prevention strategies. (cdc.gov)
  • These surveillance data and findings help military authorities prioritize health resources and better plan appropriate health intervention measures for DOD service members and their beneficiaries. (health.mil)
  • Global population structure and genotyping framework for genomic surveillance of the major dysentery pathogen, Shigella sonnei. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Electronic health record (EHR) systems provide an opportunity to use a novel data source for population health surveillance. (cdc.gov)
  • Electronic health records (EHRs) have generated enthusiasm for real-time population health surveillance, but understanding their comparability with other data sources, especially gold-standard sources, is crucial (1). (cdc.gov)
  • The potential to combine public health and environmental surveillance data with innovations in machine learning, statistical modeling, and data visualization has contributed to an emerging vision of precision public health, the idea that global health programs should use high-resolution data to guide interventions and direct scarce resources to those who would benefit most ( 1 ). (cdc.gov)
  • As the process of producing official health statistics for lifestyle diseases is slow, researchers have explored using Web search data as a proxy for lifestyle disease surveillance. (jmir.org)
  • Data regarding the exposure of the rural population from Cluj County to rabies risk factors were collected from the Vaccination Center registry at the Infectious Diseases Teaching Hospital in Cluj-Napoca. (rrh.org.au)
  • This study used Canadian medical and hospital administrative data for population-based surveillance of diagnosed ischemic heart disease (IHD). (ices.on.ca)
  • the location data of electronic communications of the entire population. (patrick-breyer.de)
  • HIV/AIDS surveillance data base : HIV/AIDS literature review. (who.int)
  • The linked registry claims surveillance data identified the increased risk of reintervention with the early AFX device as early as mid-2013, well before the first regulatory warnings were issued in the US in 2017. (bmj.com)
  • Conclusions The linked registry claims surveillance data identified a device specific risk in long term reintervention after EVAR of abdominal aortic aneurysm. (bmj.com)
  • The Centers for Disease Control's experience over the past decade has allowed us to evolve approaches which allow for timely and accurate surveillance data to be generated even in extremely adverse conditions. (cdc.gov)
  • In the fields of demographics and public health, a demographic surveillance system (DSS), also called a health and demographic surveillance system (HDSS), gathers longitudinal health and demographic data for a dynamic cohort of the total population in a specified geographic area. (wikipedia.org)
  • Tracking population migration is particularly important for understanding of HDSS data. (wikipedia.org)
  • There are other demographic and health data gathering programs similar to DSS that are not part of INDEPTH, such as the Sample Registration system in India and the Disease Surveillance Points system in China. (wikipedia.org)
  • Should Data from Demographic Surveillance Systems Be Made More Widely Available to Researchers? (wikipedia.org)
  • Data from the EIP CDI program is used to measure the burden of CDI in the population, characterize C. difficile strains associated with disease, and to monitor trends in disease over time. (cdc.gov)
  • The table below illustrates the estimated population under surveillance for each EIP site in 2019, the most recent year for which data are available. (cdc.gov)
  • Data collection is performed by surveillance epidemiologists at each EIP site. (cdc.gov)
  • Influenza surveillance conducted by DODGRS during the 2019-2020 influenza season identified circulating influenza virus (sub)types, provided timely data on the genetic characteristics of the circulating viruses, and estimated influenza VE. (health.mil)
  • In this report, we analysed the data from the Japan TB surveillance system between 2007 and 2014 to gain an overview of the trends and characteristics of foreign-born TB patients in Japan. (who.int)
  • Sound policy-making should be informed by scientific evidence, and a detailed analysis of surveillance data can provide one such resource. (who.int)
  • Several programs that involve capturing and retaining personal data are underway in India in the absence of a data protection law Tenders by authorities in Dharamshala, Himachal Pradesh and Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh show its intent of creating integrated surveillance networks powered by CCTV cameras and Artificial Intelligence. (countercurrents.org)
  • Because of the threat of terrorism and the increasing availability of electronic health data, enhancements are being made to existing surveillance systems, and new surveillance systems have been developed and implemented in public health jurisdictions with the goal of early and complete detection of outbreaks ( 3 ). (cdc.gov)
  • The main advantage of the MI-Aedes platform over traditional mosquito surveillance is the integration of continuous vector monitoring coupled with an information technology platform for near real-time data collection, analysis, and decision-making. (intechopen.com)
  • The technologies also provide data to model the role of climate on the vector population dynamics. (intechopen.com)
  • New Data Science Toolkit Out (Pete Warden) - with population data to let you compensate for population in your heatmaps. (oreilly.com)
  • NEW YORK - With the help of a phenome-wide association analysis of UK Biobank data, a team from Switzerland, Brazil, and the UK has started untangling the population-wide consequences of copy number variants (CNVs) in a chromosome 22 region known as 22q11.2. (genomeweb.com)
  • Estimates of R often come from surveillance data, as it has been in the case of the COVID-19 pandemic. (polito.it)
  • Health surveillance involves the systematic and ongoing collection, analysis and dissemination of public health data. (easternhealth.ca)
  • The estimates generated by GFT come in real-time - two weeks earlier than traditional surveillance data collected by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (nature.com)
  • Whole genome sequencing (WGS) is increasingly utilised for S. sonnei outbreak investigation and surveillance, but comparison of data between studies and labs is challenging. (ox.ac.uk)
  • The evaluation framework is designed to support assessment and description of all surveillance approaches to early detection, whether through traditional disease reporting, specialized analytic routines for aberration detection, or surveillance using early indicators of disease outbreaks, such as syndromic surveillance. (cdc.gov)
  • First, we argue that antibody-based methods provide a unique opportunity to augment and integrate surveillance across diverse global health initiatives. (cdc.gov)
  • Enhanced Passive Safety Surveillance (EPSS) is one of the surveillance methods used for monitoring ADRs [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • The identification and discrimination of T3cDM from the more prevalent T2DM is an approach that may identify the high-risk group which could allow more successful detection and surveillance methods. (nih.gov)
  • In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in partnership with the American Academy of Periodontology developed and reported standard case definitions for surveillance of moderate and severe periodontitis based on measurements of probing depth (PD) and clinical attachment loss (AL) at interproximal sites. (cdc.gov)
  • Now the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is aiming to expand wastewater testing with the National Wastewater Surveillance System . (nhpr.org)
  • In doing so, this study shows a low-to-moderate validity of Google Trends in the context of lifestyle disease surveillance, even when applying novel corrective approaches, including a proposed denormalization scheme. (jmir.org)
  • The diversity of problems experienced in long- and short-term refugee situations demands a diversity of approaches in disease surveillance, control, and prevention. (cdc.gov)
  • The measurement of the performance of public health surveillance systems for outbreak detection is needed to establish the relative value of different approaches and to provide information needed to improve their efficacy for detection of outbreaks at the earliest stages. (cdc.gov)
  • We show that the true R can be computed from the spectral properties of Q. We also show that the reproductive number measured by surveillance approaches the true reproductive number only asymptotically in time. (polito.it)
  • Using whole genome sequencing (WGS) of 439 isolates, we show that environmental bacterial populations are largely structured by ward and sink, with only a handful of lineages, such as E. coli ST635, being widely distributed, suggesting different prevailing ecologies which may vary as a result of different inputs and selection pressures. (ox.ac.uk)
  • During 2010-2014, we enrolled 511 patients with suspected bacterial meningitis into surveillance in 2 districts of northern Togo. (blogspot.com)
  • We began surveillance in May 2010 for acute bacterial meningitis in hospitals in 2 rural districts in Togo. (blogspot.com)
  • Information regarding the general population was available from the 2002 General Population and Housing Census. (rrh.org.au)
  • Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal , 2016, 7(2):7-16. (who.int)
  • En total, se identificaron 726 niños con PC entre enero del 2015 y diciembre del 2016. (bvsalud.org)
  • Most infectious disease surveillance maintains a single-disease focus, but broader testing of existing serologic surveys with multiplex antibody assays would create new opportunities for integrated surveillance. (cdc.gov)
  • Most infectious disease surveillance maintains a single-disease focus. (cdc.gov)
  • Disease surveillance is traditionally accomplished through a system of manual surveys, or mandatory reporting by the doctors to the government. (jmir.org)
  • In Canada, approximately 500 malaria cases are reported each year although no formal surveillance system is in place [6] . (plos.org)
  • The Hazardous Substances Emergency Events Surveillance (HSEES) system, maintained by the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR), utilizes state health departments to actively collect information describing the public health consequences of acute hazardous substances incidents. (cdc.gov)
  • The Clostridioides difficile infection surveillance program is an active population- and laboratory-based surveillance system conducted through CDC's Emerging Infections Program (EIP) Healthcare-Associated Infections Community Interface (HAIC). (cdc.gov)
  • Japan introduced its first nationwide computerized TB surveillance system, the Japan Tuberculosis Surveillance (JTBS), in 1987. (who.int)
  • Work-Related Lung Disease Surveillance System (eWoRLD). (cdc.gov)
  • Recent news also says that the Western Railways' use of its FRT-based surveillance system has reduced crime on its routes and stations. (countercurrents.org)
  • Earlier this week, Maharashtra deputy chief minister Devendra Fadnavis said that Mumbai should have an AI-enabled, FRT-based surveillance system to combat 'street crime' even as such surveillance systems exist in multiple Indian cities already. (countercurrents.org)
  • The use of a passive surveillance system in combination with physician reporting of ADRs has been shown to improve the rates of AE reporting [ 4 , 5 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Technical Advisory Groups (TAGs), aimed at strengthening or improving national ownership and leadership, advocacy and partnerships, resource mobilization, routine immunization, quality of supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) and AFP surveillance especially at subnational level. (who.int)
  • The aim of this surveillance was to assess the quadrivalent inactivated split-virion influenza vaccine (IIV4) during routine immunization in Finland, as per the national immunization program for 2019/20. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Therefore, this current surveillance aims to address the requirements of the EPSS for IIV4 during routine immunization, as per the national immunization program in Finland for the influenza season 2019/20. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Rates per 100,000 population. (cdc.gov)
  • During 2019, the rates of reported hepatitis A ranged from a high of 31.6 cases per 100,000 population in Tennessee to a low of 0.1 case per 100,000 population in Hawaii. (cdc.gov)
  • The largest increase in rates was observed in New Hampshire, with a rate during 2019 (22.7 cases per 100,000 population), 25 times the rate reported during 2018 (0.9 cases per 100,000 population). (cdc.gov)
  • Rates of acute infections more than tripled among reproductive-aged persons during this time (from 0.8 to 2.5 per 100,000 population among persons aged 20-29 years and from 0.6 to 3.5 among persons aged 30-39 years). (cdc.gov)
  • Rates of HCV acute and chronic infections (referred hereinafter as HCV infections) have been steadily increasing in the United States since 2010, with rates of acute infections more than tripling among reproductive-aged persons as of 2021, from 0.8 to 2.5 per 100,000 population among persons aged 20-29 years and from 0.6 to 3.5 among persons aged 30-39 years ( 4 , 5 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Tetanus immunity among women aged 15 to 39 years in Cambodia: a national population-based serosurvey, 2012. (cdc.gov)
  • In this perspective, we encourage an integrated approach to surveillance of population immunity and infectious disease transmission. (cdc.gov)
  • Epidemiologic surveillance of circulating SARS-CoV-2 variants is essential to assess impact on clinical outcomes and vaccine efficacy. (nature.com)
  • Laboratory-based influenza surveillance was conducted in the 2019-2020 influenza season among Department of Defense (DOD) beneficiaries through the DOD Global Respiratory Pathogen Surveillance Program (DODGRS). (health.mil)
  • Starting at surveillance week 45 (3-9 Nov. 2019), influenza B was the predominant influenza type, followed by high activity of influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 three weeks thereafter. (health.mil)
  • The objective of this report is to describe influenza surveillance trends and the end-of season VE estimates among DOD beneficiaries during the 2019-2020 influenza season. (health.mil)
  • We explored a novel application of the two one-sided t test (TOST) to assess the equivalence of prevalence estimates in 2 population-based surveys to inform margin selection for validating EHR-based surveillance prevalence estimates derived from large samples. (cdc.gov)
  • Population estimates from U.S. Census Bureau. (cdc.gov)
  • This means that early estimates may either underestimate or overestimate R. Also, we show that under particular conditions the surveillance-based estimate may oscillate around the true value, alternating between underestimates and overestimates. (polito.it)
  • We found that country-level and local surveillance-based R estimates have all different convergence times. (polito.it)
  • Some estimates put the population in the camps at up to 2 million. (democracynow.org)
  • Every year, the Department of Defense (DOD) Global Respiratory Pathogen Surveillance Program (DODGRS) performs routine respiratory pathogen surveillance among DOD service members and their beneficiaries, and evaluates influenza VE. (health.mil)
  • ABSTRACT This study was conducted to examine the relationship between urbanization and risk factors of noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) according to the World Health Organization stepwise approach to surveillance of NCDs. (who.int)
  • In the setting of a strong public sector programme, the combination of active surveillance of private laboratories along with physician sensitisation is a promising approach to improve TB case detection. (nih.gov)
  • The safety surveillance enables rapid detection of adverse events (AE), identifying any significant change in frequency or severity of expected reactogenicity or allergic events that could be intrinsic to the vaccine, prior to widespread use of the vaccine in any particular year [ 3 ]. (biomedcentral.com)
  • However, information is limited about the usefulness of surveillance systems for outbreak detection or the best ways to support this function. (cdc.gov)
  • Use of this framework is intended to improve decision-making regarding the implementation of surveillance for outbreak detection. (cdc.gov)
  • Another important public health function of surveillance is outbreak detection (i.e., identifying an increase in frequency of disease above the background occurrence of the disease). (cdc.gov)
  • The usefulness of surveillance systems for early detection and response to outbreaks has not been established, and substantial costs can be incurred in developing or enhancing and managing these surveillance systems and investigating false alarms ( 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • CDI cases are identified based on reports of positive C. difficile toxin assay or C. difficile nucleic acid amplification assay from all clinical, reference, and commercial laboratories that serve the population in the surveillance catchment areas. (cdc.gov)
  • With the introduction of the advanced technique for intratypic differentiation in 14 out of the existing 16 laboratories, the performance of the African Polio surveillance Laboratory Network has markedly improved. (who.int)
  • We established and evaluated a public-private partnership based on surveillance of TB detected in private laboratories and use of standardised directly observed treatment regimens. (nih.gov)
  • Surveillance at private laboratories found an additional 260 nonregistered AFB-positive patients. (nih.gov)
  • National and international preparedness helped countries to prevent disease outbreaks through the early establishment of surveillance, early warning, and alert and response systems. (who.int)
  • The purpose of this study was to assess the exposure of the rural population from Cluj County, Romania, to rabies risk factors. (rrh.org.au)
  • Monitor population-based CDI incidence and disease burden of community- and healthcare-associated CDI over time to assess the impact of prevention strategies and inform public health practice. (cdc.gov)
  • Whole genome sequencing (WGS) remains the gold standard for variant surveillance, as it can unambiguously identify known variants and detect new mutations and lineages as they arise. (nature.com)
  • Because of the changing nature of these viruses, it is crucial to conduct annual surveillance to determine the circulating viruses and to detect changes in the viruses during the influenza season. (health.mil)
  • The Enhanced Passive Safety Surveillance is a requirement of the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for seasonal influenza vaccines, aiming to rapidly detect any significant change in frequency or severity of expected reactogenicity or allergic events prior to widespread use of a vaccine in any particular year. (biomedcentral.com)
  • aegypti citywide at fine spatial and temporal scales for vector surveillance (MI-Aedes) to detect high Aedes infestation areas using a GIS environment and the identification of arbovirus-infected trapped mosquitoes by RT-PCR (MI-Virus platforms). (intechopen.com)
  • Surveillance for Rocky Mountain spotted fever in the Army began in 1998 and was expanded to include all SFR in 2017. (health.mil)
  • Both influenza B and influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 were then highly co-circulated through surveillance week 13 (22-28 March 2020). (health.mil)
  • Therefore, conducting annual safety surveillance on seasonal influenza vaccines is important, and a requirement for the EMA. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Mass surveillance contradicts the European values of democracy, civil liberties and the rule of law. (patrick-breyer.de)
  • France's unspecific reference to a permanent, general security risk does not justify mass surveillance, as a former judge confirms in a legal opinion . (patrick-breyer.de)
  • National security is no free ride for mass surveillance. (patrick-breyer.de)
  • Active surveillance, rather than immediate intervention, is therefore justified, especially among young women who are likely to adhere to monitoring. (bmj.com)
  • RÉSUMÉ La présente étude a été menée afin d'examiner la relation entre l'urbanisation et les facteurs de risque de MNT, selon le modèle de l'approche STEPwise de l'OMS pour la surveillance des maladies non transmissibles. (who.int)
  • Surveillance des infections sexuellement transmissibles au sein de la population générale en Belgique et dans les régions. (sciensano.be)
  • SFR surveillance and control efforts in military populations can be improved by better adherence to guidelines for SFR diagnosis and through the use of available advanced laboratory techniques. (health.mil)
  • Measures to ensure early diagnosis and treatment adherence should be adapted to such populations. (who.int)
  • For the general population including adults, the jurisdiction level infection-to-case ratio was a median of 2. (cdc.gov)
  • Our results have provided new insights to help further the understanding of the complex 22q11.2 region," the authors wrote, noting that "within the general population, 22q11.2 CNVs are associated with traits. (genomeweb.com)
  • While certain states in the region have taken some positive steps to protect the general population, the prison population remains particularly vulnerable. (fidh.org)
  • Moreover, individuals in detention regularly interact with prison wardens, police officers, and health professionals who engage with the general population . (fidh.org)
  • Design Observational surveillance study. (bmj.com)
  • This study is part of a NCD risk factor surveillance of 10 069 individuals in all provinces of the Islamic Republic of Iran, aged over 20 years, during 2011. (who.int)
  • The study population was assembled using records from the SEER program of the National Cancer Institute. (hindawi.com)
  • Study by Institute of Medicine of postmarket surveillance regarding pediatric populations. (govtrack.us)
  • In this study, however, we argue that surveillance-based measures of the reproductive number may not always be accurate measures of the true reproductive number. (polito.it)
  • We then analytically study the speeds at which both global and local surveillance based measures of R converge to the true R, and found that these speeds depend on both the topology of the spatial network encoded in Q, and the initial spatial distribution of cases. (polito.it)
  • Our study shows that the spatial structure of human populations induced by mobility may make standard surveillance unable to accurately estimate the reproductive number. (polito.it)
  • The aims of this study were to evaluate the association of self-reported symptoms with SARS-CoV-2 nasopharyngeal swab (NPS) test results in nonhospitalized individuals and to estimate the occurrence of symptoms associated with coronavirus disease (COVID-19) in a larger nontested population. (jmir.org)
  • A 98% case ascertainment is mandated from 14 population-based registries and three supplemental registries representing approximately 26% of the US population [ 9 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • It is expected that SARS-COV-2 will continually evolve and produce new variants if there is continued high level viral replication at the population level. (nature.com)
  • Even so, they cautioned that many prior studies of 22q11.2 variation have centered on clinical cohorts comprised of individuals with particularly pronounced symptoms or phenotypes, "leading to an incomplete and biased understanding of these variants' role in the human population. (genomeweb.com)
  • Cases were defined based on Surveillance of CP in Europe and Australian CP Register criteria after clinical assessments and identification by the key informant's method . (bvsalud.org)
  • Without focusing exclusively on resistance markers or a clinical outbreak, we demonstrate that many hospital sink drains are abundantly and persistently colonised with diverse populations of E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Klebsiella oxytoca , including both antimicrobial-resistant and susceptible strains. (ox.ac.uk)
  • These advanced clinical surveillance solutions deliver insights into customized workflows and intuitive dashboards so care teams can improve patient outcomes, quality, and hospital performance. (wolterskluwer.com)
  • Robust disease surveillance is a cornerstone of global health efforts that range from detecting emerging pathogens and epidemics to the control or elimination of vaccine-preventable diseases, HIV, malaria, and neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) ( http://www.who.int/neglected_diseases/9789241564540/en/ ) ( 2 - 4 ). (cdc.gov)
  • Such integration of continuous vector surveillance and targeting vector control in hotspot areas is cost-effective (less than US$ 1.00/person/year), and it has been shown to reduce mosquito population and prevent dengue transmission. (intechopen.com)
  • We derive the expected case distribution from Q, and compare it to the recorded distribution, finding evidence of the asymptotic convergence of the surveillance-based metrics towards the true Q-derived metrics, as predicted theoretically. (polito.it)
  • Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) surveillance in the Region has improved with 38 out of 46 countries achieving and sustaining certification-standard performance indicators2 in 2010. (who.int)
  • Describe the molecular and microbiologic characteristics of C. difficile strains causing disease in the population under surveillance and describe changes in strain prevalence over time. (cdc.gov)
  • To improve vaccine effectiveness (VE) against influenza viruses, the strains used in the influenza vaccine need to be updated regularly based on the surveillance findings. (health.mil)
  • In this perspective, we highlight multiple areas for potential synergy where integrated surveillance could add more value to public health efforts than the current trend of independent disease monitoring through vertical programs. (cdc.gov)
  • Preparing for the health problems experienced by large populations displaced by natural or man-made disasters is among the greatest challenges facing public health officials in the world today. (cdc.gov)
  • The Brazilian government can create public health policies targeting these groups, and provide more medical treatment and health services to support and protect the multimorbidity population. (jmir.org)
  • Surveillance serves at least eight public health functions. (cdc.gov)
  • In Brazil, two platforms for surveillance of eggs and gravid Aedes aegypti have been developed. (intechopen.com)
  • specificity 100 and is potentially an improved tool for the surveillance of disease and for monitoring vaccination compliance. (biosemiotics2013.org)
  • Is the Subject Area "Population dynamics" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • Passive surveillance of individuals vaccinated with IIV4 was conducted within the first 4 to 6 weeks of the influenza season in Finland. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Results of search for 'su:{Population surveillance. (who.int)
  • Africa's Population: In Search of a Demographic Dividend. (wikipedia.org)
  • Throughout, we illustrate how information generated through integrated surveillance platforms can create new opportunities to more quickly and precisely identify global health program gaps that range from undervaccination to emerging pathogens to multilayered health disparities that span diverse communicable diseases. (cdc.gov)