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  • Alaska Native
  • American Indian and Alaska Native communities constitute 562 federally recognized independent sovereign nations within the United States, including 229 located in Alaska and the remainder in 33 other states. (aacrjournals.org)
  • Cancer incidence and mortality rates vary, often dramatically, among different tribal nations in different geographic regions of the U.S. (see American Indian and Alaska Native Cancer Profiles at surveillance.cancer.gov and http://statecancerprofiles.cancer.gov). (aacrjournals.org)
  • Colorectal cancers are also seen at higher rates in American Indian and Alaska Native communities, which may be a result of exceedingly low rates of colorectal cancer screening. (aacrjournals.org)
  • In recognition and respect of the sovereign nation status of American Indian and Alaska Native communities, of tribal laws, of requirements for tribal membership, and of unique cultural perspectives and beliefs, meeting and overcoming cancer care delivery challenges and significant cancer health disparities through research and engagement requires unique, sustained, collaborative, community-engaging, partnership models. (aacrjournals.org)
  • This printable map shows the percent of the U.S. population by county who are American Indian or Alaska Native. (sprc.org)
  • And American Indian and Alaska Native infants are two to four time mores likely than Caucasian infants to die of sudden infant death syndrome. (healthcanal.com)
  • More than 200 American Indian and Alaska Native physicians from around the nation will gather for the conference, which will feature more than 30 experts talking about American Indian health issues, including, for the first time, the president of the American Medical Association. (healthcanal.com)
  • David Baines, M.D., an Alaska Native physician for 29 years, will speak about how physicians can better understand traditional American Indian healing methods and how to better work with patients who are seeing Traditional Healers. (healthcanal.com)
  • Type 1 diabetes-related autoantibodies are rare in Alaska native populations. (lu.se)
  • The prevalence of diabetes has increased significantly since that time, with rates of 10% reported recently in some Alaska native populations. (lu.se)
  • Summarizes the conclusions from a meeting of a multidisciplinary group of American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) suicide research experts to discuss the persistent issues related to suicide disproportionately affecting Indigenous communities. (ruralhealthinfo.org)
  • fish populations
  • The potential genetic effects of aquaculture on natural fish populations have aroused a great deal of concern among scientists as well as the general public. (bibsys.no)
  • A primary concern among the many potential effects of fire is the effects of fire and fire management on persistence of native fish populations. (usda.gov)
  • Effective pre-fire management activities will address factors that may render fish populations more vulnerable to the effects of fire (e.g. habitat degradation, fragmentation, and nonnative species). (usda.gov)
  • Managing fire itself can be important in some contexts, but negative consequences for fish populations are possible (e.g. toxicity of fire fighting chemicals to fish). (usda.gov)
  • Alaskan Native
  • Founded in 1971, its mission is to enhance the health of Indian people and to increase American Indian/Alaskan Native representation in the health professions while "honoring traditional healing practices, and restoring the balance of mind, body and spirit. (healthcanal.com)
  • Chukchi
  • Although 9RA was found among Chukchi and the Koryaks of Western Beringia (on the eastern edge of Siberia), the allele was not identified in the large number of Asian populations tested (perhaps because this is a mutation that arose in populations as they approached the land bridge or because the sample size was not big enough to detect it). (thegeneticgenealogist.com)
  • North America
  • concludes that an overpopulation of deer (density of deer in the U.S. is about four to 10 times what it was prior to European settlement of North America) is the primary reason garlic mustard is crowding out native plants, such as trillium, which are preferred food for wild deer. (bio-medicine.org)
  • They also were introduced to Europe, North America, and New Zealand, where they compete or interbreed with native deer. (springer.com)
  • Reed canarygrass is an important agricultural crop thought to be native to Europe, Asia, and North America. (springer.com)
  • The genetic data confirm the presence of a distinct population present throughout North America in the early twentieth century, but not present in Europe or Asia, ranging from Alaska, USA to New Brunswick, Canada. (springer.com)
  • These native North American populations of reed canarygrass are likely present throughout Alaska today, as one specimen was collected as recently as 1996, and may still be present in other regions of North America. (springer.com)
  • This study "will begin to set up some great models for understanding founding populations of First Nations peoples here in North America," says Cynthia Zutter , an anthropologist at MacEwan University in Alberta, Canada, who was not involved in the work. (the-scientist.com)
  • immigrant
  • Based on Swedish longitudinal register data, OLS regression is used to examine effects of previous exposure to natives on earnings in three immigrant cohorts (1990, 1995 and 2000) five years after arrival. (diva-portal.org)
  • The main finding of the study is that exposure to the native population at the workplace is more important than residential exposure for predicting immigrant earnings. (diva-portal.org)
  • Methods
  • To address this, the authors developed methods that allowed them to focus on the sections of peoples' genomes that were of entirely Native American origin. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • 12 ) using Bayesian demographic reconstruction methods, found that population sizes have remained essentially constant for the last 15 ky, if not longer. (pnas.org)
  • STUDY DESIGN: Population based case control study METHODS: We tested sera from subjects in two Eskimo villages for the presence of type 1 diabetes-related autoantibodies against glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65Ab) and tyrosine phosphatase-like islet antigen-2 (IA-2Ab). (lu.se)
  • differences
  • Inequalities in the use of health services between immigrants and the native population in Spain: what is driving the differences? (springer.com)
  • In Spain, a growing body of literature has drawn attention to analysing the differences in health and health resource utilisation of immigrants relative to the autochthonous population. (springer.com)
  • PA composition and concentration in shoot and root samples were determined using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). We investigated the differences between native and invasive S. vulgaris populations with regard to quantitative and qualitative variation of PAs. (peerj.com)
  • Alexander JM (2010) Genetic differences in the elevational limits of native and introduced Lactuca serriola populations. (springer.com)
  • admixture
  • The benefits of such admixture have been proposed to be particularly relevant in biological invasions, when invasive populations originating from different source populations are found sympatrically. (springer.com)
  • However, it remains poorly understood if admixture is an important contributor to plant invasive success and how admixture effects compare between invasive and native ranges. (springer.com)
  • 2015 ). Admixture has potential enhancing effects for population success, for instance by increasing genetic variation, creating novel genotypes and masking effects of fixed deleterious recessive mutations leading to heterosis (Rieseberg et al. (springer.com)
  • migration
  • However, even these populations have inherited most of their genome from the First American migration. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • First, Central American Chibchan-speakers have ancestry from both North and South America, reflecting back-migration from South Americaand mixture of two widely separated strands of Native ancestry. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • A new study analyzing DNA sequences from people around the world along the path of migration indicates the founding population of the Americas included just a few hundred people. (dailymail.co.uk)
  • They determined the breeding size or founding populations by isolation-with-migration computer simulation models based on 100 million generations. (phys.org)
  • So rarely do we get an opportunity to begin to explore what we thought we knew with better information about populations and perhaps some insights into movement, migration, and overall adaptation," he says. (the-scientist.com)
  • gene
  • We show that the initial peopling followed a southward expansion facilitated by the coast, with sequential population splits and little gene flow after divergence, especially in South America. (nih.gov)
  • ranges
  • We observed heterosis in between-population crosses both in native and invasive ranges. (springer.com)
  • In this study, S. vulgaris plants originating from native and invasive ranges (Europe and China, respectively) were grown under identical conditions and harvested upon flowering. (peerj.com)
  • Reciprocal common gardens were therefore set up in both native and introduced ranges of two exotic maple trees to assess the contribution of genetic differentiation and phenotypic plasticity to tree invasiveness. (springer.com)
  • In this study, we analyzed genetic variation in grass carp from three introduced river systems (Mississippi River Basin in US, Danube River in Hungary, and Tone River in Japan) as well as its native ranges (Yangtze, Pearl, and Amur Rivers) in China using 21 novel microsatellite loci. (springer.com)
  • Americas
  • The team also found that once in the Americas, people expanded southward along a route that hugged the coast with populations splitting off along the way. (ucl.ac.uk)
  • A University of Kansas anthropological geneticist is part of an international research team working to shed light upon one of the unanswered questions concerning the peopling of the New World: Namely, what was the size of the original founding population of the Americas? (phys.org)
  • It would be difficult to overstate the importance of this newly revealed people to our understanding of how ancient populations came to inhabit the Americas. (nativeamericanc.com)
  • parasites
  • However, when a non-native fish is introduced, the exchange of parasites between native and non-native hosts can be expected depending on many factors related to the host-parasite system. (scielo.br)
  • biology
  • This book explores their basic biology, behavior, and ecology, including management for sport hunting, conservation or recovery of threatened populations, and resolution of conflict with humans in native and introduced lands. (springer.com)
  • decline
  • Both archaeological and historical records indicate that European contact and colonialism initiated a significant reduction in the indigenous population size through warfare, enslavement, societal disruption, and especially widespread epidemic disease ( 1 - 3 ), although the magnitude of population decline remains in dispute ( 4 , 5 ). (pnas.org)
  • Nonetheless, although historical records provide insights into demographic processes in specific regions, the overall extent of population decline remains in dispute. (pnas.org)
  • consequences
  • The perceived risks are often associated with the possible interactions between cultured and native fish with harmful consequences on ecosystem dynamics. (bibsys.no)
  • groups
  • A) Sampling locations of the populations, with colors corresponding to linguistic groups. (nih.gov)
  • American Indian and Alaska Natives are often diagnosed at later stages of disease and have a poorer prognosis for several types of cancer when compared to other racial/ethnic groups. (aacrjournals.org)
  • The results of these studies generally find substantial variations in health-related patterns between both population groups. (springer.com)
  • Some states keep deer populations low, while others prefer to maintain higher populations to appeal to groups such as hunters. (bio-medicine.org)
  • One inherent limitation is the dearth of samples, she explains, but while these findings are based on just two individuals, they nonetheless carry implications for the movement and longevity of several groups of Native peoples in Beringia. (the-scientist.com)