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  • selective
  • In a multivariate model, selective screening criteria were developed on the basis of information from a random part of the tested population (development group), and the. (oup.com)
  • Furthermore, combining our demographic model with a previously estimated distribution of selective effects among newly arising amino acid mutations accurately predicts the frequency spectrum of nonsynonymous variants across three continental populations (YRI, CHB, CEU). (blogspot.com)
  • Few population based systematic screening programmes have been carried out and attempts to validate selective screening criteria have shown poor performance. (bmj.com)
  • The prediction rule has the potential to guide individuals in their choice of participation when offered chlamydia screening and is a promising tool for selective CT screening at population level. (bmj.com)
  • disease
  • Characterizing genetic diversity within and between populations has broad applications in studies of human disease and evolution. (blogspot.com)
  • The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) made an analysis in 2008 of the STI/HIV behavioural surveillance data in Europe on the general adult, the general young population (15-24 years) and six high-risk groups. (bmj.com)
  • C hlamydia, caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis , is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) and the most commonly notified disease in Australia and in Western Australia. (mja.com.au)
  • CDC Grand Rounds: Chlamydia prevention: challenges and strategies for reducing disease burden and sequelae. (medscape.com)
  • It discusses some of the evidence behind current concepts of chlamydial disease mechanisms, and focuses on vitro studies that provide clues as to the potential of chlamydiae to cause enduring, inapparent infection and then examines the clinical evidence from human infection. (asmscience.org)
  • The issues surrounding the possible association of C. pneumoniae infection with coronary artery disease (CAD) and the possible mechanisms by which C. pneumoniae might cause heart disease are summarized to illustrate the problems involved in proving that chlamydiae have a significant etiologic role in chronic human disease. (asmscience.org)
  • There is a need for further studies at the cellular and molecular levels on the mechanisms of chlamydia-induced disease. (asmscience.org)
  • infectious
  • This fact sheet highlights infectious diseases within this population, addresses challenges in in the event of an outbreak, and provides strategies and tools that can be used to prevent and respond to emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. (nhchc.org)
  • genetic
  • We apply our SPA method to a European and a worldwide population genetic variation data set and identify SNPs showing large gradients in allele frequency, and we suggest these as candidate regions under selection. (blogspot.com)
  • We introduce an inference method based on the joint frequency spectrum of genetic variants within and between populations. (blogspot.com)
  • Dissemination and genetic diversity of chlamydial agents in Polish wildfowl: Isolation and molecular characterisation of avian Chlamydia abortus strains. (amedeo.com)
  • participants
  • In 2010, the DoHWA established an online chlamydia testing program (OLC) that allows participants to complete a risk self-assessment for chlamydia online and submit a sample for testing at a laboratory without visiting a doctor. (mja.com.au)
  • study
  • A cross-sectional population-based Hepa-Meta study was conducted in Slovakia in 2011. (mdpi.com)
  • This is an exploratory study in which the investigators will develop a way to identify the cell responses most strongly associated with protection against chlamydia infection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • A prospective study of Kenyan commercial sex workers found that production of interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) by peripheral blood cells stimulated with chlamydia heat-shock protein (HSP60) strongly correlated with protection against incident C. trachomatis infection. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Individuals
  • We model human expansion out of Africa and the settlement of the New World, using 5 Mb of noncoding DNA resequenced in 68 individuals from 4 populations (YRI, CHB, CEU, and MXL) by the Environmental Genome Project. (blogspot.com)
  • molecular
  • Los participantes que aceptaron colaborar respondieron una encuesta seroepidemiológica y se analizaron muestras de orina de los hombres y exudados vaginales de las mujeres mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa con el sistema para C. trachomatis COBAS ® AMPLICOR (Roche Molecular Diagnostics, NJ, EE.UU. (scielosp.org)
  • years
  • We infer divergence between West African and Eurasian populations 140 thousand years ago (95% confidence interval: 40-270 kya). (blogspot.com)