• Populations of indigenous people in southern Africa carry a gene that causes lighter skin, and scientists have now identified the rapid evolution of this gene in recent human history. (phys.org)
  • In previous work , the researchers looked at pigmentation variation in two KhoeSan populations from South Africa by performing a genome-wide association analysis in about 450 individuals. (phys.org)
  • As of today's date, the world's population is estimated by the United States Census Bureau to be 7.595 billion. (wikipedia.org)
  • Specifically, the displacement of thousands of residents of the former Palestine and the wholesale destruction of over 500 Arab villages created a refugee population that is, today, the world's largest (over 4 million) and longest-lasting, including over two generations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Refugee populations are some of the world's poorest, most insecure, most fragile, and most dependent communities. (wikipedia.org)
  • The purpose of this funding opportunity announcement is to support studies on electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) that examine population-based, clinical and applied prevention of disease, including etiology of use, epidemiology of use, potential risks, benefits and impacts on other tobacco use behavior among different populations. (nih.gov)
  • Unless climate policies take people into account, they will fail to mitigate climate change or to shield vulnerable populations from the potentially disastrous impacts. (slideshare.net)
  • Blogger Thomas Mailund is an author on a new paper, Ancestral Population Genomics: The Coalescent Hidden Markov Model Approach: With incomplete lineage sorting (ILS), the genealogy of closely related species differs along their genomes. (scienceblogs.com)
  • Furthermore, although geographically isolated populations lose genetic diversity via genetic drift, phonemes are not subject to drift in the same way: within a given geographic radius, languages that are relatively isolated exhibit more variance in number of phonemes than languages with many neighbors. (pnas.org)
  • Although recent trends suggest decreasing past month use of ENDS by adolescents, the use of ENDS in this population exceeded that of combustible cigarettes in 2015, 2016 and 2017. (nih.gov)
  • Despite a substantial reduction in population mean TC from a high of 6.0 mmol/L in the 1980s to 5.1 mmol/L, this study reports a failure to control hypercholesterolaemia to recommended risk-stratified targets in the Irish adult population. (springer.com)
  • which makes them the region's sixth largest ethnic group and 4.5% of its total population. (wikipedia.org)
  • In 2002, Kvemo Kartli province of Georgia had the following ethnic makeup of 497,530 total population, and 45.1% are Azerbaijanis. (wikipedia.org)
  • These records were not a total count of population. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abdolonyme Ubicini , a French historian and journalist, was one of the first to publish the 1844 figure by adding that he considers it an underestimation of the total Ottoman Armenian population. (wikipedia.org)
  • A 20th-century Turkish professor, İbrahim Hakkı Akyol , also considers the 1844 as an underestimation of the total Ottoman population because the taxes to be set for each vilayet and kaza would be based on the census result, and the population wanted to avoid them. (wikipedia.org)
  • The urban population in 2014 accounted for 54% of the total global population, up from 34% in 1960, and continues to grow. (who.int)
  • The total population size may be estimated by looking at the proportion of individuals in the second capture set that are marked. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This study aims to describe the distribution of serum cholesterol in a community living population of older adults in Ireland and to examine the awareness, treatment and control of hypercholesterolaemia according to CVD risk status. (springer.com)
  • The emigration rates describe the numbers of individuals who migrate out of the population per unit time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • However, if r is positive, the population increases in size, slowly at first and then ever more quickly. (encyclopedia.com)
  • It is clear that policy-makers are moving slowly towards allowing families to have a second child," said Professor Du Peng at Renmin university's Population and Development Research centre. (telegraph.co.uk)
  • The aim of this study is to document the distribution of serum cholesterol in a community living population of older adults aged 50-79 years in Ireland and apply clinical guideline targets [ 9 ] to examine the awareness, treatment and control of hypercholesterolaemia in a subgroup aged 50-64 years according to their absolute risk of CVD. (springer.com)
  • We will now examine a series of population models, each of which is applicable to different environmental circumstances. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The Partnership for Health in Aging (PHA) was formed by the American Geriatrics Society to "to prepare America's formal and informal caregiving workforce to provide quality care for America's aging population, and to ensure the financial feasibility of providing that care. (asha.org)
  • Population health addresses the health status and health issues of the aggregate population. (himss.org)
  • It brings significant health concerns into focus and addresses ways in which communities, healthcare providers, and public health organizations can allocate resources to overcome the problems that drive poor health conditions in the population, e.g. diabetes, obesity, autism, heart disease, etc. (himss.org)
  • Information technology is a part of the core infrastructure on which population health can be assessed and addressed. (himss.org)
  • Why SAS ® for population health? (sas.com)
  • How is a landmark population health study helping the state of Nevada address some of its most complex health problems? (sas.com)
  • Develop a health determinants platform that will surface population health risks from patient variables, such as gender, age, and personal or family health history. (sas.com)
  • Analyze population health outcomes and their correlations to participant genetic information and varying environmental factors such as air and water quality. (sas.com)
  • The field of population health changes constantly, presenting new challenges and allowing you to work at the cutting edge of the nation's public health issues to make a real difference. (edu.au)
  • The Population Health major will give you a strong foundation in health science with skills in scientific investigation, critical thinking and problem solving. (edu.au)
  • Knowledge and skills in population health, leadership, research, health promotion, epidemiology and disease prevention are coupled with personal and professional development. (edu.au)
  • Population Health major graduates are highly employable, however if you wish to undertake further study there are several pathways to consider. (edu.au)
  • In Honours in Population Health you will complete a research project under supervision and undertake relevant research training units. (edu.au)
  • Honours in Population Health prepares you for careers in the health industry that require superior research skills and advanced problem solving and communication skills. (edu.au)
  • The Population Health major offers an excellent foundation for the Doctor of Medicine , Doctor of Dental Medicine and Doctor of Podiatric Medicine courses. (edu.au)
  • It is also necessary for the effective delivery of health care, both to individuals and to populations. (hhs.gov)
  • If current trends continue, the population of the United States will rise to 438 million in 2050, from 296 million in 2005, and 82% of the increase will be due to immigrants arriving from 2005 to 2050 and their U.S.-born descendants, according to new projections developed by the Pew Research Center. (pewsocialtrends.org)
  • The particular set of genes carried by an individual is known as his or her genotype, while all the genes in a population together comprise the "gene pool. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The ways in which population densities fluctuate - increasing, decreasing, or both over time - is the subject of population dynamics. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The first and most basic model of population dynamics assumes that an environment has unlimited resources and can support an unlimited number of individuals. (encyclopedia.com)
  • This may be viewed as the breaking up of a large sexual population (panmictic) into smaller overlapping sexual populations. (wikipedia.org)
  • Drought, severe weather and sea-level rise may result in large-scale population movements, mostly within national boundaries.Governments need to begin to prepare. (slideshare.net)
  • Registrars, inspectors, and population officials were appointed to the provinces and smaller administrative districts. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contributions to population geography are cross-disciplinary because geographical epistemologies related to environment, place and space have been developed at various times. (wikipedia.org)
  • The gene that causes lighter skin pigmentation, SLC24A5, was introduced from eastern African to southern African populations just 2,000 years ago. (phys.org)
  • Population geography is a division of human geography . (wikipedia.org)
  • Since its inception, population geography has taken at least three distinct but related forms, the most recent of which appears increasingly integrated with human geography in general. (wikipedia.org)
  • Individuals who carry two copies of the lighter pigmentation gene are 14 percent lighter-skinned than the population average, the researchers said. (phys.org)
  • The area that is used to define a sexual population is defined as the area where inter-breeding is potentially possible between any pair within the area, and where the probability of interbreeding is greater than the probability of cross-breeding with individuals from other areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • After some time has passed, enough time to allow for the mixing of the population, a second set of individuals is captured. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Obviously, this method works only if one can expect individuals in the population to move around a lot and to mix. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The birthrate of a population describes the number of new individuals produced in that population per unit time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • The death rate, also called mortality rate, describes the number of individuals who die in a population per unit time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • If r is positive, then more individuals will be added to the population than lost from it. (encyclopedia.com)
  • A population is defined as a group of interbreeding individuals that exist together at the same time. (encyclopedia.com)
  • Gain deeper population insights for improving care delivery while containing costs. (sas.com)
  • Participants believed that the quality of life for residents referred to Ms. Cote for behavioral consultation was definitely improved because staff are able to provide better care to this difficult population. (hhs.gov)