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  • chains
  • Coordination polymers contain the subclass coordination networks that are coordination compounds extending, through repeating coordination entities, in 1 dimension, but with cross-links between two or more individual chains, loops, or spiro-links, or a coordination compound extending through repeating coordination entities in 2 or 3 dimensions. (wikipedia.org)
  • characterization
  • Because the main method of characterization of coordination polymers is X-ray crystallography, growing a crystal of sufficient size and quality is important. (wikipedia.org)
  • structure
  • Coordination polymers can be classified in a number of different ways according to their structure and composition. (wikipedia.org)
  • The crystal structure and dimensionality of the coordination polymer is determined by the functionality of the linker and the coordination geometry of the metal center. (wikipedia.org)
  • inorganic polymers
  • This book summarizes the present state of knowledge on a number of inorganic polymers with respect to their potential biomedical applications. (springer.com)
  • In recent years, inorganic polymers have attracted much attention in nano-biomedicine, in particular in the areas of regenerative medicine and drug delivery. (springer.com)
  • Examples of biomedical inorganic polymers that have been proven to exhibit biomedical effects and/or have been applied in preclinical or clinical trials are polysilicate / silica glass (such as naturally formed "biosilica" and synthetic "bioglass") and inorganic polyphosphate. (springer.com)
  • Some biomedical inorganic polymers have already been applied e.g. as "bioglass" for bone repair and bone tissue engineering, or are used in food processing and in dental care (inorganic polyphosphates). (springer.com)
  • In addition to polysilicates and polyphosphate, there are a series of other inorganic polymers including polyarsenate and polyvanadate, the biological / biomedical properties of which have been only marginally studied so far. (springer.com)
  • Moreover, the combined application of inorganic polymers and organic polymeric molecules (formation of organic-inorganic hybrid materials) provides a variety of new materials with novel property combinations and diverse applications in nanomedicine. (springer.com)
  • The increasing demand for heat resistant materials with the added requirements of toughness, flexibility and chemical resistance has recently awakened a new interest in the subject of inorganic polymers. (sae.org)
  • Smart Inorganic Polymers (SIPs) are inorganic polymers with tunable (smart) properties such as stimuli responsive physical properties (shape, conductivity, rheology). (wikipedia.org)
  • Discoveries in the past decades revealed the potential of inorganic polymers for broad applicability in diverse fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • Inorganic polymers may provide greater consumer safety owing to improved properties and environmental compatibility (no need for plasticizers, intrinsically flame-retardant properties), technological and economic advancement (solid polymer electrolytes for consumer electronics based on polymers with a low glass-transition temperature), molecular electronics with non-metal elements as improvement and replacement for metal-based conductors and electronic circuits. (wikipedia.org)
  • Recent developments in the field of Smart Inorganic Polymers have been summarized in a themed collection in the scientific journal Chemical Society Reviews. (wikipedia.org)
  • The European Union within its COST framework has launched a network called SIPs bundling the European activities in the relevant areas in order to establish structure-property-relations for the rational design of smart inorganic polymers. (wikipedia.org)
  • The combination of leading scientists with common motivation but diverse expertise together with industrial partners intends to foster transnational efforts towards the design and application of novel smart inorganic polymers. (wikipedia.org)
  • University of Mass
  • Research on developing fire-safe polymers with more desirable properties is concentrated at the University of Massachusetts Amherst and at the Federal Aviation Administration where a long-term research program on developing fire-safe polymers was begun in 1995. (wikipedia.org)
  • additives
  • Our experts can advise on formulation development, competitor material deformulation, comparative analysis of blends, regulatory submission data requirements and how polymer additives relate to performance. (intertek.com)
  • Incorporating flame-resistant additives into polymers became a common and relatively cheap way to reduce the flammability of polymers, while synthesizing intrinsically fire-resistant polymers has remained a more expensive alternative, although the properties of these polymers are usually more efficient at deterring combustion. (wikipedia.org)
  • chain scission
  • Stabilizers for polymers are used directly or by combinations to prevent the various effects such as oxidation, chain scission and uncontrolled recombinations and cross-linking reactions that are caused by photo-oxidation of polymers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cyclic loading can bring about failure in polymer due to: chain scission, built up heat due to hysteresis, recrystallization of material and cumulative crack generation. (wikipedia.org)
  • Chain scission occurs in a polymer as a result of intense localized heat. (wikipedia.org)
  • macromolecules
  • This is because books have been available for some time on the well-established commercial polymers and developments in them have not been as marked re- cently as in the aromatic and heterocyclic macromolecules. (springer.com)
  • additive
  • This conference and workshop will focus on bridging the knowledge gap and appreciation for the properties of polymer materials when applied to additive manufacturing methods and 3D printing. (rsc.org)
  • Argonne provides industry with the tools and expertise to optimize additive manufacturing polymer and composite materials and processes to fit application needs. (anl.gov)
  • This effect is poorly understood and irregular, so that the same additive can promote nucleation in one polymer, but not in another. (wikipedia.org)
  • 2000
  • More than 2000 references have been published on one heat-resistant polymer system alone over a period of little more than two years. (springer.com)
  • crystalline
  • Many of the good nucleating agents are metal salts of organic acids, which themselves are crystalline at the solidification temperature of the polymer solidification. (wikipedia.org)
  • optimize
  • Digital tools to address the unique needs of polymer producers, enabling them to reduce operating costs, optimize production, and get new polymers to market faster. (aspentech.com)
  • Manufacturing
  • We 'Millennium Polymers' are engaged in Manufacturing, Supplying, Trading and Exporting HDPE, PP Cosmetic Bottles, Cream Jars, Flip Top Caps and Trigger Pumps. (slideshare.net)
  • printing technology
  • On the other hand, it is also a training venue for learning the fundamentals of polymers, 3D printing technology, characterization techniques, thermo-mechanical evaluation, etc. in a relatively short time. (rsc.org)
  • electron
  • By incorporating electron donor and electron acceptor into the supramolecular polymers, a number of artificial systems, including photosynthesis system, can be constructed. (wikipedia.org)
  • Then a light-to-charge conversion system with faster photoinduced electron transfer and higher electron-transfer efficiency can be achieved in these artificial polymers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Even antioxidants fail in this electron-rich polymer. (wikipedia.org)
  • processes
  • Aspen Polymers is the market-leading technology for accurate and reliable design and optimization of polymer processes, accelerating new product innovation and enabling increased operational efficienc. (aspentech.com)
  • Key uses of pH sensitive polymers are controlled drug delivery systems, biomimetics, micromechanical systems, separation processes, and surface functionalization. (wikipedia.org)
  • nylon
  • this means that the lifetime of nylon material is dictated by the time under load and not on the number of cycles Fatigue failure in these reinforced polymers is due to the formation of micro cracks that are easily initiated, and which coalesce into one crack, causing the final failure A good polymer is generally defined as one capable of absorbing a large amount of energy before failure. (wikipedia.org)
  • orientation
  • The occurrence of brittle failure can be decreased by: increasing the molecular weight, inclusion of rubber phase, inducing orientation in the polymer and reducing internal defects and contaminants. (wikipedia.org)