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  • Environmental Protec
  • Under the National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), long-term exposures to PM2.5 are considered safe if they average 12 micrograms per cubic meter of air (12 μg/m3) or less per day over the course of a year. (technologynetworks.com)
  • mortality data
  • They then linked the air pollution data with mortality data from the entire U.S. Medicare population residing in 39,182 zip codes (93% of all the zip codes in the U.S.), over a 13-year period from 2000-2012. (technologynetworks.com)
  • The study, which combined air pollution exposure data and mortality data to model the risk of death, found that tiny particles of pollution known as PM 2.5, kicked up into the atmosphere mainly by the burning of fossil fuels and biomass, agriculture, and industrial operations, are responsible for 8.79 million early deaths every year - some 1.5 million more deaths per year than tobacco. (theweek.com)
  • Pesticides
  • The goal of this study is to examine the dose-related response of the adolescent brain to organophosphorus pesticides (OP) pesticides, to determine if repeated exposures produce a progressive deficit and to determine if this deficit is reversible. (buffalo.edu)
  • risk
  • A wealth of studies have suggested a link between exposure to air pollution and a greater risk of cardiovascular disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • According to Bell, the lower HDL levels associated with greater air pollution exposure may increase the later risk of cardiovascular disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Prenatal stress and air pollution may increase asthma risk in kids. (eurekalert.org)
  • Dr. Lee concluded: "Our data suggest that all children born to women experiencing increased levels of air pollution and stress during the prenatal period are particularly at increased risk of developing asthma in early childhood. (eurekalert.org)
  • Prevention is not a matter of eliminating stress but rather, we need to develop strategies to reduce stress to more normative levels - for example, implementing prenatal programs that provide resources to address the more prevalent stressors or to promote better coping strategies, particularly among disadvantaged, high-risk populations. (eurekalert.org)
  • Short-term exposures to fine particulate air pollution and ozone-even at levels well below current national safety standards-were linked to higher risk of premature death among the elderly in the U.S. according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (technologynetworks.com)
  • Joel Schwartz, professor of environmental epidemiology at Harvard Chan School, said that the new findings about the short-term mortality risk from air pollution suggest that the EPA should re-evaluate the daily NAAQS as well. (technologynetworks.com)
  • No matter where you live-in cities, in the suburbs, or in rural areas-as long as you breathe air pollution, you are at risk," said Qian Di, lead author of the study and a doctoral student in the Department of Environmental Health. (technologynetworks.com)
  • Today we review research into the risk of heart attacks after several days of high levels of air pollution. (blogspot.com)
  • Results indicate a greater risk of between 17 and 40% after exposure to particulate matter or ozone respectively. (blogspot.com)
  • Now, a new study of adults in China reveals that it is also linked to cardiovascular changes that increase the risk of heart attack and stroke, and that these changes occur at levels below those of current environmental regulations. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Researchers from China and the United States have recently shown that exposure to harmful ozone levels can lead to elevated blood pressure, which is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • This project will evaluate metabolic changes in response to air pollution exposure and provide insight on potential mechanisms through which air pollution may increase the risk of various diseases. (buffalo.edu)
  • emissions
  • Dr. Lee and colleagues looked at the daily exposure of 736 primarily African American and Latina, urban pregnant women to ambient particulate matter, a type of air pollution caused mainly by traffic and industrial emissions. (eurekalert.org)
  • Building materials, interior decoration products and furniture are regularly mentioned as potential sources of pollution of indoor environments, due to their emissions of volatile or semi-volatile substances. (anses.fr)
  • PM2.5
  • Data on fuel and stove types and ventilation use come from 1058 households, while air quality data based on the particulate matters (PM2.5) level were collected in a sub-sample of 72 households using the DustTrak™II Model 8532 monitor. (burningissues.org)
  • We measured PM2.5 levels mainly during daytime and using sources of indoor air pollutions. (burningissues.org)
  • In households where air quality was monitored, the mean PM2.5 levels were high and varied widely, especially during the evenings (124.6 g/m3 SD: 372.7 in Korogocho and 82.2 g/m3 SD: 249.9 in Viwandani), and in households using charcoal (126.5 g/m3 SD: 434.7 in Korogocho and 75.7 g/m3 SD: 323.0 in Viwandani). (burningissues.org)
  • Residents of the two slums are exposed to high levels of PM2.5 in their homes. (burningissues.org)
  • The researchers assessed daily air pollution exposures using prediction models that provided accurate estimates of PM2.5 and ozone for most of the U.S., including unmonitored areas. (technologynetworks.com)
  • Asthma
  • Adults with asthma can display a wide range of these symptoms, with different levels of severity. (europeanlung.org)
  • The main exception to this is occupational asthma, which can be prevented if exposure to the material causing the asthma is carefully controlled, or a person is removed from the exposure. (europeanlung.org)
  • The term 'asthma severity' is used to describe the difficulty in controlling asthma with treatment and helps doctors decide what level of treatment is required. (europeanlung.org)
  • indoor
  • We recommend interventions, especially those focusing on clean cookstoves and lighting fuels to mitigate indoor levels of fine particles. (burningissues.org)
  • These guidelines are used by the authorities to set regulatory levels for the monitoring of indoor air quality. (anses.fr)
  • black carbon
  • Over a 1-year period, individuals with higher exposure to black carbon - a component of PM that is primarily emitted from motor vehicles - had significantly lower levels of HDL cholesterol, compared with those who had lower black carbon exposure. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • higher
  • Although both men and women experienced reductions in HDL cholesterol as a result of higher exposure to air pollution, the effect was stronger for women, the team notes. (medicalnewstoday.com)
  • Further examination found that boys born to mothers reporting higher levels of prenatal stress, who were also more highly exposed to air pollution, were particularly affected. (eurekalert.org)
  • smell
  • Just walking down the street you smell [the pollution], it really will impact you and the day that you're having. (pri.org)
  • lower
  • Sweet spots were mostly close to the city center (and thus still walkable) but just outside of the actual downtown area (and thus had lower levels of vehicular pollution). (nih.gov)