• This book offers researchers and students in the field of ecology, botany, evolutionary biology, pollination biology, entomology, and tropical biology fascinating insights into why such a costly pollination system has evolved and why Phyllanthaceae is so diverse despite the inconspicuousness of their flowers. (springer.com)
  • The work discussed has implications for tropical biology, ecology and pollination studies. (springer.com)
  • Insect-mediated pollination in gymnosperms and potentially prior to the rise of flowering plants is critical for understanding not only the complex biology of these plants today but also the ecology of pre-angiospermous ecosystems and the history of pollination specializations on gymnosperms. (eurekalert.org)
  • We studied the pollination biology of four shrubby species of Cytiseae (Cytisophyllum sessilifolium (L.) Lang, Spartium junceum L., Genista radiata (L. (mendeley.com)
  • Determining the precise mechanisms of wind pollination is anything but a breeze, but Integrative Biology researchers have shed light on how plant movement can affect the way pollen is captured by terrestrial plants - resolving a long debated question in the field of physical ecology in the process. (uoguelph.ca)
  • Their discovery will likely find application in plant breeding, particularly for California's $1.5 billion tomato industry, and in developing a better basic understanding of the biology of pollination. (phys.org)
  • Aspects of their biology that impact on their potential for crop pollination are reviewed, including generalized flower visiting behavior of colonies, floral constancy of individual bees, flight range, and the importance of natural vegetation for maintaining local populations. (nih.gov)
  • She said the research, published in Current Biology on Thursday, is "the first clear example, supported by long-term data, of the potential for climate change to disrupt critical [pollination] relationships between species. (theguardian.com)
  • Ephedra reproductive biology, of which the pollination drop is just a part, deserves detailed investigation. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • This workshop teaches you the basics of pollination ecology as well as how to maximize food production by encouraging both native and exotic pollinators. (stonebarnscenter.org)
  • It is therefore essential to acquire sound knowledge of the pollination ecology of cocoa, which has been largely ignored over the years [ 16 , 17 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • This interdisciplinary project takes flight from the influential series of paintings The Gems of Brazil (1863-64) by Martin Johnson Heade, and expands outward to explore pollination in nature and ecology, cultural and artistic influence and exchange, and the interconnection between art and science extending from the nineteenth century to now. (crystalbridges.org)
  • Not being dependent on pollinating agents allows self-pollination to occur when bees and wind are nowhere to be found. (wikipedia.org)
  • Hi, Quote from Ian Young's Bulb Log ' It is common across many flowers for the pollen to ripen before the stigmatic surface is revealed or receptive, in the hope that a pollinator will bring pollen from another clone as that will give the best fertilisation and the widest spread of genes - if that fails the opportunity is still there for self-pollination to occur. (pacificbulbsociety.org)
  • However, this is relatively uncommon (only 2% of pollination is hydrophily) and most aquatic plants are insect-pollinated, with flowers that emerge into the air. (wikipedia.org)
  • Self-pollination is when pollen from the same plant arrives at the stigma of a flower (in flowering plants ) or at the ovule (in Gymnosperms ). (wikipedia.org)
  • However, self-pollination can be advantageous, allowing plants to spread beyond the range of suitable pollinators or produce offspring in areas where pollinator populations have been greatly reduced or are naturally variable. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, studies of pollination are invaluable for understanding the evolution of flowering plants and their distribution in the world today. (britannica.com)
  • Some Mesozoic beetles, already adapted to a diet of spores from primitive plants, apparently became pollen eaters, capable of effecting chance pollination with grains accidentally spared. (britannica.com)
  • The reproductive unit is the seed, and pollination is an essential step in the production of seeds in all spermatophytes (seed plants). (wikipedia.org)
  • Self-pollination results in bean pods, which contain the edible part of soy bean plants. (gardenguides.com)
  • Current models predict that selfing should be advantageous for plants experiencing unreliable pollination (selfing increases reproductive assurance and decreases pollen and seed discounting) and low inbreeding depression. (sfu.ca)
  • Pollination bags , sometimes called crossing bags, isolation bags or exclusion bags, are containers made of various different materials for the purpose of controlling pollination for plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants grow with the help of nature, pollen and a process called pollination. (proflowers.com)
  • When pollination happens, it does not always happen the same way for all plants. (proflowers.com)
  • This discovery suggests an ancient origin for beetle pollination of cycads long before the rise of flowering plants. (eurekalert.org)
  • Little is known about the early evolution of their pollination mode before the rise of angiosperms, or flowering plants, although cycads are well documented from the mid-Mesozoic. (eurekalert.org)
  • Most of the plants that need insect pollination are planted outside now, but a few, such as the jungle of tomatoes jostling for light and space and flowering their little hearts out, well they need some extra help in the pollination department. (hartley-botanic.co.uk)
  • Pollination is a process that involves the transfer of pollen between a male stamen and a female pistil within a plant, and is used by many plants to reproduce. (batcon.org)
  • Similar to hummingbirds and bees, bats play a vital role in the pollination of plants, many of which people rely on for their livelihood. (batcon.org)
  • Students can put their pollination knowledge to the test with this crossword puzzle about plants, flowers, and seeds. (teachervision.com)
  • The joint RMIT, University of Adelaide, Harvard University and University of California, Davis study compared the pollination techniques of Australian native blue banded bees with North American bumblebees, which are commonly used overseas to commercially pollinate tomato plants. (eurekalert.org)
  • Prof. Josef Ackerman and former MSc student Dori McCombe made several discoveries that reveal the underlying mechanisms of particle capture by terrestrial plants, a process essential to plants that rely on wind for pollination. (uoguelph.ca)
  • If they are alive but past the pollination stage with very short plants and no kernels, or they have lost most or all of their green color, there's no chance that they can come back,' Nafziger explained. (agweb.com)
  • Flowering plants have several different parts that are important in pollination. (mbgnet.net)
  • Greenhouse tomato plants (as just one example), as do their outdoor brethren, require pollination to fruit. (buglogical.com)
  • Self-pollination leads to the production of plants with less genetic diversity, since genetic material from the same plant is used to form gametes, and eventually, the zygote. (oercommons.org)
  • Successful pollination, which may require visits by multiple pollinators to a single flower, results in healthy fruit and fertile seeds, allowing plants to reproduce. (als-gardencenter.com)
  • Investigate pollination and seed dispersal to discover how plants and animals depend upon each other. (desertmuseum.org)
  • In particular, it focuses on the natural history and evolutionary history of the third example of obligate pollination mutualism, leafflower-leafflower moth association, which was discovered in the plant family Phyllanthaceae by the lead editor and then established by the editors and their coworkers as an ideal model system for studies of mutualism and the coevolutionary process. (springer.com)
  • We describe the influence of plant volatiles in an obligate pollination mutualism between an Australian Macrozamia cycad (a gymnosperm with male and female individuals) and its specialist thrips pollinator, Cycadothrips chadwicki. (sciencemag.org)
  • Pollination syndromes are suites of flower traits that have evolved in response to natural selection imposed by different pollen vectors, which can be abiotic (wind and water) or biotic, such as birds, bees, flies, and so forth. (wikipedia.org)
  • This is called abiotic pollination. (proflowers.com)
  • Pondering all the forms of pollination (biotic & abiotic) in the context of the definition for 'Biological Process' (broad biological goals, such as mitosis or purine metabolism, that are accomplished by ordered assemblies of molecular functions) I too would exclude all forms of pollination from the biol. (stanford.edu)
  • Pollination may be abiotic , where pollination occurs without the involvement of other organisms, or biotic , where other organisms called pollinators transport the pollen grains from the anther to the pistil. (honeybeecentre.com)
  • In some cases, wild bees do not appear to contribute much to crop pollination, with honeybees doing most of the work. (sfu.ca)
  • Without an alternative pollination solution to reduce the dependency on honeybees in the coming years, food prices might climb sharply, and supply might not meet the growing demand. (beeculture.com)
  • As a result, the business of honeybee pollination services has developed throughout many parts of the world, where a beekeeper can rent a colony of honeybees to a farmer for the bloom season, which is typically 4 weeks long. (honeybeecentre.com)
  • Globally, 87 of major food crops depend on animal pollination. (bijensterfte.nl)
  • More than 30% of our plant-based food supply depends on animal pollination, which had an estimated economic value of $361 billion in 2007. (thenakedscientists.com)
  • Almond Pollination Company filed as an Articles of Incorporation in the State of California and is no longer active . (corporationwiki.com)
  • These addresses are known to be associated with Almond Pollination Company however they may be inactive or mailing addresses only. (corporationwiki.com)
  • Of the world's 115 most important food crops, 87 require pollination to produce fruits, nuts and seeds. (honeybeecentre.com)
  • Achieving maximum pollination is necessary for optimum yield" [ 15 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Our Natupol solutions guarantee maximum pollination, even under difficult conditions. (koppert.com)
  • Winder and Silva [ 18 ] have observed that in order to enhance knowledge on natural pollination and hence the crop yield, the characteristics of the cocoa tree and its flowers must be considered. (hindawi.com)
  • Natural pollination using bumblebees (Bombus impatiens) is an effective way of increasing profits and reducing labor costs. (buglogical.com)
  • This is a gray area for me in that I think it can be argued that cleistogamy involves processes 'that are accomplished by ordered assemblies of molecular functions' within the plant's genome which achieves pollination. (stanford.edu)
  • The orchid resembles a female miner bee and exudes the same sex pheromone to seduce the male bee into "pseudocopulation" with the flower, an act which also achieves pollination. (theguardian.com)
  • Pollination , transfer of pollen grains from the stamens , the flower parts that produce them, to the ovule-bearing organs or to the ovules (seed precursors) themselves. (britannica.com)
  • Pollination is the transfer of pollen from a stamen to a pistil. (mbgnet.net)
  • In angiosperms, pollination is defined as the placement or transfer of pollen from the anther to the stigma of the same flower or another flower. (oercommons.org)
  • It also indicates a probable ancient origin of beetle pollination of cycads at least in the early stage of the Jurassic, some 176 million years ago, long before flowering-plant dominance and the radiation of their pollinators such as bees and butterflies later in the Cretaceous. (eurekalert.org)
  • For example, a Madagascar orchid, Angraecum sesquipedale , with a nectar receptacle 20 to 35 cm (8 to 14 inches) long, depends for its pollination exclusively on the local race of a hawkmoth, Xanthopan morganii , which has a proboscis of 22.5 cm (9 inches). (britannica.com)
  • We suppose that nectar may play a role in attracting pollinators determining their right position for a successful pollination. (mendeley.com)
  • This method of pollination does not require an investment from the plant to provide nectar and pollen as food for pollinators. (oercommons.org)
  • There were some results available about pollination increasing not just yield, but also crop quality. (supermarketguru.com)
  • The decreased number of kernels that fill is likely to be a primary yield barrier in fields under stress during pollination. (agweb.com)
  • In a blueberry crop, for example, the fruit yield can increase by as much as 50% from honeybee pollination. (honeybeecentre.com)
  • Some varieties of apples are sterile and cannot be used for pollination with any variety. (gardenguides.com)
  • Researchers looked at strawberries as a model system, setting up a field experiment with nine commercially important strawberry varieties and then accessing the influence of self, wind and bee pollination on crop quantity, quality, shelf life and market value. (supermarketguru.com)
  • Most varieties were made a more intense red color through the process of bee pollination as compared to fruits resulting from wind and self-pollination. (supermarketguru.com)
  • In addition, bee pollination was much more efficient than the other methods, resulting in a higher number of fertilized achenes (seeds) per fruit across all varieties - bee pollination increased the average number of fertilized achenes about 26.8 % compared with wind pollination and about 61.7 % compared with self-pollination. (supermarketguru.com)
  • Continuing with our Seeds of Life series , Willamette Valley organic seed breeder, Frank Morton , explains the benefits of open pollination in plant breeding, and the important role for farmers in the selection process to continually improve plant varieties for better local adaptation. (freshthemovie.com)
  • Non-woven polyester pollination bags are often used in plant breeding programmes associated with forestry, fruit breeding and some wind pollinated crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bee pollination is more crucial to fruit quality than originally thought. (supermarketguru.com)
  • Bee pollination is more crucial to fruit quality than originally thought, according to a recent study from Göttingen University in Germany and published in Proceedings of the Royal Society . (supermarketguru.com)
  • Pollination usually influences seed set and fruit set, which is often correlated to quality traits. (supermarketguru.com)
  • Some authors [ 6 , 7 ] argued that the spatial arrangement of staminodes around the style of the cocoa flower affects pollination success and hence may limit fruit set. (hindawi.com)
  • The fact that style pollination generally results in more fruit set than stigma pollination makes the ceratopogonid midges efficient pollinating candidates [ 14 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Five major fruit crops (apple, almond, avocado, blueberry and cranberry) are reliant on insect pollination. (honeybeecentre.com)
  • MSU Extension field educators and campus specialists that work with Michigan fruit and vegetable crops and beekeepers will post upcoming meeting information, research updates and pertinent and practical information about pollinators, pollination and beekeeping at this page. (msu.edu)
  • The aviary is a marked contrast to the lovely Pollination Garden outside, where butterflies and bees float and drone peacefully between blossoms. (desertmuseum.org)
  • All other plans compromise some degree of pollination efficiency in favor of convenience at harvest. (uga.edu)
  • More than just a biological curiosity, the discovery could open the door to advances in areas ranging from improving the efficiency of certain crop pollination to better understanding muscular stress and the development of miniature flying robots. (eurekalert.org)
  • Why is Pollination Important for Native Wildflowers? (fed.us)