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  • 2018
  • For more information on this story, visit www.rte.ie/news/2018/0219/941718-plastics . (rte.ie)
  • President Barack Obama Monday signed into law a bill phasing out the manufacture of facewash, toothpaste and shampoo containing plastic microbeads by July 1, 2017 and the sale of these products by July 1, 2018. (e-info.org.tw)
  • As of 2018, about 380 million tons of plastic is produced worldwide each year. (wikipedia.org)
  • From the 1950s up to 2018, an estimated 6.3 billion tons of plastic has been produced worldwide, of which an estimated 9% has been recycled and another 12% has been incinerated. (wikipedia.org)
  • ingestion
  • 2014 Rochman, CM, Kurobe, T, Flores, I, Teh, SJ Early warning signs of endocrine disruption in adult fish from the ingestion of polyethylene with and without sorbed chemical pollutants from the marine environment. (ucdavis.edu)
  • Our fish are dying from plastics ingestion or strangulation, it's a task in which everyone must collaborate," she said in a speech in the surfing resort of Pichilemu, 120 miles (200 kilometers) southwest of the capital Santiago. (phys.org)
  • The whale had died from massive plastic ingestion. (wavetribe.com)
  • This project, Ingestion of plastic by fish: a comparison of Thames Estuary and Firth of Clyde populations , was partly supported by the University of London Sheina Marshall Memorial Fund. (fis.com)
  • Micro-Plastics
  • Fish are swallowing micro plastics, which are fragments of larger plastic items or those found in beauty products such as facial scrubs. (rte.ie)
  • Last October, we met Dr. Anne Marie Mahon, from the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, who talked to us about her research into micro plastics in our environment ( click here to find out more and listen back to that interview). (rte.ie)
  • The deep water fish which were studied are also prey for fish destined for human consumption, and the one question everyone is now asking is: could micro plastics and toxins be transferred, and pose a threat to our own human health? (rte.ie)
  • To discuss the scale of the plastic problem, it's implications, and the solutions, we're joined in studio by zoologist Dr. Richard Collins, marine scientist Dr. Ken Whelan, Professor Kevin O'Connor (Associate Professor of the School of Biomolecular and Biomed Science at UCD), and from our Cork studios by Dr. Tom Doyle who, with Alina Wieczorek, co-authored the study into micro plastics in fish at the Ryan Institute at NUI Galway. (rte.ie)
  • Bluewater serves water purified of micro plastics and other contaminants from a unique public drinking water dispenser that battles the need for single use plastic bottles of water at the opening of the world's first plastic-free metro supermarket in Amsterdam. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • Mega- and micro plastics have accumulated in highest densities in the Northern Hemisphere, concentrated around urban centers and water fronts. (wikipedia.org)
  • turtles
  • Bonnell has caught a lot of big fish, including tuna and sharks, but said seeing the turtles was one of his favourite marine experiences. (cbc.ca)
  • world's
  • 14 miles off the coast of the Netherlands, Boyan Slat is conducting an experiment to rid the world's waters of plastic trash. (pbs.org)
  • polystyrene
  • Coffee shops choose to not offer either single-use plastic stirs or creamers, avoid polystyrene and choose reusable plastics, and offer rewards for customers that bring their reusable mug or cup. (greenpeace.org)
  • Swedish researchers compared two tanks full of European perch: one with clean water, and one with high concentrations of polystyrene, a plastic pollutant. (newser.com)
  • toxic
  • These toxic substances may then transfer to the tissue of fish that mistake microbeads for food. (e-info.org.tw)
  • if fish are feasting on these toxic morsels, then we probably are too. (newscientist.com)
  • Confirming that distinction would suggest that fish are indeed consuming toxic morsels. (newscientist.com)
  • Toxic plastic is wreaking havoc on marine life - and University of Queensland researchers fear it could be making its way up the food chain and ending up on our dinner plates. (phys.org)
  • Studies have demonstrated plastics' tendency to sorb (take up) persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic substances, which are present in trace quantities in almost all water bodies. (nih.gov)
  • bags
  • I was 16-years-old, and I was diving in Greece, and then suddenly I realized I came across more plastic bags than fish. (pbs.org)
  • Just last month, we brought you the tragic story of the Cuvier's Beaked Whale, recovered from the waters off Bergen in Norway, who had died from ingesting plastic bags, mistaking them for food and completely blocking its digestive system. (rte.ie)
  • The whale vomited up five plastic bags during the rescue attempt. (nationalgeographic.co.uk)
  • Experts say the whale most likely mistook the plastic bags as food. (nationalgeographic.co.uk)
  • Last month, the Bangkok Post reported the Thai government was considering putting a tax on plastic shopping bags to cut down on plastic consumption and pollution . (nationalgeographic.co.uk)
  • Chile's President Michelle Bachelet signed a bill Wednesday that seeks to ban plastic bags in more than 100 coastal areas in a bid to halt the accumulation of ocean plastic. (phys.org)
  • In addition to banning the use of plastic bags in 102 coastal villages and towns, the bill will also allow non-coastal areas to join in the project to restrict or eliminate their use. (phys.org)
  • The World Wildlife Fund said the move "marks a very important milestone for Chile and opens the door for the whole country to say goodbye to plastic bags . (phys.org)
  • AP)-The government of India's capital is hoping that a strict ban on plastic bags will help the environment. (phys.org)
  • Sri Lanka banned plastic bags and other disposable products on Friday after the collapse of the island's biggest dump led to a rubbish disposal crisis. (phys.org)
  • Norwegian zoologists have found about 30 plastic bags and other plastic waste in the stomach of a beaked whale that had beached on a southwestern Norway coast. (phys.org)
  • A ban on plastic bags came into force in Kenya on Monday in a bid to slow pollution, with offenders liable to jail time or hefty fines. (phys.org)
  • Take your own reusable bags to the grocery store instead of using plastic bags. (isfoundation.com)
  • According to UNEP, the world uses 500 billion plastic bags and, in the last decade, produced more plastic than the whole of the 20th century. (hindustantimes.com)
  • bottles
  • The problem with plastic water bottles just appeared to get a lot worse! (mynewsdesk.com)
  • As Volvo Ocean Race visits Auckland, official water provider Bluewater ensures visitors enjoy water as pure as nature intended and helps avoid the use of throwaway plastic bottles. (mynewsdesk.com)
  • And that figure doesn't even include our wasteful use of plastic bottles . (wavetribe.com)
  • According to UNEP, a million plastic bottles are consumed every minute in the world and Indians are major consumers. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Scottish startup is planning to release milk bottles made from an antimicrobial, biodegradable plastic alternative derived from crustacean shells. (springwise.com)
  • Plastic pollution is the accumulation of plastic objects(e.g.: plastic bottles and much more) in the Earth's environment that adversely affects wildlife , wildlife habitat and humans. (wikipedia.org)
  • ocean
  • The study, published in the journal Marine Ecology Progress Series , came to this conclusion by traveling hundreds of miles throughout the north Pacific Ocean testing fish along the way. (treehugger.com)
  • Rotating ocean currents suck plastic and other trash into concentrated areas- one of the largest is the so-called "Great Pacific Garbage Patch" located between hawaii and california. (pbs.org)
  • Ocean garbage patches are vast but dispersed making it difficult to collect or even see the plastic. (pbs.org)
  • Last year, "the ocean cleanup" deployed 30 vessels to map more than 1 million square miles of the pacific ocean and collect data on plastics. (pbs.org)
  • In other words, Slat wondered if the same ocean currents that pushed the plastic deep into the ocean could be harnessed to clean it up. (pbs.org)
  • Slat came up with the idea to anchor a structure to the ocean floor similar to an oil rig - a passive barrier that could trap plastics. (pbs.org)
  • Together with Bonnie Monteleone (founder of the Plastic Ocean Project ) and a few friends, I started a Plastic Ocean Project chapter at UNCW. (greenpeace.org)
  • Plastic Ocean Project member surveying the beach for plastics and trash. (greenpeace.org)
  • To tackle the rising use of single-use coffee cups and plastic lids, we created the Green Bean initiative , which encourages local coffee shops to become more ocean friendly. (greenpeace.org)
  • Earlier this month, the Plastic Ocean Project partnered with Greenpeace to organize a brand audit and massive cleanup of Wrightsville Beach. (greenpeace.org)
  • How much plastic can YOU fish out of the ocean? (greenpeace.org)
  • Not only are we tackling the problem on land, the Plastic Ocean Project has hosted a number of Fishing4Plastic tournaments. (greenpeace.org)
  • What drew me to the Plastic Ocean Project was not only its three-fold mission: education through research, outreach through art, and solutions through innovation but also all of the amazing people who are a part of and support this organization. (greenpeace.org)
  • Different kinds of plastic may be suspended at different depths - a dreadful rainbow of rubbish spanning the ocean from top to bottom - but no one has done the research to find out. (newscientist.com)
  • Plastic in the ocean would not be so worrisome if only certain areas were polluted, but it appears to travel everywhere. (newscientist.com)
  • all our plastic waste meets and circulates in the gyrating wastes of the ocean. (newscientist.com)
  • Ocean plastic is choking wildlife, but it took 30 years for the subject to reach the headlines. (kismetgirls.com)
  • Why Is Plastic Bad For The Ocean? (wavetribe.com)
  • That's equivalent to throwing a garbage truck's load of plastic into the ocean every minute. (wavetribe.com)
  • Around eighty percent of the plastic litter we find in the ocean originates in the land. (wavetribe.com)
  • The entire ocean becomes a humongous trash bin of our plastic waste simply because we don't know how to dispose of it properly. (wavetribe.com)
  • So Is This Why Plastic Is Bad For The Ocean? (wavetribe.com)
  • There has been a growing of public awareness of plastics found in the ocean environment. (carleton.edu)
  • Plastics are found at the top and within the water column, in ocean floor sediments, and within beach material. (carleton.edu)
  • This activity will demonstrate the ease of movement of plastics from your home directly into the ocean environment. (carleton.edu)
  • And there's a lot of plastic out there in the open ocean. (kvnf.org)
  • It is composed of microbes that live on floating pieces of plastic floating on the ocean. (science20.com)
  • This "Plastisphere" of microbial organisms living on ocean plastic that was first discovered last year and it is now getting studied. (science20.com)
  • That information could also help reduce the impact of plastic pollution in the ocean - for instance, if plastics manufacturers learned how to make their products so they degrade at an optimal rate, Mincer said. (science20.com)
  • gyres
  • What 5 Gyres researchers are currently investigating, however, is whether surface-feeding fish are ingesting plastic - and if so, what that does to them. (newscientist.com)
  • Those gyres, Hume told Gross, contain "plastic that has been weathered and broken down by the elements into these little bits, and it's getting into the food chain. (kvnf.org)
  • pellets
  • Thompson and his associates found that plastic pellets from both domestic and industrial sources were being broken down into much smaller plastic pieces, some having a diameter smaller than human hair. (wikipedia.org)
  • Small plastic pellets known as nurdles are used as a feedstock for producing plastic goods. (nih.gov)
  • researchers
  • This is 9 percent of fish found in the north Pacific, according to researchers at the University of California, San Diego. (treehugger.com)
  • Researchers found that the fish had ingested two pieces of plastic each on average. (fis.com)
  • Researchers then dissected and examined the fish at a lab. (fis.com)
  • Newser) - Fish are getting hooked on plastic that's making them 'smaller, slower, and more stupid,' say researchers behind a new study at Science . (newser.com)
  • Researchers are presently exploring the effects of plastic-presence in smaller organisms such as fish, worms, bivalves, and ctenophores. (carleton.edu)
  • When researchers first examined the Plastisphere, they found at least 1,000 different types of microbes living on the tiny plastic islands, and worried that they might pose a risk to larger animals, including invertebrates and humans. (science20.com)
  • eaten
  • They found that 73% of deep water fish have eaten plastics. (rte.ie)
  • In the other tank, just 81% of eggs hatched-revealing smaller, less physically active fish, per the Washington Post -and all were eaten by predators in their first day. (newser.com)
  • pollutants
  • these include clogging their guts, creating false-cessation, and POSSIBLY transferring pollutants adsorbed to the plastic. (carleton.edu)
  • But mercury is just one of a slew of synthetic and organic pollutants that fish can ingest and absorb into their tissue. (kvnf.org)
  • One group of medaka got regular fish food, one group got a diet that was 10 percent "clean" plastic (with no pollutants) and a third group got a diet with 10 percent plastic that had been soaking in the San Diego Bay for several months. (kvnf.org)
  • When they tested the fish two months later, they found that the ones on the marine plastic diet had much higher levels of persistent organic pollutants. (kvnf.org)
  • microbeads
  • Microbeads are synthetic plastic polymers that can be generally found in facial scrubs, soaps, some toothpastes and other household items. (edu.in)
  • The people consuming fish will also be consuming microbeads. (edu.in)
  • There should ideally be a complete ban on synthetic plastic microbeads from all cosmetics and all other personal care products. (edu.in)
  • The types of plastic most commonly used as microbeads are: polyethylene, polymethyl methacrylate, nylon polyethylene terephthalate and polypropylene. (e-info.org.tw)
  • found
  • But if there was ever a true watershed moment in our awareness of just how serious an issue plastic has become, then it came last Monday and once again it was from Galway, when an NUIG study found that a huge 73% of deep-sea fish have ingested plastic. (rte.ie)
  • Their study, conducted in the northwest Atlantic, recorded one of the highest percentages of plastic yet found in fish on the planet, and was reported widely across the world. (rte.ie)
  • The day after that NUIG research was published, revealing one of the highest frequencies of plastic found in fish anywhere - ever - a new report was presented at London's Royal Geographical Society. (rte.ie)
  • A recent study found that one-quarter of fish purchased at California markets had ingested plastic. (e-info.org.tw)
  • Students will explore the typical products which contain plastics and learn how to calculate the concentration of plastics found in a chosen personal care product. (carleton.edu)
  • The war against plastics has found a new target - disposable toothbrushes. (springwise.com)
  • Fishing-related items are more likely to be found around remote islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • food chain
  • Their presence in fish highlights their presence in the food chain which again harms marine animals. (edu.in)
  • The amount of plastic ingested by fish becomes a part of the food chain. (edu.in)
  • That danger is not only confined to the creature that eats the litter, as the food chain can transfer this plastic back to us. (rte.ie)
  • She studies how plastic works its way into the food chain, from tiny plankton to fish larvae to fish, including fish we eat. (kcur.org)
  • At the junction of these two lines of inquiry is an emerging third field that is in many ways even more complex and less well understood: investigating human exposures to and potential health effects of plastics that have entered the marine food chain. (nih.gov)
  • pieces
  • Just over 9 percent of the fish caught during the expedition had small pieces of plastic in their stomachs. (treehugger.com)
  • That's why it's critical to capture the large pieces of plastic before they break down. (pbs.org)
  • The team discovered more and larger pieces of plastic than expected. (pbs.org)
  • Together we removed thousands of pieces of plastic from a mile stretch of beach. (greenpeace.org)
  • As the larger pieces of plastic break down they mimic the size, shape and texture of natural food,' said Charles Moore, the founder of Algalita and an author of the study. (fis.com)
  • Cigarette filters are made from cellulose acetate, a plastic that can break into smaller pieces, but will never biodegrade or disappear. (no-smoke.org)
  • Instead, what happens is that plastic breaks down into smaller and smaller pieces through the process of photodegradation . (wavetribe.com)
  • Rochman's scientific team drops a net into a stream in Toronto to collect tiny floating pieces of plastic. (kcur.org)
  • Microdebris are plastic pieces between 2 mm and 5 mm in size. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasticizers
  • Section 2 reviews the migration and degradation of plasticizers (phthalates), additives (organotin compounds and nonylphenols (NP)) and monomers (BPA), while §3 focuses on landfill leachate as a source of plastics-derived endocrine-disrupting compounds. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • inland
  • But the fact that they are small contributes to their presence in fish and inland and coastal habitats. (edu.in)
  • ocean's
  • These are events where we partner with charter fishermen to take volunteers offshore to collect hundreds of pounds of plastic from the ocean's surface. (greenpeace.org)
  • bits
  • We're looking and it's, like, basically a soup of confetti, of tiny little plastic bits everywhere," she remembers. (kcur.org)
  • They work quickly, filling a jar with bits of plastic. (kcur.org)
  • litter
  • In India, plastic litter is everywhere from beaches to mountains because people do not think twice before dumping it. (hindustantimes.com)
  • Therefore the amount of plastic litter polluting our beautiful blue planet will dramatically escalate over the coming years. (fis.com)
  • small
  • These findings are undoubtedly disturbing but they only include a small piece of the plastic pie. (treehugger.com)
  • So we see our operations as a way to intercept the big plastics before it becomes very small, tiny, millimeter-size plastics. (pbs.org)
  • On Friday, a harp seal pup washed ashore with a small plastic film in its gut, a rare case because seals generally don't mistake plastic for food. (nationalgeographic.co.uk)
  • Nurdles are recycled to make new plastic items, but they easily end up released into the environment during production because of their small size. (wikipedia.org)
  • endocrine
  • Plastics are considered to be biochemically inert materials that do not interact with the endocrine system because of their large molecular size, which prohibits their penetration through the cell membrane. (royalsocietypublishing.org)