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  • kinetics
  • The experimental results are supported by numerical modelling in order to unravel the kinetics and energy balance of the plasma with the goal of improving the energy efficiency of the process. (mpg.de)
  • This book will be very useful to all scientists and graduate students interested in plasma physics, plasma chemistry, physics of the ionosphere, chemistry and optics of the atmosphere, non-equilibrium aerodynamics and physical-chemical kinetics. (springer.com)
  • hydrogen
  • The sporicidal efficacy of commercial vapour-plasma sterilisers using hydrogen peroxide is mainly due to the chemical effect of the hydrogen peroxide vapour during the diffusion phase, while the plasma phase has a detoxifying nature. (compamed-tradefair.com)
  • Degradation of tin-doped indium-oxide film in hydrogen and argon plasma. (ebscohost.com)
  • Investigates the degradation of tin-doped indium-oxide (ITO) thin films in glow-discharge plasmas of hydrogen and argon. (ebscohost.com)
  • Micro plasmatron fuel converters can be used for onboard generation of hydrogen-rich gas by partial oxidation of a wide range of fuels. (sae.org)
  • The tests were performed with and without hydrogen-rich gas produced by the plasma boosted fuel converter with gasoline. (sae.org)
  • An advantage of onboard plasma- boosted generation of hydrogen-rich gas is that it is used only when required and can be readily turned on and off. (sae.org)
  • Substantial NOx reduction should also be obtainable by heavy exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) facilitated by use of hydrogen-rich gas with stoichiometric operation. (sae.org)
  • Experimental Evaluation of SI Engine Operation Supplemented by Hydrogen Rich Gas from a Compact Plasma Boosted Reformer," SAE Technical Paper 2000-01-2206, 2000, https://doi.org/10.4271/2000-01-2206 . (sae.org)
  • A method of etching silicon using a plasma generated from a gas comprising fluorine (F), oxygen (O), hydrogen (H) and carbon (C). (google.com)
  • 4. The method of claim 1 , wherein said third gas comprising carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) is selected from the group consisting of CHF 3 , CH 2 F 2 , and CH 3 F. (google.com)
  • 6. The method of claim 1 wherein the first gas comprising fluorine (F) and the third gas comprising carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) are present in said chamber in a ratio greater than about 1.5:1. (google.com)
  • 7. The method of claim 1 wherein the third gas comprising carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) further comprises fluorine (F). (google.com)
  • Reactor
  • A typical configuration (Fig. 1) is improved upon (Fig. 2) by using various hole and manifold diameters, arrangements and configurations to distribute the entering gases 2 uniformly in the reactor 3. (ip.com)
  • argon
  • Elements with a first ionization potential close to or higher than that of argon, which is commonly used as discharge gas in GD-MS analysis, are ionized with small efficiency only. (ebscohost.com)
  • This was not possible when pure argon alone was used as discharge gas. (ebscohost.com)
  • The effect of gas humidity and composition on shock wave splitting in the plasma of a decaying glow discharge is investigated in dried and moist air, nitrogen, and argon over various time periods after the discharge termination. (ebscohost.com)
  • This general effect is explored in detail for the case of yttrium ablation into argon, a single-element target into an inert gas. (unt.edu)
  • The purpose of this study is to use transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) to determine the incidence, severity, and clinical significance of gas bubbles during argon plasma coagulation (APC). (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • oxygen
  • The sample of oxygen gas is contained in a borosilicate vial, around which is wrapped silver-coated copper wires. (sciencephoto.com)
  • 3. The method of claim 1 , wherein said second gas comprising oxygen (O) is selected from the group consisting of O 2 and CO 2 . (google.com)
  • Kim, D. S., Park, Y. S., 2011c, Optimization of air-plasma and oxygen-plasma process for water treatment using central composite design and response surface methodology, Journal of the Environmental Sciences, 20(7), 907-917. (koreascience.or.kr)
  • spectroscopy
  • The instrumental improvement and conditions for reactive immobilization of small molecules are discussed.The surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) was used to gain structure-specific bonding information for polyatomic cations and molecules soft-landed on plasma-treated silver substrates. (washington.edu)
  • application
  • Equally widely used are novel surgical methods for the management of chronic tonsillitis including modern variants of peritonsillar tissue dissection techniques based on the application of electric current, radiowaves, laser and ultrasound radiation, cryogenic factors and cold-plasma, etc. (curehunter.com)
  • liquid
  • Ionized gases, consisting of free electrons and ionized atoms or molecules which collectively behave differently than gas, solid, or liquid. (curehunter.com)
  • Covering gas, liquid as well as gas/liquid systems, the book includes topics from water treatment, VOC removal and syngas production. (wiley-vch.de)
  • and igniting the ionizable media at the plasma device sufficient to form a plasma effluent in the presence of the liquid at the distal portion, whereby the plasma effluent reacts with the liquid to form at least one reactive species that interacts selectively with foreign matter disposed on the tooth. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • species
  • Charged species dynamics in an inductively coupled Ar/SF[sub plasma discharge. (ebscohost.com)
  • In this article, a combination of computational modeling and experimental diagnostics has been utilized to understand charged species dynamics in an inductively coupled Ar/SF[sub plasma discharge. (ebscohost.com)
  • Capacity
  • As there is Vapour- Hydogen - Plasma-Sterilisation since several years on the markets, the capacity of these machines was to low for industrial purposes. (compamed-tradefair.com)
  • precursor
  • X-wind model or nebular shock fronts, where precursor grains are heated by collisions with gas. (open.ac.uk)
  • large gas
  • APC will be terminated if gas bubbles are associated with ischemic heart rhythms, wall motion abnormalities, or if large gas bubbles are noted in the left ventricle. (clinicaltrials.gov)
  • Type
  • In this study, the functional gradient zirconia coating was formed by a gas tunnel type plasma spraying. (nii.ac.jp)
  • 1) In a short distance spraying, a high hardness zirconia coating was obtained by the gas tunnel type plasma spraying as well as the case of alumina coating. (nii.ac.jp)
  • This layr had a higher wear resistance than that of the conventional type plasma spraying. (nii.ac.jp)
  • 4) The formation mechanism of sprayd coating by gas tunnel type plasma spraying was discussed theoretically. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] Akira Kobayashi: 'Wear Resistance of Zirconia Coating by Gas Tunnel Type Plasma Spraying' Trans of JWRI. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Publications] A.Kobayashi: ''Gradueted Performance of Zirconia Coating Produced by Gas Tunnel Type Plasma Spraying'' Hybrid-Functionality Materials by Plasma Spraying. (nii.ac.jp)
  • wherein
  • 2. The method of claim 1 , wherein said first gas comprising fluorine (F) is selected from the group consisting of SF 6 , NF 3 , and CF 4 . (google.com)
  • 5. The method of claim 1 wherein the first gas comprises approximately 10 to 100 sccm of SF 6 , the second gas comprises approximately 10 to 100 sccm of O 2 , and the third gas comprises approximately 1 to 100 sccm of CH 2 F 2 . (google.com)
  • 15. The method of claim 13 , wherein a gas pressure within said chamber is between about 4 to 100 mtorr. (google.com)
  • 5. A method according to claim 1, wherein the plasma device includes an electrode formed from a metal alloy and a dielectric layer covering the electrode, the dielectric layer including a distal portion extending distally past a distal end of the electrode by a predetermined distance. (patentsencyclopedia.com)
  • surface
  • A new term, reactive landing, is introduced to cover ion-surface collisions that result in surface immobilization of the impacting ion but without significant damage.Soft and reactive landing on a plasma-treated metal surface of multiply protonated protein ions results in a substantial retention of protein function, as demonstrated for trypsin and streptavidin. (washington.edu)
  • A mechanism is proposed to explain nondestructive protein ion discharge on the surface that considers proton migration from the soft-landed cations to the metal oxide layer and metal ion reduction by electron transfer from the bulk metal.Soft landing of singly charged gas-phase ions on dry metal surfaces that were pretreated by plasma results in 0.1-6% total yields of recovered intact compounds. (washington.edu)
  • formation
  • Publications] A.Kobayashi: ''Formation of Hybrid-Functionality Materials by High Energy Plasma Spraying'' Hydrid-Functionality Materials by Plasma Spraying. (nii.ac.jp)
  • discharge
  • Optical Characteristics of the Plasma of a Glow Discharge in a He/H[sub Mixture. (ebscohost.com)
  • The emission from the plasma of a steady-state electric discharge in a He/H[sub mixture in the wavelength range 130�670 nm is investigated. (ebscohost.com)
  • A dip in the plasma emission intensity in the initial stage of the discharge (the so-called 'dark phase') is observed. (ebscohost.com)
  • A high-voltage electric current (35 milliamps at 2000 volts) is passed across the wires, producing the electric discharge plasma and glow seen here. (sciencephoto.com)
  • There are many naturally-occurring events and man-made products related to gas plasma, including aurora, thunderstorms, high-intensity discharge headlamp bulbs, oxonizers, semiconductors, and solar battery panels. (ebook-dl.com)
  • Surfaces
  • The presented dissertation describes in-situ plasma oxidized dry metal surfaces as novel and advantageous collection targets (plates) for soft landing experiments. (washington.edu)
  • flow
  • Non-uniform etch rates for plasma desmearing of throughholes in printed circuit boards that are caused by a non-uniform flow pattern can be corrected by the addition of a multi-holed distribution manifold 1 to the gas inlet 2. (ip.com)
  • range
  • The CISA plasma sterilizer range is the only one that is able to show the potential to sterilise the full length of longer flexible endoscope channels. (bescorporate.net)
  • Under typical PLD conditions involving background gases, the ion flux in the ablation plume is observed to split into distinct fast and slow components over a limited range of distances. (unt.edu)