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  • ions
  • Artist's rendition of the Earth's plasma fountain , showing oxygen, helium, and hydrogen ions that gush into space from regions near the Earth's poles. (wikipedia.org)
  • In order to explain the concept of plasma oscillations, it is useful to consider the motion of the center of masses of the electrons and of the ions (rather than the motion of all the individual particles). (everything2.com)
  • The single particle model describes the plasma as individual electrons and ions moving in imposed (rather than self-consistent) electric and magnetic fields. (wikipedia.org)
  • A plasma channel can be formed in these ways: With a high-powered laser that operates at a certain frequency that will provide enough energy for an atmospheric gas to break into its ions, or form a plasma, such as in a Laser-Induced Plasma Channel, for example in an electrolaser. (wikipedia.org)
  • Langmuir described the plasma he observed as follows: "Except near the electrodes, where there are sheaths containing very few electrons, the ionised gas contains ions and electrons in about equal numbers so that the resultant space charge is very small. (wikipedia.org)
  • extracellular
  • this makes plasma the extracellular matrix of blood cells. (wikipedia.org)
  • The water of the plasma is freely exchangeable with that of body cells and other extracellular fluids and is available to maintain the normal state of hydration of all tissues. (britannica.com)
  • The principal difference between the plasma and the extracellular fluid of the tissues is the high protein content of the plasma. (britannica.com)
  • Plasma protein exerts an osmotic effect by which water tends to move from other extracellular fluid to the plasma. (britannica.com)
  • high
  • Natural food supplements with high flavonoid content are often claimed to promote weight-loss and lower plasma cholesterol in animal studies, but human studies have been more equivocal. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Since B cell maturation also involves somatic hypermutation (a process completed before differentiation into a plasma cell), these antibodies frequently have a very high affinity for their antigen. (wikipedia.org)
  • Pulsed atmospheric arc technology improves the arc stability at low electric currents, maximizes the discharge volume, and together with it the production of reactive species for plasma activation, while at the same time reducing the size of the driving high voltage electronics. (wikipedia.org)
  • A series of high voltage spark gaps were used to generate UV radiation, which creates plasma via photoionization in a waveguide. (wikipedia.org)
  • No matter how much funding has been invested and the number of various private claims of a high induced speed, the maximum, average speed induced by plasma actuators on an atmospheric pressure conviction, without any assistant of mechanical amplifier (chamber, cavity etc.), is still less than 10 m/s. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some recent applications of plasma actuation include high-speed flow control using localized arc filament plasma actuators, and low-speed flow control using dielectric barrier discharges and sliding discharges. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plasma meets her end when the train crashes at a high rate of speed. (wikipedia.org)
  • hemoglobin
  • Although hemoglobin is not normally released into the plasma, a hemoglobin-binding protein ( haptoglobin ) is available to transport hemoglobin to the reticuloendothelial system should hemolysis (breakdown) of red cells occur. (britannica.com)
  • resistance
  • A plasma channel has a low electrical resistance and, once formed, will permit continuous current flow if the energy source that heats the plasma can be maintained. (wikipedia.org)
  • fundamental
  • The kinetic model is the most fundamental way to describe a plasma, resultantly producing a distribution function f ( x → , v → , t ) {\displaystyle f({\vec {x}},{\vec {v}},t)} where the independent variables x → {\displaystyle {\vec {x}}} and v → {\displaystyle {\vec {v}}} are position and velocity, respectively. (wikipedia.org)
  • Thus
  • Thus, plasma activation is simple, versatile and environmentally friendly. (wikipedia.org)
  • A portion of the syngas produced feeds on-site turbines, which power the plasma torches and thus support the feed system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Alfvén introduced the term ambiplasma for a plasma made up of matter and antimatter and the double layers are thus formed of ambiplasma. (wikipedia.org)