Loading...
  • botulinum toxin
  • Serum taken on the day of admission had tested negative for barbiturate and the residual serum from the 3 animals later tested negative for botulinum toxin. (scielo.org.za)
  • Colon and oesophageal content from the male at necropsy were positive for Clostridium botulinum toxin type C by the mouse bioassay neutralisation test, confirming that this male had had concomitant barbiturate toxicity and botulism, and had succumbed to aspiration bronchopneumonia secondary to pharyngeal, laryngeal and oesophageal paralysis and oesophageal impaction. (scielo.org.za)
  • Although ricin's lethal toxicity is approximately 1,000-fold less than that of botulinum toxin, ricin may have significance as a biological weapon because of its heat stability and worldwide availability, in massive quantities, as a by-product of castor oil production. (ukessays.com)
  • gene
  • The altered, toxin-resistant gene was more active in the gut, where cells would have to deal directly with the chemical assault. (philly.com)
  • Monsanto are about to introduce a new variety of sweet corn that includes the worst of both worlds: two types of Bt-toxin, and the Roundup Ready gene. (mercola.com)
  • The corn's DNA is equipped with a gene from soil bacteria called Bt ( Bacillus thuringiensis ) that produces the Bt-toxin. (mercola.com)
  • Part of plant defense strategy includes an active offense against invading microbes using an array of antimicrobial gene products. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Specific host-pathogen interaction models describing induced defense responses in plants have been greatly influenced in recent years by the gene-for-gene interactions originally reported by Flor (1956) . (plantphysiol.org)
  • In these specific host-pathogen interactions, resistance to a particular pathogen is conditional on the presence of a specific Avr (avirulence) gene of the pathogen and a specific R (resistance) gene (usually a single dominant gene) in the plant host. (plantphysiol.org)
  • We now understand that the Avr gene system of potential plant pathogens directly or indirectly provides a biochemical target for a plant surveillance system in which the R gene plays a central role. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Monsanto has fired back, stating they are not to blame for the development of GM eggplant, other than supplying their Cry1Ac gene, a type of Bt toxin. (mercola.com)
  • alkaloid
  • Other plants that cause alkaloid poisoning are Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum), bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis), pokeweed (Phytolacca americana), false hellebore (Veratrum woodii), Jimson weed (Datura stramonium) and lupines ( Lupinus spp. (mofga.org)
  • toxin is an acrid, volatile alkaloid that can cause skin to blister and can inflame the intestinal tract. (mofga.org)
  • Tubocurarine chloride ( curare ) another alkaloid found in the Chondrodendron tomentsosum plant, LD 50 of 33,200, oral. (everything2.com)
  • glycoside
  • The sap of the plant is milky and contains the deadly cardiotoxic glycoside ouabain which is used in arrow poisons, including those used for poaching elephant. (infobarrel.com)
  • found
  • Mistletoe is actually a parasitic plant that is found feeding on tree bark. (ehow.com)
  • Doctors at Sherbrooke University Hospital in Quebec found the corn's Bt-toxin in the blood of pregnant women and their babies, as well as in non-pregnant women. (mercola.com)
  • The Bt corn that was fed to these mice, MON 810, produced the same Bt-toxin that was found in the blood of women and fetuses. (mercola.com)
  • A growing concern for birds that is not related to toxic foods or agents found in foods is the practice of feeding table scraps. (backyardchickens.com)
  • It is distinct from the toxin found in E. coli strain 0157, responsible for the recent outbreak of food poisoning tied to spinach. (phys.org)
  • Bacteria were thought to be the only source of lipid A. However, R.L. Pardy, professor at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln, recently found a similar molecule in Chlorella, a single-celled relative of more advanced plants. (phys.org)
  • The group has now found lipid A in chloroplasts of garden pea plants as well as green algae, and Armstrong suspects that it is present in all higher plants with chloroplasts. (phys.org)
  • A study led by researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) has found that two key enzymes in plants called PAH1 and PAH2 are critical for survival and growth under nitrogen-depleted conditions. (phys.org)
  • In other instances, the toxins found on the surface of the plants itself can repel or even kill anything that tries to harm it. (infobarrel.com)
  • The toxin, namely Aconitine , which is abundant in the Aconitum Napellus is considered the most dangerous of the toxins found in the plant. (infobarrel.com)
  • naturally
  • Some types of mushrooms or reef fish are such naturally toxic substances. (medindia.net)
  • A study in Israel showed that 29 % and 3 % of 39 golden jackals had naturally formed antibodies to botulinum toxins types C and D respectively, but red foxes and wolves were negative, suggesting that some wild carnivores do become exposed to the toxin subject to various factors including eating habits 26 . (scielo.org.za)
  • insects
  • The mutation allows the insects to make an alternative version the toxin can't affect. (philly.com)
  • Kronforst said he's studying the way toxic insects evolve distinctive "warning" colors, allowing predators to learn to avoid them. (philly.com)
  • And where you find toxic insects with warning colors, he said, you often find nontoxic "mimics" that adopt the same colors and avoid being eaten themselves. (philly.com)
  • Insects that process harmful toxins without damaging their own cells have a survival advantage. (eurekalert.org)
  • And while specialist insects share an obvious history with their host plants, the new study suggests that generalist insects also may play an important role in the chemical arms race that drives plant-insect coevolution. (eurekalert.org)
  • pasture
  • Trematone remains active in hay and in the stalks of the dead plants on pasture. (merckvetmanual.com)
  • So any pasture management method that results in over grazing will encourage animals to eat plants they would normally avoid. (mofga.org)
  • Many pasture plants that are not normally toxic can accumulate nitrates under certain conditions. (mofga.org)
  • If animals eat only the tops and don't dig or pull up the tubers, they won't be affected - so again, regarding pasture management, don't push animals to eat plants they would prefer not to, but may eat only because they are hungry and have been in that paddock too long. (mofga.org)
  • Take extra care not to throw cuttings of these into the pasture, and avoid planting exotics or ornamentals along the fence if animals have any chance of reaching through the fence to nibble. (mofga.org)
  • consume
  • Because excess salt is excreted via the kidneys, a bird with mild to moderate kidney dysfunction may consume toxic doses of salt readily. (backyardchickens.com)
  • veterinary
  • As a veterinary toxicologist for the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center and a gardening enthusiast, I often give advice on planting pet-safe gardens and with the planting season in full force, it s important for all dog and cat owners to be extra vigilant about keeping dangerous plants out of their homes and gardens. (care2.com)
  • soil
  • It may be used to remove contaminants from soil, toxins from air or simply re-vegetate and stabilize a disturbed area. (botanyeveryday.com)
  • seeds
  • Suicide genes" are inserted into the DNA of GE plants in order to prevent their seeds from being viable for future use. (mercola.com)
  • New plants can grow any time, from seeds carried by wind or other vectors. (mofga.org)
  • Consumption of the young plant and seeds can cause digestive upset, nervousness and depression. (chron.com)
  • Larkspur Consumption of the young plant and seeds can. (chron.com)
  • American seed giant Monsanto and its Indian collaborator, Maharashtra Hybrid Seeds Company (Mahyco) are to be prosecuted for allegedly 'stealing' indigenous plant material for developing genetically modified brinjal variety known as Bt brinjal. (mercola.com)
  • The issue of granting intellectual property rights (IPRs) to life forms-such as seeds, plants, or animals-is a contentious one worldwide. (mercola.com)
  • Monsanto has long been trying to establish control over the seeds of the plants that produce food for the world, with little regard for farmers' rights or even basic levels of morality . (mercola.com)
  • The plant can be identified by its spotless white color flower and after blooming, small seeds with fluffy white tails are released to blow in the wind. (infobarrel.com)
  • This year I understand he was a speaker at the Seeds of Change Bioneers Conference in San Francisco, speaking about bioremediation using plants. (ibiblio.org)
  • thrive
  • You did not suddenly develop a new set of genetic instructions over the past 60+ years that allow your body to thrive on toxins and "not know what to do" with antioxidants! (mercola.com)
  • are popular plants, because they are generally easy to grow, can thrive in many conditions and produce gorgeous blooms. (care2.com)
  • glycosides
  • Plants containing cardiac glycosides include oleander ( Nerium oleander ), foxglove ( Digitalis purpurea ) and lily of the valley ( Convallaria majalis ). (care2.com)
  • photosynthesis
  • Lipid A, the core of endotoxin, is located in the chloroplasts, structures that carry out photosynthesis within plant cells. (phys.org)
  • butterflies
  • Butterflies help pollinate many flowering plants, even if more ostentatiously hardworking bees and wasps get the credit for this. (nwf.org)
  • common
  • These are pretty common as a potted indoor plant. (arizonapottery.com)
  • These are typically outdoor plants, but the popular and beloved lily of the valley is a common bouquet flower for weddings and holiday gatherings. (care2.com)
  • The Texas State Department of Health and the National Safety Council provides a list of the state's most common toxic plants. (chron.com)
  • Sequencing of the Arabidopsis genome -- the first higher plant to have its entire DNA sequence read -- revealed that the common lab plant has all the biochemical machinery to make lipid A, an observation that had gone largely unnoticed until now. (phys.org)
  • The common name for this plant is Wintersweet and some other time also known as Bushman's Poison . (infobarrel.com)
  • specifically
  • There are so many kinds of plants that do well indoors but today we are going to talk specifically about tropicals. (arizonapottery.com)
  • 1 (Specifically, the toxin was identified in 93% of 30 pregnant women, 80% of umbilical blood in their babies, and 67% of 39 non-pregnant women. (mercola.com)
  • Animals
  • The animals' health and condition will affect the potency and effects of certain toxins. (mofga.org)
  • For animals that can do so, vomiting - the first sign of poisoning - eliminates some of the toxin. (mofga.org)
  • For instance, a variety of plants have complex polymers that can inhibit digestibility in animals when ingested. (infobarrel.com)
  • amounts
  • If your animal ingests large amounts of the plant, he could suffer from convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias (irregular heartbeats). (care2.com)
  • pastures
  • Cockleburs occur throughout Illinois and the rest of the U.S. as stray plants in waste places, cornfields, pastures, and along roadsides, fencerows, stream banks, the beds of dry ponds, and previously flooded land along streams and rivers. (lsesc.net)
  • Also known as devil s trumpet, the Jimson weed ( Datura stramonium ) can be moderately toxic to cats and dogs and typically infests farmland and pastures . (care2.com)
  • Learn to identify the plants in your pastures. (mofga.org)
  • molecular
  • The molecular weight of LTNF is 63 kDa, and it does not form precipitation with venoms or toxins by immunodiffusion. (scielo.br)
  • Optimization of in vitro growth conditions of Pyrenophora teres for production of the phytotoxin aspergillomarasmine A". Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is still uncertain whether plant surveillance systems utilize molecular pattern recognition to identify pathogen challenges. (plantphysiol.org)
  • We've no idea what it's doing, but it must be something important because it's been retained for a billion years of evolution of plant chloroplasts," said Peter Armstrong, professor of molecular and cellular biology at UC Davis and senior author on the paper. (phys.org)
  • eaten
  • Mature plants, however, are seldom eaten, perhaps because of their bitterness and rough texture. (lsesc.net)
  • The quantity of the plant eaten will also affect the severity of the result. (mofga.org)
  • And the part of the plant eaten is significant. (mofga.org)
  • The stage of growth or form in which it is eaten can affect the toxicity of some plants. (mofga.org)
  • Further, many crackers, snack items, chips, fast foods, and canned vegetables (unrinsed) if eaten in sufficient quantities may actually be toxic to birds. (backyardchickens.com)
  • caterpillar
  • The bright stripes and bristles of this skipper butterfly caterpillar, Pyrrhopyge thericles warn predators that it packs a toxic punch, thanks to an exclusive diet of toxic plants of the. (eurekalert.org)
  • analytical
  • The analytical procedures, which are used to evaluate the toxins, are covered in such a way that the reader is able to carry them out mostly solely by following the detailed descriptions. (springer.com)
  • toxicity
  • The plant is most hazardous at the seedling stage because of its toxicity as well as palatability. (lsesc.net)
  • As plants develop past the seedling stage, their toxicity decreases. (lsesc.net)
  • poison contro
  • Of course it bears repeating that if you have small children or pets in your home you need to research or contact your poison control center to make sure that the plants you pot and place in your home are safe. (arizonapottery.com)
  • If you suspect your dog or cat has ingested a toxic plant, call the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center hotline at 888-426-4435 and contact your veterinarian. (care2.com)
  • known
  • The fruit of this plant is known as Bhilawan or the marking nut because its juice is used by dhobis (washermen) as marking ink on clothes. (santoshraut.com)
  • They also have on average 48 percent lower levels of cadmium, 7 a toxic metal and a known carcinogen-a clear bonus, if you ask me. (mercola.com)
  • stomach
  • All parts of this tree are toxic, causing upset stomach and if the foliage contacts your skin, it can result in rash or irritation. (ehow.com)