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  • Anabolic Steroids
  • Some of the treatments, such as anabolic steroids (testosterone) and insulin-like growth factor 1 (IFG-1), raise concerns about safety and effectiveness, said study co-author Andrea Graziani, PhD. He is a molecular biologist with the Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine and the Biotechnology Center for Applied Medical Research, University of Piemonte Orientale, Novara, Italy. (ironmagazine.com)
  • However, it is distinct from the action of anabolic steroids and IGF-1. (ironmagazine.com)
  • Arabidopsis
  • Working with Arabidopsis, a member of the cabbage family, a team led by Takeshi Nakano of the RIKEN Advanced Science Institute in Wako has identified a gene, BPG2, that encodes a previously uncharacterized protein expressed by chloroplasts, the power houses of plant cells where energy from sunlight is harvested by the green pigment chlorophyll and used to build sugars for growth. (innovations-report.com)
  • We performed a genome-wide analysis of genes that are direct targets of brassinosteroid in the model plant Arabidopsis, a relative of mustard. (phys.org)
  • genes
  • Understanding how these plant hormones activate genes could lead not only to enhanced harvests but also to new insights into how steroids regulate growth in both plant and animal cells. (biologynews.net)
  • A computer search of DNA sequence databases revealed that BPG2-related genes occur in the genomes of other plants, including green algae, mosses and rice, and also in the common soil bacterium Bacillus subtilis. (innovations-report.com)
  • The researchers found that BZR1 protein directly controls the activity of many genes involved in plant responses to other hormones and light. (phys.org)
  • Previously, investigators thought that inactivation of BIN2, which is a kinase, freed a second protein known as BES1 from entrapment in the cytoplasm, the watery compartment surrounding a cell's nucleus, and allowed it to migrate or "shuttle" into the nucleus where it tweaked the activity of genes regulating plant growth. (salk.edu)
  • scientists
  • The intention of the Symposium was to bring together in one place scientists working in very different fields of plant lipids, such as fatty acids, glycolipids, phospholipids, prenyllipids, sterols, and lipid polymers. (springer.com)
  • Brassinolide
  • La Jolla, CA - When given extra shots of the plant steroid brassinolide, plants "pump up" like major league baseball players do on steroids. (salk.edu)
  • The steroid hormone brassinolide is central to plants' growth. (salk.edu)
  • This study clarifies what's going on downstream in the nucleus when brassinolide signals a plant cell to grow. (salk.edu)
  • Likewise, since low brassinolide levels are associated with dwarfism, manipulating hormone levels during dormant seasons may allow growers to control the height of grasses, trees or other plants, thereby eliminating the need to constantly manicure gardens. (salk.edu)
  • grow
  • If we are going to understand how plants grow, we need to understand the response pathway to this hormone," says Chory. (salk.edu)
  • growth
  • In plants, these hormones have specific roles in growth and development of stems, leaves and roots. (innovations-report.com)
  • In response to this dilemma, plants have developed mechanisms that enable them to rapidly adapt their growth and development to changes. (stackyard.com)
  • Plants, just like animals, contain growth promoting steroid hormones. (unige.ch)
  • Exploiting its potent growth-promoting properties could increase crop yields or enable growers to make plants more resistant to drought, pathogens, and cold weather. (salk.edu)
  • Biology
  • The study by Zhi-Yong Wang and Wenqinag Tang of the Carnegie Institution's Department of Plant Biology with seven co-authors* is published in the July 25 issue of Science magazine. (biologynews.net)
  • mechanisms
  • This turns our attention to the last mystery: the gap in our understanding of the events between steroid binding at the cell surface and these nuclear mechanisms. (salk.edu)
  • cell
  • The study, published in the November 16, 2010, issue of Developmental Cell , provides the first comprehensive action map for a plant hormone. (phys.org)
  • they regulate cell elongation and division and are active throughout the entire lifecycle of a plant. (stackyard.com)
  • Higher Plants
  • This book contains a number of papers dealing with the main topics of a Symposium on "Lipids and Lipid Polymers in Higher Plants", held in July 1976 at the Botanical Institute of the University of Karlsruhe. (springer.com)
  • major
  • BRKs are the first major signaling component to be identified by a quantitative proteomics approach in plants. (biologynews.net)
  • But there is one major downside to life as a plant: They are quite literally rooted to the habitats in which they live and therefore completely at the mercy of the elements. (stackyard.com)
  • different
  • There are many different uses for the aloe vera plant, most of which involve simply cutting the leaves open and rubbing the insides on the skin. (reference.com)
  • occur
  • Also, muscular atrophy can occur with aging, inadequate food intake such as in anorexia nervosa, or disuse (in those who are bedridden or who must keep a limb immobile) or as a side effect of glucocorticoid steroid therapy. (ironmagazine.com)