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  • Growth
  • Geitmann A, Ortega JKE (2009) Mechanics and modeling of plant cell growth. (springer.com)
  • Is the Subject Area "Root growth" applicable to this article? (plos.org)
  • Scientists in Italy are working on creating robots that mimic the properties of plant roots, including the capacity for growth. (europa.eu)
  • Light is not only a source of energy, but also an important signal which regulates many light-dependent growth processes in a plant in order to adapt it to its environment in the best possible way. (eurekalert.org)
  • Even if the intensity of the transmitted light was low, it was sufficient to activate the photoreceptors, trigger downstream light signaling, and influence growth in the control plants," Chung-Mo Park, the leader of the project at Seoul National University, explains. (eurekalert.org)
  • Photoreception in the roots triggers a signaling chain which influences plant growth, especially the root architecture," says Ian Baldwin, leader of the study at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena. (eurekalert.org)
  • The researchers propose that the newly found sensory modality of roots is enhancing the ecological performance of plants in nature, by allowing for a better timing of resource allocations for growth, reproduction and defense. (eurekalert.org)
  • D. Leitner and A. Schnepf, "Root growth simulation using L-systems," in Proceedings of the Conference on Scientific Computing (ALGORITMY '09) , pp. 313-320, 2009. (hindawi.com)
  • Normal, most folks just trim the entire plant way back, these are very weedy plants so the new growth comes back and covers the lower parts with roots. (barrreport.com)
  • Welcome to the Barr Report a place to learn about Aquariums, Aquarium Plants, Aquascaping, Emersed Growth and much much more! (barrreport.com)
  • This led the team to conclude that the root hair growth response to low soil P and auxin was highly conserved across the plant kingdom. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • Professor Bennett concludes: "Now we understand more about the hormone signals and genes which affect root hair growth we can look at which combinations are required for crop improvement to underpin global food security efforts. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • stem
  • Photoreceptors in the roots are activated by light which is transmitted from the shoot to the underground roots through the stem. (eurekalert.org)
  • The optical detector system was used to measure light which was transmitted in the stem down to the roots. (eurekalert.org)
  • In several of my stem plants Hygrophila Polysperma, Ludwigia Repens and Rotala Indica and Cambomba Carolina roots seem to be appearing all throughout the stem. (barrreport.com)
  • Both layers, which together are known as ground tissue, are formed from stem cells clustered in the very tip of the root. (phys.org)
  • That's helped scientists figure out the following sequence of events: To create new tissue for an elongating root, a stem cell divides, replenishing the root tip's stem cell niche while also generating a daughter cell above it. (phys.org)
  • Benfey and his colleagues have learned that two factors they call SHORT-ROOT and SCARECROW work together to initiate this process, directing a stem cell to divide into two non-identical cells. (phys.org)
  • Golden thistles are assigned to the Cichorieae tribe that shares anastomosing latex canals in both root, stem and leaves, and has flower heads only consisting of one type of floret. (wikipedia.org)
  • hypocotyl
  • NCI: The underground (typically) part of a seed plant body that usually originates from the hypocotyl, functions as an organ of absorption, aeration, and food storage as well as a means of anchor and support. (linkedlifedata.com)
  • grows
  • If you choose an edible plant, choose something that grows in a pot well, such as cucumbers, peas, tomatoes and strawberries. (livestrong.com)
  • The factors, known as the BIRDs, help a root maintain its organization as it grows, guiding several distinct steps in the development of two interior layers of tissue. (phys.org)
  • tissue
  • New cells must take on the appropriate identities and positions to form distinct layers of tissue that give the root its structure, protect it from the environment, and ensure that it can properly transport materials to and from the rest of the plant. (phys.org)
  • That means that plants must continue to specify the identity of new cells and maintain tissue patterns after embryonic development is complete. (phys.org)
  • His research has focused on how cells in a growing plant become the specialized cell types that comprise a root's four concentric cylinders of tissue. (phys.org)
  • There were hints that the BIRDs might help corral SHORT-ROOT, which is produced in the vascular tissue, into the right layer of a developing root to exert its effects, but Benfey and his colleagues wanted to understand their roles more completely. (phys.org)
  • In plants without BLUEJAY, JACKDAW, and SCARECROW, ground tissue developed normally in the embryo, but stopped developing as the plant matured. (phys.org)
  • We don't know of any other instance in plants where a combination of mutant factors causes a tissue to disappear entirely," Benfey says. (phys.org)
  • This tissue is a functioning, key part to the plant, and yet it's completely gone. (phys.org)
  • genes
  • Her early work in the plant field was dedicated to the molecular responses of plants to hypoxia and waterlogging, i.e. which genes are switched on by low oxygen levels. (wikipedia.org)
  • traits
  • We plan to translate this fundamental knowledge to re-engineer root traits and optimise yields in crops relevant to Europe (wheat), Asia (rice) and Africa (pearl millet) in collaboration with teams based in these countries and continents. (nottingham.ac.uk)
  • vascular
  • Physicists from Korea and biologists from Jena teamed and combined knowledge from both disciplines in order to find out, whether plant vascular bundles could act as light optical fibers and transmit light from the shoot to the roots," Sang-Gyu Kim, one of the first authors of the study and co-initiator of the project, describes the successful cooperation. (eurekalert.org)
  • With this approach, we could show clearly and without ambiguity that light is transmitted into the roots via vascular bundles. (eurekalert.org)
  • nests
  • It nests underground among plant roots. (wikipedia.org)
  • Observations inside nests showed that the workers, queen, alates and brood took up stations on the fibrous roots which formed a sort of scaffolding in their nests. (wikipedia.org)
  • During the summer, above some of the nests, workers chewed bits of plant material to produce a papery felt or thatch. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scolymus
  • Scolymus maculatus is a spiny annual plant in the family Asteraceae, native to the Mediterranean region in southern Europe, southwest Asia, and northern Africa, and also the Canary Islands. (wikipedia.org)
  • Scolymus maculatus is nitrophilous plant, that prefers deep, rich, but disturbed clayey soils in sunny or lightly shaded positions, such as fallowed or abandoned fields, ditches and roadsides. (wikipedia.org)
  • molecular
  • One of the fundamental problems in plant morphogenesis is the molecular and cellular basis of left-right asymmetry that often leads to various chiral structures such as the coils of tendrils and twisted leaves. (springer.com)
  • In an interdisciplinary effort, molecular biologists and optical physicists developed a highly sensitive optical detector along with the idea to compare plants with "blind" and "sighted" roots. (eurekalert.org)
  • Elizabeth Salisbury Dennis (born 10 December 1943) is an Australian scientist working mainly in the area of plant molecular biology. (wikipedia.org)
  • With a strong interest in plant gene expression and regulation, Prof Elizabeth Dennis studied plant development using molecular approaches and was involved in mapping plant genomes. (wikipedia.org)
  • proteins
  • Miguel A. Moreno-Risueno, a postdoctoral researcher in Benfey's lab who now heads a lab at the Center for Plant Biotechology and Genomics in Madrid, carried out a series of experiments in which he examined what happened to growing roots when they were missing certain BIRD proteins. (phys.org)
  • Unlike
  • Unlike cells in a developing animal, plant cells don't move in relation to one another-and that has given developmental biologists something of a headstart in determining exactly how a root forms. (phys.org)
  • signals
  • Until now, it has remained largely unknown what their responsibilities in the roots are and how they interact with light signals which are transmitted from the shoots. (eurekalert.org)
  • 1993
  • The Safety Health and Welfare at Work( General Application) Regulations of 1993 are parts retrieving with temporary Plant of cells and Display Screen Delivery. (sprintseries.org)
  • vegetables
  • Show her the nonedible roots of other vegetables as well, such as lettuce and celery, so she can see how roots grow. (livestrong.com)
  • One idea is cut up a bunch of root vegetables into bite-size pieces and let your child help you toss them with seasoning, olive oil and a little honey. (livestrong.com)
  • Marshmallow root has also been used as a food, particularly during times of famine where it is found in more abundance than other vegetables. (wizzley.com)
  • found
  • Our work proves that roots are able to perceive light, even though they are usually found belowground. (eurekalert.org)
  • He found that roots that were missing just one BIRD protein developed with few defects. (phys.org)
  • nutrient
  • Adventitious roots have varied origins and functions, as illustrated by three case studies that highlight their physiology under flooding, nutrient deficiency, and wounding stress. (plantphysiol.org)
  • biology
  • In plants, a lot of what we consider developmental biology happens post-embryonically," Benfey says. (phys.org)
  • study
  • It is of major importance for ecological research to show the relevance of this study for plants growing in their natural habitat. (eurekalert.org)
  • parts
  • If your child is learning about plant parts in school, he might come home eager to explore your garden, or he might have a curiosity about plant roots that are edible. (livestrong.com)
  • known
  • The plant is known as scolyme taché in French, cardogna macchiata in Italian, cardo borriquero in Spanish, and escólimo-malhado in Portuguese, חוח עקוד in Hebrew and سنارية حولية in Arabic. (wikipedia.org)
  • entire plant
  • Physical processes such as elasticity and geometry might be important factors to coordinate the chirality across different length scales and to organize an entire plant body. (springer.com)
  • hair
  • A single root hair on a large scale, showing that it is an outgrowth of an epidermal cell, and the fact that it possesses a living protoplast and large vacuole filled with cell-sap and traversed by cytoplasmic strands. (usf.edu)
  • cells
  • Aharoni H, Abraham Y, Elbaum R, Sharon E, Kupferman R (2012) Emergence of spontaneous twist and curvature in non-euclidean rods: Application to erodium plant cells. (springer.com)
  • Once a cell is born, it is stuck in the same position, and so the cells essentially line up as a developmental timeline, Benfey explains: the youngest cells stay at the tip of a root, and cells next to and above the original cell are progressively more mature. (phys.org)
  • That daughter cell divides along the longitudinal axis of the root, so that the two resulting cells are positioned side-by-side. (phys.org)
  • another
  • She also was involved in the research showing that all plants contain haemoglobin and that this molecule protects the plant against oxygen deprivation stress Understanding how flowering is regulated in plants is another research area she successfully tackled. (wikipedia.org)