Loading...
  • elongation
  • In accordance with the early proposal of Charles and Francis Darwin, cells of this root zone receive sensory information from the root cap and instruct the motoric responses of cells in the elongation zone. (frontiersin.org)
  • However, as root caps are relatively far away from the elongation region, which drives the differential cell/root growth for the root tropisms, it was not obvious how the sensory root cap effectively controls root growth directions. (frontiersin.org)
  • The RAM can be divided into three main zones: (a) the meristematic zone at the root tip containing the stem cell niche, (b) the elongation zone, containing the cells that after cell divisions have left the meristematic zone and are now elongating, and (c) the differentiation zone, containing cells that have acquired their destined cell fates. (frontiersin.org)
  • The hormone Abscisic Acid (ABA) mediates responses to different environmental factors, such as the presence of nitrate in the soil, water stress and salt, shaping the structure of the root system by regulating the production of lateral roots as well as controlling root elongation by modulating cell division and elongation. (mdpi.com)
  • The pattern of root branching and elongation, and thus the overall shape of the root system, is determined by a series of interactions of the root with its environment over the course of the plant's lifetime. (mdpi.com)
  • Oryzalin alone, at the same concentration, had no influence on root hair elongation. (plantcell.org)
  • Recent discoveries have advanced the molecular understanding of the intrinsic genetic control of lateral root initiation and elongation. (frontiersin.org)
  • Postembryonic root development is controlled by cell divisions in the meristematic zone, cell expansion in the elongation zone, and functional differentiation into specialized cell types in the differentiation zone of the root. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Thus, the nip mutant defines a new locus, NIP , required for appropriate infection thread development during invasion of the nascent nodule by rhizobia, normal lateral root elongation, and normal regulation of host defense-like responses during symbiotic interactions. (plantphysiol.org)
  • tissues
  • The quiescent centre is surrounded by actively dividing cells of the promeristem that are the initial cells of the various tissues of the root. (britannica.com)
  • Gaffe J, Tieman DM, Handa AK: Pectin methylesterase isoforms in tomato ( Lycopersicon esculentum ) tissues, effects of expression of pectin methylesterase antisense gene Plant Physiol 105: 199-203 (1994). (springer.com)
  • system
  • The histogens have been thought to lie in linear order in the apex, with the initial cells of the vascular system toward the older part of the root, and those of the cap toward the tip. (britannica.com)
  • Phenotyping local crop cultivars is becoming more and more important, as they are an important genetic source for breeding - especially in regard to inherent root system architectures. (frontiersin.org)
  • The high classification rate implies that culturing did not lead to a major loss of variability in root system architecture in the studied pea cultivars. (frontiersin.org)
  • In particular, the present invention provides kits and methods for capping RNA using a modified cap nucleotide and a capping enzyme system, such as poxvirus capping enzyme. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • The invention also provides methods and kits for capturing or isolating uncapped RNA comprising primary RNA transcripts or RNA having a 5′-diphosphate, and methods and kits for using a capping enzyme system and modified cap nucleotides for labeling uncapped RNA comprising primary RNA transcripts or RNA having a 5′-diphosphate with detectable dye or enzyme moieties. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Improvement of structure and function of root system and investigation of signal substrates in Soybean for the enhancement of waterlogging tolerance. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Rootstock The plant that functions as the root system in a grafted plant. (yumpu.com)
  • efficiently
  • The present invention relates to kits and methods for efficiently generating 5′ capped RNA having a modified cap nucleotide and for use of such modified-nucleotide-capped RNA molecules. (freepatentsonline.com)
  • Similar to the immunostimulatory properties of human probiotics, root colonization by selected PGPR and PGPF strains primes the whole-plant body to efficiently defend itself against a broad range of pathogens and even insects. (plantphysiol.org)
  • seeds
  • Moreover, explants from both RZTs produced higher biomass than plants grown from seeds (control plants). (frontiersin.org)
  • Photosynthetic CO 2 assimilation rate ( A sat ) and stomatal conductance ( g ssat ) were significantly differentiated between plants derived from seeds and explants at both RZTs. (frontiersin.org)
  • secondary metabolites
  • Low- M r compounds such as amino acids, organic acids, sugars, phenolics, and various other secondary metabolites are believed to comprise the majority of root exudates, whereas high- M r exudates primarily include mucilage (high- M r polysaccharides) and proteins. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Rooting
  • As such, the efficiency of rooting from stem explants of six cultivar varieties of Brassica spp was tested without using any plant hormones. (frontiersin.org)
  • Rooting efficiency was affected by RZTs and explant cuttings of donor plants. (frontiersin.org)
  • Purple Jellydisc Red-cracking Bolete Rooting Shank Saffron Milk-cap Salmon Salad Scaly Stalkball. (picsearch.com)
  • Rooting Shank Saffron Milk-cap Salmon Salad Scaly Stalkball Scarlet Caterpillar Club Scarlet Elfcup. (picsearch.com)
  • Purple Brittlegill Purple Jellydisc Red-cracking Bolete Rooting Shank Saffron Milk-cap Salmon Salad. (picsearch.com)
  • Prince Purple Brittlegill Purple Jellydisc Red-cracking Bolete Rooting Shank Saffron Milk-cap Salmon. (picsearch.com)
  • interactions
  • Interactions with the environment require perception at the root surface and subsequent activation of a response within the root. (mdpi.com)
  • exudation
  • Although root exudation clearly represents a significant carbon cost to the plant, the mechanisms and regulatory processes controlling root secretion are just now beginning to be examined. (plantphysiol.org)
  • mutant
  • Allelism tests showed that nip complements 14 other M. truncatula nodulation mutants but not latd , a mutant with a more severe nodulation phenotype as well as primary and lateral root defects. (plantphysiol.org)