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  • biology
  • Annual Review of Plant Biology 59: 67-88. (els.net)
  • Thus, articles dealing with a myriad of breakthrough technologies and discoveries in plant biology and biotechnology, including high-throughput analysis of gene function and expression, gene silencing and overexpression analyses, RNAi, siRNA, miRNA and CRISPR-Cas9 studies, among others are welcome. (springer.com)
  • We are also interested in practical and applied plant biotechnology, and we encourage authors to contribute articles on new insights into the process of regeneration, including organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis, gene transfer, gene flow, secondary metabolites, metabolic engineering, synthetic biology (biodesign), genome editing, and impact of transgene(s) dissemination into managed and unmanaged plant systems. (springer.com)
  • The regulation of organ size in higher organisms is a fundamental issue in developmental biology. (frontiersin.org)
  • Growth is one of the most widely studied processes of plant biology, depending both on genetic predisposition and a wide range of environmental and physiological parameters. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Metabolic
  • The journal also covers practical and applied plant biotechnology, including regeneration, organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis, gene transfer, gene flow, secondary metabolites, metabolic engineering, and impact of transgene(s) dissemination into managed and unmanaged plant systems. (springer.com)
  • Here, we discuss recent advances in understanding the contribution of different CuAOs/PAOs, as well as their cross-talk with different intracellular and apoplastic metabolic pathways, in tissue differentiation and organ development. (frontiersin.org)
  • The following questions were of central interest: Which plant tissues exhibit distinct metabolic profiles, which plant secondary metabolites are primarily accumulated locally in the tissues of particular organs, and finally, how can this information contribute to the identification of the genes that regulate metabolite production? (technologynetworks.com)
  • The biosynthesis of these phenolic derivatives and their accumulation in the anthers substantially contribute to the unique metabolic profile of the male reproduction organs. (technologynetworks.com)
  • In order to link metabolic function to individual genes, the scientists developed an atlas of genes and secondary metabolites which share similar activation patterns in the different tissues of tobacco plants. (technologynetworks.com)
  • morphological
  • With this understanding, we develop a broad scientific framework for a morphological phase diagram that is capable of rationalizing four configurations commonly found in plant organs: twisting, helical twisting, saddle bending, and edge waving. (pnas.org)
  • auxin
  • Auxin plays a key role in the origin of new organs. (els.net)
  • Hormones, especially auxin and gibberellin, are known to influence phyllotaxis, but their specific role in the determination of organ position is not clear. (plantcell.org)
  • What is a morphogen and why is the plant hormone auxin considered to be a morphogen? (coursehero.com)
  • 2. Where is auxin made in plants and what is the mechanism of its transport? (coursehero.com)
  • Processes
  • Processes and genes involved in organ formation in the shoot (a) and the root (b). (els.net)
  • A multitude of regulatory pathways converge and interact to control growth of individual parts of the plant through their effects on just two cellular processes: cell division and expansion. (plantphysiol.org)
  • aerial
  • Together, these enzymes produce specialized triterpenoids that are constituents of the wax layer of the cuticle covering the aerial parts of A. annua and likely function in the protection of the plant against biotic and abiotic stress. (plantcell.org)
  • organogenesis
  • In this study, organogenesis always strictly coincided with the site of IAA application in the radial dimension, whereas in the apical-basal dimension, organ formation always occurred at a fixed distance from the summit of the meristem. (plantcell.org)
  • biological
  • This biological nitrogen fixation process is complex, but has been best examined in some detail in the context of soybean- Bradyrhizobium plant-microbe interactions. (intechopen.com)
  • biosynthesis
  • This new method allows for a more efficient access to the diversity of plant metabolites and for a more rapid identification of the genes which regulate their biosynthesis. (technologynetworks.com)
  • The biosynthesis and the accumulation of plant secondary metabolites are physiologically adapted to the individual requirements in the respective plant tissues. (technologynetworks.com)
  • Particularly with respect to metabolites whose biosynthesis has not yet been elucidated, this new approach has a trend-setting potential and will contribute considerably to further research in plant metabolism. (technologynetworks.com)
  • molecular
  • A manual providing all relevant protocols for basic and applied plant cell and molecular technologies, such as histology, electron microscopy, cytology, virus diagnosis and gene transfer. (worldcat.org)
  • Further classification of compensation pathways and their characterization at the molecular level will provide a deeper understanding of organ size regulation. (frontiersin.org)
  • pathways
  • Much effort has been devoted to identifying the role of genetic and biomolecular pathways in regulating cell division and cell expansion and in influencing shape formation in plant organs. (pnas.org)
  • context
  • Although the general function of each cell cycle gene is known from homologous systems, it is unclear how the individual genes interact to regulate cell cycle progression in the context of growing plant organs. (plantphysiol.org)
  • However
  • This study gives, however, my estimates for the worldwide latent demand, or the P.I.E., for fresh and frozen beef variety meats and edible organs made in slaughtering plants. (marketresearch.com)
  • duration of cell
  • For both types of organ, the rate and duration of cell division and postmeristematic expansion determine growth through their effect on final cell number and mature cell size, respectively. (plantphysiol.org)
  • boundaries
  • These organs are produced throughout the lifespan of the plant, their production involves changes in cell fate, delineating boundaries, patterning the new organ and controlling its outgrowth. (els.net)
  • Substances
  • Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena and the University of Heidelberg, Germany, illuminated the diversity and different accumulation of chemical substances in the tissues of the ecological model plant Nicotiana attenuata . (technologynetworks.com)