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  • Genes
  • type proteasome subunit and a transformer-2-like SR-related protein: early induction of the corresponding genes in tobacco cells treated with cryptogein," Plant Molecular Biology , vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 261-269, 1997. (hindawi.com)
  • An essential element for the plant to effectively counteract pathogen attack is the ability to control the expression of its defence-related genes. (findaphd.com)
  • Our results indicate that the entire Elongator complex is involved in basal immunity and ETI, but not in SAR, and support that Elongator may play a role in facilitating the transcriptional induction of defense genes through alterations to their chromatin. (biomedcentral.com)
  • reactive oxygen
  • In addition, it was recently shown that unknown aphid derived elicitors can initiate reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and callose deposition and that these responses were dependent on BAK1 (BRASSINOSTERIOD INSENSITIVE 1-ASSOCIATED RECEPTOR KINASE 1) which is a key component of the plant immune system. (frontiersin.org)
  • PAMPs
  • plants expressing either HopAO1 or HopF2, two type III effectors that suppressed the HopA1-induced HR, were reduced in the flagellin-induced PTI response as well as PTI induced by other PAMPs and allowed enhanced in planta growth of P. syringae . (apsnet.org)
  • azelaic
  • The azelaic acid does not directly induce major defenses, but confers on plants the ability to mount a faster and stronger defense response if and when the plant is attacked again. (uchospitals.edu)
  • And since azelaic acid only primes a plant's immune system, the researchers predict that its use will not create a burden on the plant or otherwise detract from the plant's health or productivity. (uchospitals.edu)
  • Therefore, plants treated with azelaic acid would not have to invest a lot of energy in their defense until they need to do so. (uchospitals.edu)
  • The azelaic acid would be applied to plants by spraying. (uchospitals.edu)
  • Azelaic acid has a lot of potential in agriculture because it is 'green,' safer than chemicals, and found in many plants, including wheat, rye and barley, according to Wade Williams, Project Manager at the Office of Technology and Intellectual Property at the University of Chicago. (uchospitals.edu)
  • This led to further investigation by Jung of the biological roles of azelaic acid and AZI1 in plant immunity. (uchospitals.edu)
  • immune system
  • Scientists have discovered a naturally occurring compound that triggers a plant's immune system, thereby protecting the plant from a secondary bacterial infection. (uchospitals.edu)
  • In this review, we summarize the important progress and discuss how MVBs, particularly through routing of cellular components to different destinations, contribute to the complex network of plant immune system. (frontiersin.org)
  • Since growth and a functioning immune system are both reliant on BAK1, it was hypothesized that competition for this co-receptor could have a role in the trade-off between the two processes in plants. (elifesciences.org)
  • The suppression of the immune system by BZR1 was particularly pronounced when the conditions required fast plant growth-for example, when they mimicked the conditions experienced by seedlings before they emerge from the soil, and must grow swiftly to reach the light before they starve. (elifesciences.org)
  • receptor
  • Plants can sense the presence of biotic stress factors by recognizing their conserved molecular patterns, which serve as ligands for plasma membrane receptor kinases ( figure 1 ). (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • However, despite years of research, major questions remain with regard to (1) how SA synthesis is regulated in plants and (2) what the receptor is for SA. (grantome.com)
  • Interestingly, BAK1 also interacts with the receptor that identifies brassinosteroids-hormones that stimulate plant growth. (elifesciences.org)
  • tomato
  • An induced mutation in tomato eIF4E leads to immunity to two potyviruses," PloS one , vol. 5, no. 6, article e11313, 2010. (hindawi.com)
  • perception
  • Understanding SA production and perception in plants will provide new insights into the medicinal effects of salicylates because SA affects cellular redox and cell death and survival, which are processes fundamental to all living organisms. (grantome.com)