• One hundred components were identified, 21 of of which are reported for the first time in Artemisia herba-alba oil. (mdpi.com)
  • Screening of plants with known antiprotozoal activity, for example, from Artemisia annua, or from plants with known anti-protozoal agents could provide new lead compounds for treatment of trypanosomiasis. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • In our screening program for new agrochemicals from local wild plants, Artemisia capillari s and A . mongolica were found to possess insecticidal activity against the maize weevil, Sitophilus zeamais . (mdpi.com)
  • Abiotic components include physical conditions and non-living resources that affect living organisms in terms of growth, maintenance, and reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • All non-living components of an ecosystem, such as atmospheric conditions and water resources, are called abiotic components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Abiotic factors in ocean environments also include aerial exposure, substrate, water clarity, solar energy and tides. (wikipedia.org)
  • Consider the differences in the mechanics of C3, C4, and CAM plants in regulating the influx of carbon dioxide to the Calvin-Benson Cycle in relation to their abiotic stressors. (wikipedia.org)
  • Taken together, these studies provide further insight into the biological and ecological potential of PGPR VOCs for enhancing plant self-immunity and/or adaptation to biotic and abiotic stresses in modern agriculture. (springer.com)
  • Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also References External links abiotic component Any non-living chemical or physical part of the environment that affects living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems, such as the atmosphere and water resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • In ecological assessment many abiotic and biotic indicators, reflecting the pluralistic components of ecosystems, are used. (wikipedia.org)
  • This glossary primarily comprises terms that deal with vascular plants (ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms), particularly flowering plants (angiosperms). (wikipedia.org)
  • Non-vascular plants (bryophytes), with their different evolutionary background, tend to have separate terminology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Each plant commences its growth as a herbaceous plant, while woody plants (such as trees, shrubs and woody vines (lianas) will gradually acquire woody (lignaceous) tissues which provide strength and protection for the vascular system. (wikipedia.org)
  • Lignin is present in vascular plants and is mainly synthesized in cells to become part of the transport system. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The vascular system of the plants usually turns brown in color and the weakened stalk usually causing the stalk to fall over. (wikipedia.org)
  • A leaf is an organ of a vascular plant and is the principal lateral appendage of the stem. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, several kinds of leaf-like structures found in vascular plants are not totally homologous with them. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many structures of non-vascular plants, such as the phyllids of mosses and liverworts and even of some foliose lichens, which are not plants at all (in the sense of being members of the kingdom Plantae), look and function much like leaves. (wikipedia.org)
  • Play media Leaves are the most important organs of most vascular plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Vascular plants transport sucrose in a special tissue called the phloem. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] When dissected, the arrangement of the cells in a root is root hair, epidermis, epiblem, cortex, endodermis, pericycle and, lastly, the vascular tissue in the centre of a root to transport the water absorbed by the root to other places of the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Within the framework of enhancing the significance of traditional African medicinal plants, aspects such as traditional use, phytochemical profile, in vitro , in vivo , and clinical studies and also future challenges pertaining to the use of these plants have been explored. (hindawi.com)
  • Methods: This is one of the first studies reporting the antioxidant potential of aerial (bark and leaves) and the root extracts of Mirabilis jalapa separately using ABTS and DPPH assay methods The present study was aimed to extract, identify the various phytochemical constituents and to study the antioxidant activities of the plant by various chemical and instrumental methods. (amrita.edu)
  • 2,5-Dimethoxy-p-cymene, or thymohydroquinone dimethyl ether, is a phytochemical found in the essential oils of plants within the family Asteraceae. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the repertoire of molecules contributing to the ability of plant pathogenic fungi, such as fungi from the Sclerotiniaceae family, to colonize a wide range of hosts and environments remains elusive. (frontiersin.org)
  • The essential oils showed significant antifungal activity against some plant pathogenic fungi. (mdpi.com)
  • Antifungal activity of peppermint and sweet basil essential oils and their major aroma constituents on some plant pathogenic fungi from the vapor phase. (academicjournals.org)
  • However, changes in lipids (hydrophilic-hydrophobic composition) also accompany the developmental processes in winter plants as well as changes in osmoprotectants and substances providing antioxidant and hormonal conditions (Filek and others 2007 ). (springer.com)
  • In botany, plant cuticles are protective, hydrophobic, waxy coverings produced by the epidermal cells of leaves, young shoots and all other aerial plant organs. (wikipedia.org)
  • Land plant aerial organs are covered by a hydrophobic layer called the cuticle that serves as a waterproof barrier protecting plants against desiccation, ultraviolet radiation, and pathogens. (plantphysiol.org)
  • High index proteins were also enriched in function associated with plant colonization in S. borealis , and in in planta -induced genes in S. sclerotiorum . (frontiersin.org)
  • An exami- are associated with the secondary cell wall and stress- nation of microtubers induced from transgenic plants car- related activities and contribute to the skin's protective rying GUS reporter constructs of these genes indicated function. (deepdyve.com)
  • By comparing 4 consecutive time-points, totally 6,203 differentially expressed genes, 4,732 stage-specific expressed genes and 2,401 specific expressed genes only in aerial or subterranean pods were identified in this study. (springer.com)
  • These genes might function as potential candidates to provide insights into seed abortion during aerial pod development. (springer.com)
  • Additionally, consistent with up-regulation of auxin response relative genes in aerial pods, endogenous IAA content was also significantly increased by HPLC analysis. (springer.com)
  • This system was used to control the expression of genes that were involved in the biosynthesis of plant components, which was found to be useful for modifying the contents of useful components. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Results of this study suggested that gene silencing induced rapidly by this method was useful for functional analysis of genes involved in the biosynthesis of plant components and molecular breeding of the pathways. (nii.ac.jp)
  • Analysis of CER1 expression showed that CER1 is specifically expressed in the epidermis of aerial organs and coexpressed with other genes of the alkane-forming pathway. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Advances in inducible gene expression technologies will facilitate more precise functional analyses of endogenous and exogenous genes, revealing new roles for genes that act at multiple stages in the plant life cycle. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Eukaryotic genomes have evolved through numerous rearrangements, producing duplicated genes with functional redundancy, a characteristic that is particularly evident in plants. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Disease responses in rst1 correlate with higher levels of jasmonic acid (JA) and increased basal and B. cinerea -induced expression of the plant defensin PDF1.2 gene but reduced E. cichoracearum -inducible salicylic acid levels and expression of pathogenesis-related genes PR1 and PR2 . (plantphysiol.org)
  • Terrestrial plants have developed a barrier preventing uncontrolled water loss, the cuticle, which controls water movements between the outer cell wall of the epidermis and the surrounding atmosphere adjacent to the plant. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Here, we explore the multi-scale relationship between tension and cell adhesion in the plant epidermis, and we examine how tensile stress perception may act as a regulatory input to preserve epidermal tissue integrity and thus normal morphogenesis. (biologists.org)
  • Both the above-ground (aerial) plant epidermis and animal epithelia are also crucial for development, independent of the presence of external cues (hormones, growth factors), as their physical position exerts a growth limiting function. (biologists.org)
  • The major components of the project and the total job cost to date was reviewed weekly. (tamu.edu)
  • Twelve samples had monoterpenes as major components, three had sesquiterpenes as major components and the last three samples had approximately the same percentage of monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes. (mdpi.com)
  • the aircraft's wing was mated with the fuselage and the engines, landing gear, and other major components were installed. (defenseindustrydaily.com)
  • The major components of flag leaf and peduncle cuticular waxes included primary alcohols, ß-diketones and n-alkanes. (jic.ac.uk)
  • Many early motor vehicle manufacturers making only a small number of vehicles bought in their major components and White and Poppe soon had a large customer base and by 1914 a staff of around 350 people. (wikipedia.org)
  • The overall FALCON (Force Application and Launch from CONtinental United States) program announced in 2003 had two major components: a small launch vehicle for carrying payloads to orbit or launching the hypersonic weapons platform payload, and the hypersonic vehicle itself. (wikipedia.org)
  • Furthermore, a mixture of grasses, grains, and forbes was planted, which provided high quality initial feed, attracted insects necessary for developing chicks, and established different cover types. (tamu.edu)
  • While many plants fit easily into some main categories, such as grasses, vines, shrubs or trees, others can be more difficult to categorise. (wikipedia.org)
  • White clover grows well as a companion plant among turf grasses, grain crops, pasture grasses, and vegetable rows. (wikipedia.org)
  • Indeed, medicinal plants, unlike pharmacological drugs, commonly have several chemicals working together catalytically and synergistically to produce a combined effect that surpasses the total activity of the individual constituents. (hindawi.com)
  • Furthermore, we propose liverworts and mosses as attractive model systems for revealing the specific function and activity of LTPs in the biosynthesis and evolution of the plant cuticle. (mdpi.com)
  • Modification of CER1 expression in transgenic plants specifically affects VLC alkane biosynthesis: waxes of TDNA insertional mutant alleles are devoid of VLC alkanes and derivatives, whereas CER1 overexpression dramatically increases the production of the odd-carbon-numbered alkanes together with a substantial accumulation of iso-branched alkanes. (plantphysiol.org)
  • Where the amount of water stored is relatively high, the plant is referred to as a succulent. (wikipedia.org)
  • The recovery of Z. marina initiated in this coastal bay system may be unique in seagrass recovery studies because of how the recovery was initiated (seeds rather than adult plants), how rapidly it occurred (years rather than decades), and the explicit demonstration of how one meadow modulated water clarity and altered sediments as it developed and expanded. (virginia.gov)
  • This difference in water availability causes a diversity in the types of plants and animals that survive in these areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant damage caused by frost is mainly due to freezing of water in the cells and dehydration processes (Beck and others 2004 ). (springer.com)
  • The cuticles of plants function as permeability barriers for water and water-soluble materials. (wikipedia.org)
  • The major cyclic component of apple fruit wax is called ursolic acid and is highly water repellent. (wsu.edu)
  • The researchers estimate this effect increases photosynthesis and the evaporation of water from plants, called transpiration, by 40 percent in the dry season, when photosynthesis otherwise would be limited. (innovations-report.com)
  • These arrays consist of real-time sensors that measure everything from chlorophyll levels to plant water status, along with multispectral imagery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on user requirements, housings for outside plant applications may be tested by the manufacturer under various environmental simulations, which could include physical shock and vibration, water spray, water immersion, dust, etc. to ensure the integrity of optical fiber connections and housing seals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Transpiration is calculated from fractional crop cover (derived from the plant mass), the rate of loss of water from an open water surface (a component of the weather file) and the amount of water in the rooting zone. (ecobas.org)
  • At the water regime level, yield components had higher values in S0 followed by S2. (academicjournals.org)
  • Wind protection attenuates evaporation at the base of the seedling, maximizing water availability to the plant during the rainy season. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weight of the imprinter can be adjusted to be appropriate for various soils and planting conditions by filling the roller and ballast tanks with water. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plant phototropism is an adaptive response to changes in light direction, quantity, and quality that results in optimization of photosynthetic light harvesting, as well as water and nutrient acquisition. (plantcell.org)
  • Since plants are autotrophic, they do not need food from other living things to survive but instead use carbon dioxide, water and light energy, to create their own organic matter by photosynthesis of simple sugars, such as glucose and sucrose. (wikipedia.org)
  • When the grass matures, the spikelets fall off in their entirety to germinate on the ground, and the long awns which give the plant its name assist in dispersal by animals, wind or water. (wikipedia.org)
  • A root's four major functions are 1) absorption of water and inorganic nutrients, 2) anchoring of the plant body to the ground, and supporting it, 3) storage of food and nutrients, 4) vegetative reproduction and competition with other plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • The seed also contains ricin, a water-soluble toxin, which is also present in lower concentrations throughout the plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • Modern swimming pool plant will have bulk storage of chemicals held in separate dosing tanks, and will have automated controls and dosing pumps to top up the various chemicals as required to control the water quality. (wikipedia.org)
  • Cleaning components with sprays of hot water and detergent sprays for degreasing, electric motor rebuilding, diesel engine rebuilding, plant maintenance, steel mill bearings, railroad bearings and engine rebuilding. (wikipedia.org)
  • and (4) provide insights into the regulatory pathways that allow plants to be developmentally plastic while preserving the essential balance between aboveground and belowground organs. (plantcell.org)
  • 2010). Whereas the Greek physician Dioscorides reported sage stop bleeding wounds and sores besides clean ulcers after aqueous decoction of the plant. (thefreelibrary.com)
  • 2008 ). Also, the decoction of plant used by women as an anti-fertility agent has been evidenced to possess anticancer activity (Nadkarni, 1993). (wikipedia.org)
  • At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25-29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions. (innovations-report.com)
  • Important bioactive components are concentrated in buds, blossoms, and tips of twigs. (frontiersin.org)
  • Conclusions: The results of the study reveal the immense potential of the plant for further research that aims at identifying the bioactive components responsible for the anti-oxidant activity and elucidating their tentative mechanisms of action. (amrita.edu)
  • ethanolic extract of aerial part was most potent in activity with 50% inhibition at 258 μ g/mL concentration. (hindawi.com)
  • Lipid peroxidation (LPO) was measured in terms of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances (TBARS) by using egg-yolk homogenates as lipid-rich media with EC 50 of aerial part (ethanolic) 1522 μ g/mL which was found to be most active. (hindawi.com)
  • Results showed that the ethanolic fraction of aerial part is most active towards antioxidant potential and this activity is related to its polyphenolic content and reducing potential. (hindawi.com)
  • Hypericum perforatum is a perennial plant, with worldwide distribution, commonly known as St. John's wort. (frontiersin.org)
  • Thalictrum fortunei S. Moore, a perennial plant distributed in the southeastern part of China, has been used in Traditional Chinese Medicine for thousands of years for its antitumor, antibacterial and immunoregulatory effects. (mdpi.com)