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  • extracts
  • The clastogenic effect of total dichloromethane, methanol and water extracts, four bioactive fractions and three individual constituents from Carthamus lanatus aerial parts were evaluated in mice by bone marrow chromosome aberration assay with mitomycin C as positive control. (uni-hannover.de)
  • Here, the anticancer, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of ten antioxidant-rich Cameroonian medicinal plants and of some of their isolated compounds are evaluated.The plant extracts were prepared by maceration in organic solvents. (nih.gov)
  • In this study, the AOA of the plant extracts and some of their isolated compounds were evaluated using three different methods - DPPH, TEAC and HAPX. (nih.gov)
  • Others have reported that organic extracts of the aerial components of this plant could inhibit oxidative processes. (hindawi.com)
  • species
  • Teucrium polium L. (Lamiaceae) (RDC 1117) is a medicinal plant whose species have been used for over 2000 years in traditional medicine due to its diuretic, diaphoretic, tonic, antipyretic, antispasmodic and cholagogic properties. (hindawi.com)
  • Jojoba ( Simmondsia chinensis ) is the only plant species known to use liquid wax esters ( WEs ) as a primary seed storage reserve. (plantphysiol.org)
  • The essential oils were obtained from different species of Lippia , a widely distributed genus of Colombian plants. (scielo.br)
  • The genus Lippia (Verbenaceae) includes approximately 200 species of plants from the tropics of Africa as well as South and Central America. (scielo.br)
  • Plants, essential oil extraction and chemical characterisation - Nineteen essential oil samples were extracted from the aerial parts of five different species of Lippia ( Table I ). Plants were collected from their natural habitats during 2005-2006 in different places of Colombia. (scielo.br)
  • Banerjee M, Mallick S, Paul A, Chattopadhyay A, Ghosh SS (2010) Heightened reactive oxygen species generation in the antimicrobial activity of a three component iodinated chitosan-silver nanoparticle composite. (springer.com)
  • These differences in abiotic components alter the species present both by creating boundaries of what species can survive within the environment, as well as influencing competition between two species. (wikipedia.org)
  • In fact, considerable taxonomic difficulty has occurred in the past due to these differences, causing juvenile and adult plants to mistakenly be classified as different species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Another interesting quality of philodendrons leaves is they are often quite different in shape and size even between two plants of the same species. (wikipedia.org)
  • Mirabilis jalapa, the marvel of Peru or four o'clock flower, is the most commonly grown ornamental species of Mirabilis plant, and is available in a range of colours. (wikipedia.org)
  • The land imprinter was initially developed to revegetate desertified land in the southwestern United States and has been used to plant 20,000 hectares of land with grasses and other plant species in Arizona. (wikipedia.org)
  • Root-knot nematodes are distributed worldwide, and are obligate parasites of the roots of thousands of plant species, including monocotyledonous and dicotyledonous, herbaceous and woody plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Many species of this genus such as Hedyotis biflora, H. corymbosa and H. diffusa are well known medicinal plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phytochemical investigation of Hedyotis species was first published in 1933 upon examining the active components of the medicinal plant H. auricularia. (wikipedia.org)
  • tissues
  • Each plant commences its growth as a herbaceous plant, while woody plants (such as trees, shrubs and woody vines (lianas) will gradually acquire woody (lignaceous) tissues which provide strength and protection for the vascular system. (wikipedia.org)
  • The formation of woody tissue is an example of secondary growth, a change in existing tissues, in contrast to primary growth that creates new tissues, such as the elongating tip of a plant shoot. (wikipedia.org)
  • This difference between lignin and suberin accounts for the distinct functions proposed and, consequently, their different distribution throughout plant tissues ( Wallace and Fry, 1994 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • We demonstrate that direct contact between the aerial tissues and sucrose in the growth media is necessary and sufficient to promote emergence of lateral root primordia from the parent root. (plantcell.org)
  • soil
  • Examples include plants growing in unfavourable climates, very dry climates where storage is intermittent depending on climatic conditions, and those adapted to surviving fires that can regrow from the soil afterwards. (wikipedia.org)
  • Some types of plant habit include: Herbaceous plants (also called Herbs): A plant in which all structures above the surface of the soil, vegetative or reproductive, die back at the end of the annual growing season, and never become woody. (wikipedia.org)
  • The angled teeth of the imprinter cut through weeds and brush to form a mulch, while the teeth press seeds of grasses and other plants into the soil. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants and their root systems increase the quantity and size of macropores in soil, allowing rainwater to infiltrate. (wikipedia.org)
  • When ranges and grassland are overgrazed, soil becomes stripped of cover plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants create small crests and troughs in the soil surface, making it rough. (wikipedia.org)
  • Ripping or chisel plowing can be used as alternatives to disking when soil is deeply compacted, as they are less destructive to soil components than disking. (wikipedia.org)
  • The second wave will aggregate the machine data for even more precise planting, topographical mapping, and soil data. (wikipedia.org)
  • Newly hatched juveniles have a short free-living stage in the soil, in the rhizosphere of the host plants. (wikipedia.org)
  • They may reinvade the host plants of their parent or migrate through the soil to find a new host root. (wikipedia.org)
  • extract
  • Fractionation of plant extract was performed by column chromatography and the structures of isolated compounds (emodin, 3-geranyloxyemodin, 2-geranylemodin) were confirmed spectroscopically. (nih.gov)
  • We previously reported that an aqueous extract of the leaves and stems of this plant could inhibit iron-induced lipid peroxidation in rat liver homogenate at concentrations that were not toxic to cultured hepatic cells. (hindawi.com)
  • The effects of volatile components and ethanolic extract from the aerial parts of this plant on the proliferation and differentiation of primary osteoblasts were evaluated by the MTT method and measuring the activity of alkaline phosphatase (ALP activity). (mdpi.com)
  • Both volatile components and ethanolic extract (1 μg/mL to 100 μg/mL) significantly ( p (mdpi.com)
  • Lin X-H, Wu Y-B, Lin S, Zeng J-W, Zeng P-Y, Wu J-Z. Effects of Volatile Components and Ethanolic Extract from Eclipta prostrata on Proliferation and Differentiation of Primary Osteoblasts. (mdpi.com)
  • Chemical investigation of the ethanol extract of the aerial parts. (springer.com)
  • Analysis of the methanolic extract of the aerial parts yields β-sitosterol, stigmasterol, ursolic acid, oleanolic acid and brassicasterol. (wikipedia.org)
  • Bioassay-guided fractionation of an organic extract of the cell mass from a manipulated plant cell culture of M. jalapa led to the isolation and subsequent identification of an isoflavone, a roteinoid and a dehydrorotenoid, Two of these compounds are responsible for the antimicrobial activity against Candida albicans. (wikipedia.org)
  • stigmasterol
  • en] An accurate and sensitive method, combining soxhlet extraction, solid phase-extraction and capillary gas chromatography is described for the quantitative determination of one triterpene (lupeol) and three sterols (stigmasterol, campesterol and beta-sitosterol) and the detection of another triterpene (alpha-amyrin) from the aerial part of Justicia anselliana. (ac.be)
  • This method showed that the aerial part of J. anselliana contained (292+/-2)mg/kg of lupeol, (206+/-1)mg/kg of stigmasterol, (266+/-2)mg/kg of campesterol and (184+/-9)mg/kg of beta-sitosterol. (ac.be)
  • Poriferasterol and stigmasterol are the components of the aerial parts. (wikipedia.org)
  • aromatic
  • 2005). Essential oils from aromatic plants such as Chenopodium ambrosioides (Monzote et al. (scielo.br)
  • Eclipta prostrata , an aromatic plant, is known in Chinese herbal medicine for the treatment of various kidney diseases. (mdpi.com)
  • nutrients
  • The philodendron, in turn, obtains nutrients from the surrounding ant nest, and the aggressive nature of the ants serves to protect the plant from other insects which would eat it. (wikipedia.org)
  • During that time, imprints funnel water toward seedlings, protect them from wind, and concentrate nutrients for plant growth. (wikipedia.org)
  • ecology
  • The habit of a plant provides important information about its ecology, that is how it has adapted to its environment. (wikipedia.org)
  • stems
  • The interest in the phytogeomorphological approach stems from the fact that the geomorphology component typically dictates the hydrology of the farm field. (wikipedia.org)
  • Physiology
  • By contrast, this page deals with botanical terms in a systematic manner with some illustrations, organized by Plant anatomy and function in Plant physiology. (wikipedia.org)
  • essential oils
  • The chemical composition and biological activities of 19 essential oils and seven of their major components were tested against free and intracellular forms of Leishmania chagasi and Trypanosoma cruzi parasites as well as Vero and THP-1 mammalian cell lines. (scielo.br)
  • Thymol (IC 50 3.2 ± 0.4 μ g/mL) and S-carvone (IC 50 6.1 ± 2.2 μ g/mL), two of the major components of the active essential oils, were active on intracellular amastigotes of T. cruziinfected Vero cells, with a selective index greater than 10. (scielo.br)
  • None of the essential oils or major components tested in this study was active on amastigotes of L. chagasi infected THP-1 cells. (scielo.br)
  • compounds
  • Plants and their natural products constitute good sources of interesting lead compounds that could be potentially active against Leishmania or Trypanosoma (Croft et al. (scielo.br)
  • nematode
  • in cassava, though, nematode damage sometimes leads to increased aerial growth as the plants try to compensate. (wikipedia.org)
  • Therefore, aerial correlations to nematode density can be positive, negative or not at all. (wikipedia.org)
  • The relationship between rate of development and temperature is linear over much of the root-knot nematode life cycle, though it is possible the component stages of the life cycle, e.g. egg development, host root invasion or growth, have slightly different optima. (wikipedia.org)
  • vitro
  • Balashanmugam P, Balakumaran MD, Murugan R, Dhanapal K, Kalaichelvan PT (2016) Phytogenic synthesis of silver nanoparticles, optimization and evaluation of in vitro antifungal activity against human and plant pathogens. (springer.com)
  • survive
  • This difference in water availability causes a diversity in the types of plants and animals that survive in these areas. (wikipedia.org)
  • grasses
  • While many plants fit easily into some main categories, such as grasses, vines, shrubs or trees, others can be more difficult to categorise. (wikipedia.org)
  • Meloidogyne occurs in 23 of 43 crops listed as having plant-parasitic nematodes of major importance, ranging from field crops, through pasture and grasses, to horticultural, ornamental and vegetable crops. (wikipedia.org)
  • Sensitivity
  • Features of good connector design: Low insertion loss High return loss (low amounts of reflection at the interface) Ease of installation Low cost Reliability Low environmental sensitivity Ease of use Outside plant applications may require connectors be located underground, or on outdoor walls or utility poles. (wikipedia.org)
  • woody
  • The only known exception is the jojoba plant ( Simmondsia chinensis ), which is a perennial woody shrub native to semiarid regions of southwestern North America ( Moreau and Huang, 1981 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • processes
  • Component degradation of a substance occurs by chemical or physical processes, e.g. hydrolysis. (wikipedia.org)
  • C3 plants have no mechanisms to manage photorespiration, whereas C4 and CAM plants utilize a separate PEP Carboxylase enzyme to prevent photorespiration, thus increasing the yield of photosynthetic processes in certain high energy environments. (wikipedia.org)
  • solar
  • Mr. Kujawa has co-founded several companies engaged in the development of clean energy technologies and projects, including onshore and offshore wind energy, marine high-definition aerial wildlife monitoring, and multimegawatt solar parks. (bccresearch.com)
  • system
  • The plant root system originates from the primary root, which is established during embryogenesis. (plantcell.org)
  • It has been proposed that environmental response pathways allow the plant to optimize lateral root number and placement in accordance with its growth conditions, while intrinsic pathways constrain overall root system shape and size and therefore place a limit on root system plasticity ( Malamy, 2005 ). (plantcell.org)
  • Many components of intrinsic and environmental response pathways have been identified, but a cohesive model of the molecular pathways regulating root system development has yet to emerge. (plantcell.org)
  • High-value component types and suites are defined and categorized in terms of their role as part of a whole-systems component or a pre-, during-, or post-gasification component or system. (bccresearch.com)
  • Students learn how to operate and maintain the Army's Multi-Unit 4.5 Megawatt electrical power plants, 3 Megawatt electrical power plants consisting of either the MEP-012A or MEP-208A 750 kilowatt generating units, and the Deployable Power Generation Distribution System (DPGDS) power system consisting of either the MEP-810A or B model. (wikipedia.org)
  • The system was ordered on 31 January 1952, in a larger number of radar systems, radar components from which were compiled by its own architecture. (wikipedia.org)
  • From 1955 to 1966, a school complex in Dübendorf (the Radar Doerfli ( "Radar village") on the training site Dürrbach Rüti bei Riggisberg), one on the top of Bütschelegg (above Bern-Belp) and the plants on 4 height locations (mountain peaks) were formed for the first radar aerial surveillance system of Switzerland. (wikipedia.org)
  • An excellent model system for the study of the parasitic behaviour of plant-parasitic nematodes has been developed using Arabidopsis thaliana as a model host. (wikipedia.org)
  • cuticles
  • Briggs, D.E.G. (1999), "Molecular taphonomy of animal and plant cuticles: selective preservation and diagenesis" (PDF), Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 354 (1379): 7-17, doi:10.1098/rstb.1999.0356 Holloway, PJ (1982). (wikipedia.org)
  • Plants that live in range of sea's spray also may have thicker cuticles that protect them from the toxic effects of salt. (wikipedia.org)
  • Structural coloration is also observed in the cuticles of plants (see, as an example, the so-called "marble berry", Pollia condensata. (wikipedia.org)
  • water
  • Another plant habit refers to whether the plant possesses any specialised systems for the storage of carbohydrates or water, allowing it to renew growth after an unfavourable period. (wikipedia.org)
  • Where the amount of water stored is relatively high, the plant is referred to as a succulent. (wikipedia.org)
  • All non-living components of an ecosystem, such as atmospheric conditions and water resources, are called abiotic components. (wikipedia.org)
  • Depending on user requirements, housings for outside plant applications may be tested by the manufacturer under various environmental simulations, which could include physical shock and vibration, water spray, water immersion, dust, etc. to ensure the integrity of optical fiber connections and housing seals. (wikipedia.org)
  • Wind protection attenuates evaporation at the base of the seedling, maximizing water availability to the plant during the rainy season. (wikipedia.org)
  • The weight of the imprinter can be adjusted to be appropriate for various soils and planting conditions by filling the roller and ballast tanks with water. (wikipedia.org)
  • These arrays consist of real-time sensors that measure everything from chlorophyll levels to plant water status, along with multispectral imagery. (wikipedia.org)
  • Contents: 0-9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z See also References External links abiotic component Any non-living chemical or physical part of the environment that affects living organisms and the functioning of ecosystems, such as the atmosphere and water resources. (wikipedia.org)
  • growth
  • Abiotic components include physical conditions and non-living resources that affect living organisms in terms of growth, maintenance, and reproduction. (wikipedia.org)
  • agrobiology The study of plant nutrition and growth, especially as a way to increase crop yield. (wikipedia.org)
  • wound
  • In herbal medicine, parts of the plant may be used as a diuretic, purgative, and for vulnerary (wound healing) purposes. (wikipedia.org)
  • stages
  • Individual components from all gasification stages are described and categorized in terms of their appropriate gasification stage, and their market is quantified by unit count per year and the dollar value of the forecast sales. (bccresearch.com)
  • differences
  • Consider the differences in the mechanics of C3, C4, and CAM plants in regulating the influx of carbon dioxide to the Calvin-Benson Cycle in relation to their abiotic stressors. (wikipedia.org)
  • relatively
  • Precision agriculture has also been enabled by unmanned aerial vehicles like the DJI Phantom which are relatively inexpensive and can be operated by novice pilots. (wikipedia.org)
  • leaf
  • An interesting quality of philodendrons is that they do not have a single type of leaf on the same plant. (wikipedia.org)
  • cells
  • In nearly all higher plants, lateral root formation initiates when lateral root founder cells are specified in the pericycle layer of a mature root ( Charleton, 1991 ). (plantcell.org)
  • deposition
  • At the 2018 ILA Berlin Air Show from April 25-29, the Fraunhofer Institute for Laser Technology ILT is showcasing extreme high-speed Laser Material Deposition (EHLA): A video documents how for metal components that are highly loaded, EHLA has already proved itself as an alternative to hard chrome plating, which is now allowed only under special conditions. (innovations-report.com)
  • make
  • When the Apollo astronauts visited the moon, they planted retroreflector arrays to make possible the Lunar Laser Ranging Experiment. (wikipedia.org)
  • important
  • For an ecologist or evolutionary biologist, to focus on transmission is to allow that dispersal is as important a fitness component [ 2 ] as the oft-lauded life-history features of reproductive output and survival. (royalsocietypublishing.org)
  • California sagebrush is the most important and widely distributed plant in the coastal sage scrub or 'soft chaparral' community type [ 41 , 86 , 103 , 117 , 188 , 202 ]. (fed.us)
  • design
  • By careful design of the laser components, the purity of the laser light (measured as the "linewidth") can be improved more than the purity of any other light source. (wikipedia.org)
  • Europe
  • Crewe, with its excellent road and rail links, as well as being located in the northwest away from the aerial bombing starting in mainland Europe, was a logical choice. (wikipedia.org)