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  • transcriptome
  • To provide a better understanding of how sub-optimal temperatures (12°C vs. 16°C) affect growth of the sensitive Petunia hybrida cultivar 'SweetSunshine Williams', the transcriptome, carbohydrate metabolism, and phytohormone homeostasis were monitored in aerial plant parts over 4 weeks by use of a microarray, enzymatic assays and GC-MS/MS. The data revealed three consecutive phases of chilling response. (frontiersin.org)
  • gibberellin
  • Growing of intact seedlings or incubation of their shoots in the presence of such phytohormones as benzyladenine, gibberellin A3, fusicoccin C, and 2,4-D at the concentration of 10-5 M did not essentially affect DNA fragmentation in the coleoptile. (deepdyve.com)
  • microbial
  • During stress microbial phytohormones are having critical roles in modulating the physiology and biochemistry of plants so as to elicit a tolerance response to avoid stress. (springer.com)
  • In contrast, little is known about whether phytohormones also directly influence microbial virulence, similar to what has been reported in animal systems. (biomedcentral.com)
  • plants
  • Physiological and genetic analyses show that methylation of phytohormones plays important roles in regulating various biological processes in plants, including stress responses, leaf development, and seed maturation/germination. (springer.com)
  • Phytohormones are chemical messengers involved in a broad spectrum of physiological and biochemical processes of higher plants at very low concentrations. (mdpi.com)
  • Present review discusses the role of phytohormones in ameliorating the salt stress-induced changes in plants and provides valuable insight into microbes evolved interactions with plant under hostile environmental conditions. (springer.com)
  • Phytohormones are one of the key systems integrating metabolic and developmental events in the whole plant and the response of plants to external factors. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Some classes of phytohormone have been shown to participate in stress reactions and can increase the resistance of plants to unfavorable environmental factors. (booktopia.com.au)
  • Exogenous phytohormones ceased to stimulate the tuber initiation in transformants at high (5-8%) sucrose concentration, while in control plants the stimulation was observed in all experimental settings. (springer.com)
  • Phytomediation is an environmentally friendly green rehabilitation technology that is often incorporated with an application to improve calcium peroxide and phytohormones required for the growth of agricultural plants with the expectation to improve the effectiveness of plant rehabilitation . (omicsonline.org)
  • In the water culture experiment, we attempt to understand the influence of the addition of calcium peroxide, phytohormones (IAA and GA3) and a chelating agent on the growth of sunflower plants. (omicsonline.org)
  • More surprising was the fact that in plants ABC transporters play a central role in phytohormone transport. (cam.ac.uk)
  • Physiological signals, including phytochrome, sugar, and phytohormones, are basically associated with direct phenotypic changes when plants perceive environmental signals. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Growth
  • From the growth, we are then able to know the effectiveness of the addition of phytohormones. (omicsonline.org)
  • In this study, phytohormone abundance and the transcriptomes of paradormant UABs vs. shoot-induced growth at 6, 24, and 72 h after paradormancy release were compared based on hormone profiling and RNA-seq analyses. (biomedcentral.com)
  • Combined results were consistent with different phytohormone signals acting in concert to direct cellular changes involved in bud differentiation and shoot growth. (biomedcentral.com)
  • regulatory
  • This study highlighted that protein tyrosine phosphorylation may play an important regulatory role in phytohormone-stimulated cell proliferation. (oup.com)
  • tolerance
  • During the past few years most of the research is focused on increasing the salt tolerance of major food crops through the application of phytohormone producing beneficial microorganisms. (springer.com)
  • mechanisms
  • During the last decade we have slowly begun to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying phytohormone action, largely as a result of the rapid developments that have been made internationally in the field of plant molecular genetics. (booktopia.com.au)
  • changes
  • The magnitude and significance of these changes are used to determine a pathway score for a phytohormone for a given comparison in a microarray experiment. (beds.ac.uk)
  • study
  • Since then, tremendous work has been done to study the stimulatory impact of phytohormones on quantity and quality of crops and vegetables. (mdpi.com)