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1566089271 317 2 0 36 8684640 6223 1 1 1 0 0 589788 241474640002002 10743859860709030866 0 240000.000000 1 200000.000000 3 200000.000000 1 oxygenic photosynthesis and is by far the most common type of photosynthesis used by living organisms.]]> oxygenic photosynthesis and is by far the most common type of photosynthesis used by living organisms.]]> oxygenic photosynthesis in plants , algae , and cyanobacteria , the overall process is quite similar in these organisms.]]> anoxygenic photosynthesis is distinguished from the more familiar terrestrial plant oxygenic photosynthesis by the nature of the terminal reductant (e.g. hydrogen sulfide rather than water) and in the byproduct generated (e.g. elemental sulfur instead of molecular oxygen).]]> oxygenic photosynthesis first arose billions of years ago in the early Earth.]]> chlorophyll-binding subunits of photosystems I and II are internal antenna light-harvesting proteins of oxygenic photosynthesis.]]> oxygenic photosynthesis water is used as an electron source and the electron transfer is accompanied by proton gradients, which drive the production of ATP (Adenosine triphosphate), the universal energy currency, from ADP (Adenosine diphosphate).]]> oxygenic photosynthesis is performed by higher plants, algae and cyanobacteria.]]> oxygenic photosynthesis requires a relatively high redox potential, which can only be achieved with two RCs connected in series.]]> 69000.000000 29 96000.000000 3 120000.000000 3 120000.000000 3 natural photosynthesis is for the production of a biofuel , which is an indirect process that suffers from low energy conversion efficiency (due to photosynthesis' own low efficiency in converting sunlight to biomass), the cost of harvesting and transporting the fuel, and conflicts due to the increasing need of land mass for food production.]]> natural photosynthesis is for the production of a biofuel , which is an indirect process that suffers from low energy conversion efficiency (due to photosynthesis' own low efficiency in converting sunlight to biomass), the cost of harvesting and transporting the fuel, and conflicts due to the increasing need of land mass for food production.]]> photosynthetic organisms but cannot be used due to bottlenecks in natural photosynthesis.]]> natural photosynthesis.]]> natural photosynthesis and chemical conversion, such as light harvesting, excitation energy transfer, electron transfer, ion transport, and carbon fixation.]]> natural photosynthesis, inorganic chemists, organic chemists, electrochemists, material scientists, biochemists, biophysicists, and plant biologists must work together and only then significant progress in harnessing energy via "artificial photosynthesis" will be possible.]]> 120000.000000 1 anoxygenic photosynthesis , used mostly by certain types of bacteria, which consume carbon dioxide but do not release oxygen.]]> anoxygenic photosynthesis , used mostly by certain types of bacteria, which consume carbon dioxide but do not release oxygen.]]> anoxygenic photosynthesis does not produce oxygen as a byproduct of the reaction.]]> organisms that carry out anoxygenic photosynthesis are obligate anaerobes.]]> bacteria can conduct anoxygenic photosynthesis: green sulfur bacteria (GSB), red and green filamentous phototrophs (FAPs e.g.]]> Photosystem II (PSII) in plant chloroplasts and cyanobacteria, known organisms that exhibit anoxygenic photosynthesis do not have a region analogous to the oxygen-evolving complex of PSII.]]> bacteria that utilize a form of photosynthesis that does not produce oxygen (anoxygenic photosynthesis).]]> 96000.000000 1 species of single celled cyanobacteria, through photosynthesis, forever changed the atmosphere of the early Earth by filling it with oxygen, allowing a huge expansion in terms of what life was possible on the planet.]]> species of single celled cyanobacteria, through photosynthesis, forever changed the atmosphere of the early Earth by filling it with oxygen, allowing a huge expansion in terms of what life was possible on the planet.]]> cyanobacteria, which forms the heart of Photosystem II, the oxygen-evolving machine of photosynthesis.]]> 64000.000000 3 82000.000000 79 66000.000000 20 Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, and many species of bacteria, but not in archaea.]]> Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, and many species of bacteria, but not in archaea.]]> Photosynthesis has evolved in plants, algae and some other bacteria and in each case the mechanism does the best possible job for the organism in question.]]> algae and bacteria into plants, the researchers hope to make the environment in the plants' cells around Rubisco richer in carbon dioxide which will allow photosynthesis to produce sugars more efficiently.]]> plants and algae, photosynthesis takes place in specialized cellular compartments called chloroplasts .]]> 68000.000000 6 photosynthesis is performed differently by different species, the process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments.]]> photosynthesis is performed differently by different species, the process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments.]]> photosynthesis are similar to chlorophyll but differ in molecular detail and peak wavelength of light absorbed.]]> sunlight-exposed leaves, when chlorophyll molecules are excited by absorbed photons, and is a proxy for plant photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis observation from space via solar-induced chlorophyll fluorescence", Science .]]> rate of photosynthesis in green pond weed called ELODEA Research on photosynthesis Photosynthesis is processes by chlorophyll (green in the leaf).The three things that is needed in photosynthesis are sunlight from the sun, energy form the roots coming form the soil nitrate and carbon dioxide.]]> Photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplast cells where it contains chlorophyll and other things.]]> 28000.000000 90 Photosynthesis provides the energy in the form of free electrons that are used to split carbon from carbon dioxide that is then used to fix that carbon once again as carbohydrate .]]> Photosynthesis provides the energy in the form of free electrons that are used to split carbon from carbon dioxide that is then used to fix that carbon once again as carbohydrate .]]> Carbon fixation is an endothermic redox reaction, so photosynthesis supplies the energy that drives both process.]]> photosynthesis is the opposite of cellular respiration , in which glucose and other compounds are oxidized to produce carbon dioxide and water, and to release chemical energy (an exothermic reaction) to drive the organism's metabolism .]]> plant photosynthesis (also known as the Calvin-Benson cycle ) is a light-independent reaction that converts carbon dioxide into glucose (fuel).]]> Photosynthesis is a chemical process that converts carbon dioxide into organic compounds, especially sugars, using the energy from sunlight.]]> organisms: today, more than 10 17 kcal of free energy is stored annually by photosynthesis on earth, which corresponds to the fixation of more than 10 10 tons of carbon into carbohydrates and other organic compounds.]]> carbon dioxide is reduced to make triose phosphate (G3P), which is generally considered the prime end-product of photosynthesis.]]> carbon fixed by plants through photosynthesis - at scales never explored before.]]> photosynthesis is when the temperature gets lower, amount of carbon dioxide and if the light is kept away from the plant.]]> 56000.000000 8 photosynthesis is at the heart of plant bioenergetics, fundamental to plant productivity and biomass, and a major factor in global climate, it is widely studied across the many fields it embraces.]]> photosynthesis is at the heart of plant bioenergetics, fundamental to plant productivity and biomass, and a major factor in global climate, it is widely studied across the many fields it embraces.]]> photosynthesis produces more than 100 billion tons of dry biomass annually, which would be equivalent to a hundred times the weight of the total human population on our planet at the present time and equal to a global energy storage rate of about 100 TW.]]> 26000.000000 79 Photosynthesis changes sunlight into chemical energy, splits water to liberate O 2 , and fixes CO 2 into sugar.]]> Photosynthesis changes sunlight into chemical energy, splits water to liberate O 2 , and fixes CO 2 into sugar.]]> Photosynthesis is the conversion of the energy of sunlight into chemical energy by living organisms.]]> 24000.000000 49 Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth's atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth .]]> Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth's atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth .]]> 72000.000000 1 26500.000000 195 14900.000000 503 photosynthesis in plants.]]> photosynthesis in plants.]]> Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities ( energy transformation ).]]> leaf is the primary site of photosynthesis in plants.]]> photosynthesis reactions, the majority of organisms, including plants, utilize oxygen for cellular respiration.]]> plants, photosynthesis uses light energy to power the oxidation of water (i.e., the removal of electrons), to produce molecular oxygen, hydrogen ions, and electrons.]]> plants do naturally during photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis, the process used by plants to convert light energy (from the sun) into chemical energy.]]> photosynthesis includes several biochemical and anatomical modifications that allow plants with this photosynthetic pathway to concentrate CO 2 at the site of Rubisco.]]> plants, since the rate of photosynthesis per unit nitrogen in the leaf is increased ( Oaks, 1994 ).]]> 28000.000000 1 Photosystem II, Concepts in Photobiology: Photosynthesis and Photomorphogenesis , Singhal, G.S. et al .]]> Photosystem II, Concepts in Photobiology: Photosynthesis and Photomorphogenesis , Singhal, G.S. et al .]]> 22000.000000 189 leaf measurements of photosynthesis and transpiration.]]> leaf measurements of photosynthesis and transpiration.]]> leaf temperature is increased, by varying the levels of O 2 or CO 2 in the atmosphere, then the percentage inhibition of photosynthesis by O 2 is similar.]]> photosynthesis, with close-ups of the various parts: the leaf, its blade, the plant cell and the chloroplast.]]> 27000.000000 245 36000.000000 1 Photosynthesis Research Protocols, well-known researchers describe in step-by-step detail a broad range of basic and advanced biochemical techniques for isolating, treating, and analyzing the photosynthetic materials and processes.]]> Photosynthesis Research Protocols, well-known researchers describe in step-by-step detail a broad range of basic and advanced biochemical techniques for isolating, treating, and analyzing the photosynthetic materials and processes.]]> photosynthetic apparatus with the ability to respond to variations of irradiance by changes in activities of the light and the dark stages of photosynthesis within a time range of seconds and minutes are considered in the review.]]> 18000.000000 161 52000.000000 1 48000.000000 26 30000.000000 157 artificial photosynthesis, is commonly used to refer to any scheme for capturing and storing the energy from sunlight in the chemical bonds of a fuel (a solar fuel ).]]> artificial photosynthesis, is commonly used to refer to any scheme for capturing and storing the energy from sunlight in the chemical bonds of a fuel (a solar fuel ).]]> artificial photosynthesis.]]> artificial photosynthesis are developing photocatalysts that are able to perform both of these reactions.]]> artificial photosynthesis is to produce a fuel from sunlight that can be stored conveniently and used when sunlight is not available, by using direct processes, that is, to produce a solar fuel .]]> Artificial Photosynthesis (JCAP) is the nation's largest research program dedicated to the development of an artificial solar-fuel generation technology.]]> Artificial Photosynthesis.]]> 22000.000000 58 29000.000000 33 Photosynthesis Coursework Introduction Background Information Glucose can be converted to sucrose and carried to other parts of the plant in phloem vessels.]]> Photosynthesis Coursework Introduction Background Information Glucose can be converted to sucrose and carried to other parts of the plant in phloem vessels.]]> 28000.000000 161 20000.000000 231 40000.000000 1 energy capture by photosynthesis is immense, approximately 100 terawatts, which is about six times larger than the power consumption of human civilization.]]> energy capture by photosynthesis is immense, approximately 100 terawatts, which is about six times larger than the power consumption of human civilization.]]> 24000.000000 31 24000.000000 1 photosynthesis occur in cellular subcompartments called chloroplasts, which themselves are further compartmentalized by inner and outer membranes separated by an intermembrane space.]]> photosynthesis occur in cellular subcompartments called chloroplasts, which themselves are further compartmentalized by inner and outer membranes separated by an intermembrane space.]]> 12000.000000 29 12000.000000 12 Photosynthesis: How Proteins Control Excitation Energy Transfer.]]> Photosynthesis: How Proteins Control Excitation Energy Transfer.]]> excitation energy transfer of light harvesting complexes in photosynthesis.]]> 16000.000000 125 30000.000000 20 30000.000000 13 electrons for photosynthesis and it does this by ripping them out of water releasing oxygen as a byproduct.]]> electrons for photosynthesis and it does this by ripping them out of water releasing oxygen as a byproduct.]]> 5300.000000 823 photosynthesis, water and sunlight would ultimately be the only needed sources for clean energy production.]]> photosynthesis, water and sunlight would ultimately be the only needed sources for clean energy production.]]> photosynthesis energy from the sunlight is converted to chemical energy (Figure 1).]]> 11000.000000 247 photosynthesis and other fluxes between land and atmosphere that are relevant for the Earth System" says Martin Jung from MPI-BGC.]]> photosynthesis and other fluxes between land and atmosphere that are relevant for the Earth System" says Martin Jung from MPI-BGC.]]> sunlight, oxygen is released into the atmosphere, and this, along with food production by photosynthesis, supports life on earth.]]> 21000.000000 16 Photosynthesis is arguably the most important biochemical pathway, since nearly all life depends on it.]]> Photosynthesis is arguably the most important biochemical pathway, since nearly all life depends on it.]]> photosynthesis, NADP-dependent malic enzyme (NADP-ME), NAD-dependent ME (NAD-ME), and PEP carboxykinase (PEPCK).]]> 7000.000000 181 20000.000000 33 plant photosynthesis, water molecules are photo-oxidized to release oxygen and protons.]]> plant photosynthesis, water molecules are photo-oxidized to release oxygen and protons.]]> 20000.000000 30 photosynthesis, including both oceanic phytoplankton and terrestrial vegetation .]]> photosynthesis, including both oceanic phytoplankton and terrestrial vegetation .]]> 20000.000000 33 10000.000000 244 19000.000000 48 12000.000000 206 12000.000000 86 18000.000000 91 4800.000000 583 16000.000000 4 16000.000000 254 16000.000000 187 16000.000000 96 15000.000000 112 7000.000000 103 8700.000000 460 13000.000000 179 photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis.]]> 13000.000000 287 13000.000000 90 3100.000000 1916 12000.000000 18 12000.000000 27 12000.000000 14 photosynthesis is an example of an oxidation-reduction process.]]> photosynthesis is an example of an oxidation-reduction process.]]> photosynthesis and its photosystems, including the water oxidation reaction.]]> 3900.000000 1557 3900.000000 335 10000.000000 129 photosynthesis occurring inside stacks of membranous flattened sacs (thylakoids).]]> photosynthesis occurring inside stacks of membranous flattened sacs (thylakoids).]]> 10000.000000 176 photosynthesis which could then lead to ways of significantly increasing the yield of important crops for food production or sustainable bioenergy.]]> photosynthesis which could then lead to ways of significantly increasing the yield of important crops for food production or sustainable bioenergy.]]> photosynthesis research.]]> 1600.000000 5018 8000.000000 75 3000.000000 2050 photosynthesis pathway.]]> photosynthesis pathway.]]> 2800.000000 1296 7000.000000 195 7000.000000 85 3200.000000 462 1600.000000 503 2500.000000 4169 2900.000000 2914 rate of photosynthesis will be limited if it is too cold for the enzymes to work properly.]]> rate of photosynthesis will be limited if it is too cold for the enzymes to work properly.]]> 2800.000000 10802 2800.000000 413 2200.000000 2288 Photosynthesis is the process whereby biological systems convert sunlight into food and the source of all the fossil fuels we burn today.]]> Photosynthesis is the process whereby biological systems convert sunlight into food and the source of all the fossil fuels we burn today.]]> 1800.000000 823 2100.000000 1892 2200.000000 1774 photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis.]]> 2800.000000 1128 1600.000000 2435 4000.000000 224 photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis.]]> 4000.000000 83 2000.000000 1296 1300.000000 460 photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis.]]> 1300.000000 660 1200.000000 335 1700.000000 1121 1600.000000 335 1501.000000 4366 1800.000000 1515 photosynthesis is not as efficient as it could be.]]> photosynthesis is not as efficient as it could be.]]> 1800.000000 603 <![CDATA[Photosynthesis - Wikipedia]]> 0 390041 42854085465 271714.500000 1516339584 1516339584 1793417269 en 1566089271 124 2 0 36 8684640 49889 1 1 1 0 0 589788 241474640002002 10743859860709030866 0 120000.000000 3 plant photosynthesis, water molecules are photo-oxidized to release oxygen and protons.]]> plant photosynthesis, water molecules are photo-oxidized to release oxygen and protons.]]> plant photosynthesis (also known as the Calvin-Benson cycle ) is a light-independent reaction that converts carbon dioxide into glucose (fuel).]]> carbon dioxide directly increases plant photosynthesis, but the size of the increase depends on the species and physiological condition of the plant.]]> 120000.000000 3 natural photosynthesis is for the production of a biofuel , which is an indirect process that suffers from low energy conversion efficiency (due to photosynthesis' own low efficiency in converting sunlight to biomass), the cost of harvesting and transporting the fuel, and conflicts due to the increasing need of land mass for food production.]]> natural photosynthesis is for the production of a biofuel , which is an indirect process that suffers from low energy conversion efficiency (due to photosynthesis' own low efficiency in converting sunlight to biomass), the cost of harvesting and transporting the fuel, and conflicts due to the increasing need of land mass for food production.]]> photosynthetic organisms but cannot be used due to bottlenecks in natural photosynthesis.]]> natural photosynthesis) and the possibilities to exploit in vivo systems for solar fuel synthesis.]]> natural photosynthesis not only in terms of solar energy conversion efficiency, but also in catalytic rate.]]> 120000.000000 1 120000.000000 3 artificial photosynthesis, is commonly used to refer to any scheme for capturing and storing the energy from sunlight in the chemical bonds of a fuel (a solar fuel ).]]> artificial photosynthesis, is commonly used to refer to any scheme for capturing and storing the energy from sunlight in the chemical bonds of a fuel (a solar fuel ).]]> converts water into hydrogen and oxygen, and is a major research topic of artificial photosynthesis.]]> artificial photosynthesis are developing photocatalysts that are able to perform both of these reactions.]]> artificial photosynthesis is to produce a fuel from sunlight that can be stored conveniently and used when sunlight is not available, by using direct processes, that is, to produce a solar fuel .]]> Artificial photosynthesis is a process that converts solar energy into a renewable fuel, a so-called solar fuel.]]> artificial photosynthesis research justify the timeliness of this meeting, as we are now at a decisive stage where some of the fundamental questions have been answered and applications are becoming a reality.]]> artificial photosynthesis research.]]> artificial photosynthesis was driven by progress in the understanding of natural systems and attempts to exploit in living organisms (e.g., algae).]]> artificial photosynthesis.]]> Artificial photosynthesis has worked remarkably disconnected from other fields that also rely on light-driven processes.]]> organic photocatalysis is a rather new (or rediscovered) field that could learn from artificial photosynthesis.]]> artificial photosynthesis platform that couples the requisite enzymes of the Calvin cycle with a nanoscale photophosphorylation system engineered into a foam architecture using the Tngara frog surfactant protein Ranaspumin-2.]]> 105000.000000 20 oxygenic photosynthesis in plants , algae , and cyanobacteria , the overall process is quite similar in these organisms.]]> oxygenic photosynthesis in plants , algae , and cyanobacteria , the overall process is quite similar in these organisms.]]> algae and cyanobacteria use a chemical reaction known as photosynthesis to create the materials they need from what's around them.]]> algae and cyanobacteria all use oxygen-based photosynthesis , there is also a version of the reaction called anoxygenic photosynthesis.]]> Photosynthesis occurs in plants, algae, and many species of bacteria, but not in archaea.]]> Photosynthesis has evolved in plants, algae and some other bacteria and in each case the mechanism does the best possible job for the organism in question.]]> algae and bacteria into plants, the researchers hope to make the environment in the plants' cells around Rubisco richer in carbon dioxide which will allow photosynthesis to produce sugars more efficiently.]]> 57000.000000 29 64000.000000 3 88000.000000 1 Photosynthesis Research Protocols, well-known researchers describe in step-by-step detail a broad range of basic and advanced biochemical techniques for isolating, treating, and analyzing the photosynthetic materials and processes.]]> Photosynthesis Research Protocols, well-known researchers describe in step-by-step detail a broad range of basic and advanced biochemical techniques for isolating, treating, and analyzing the photosynthetic materials and processes.]]> photosynthetic apparatus is essential for the efficient performance of the complex process of photosynthesis.]]> 64000.000000 3 64000.000000 3 120000.000000 1 anoxygenic photosynthesis , used mostly by certain types of bacteria, which consume carbon dioxide but do not release oxygen.]]> anoxygenic photosynthesis , used mostly by certain types of bacteria, which consume carbon dioxide but do not release oxygen.]]> Bacterial anoxygenic photosynthesis is distinguished from the more familiar terrestrial plant oxygenic photosynthesis by the nature of the terminal reductant (e.g. hydrogen sulfide rather than water) and in the byproduct generated (e.g. elemental sulfur instead of molecular oxygen).]]> anoxygenic photosynthesis does not produce oxygen as a byproduct of the reaction.]]> organisms that carry out anoxygenic photosynthesis are obligate anaerobes.]]> bacteria can conduct anoxygenic photosynthesis: green sulfur bacteria (GSB), red and green filamentous phototrophs (FAPs e.g.]]> Reaction Centers Although the type II reaction centers are structurally and sequentially analogous to Photosystem II (PSII) in plant chloroplasts and cyanobacteria, known organisms that exhibit anoxygenic photosynthesis do not have a region analogous to the oxygen-evolving complex of PSII.]]> 60000.000000 79 Photosynthesis changes sunlight into chemical energy, splits water to liberate O 2 , and fixes CO 2 into sugar.]]> Photosynthesis changes sunlight into chemical energy, splits water to liberate O 2 , and fixes CO 2 into sugar.]]> photosynthesis, water and sunlight would ultimately be the only needed sources for clean energy production.]]> Photosynthesis is the process whereby biological systems convert sunlight into food and the source of all the fossil fuels we burn today.]]> Photosynthesis is a chemical process that converts carbon dioxide into organic compounds, especially sugars, using the energy from sunlight.]]> photosynthesis convert radiant (sunlight) energy into the potential chemical energy found between the carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen bonds in sugar (glucose).]]> 68000.000000 1 photosynthesis takes place in structures within their cells called chloroplasts.]]> photosynthesis takes place in structures within their cells called chloroplasts.]]> chloroplasts in the light-dependent reaction of photosynthesis.]]> process of photosynthesis takes place in the chloroplasts, specifically using chlorophyll, the green pigment involved in photosynthesis.]]> 44000.000000 58 bacteria conduct photosynthesis for the build-up of biomass, which then is available to other organisms as food.]]> bacteria conduct photosynthesis for the build-up of biomass, which then is available to other organisms as food.]]> 54000.000000 31 Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities ( energy transformation ).]]> Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy into chemical energy that can later be released to fuel the organisms' activities ( energy transformation ).]]> oxygenic photosynthesis and is by far the most common type of photosynthesis used by living organisms.]]> Photosynthesis presents a sweeping overview of the history of photosynthesis investigations, and detailed accounts of research progress in all aspects of the most complex bioenergetic process in living organisms.]]> Organisms that conduct photosynthesis meet their energy requirements through absorption and conversion of the light energy of the sun.]]> 32000.000000 71 26000.000000 90 Photosynthesis research was further recognized by the Prize in Biology (1991) awarded by the Emperor of Japan to Hatch and Slack (for unraveling the C 4 pathway of carbon metabolism in sugarcane and other plants).]]> Photosynthesis research was further recognized by the Prize in Biology (1991) awarded by the Emperor of Japan to Hatch and Slack (for unraveling the C 4 pathway of carbon metabolism in sugarcane and other plants).]]> Photosynthesis provides the energy in the form of free electrons that are used to split carbon from carbon dioxide that is then used to fix that carbon once again as carbohydrate .]]> Carbon fixation is an endothermic redox reaction, so photosynthesis supplies the energy that drives both process.]]> photosynthesis is the opposite of cellular respiration , in which glucose and other compounds are oxidized to produce carbon dioxide and water, and to release chemical energy (an exothermic reaction) to drive the organism's metabolism .]]> photosynthesis are the chemical reactions by which organic compounds are formed by using carbon dioxide as a carbon source.]]> carbon dioxide and hence the rate of photosynthesis.]]> carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increases, more carbon dioxide could enter through a smaller opening of the stomata, so more photosynthesis could occur with a given supply of water.]]> photosynthesis inorganic carbon dioxide is transformed into organic biomass.]]> 44000.000000 33 80000.000000 1 48000.000000 8 photosynthesis is at the heart of plant bioenergetics, fundamental to plant productivity and biomass, and a major factor in global climate, it is widely studied across the many fields it embraces.]]> photosynthesis is at the heart of plant bioenergetics, fundamental to plant productivity and biomass, and a major factor in global climate, it is widely studied across the many fields it embraces.]]> 48000.000000 1 72000.000000 1 25000.000000 125 30000.000000 245 36000.000000 18 photosynthesis is performed differently by different species, the process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments.]]> photosynthesis is performed differently by different species, the process always begins when energy from light is absorbed by proteins called reaction centres that contain green chlorophyll pigments.]]> pigments used to carry out anaerobic photosynthesis are similar to chlorophyll but differ in molecular detail and peak wavelength of light absorbed.]]> 18000.000000 161 40000.000000 32 40000.000000 1 energy capture by photosynthesis is immense, approximately 100 terawatts, which is about six times larger than the power consumption of human civilization.]]> energy capture by photosynthesis is immense, approximately 100 terawatts, which is about six times larger than the power consumption of human civilization.]]> 20000.000000 49 26000.000000 161 25000.000000 91 Chemistry, and Professor Mike Blatt, Regius Professor of Botany, will lead the UK efforts in two of four transatlantic research teams exploring ways to overcome limitations in photosynthesis which could then lead to ways of significantly increasing the yield of important crops for food production or sustainable bioenergy.]]> Chemistry, and Professor Mike Blatt, Regius Professor of Botany, will lead the UK efforts in two of four transatlantic research teams exploring ways to overcome limitations in photosynthesis which could then lead to ways of significantly increasing the yield of important crops for food production or sustainable bioenergy.]]> 24000.000000 33 12000.000000 125 12000.000000 29 17000.000000 217 Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth's atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth .]]> Photosynthesis is largely responsible for producing and maintaining the oxygen content of the Earth's atmosphere, and supplies all of the organic compounds and most of the energy necessary for life on Earth .]]> 30000.000000 20 28000.000000 4 28000.000000 6 18000.000000 71 18000.000000 243 reaction driven by an enzyme called Rubisco, which is a widely recognized bottleneck in the photosynthesis pathway.]]> reaction driven by an enzyme called Rubisco, which is a widely recognized bottleneck in the photosynthesis pathway.]]> 26000.000000 50 photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis.]]> 15000.000000 90 14000.000000 89 Photosynthesis from Light to Life: An ISPR Meeting in Conjunction with Plant Biology 18 was held from July 14 to July 20, 2018 (the ISPR specific component was from July 17 to July 20) in Montreal, Canada.]]> Photosynthesis from Light to Life: An ISPR Meeting in Conjunction with Plant Biology 18 was held from July 14 to July 20, 2018 (the ISPR specific component was from July 17 to July 20) in Montreal, Canada.]]> 21000.000000 116 photosynthesis research.]]> photosynthesis research.]]> 5100.000000 823 Photosynthesis and Hydrogen Energy Research for Sustainability in Baku, Azebaijan (December 17-18, 2018).]]> Photosynthesis and Hydrogen Energy Research for Sustainability in Baku, Azebaijan (December 17-18, 2018).]]> Photosynthesis is the process of converting light energy to chemical energy and storing it in the bonds of sugar.]]> 20000.000000 33 20000.000000 30 photosynthesis, including both oceanic phytoplankton and terrestrial vegetation .]]> photosynthesis, including both oceanic phytoplankton and terrestrial vegetation .]]> 10000.000000 180 photosynthesis from a high-surface-area foam containing enzymes that produce sugar using light and CO2 (abstract).]]> photosynthesis from a high-surface-area foam containing enzymes that produce sugar using light and CO2 (abstract).]]> 4600.000000 1557 12000.000000 254 photosynthesis in one anything like the other?]]> photosynthesis in one anything like the other?]]> 18000.000000 159 Photosynthesis progressed during the twentieth century.]]> Photosynthesis progressed during the twentieth century.]]> 18000.000000 272 4000.000000 335 16000.000000 1 Photosynthesis Conference: Innovations in Agriculture for Food Security will be held from June 30 to July 3, 2019 , in Brisbane, Australia.]]> Photosynthesis Conference: Innovations in Agriculture for Food Security will be held from June 30 to July 3, 2019 , in Brisbane, Australia.]]> Photosynthesis Gordon Research Conference will b e held on July 21-26, 2019, in Newry , ME, USA.]]> 9000.000000 259 9000.000000 126 3800.000000 503 photosynthesis in crop plants: targets for improvement, organised and edited by Christine H Foyer, Alexander V Ruban and Peter Nixon.]]> photosynthesis in crop plants: targets for improvement, organised and edited by Christine H Foyer, Alexander V Ruban and Peter Nixon.]]> Photosynthesis in plants produces the oxygen we breath, the bread and wine, the fuels and fibers that support our everyday lives.]]> photosynthesis in plants.]]> photosynthesis is also behind many of the world's fossil fuels, which formed from decayed prehistoric plants and animals.]]> photosynthesis in plants.]]> Photosynthesis is vital for the life of plants and for all animals on the planet.]]> photosynthesis and plant growth .]]> 13000.000000 141 12000.000000 64 3200.000000 4169 photosynthesis for life on earth.]]> photosynthesis for life on earth.]]> Photosynthesis, edited by Govindjee, J.T. Beatty, H. Gest and J.F. Allen, is a splendid compendium of the great leaps forward in the research on photosynthesis, paralleling the advances in technology for the study of the life sciences in general.]]> Photosynthesis is the basis of all life.]]> 3800.000000 2050 photosynthesis research in Azerbaijan, and a memorial tribute for him was published (Huseynova et al.]]> photosynthesis research in Azerbaijan, and a memorial tribute for him was published (Huseynova et al.]]> Photosynthesis Research ePS-1 was held June 25-28, 2018, Uppsala Sweden.]]> photosynthesis as of millennium 2000, the book evolved into a majestic and encyclopedic saga involving all of the basic sciences.]]> Photosynthesis', edited by Govindjee, J. Thomas Beatty, Howard Gest and John F. Allen, is a remarkable Encyclopedia of Research in Photosynthesis, its discoveries, and its difficulties during the last century.]]> photosynthesis research.]]> 2700.000000 958 8000.000000 61 8000.000000 39 8000.000000 37 7000.000000 195 7000.000000 86 2300.000000 1401 2800.000000 1128 1600.000000 2288 2000.000000 7974 4000.000000 206 4000.000000 231 4000.000000 203 2400.000000 462 1700.000000 2914 rate of photosynthesis in pond weed.]]> rate of photosynthesis in pond weed.]]> rate of photosynthesis by monitoring their effect on hydrogencarbonate indicator.]]> photosynthesis produced more sucrose than the rest of the plant could use.]]> 1600.000000 335 2100.000000 915 1800.000000 4341 900.000000 335 1700.000000 363 1500.000000 1751 photosynthesis: It is a must for all libraries around the World.]]> photosynthesis: It is a must for all libraries around the World.]]> 1100.000000 460 1100.000000 2435 1400.000000 1892 1800.000000 10802 1800.000000 7833 Photosynthesis , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send.]]> Photosynthesis , please help us out by filling out the form below and clicking Send.]]> Photosynthesis_photo.]]> 1800.000000 1881 1800.000000 737 photosynthesis.]]> photosynthesis.]]> 1600.000000 3356 photosynthesis has attracted the attention of a legion of biologists, biochemists, chemists and physicists for over 200 years.]]> photosynthesis has attracted the attention of a legion of biologists, biochemists, chemists and physicists for over 200 years.]]> 1600.000000 4638 1600.000000 612 1600.000000 1253 1600.000000 828 1600.000000 1800 1600.000000 413 1600.000000 352 1500.000000 1440 photosynthesis rates.]]> photosynthesis rates.]]> 700.000000 1139 1300.000000 1050 <![CDATA[ISPR - International Society of Photosynthesis Research]]> 0 77649 255645730127 2787379.000000 1557397238 1557397238 2089915685 en
  • Chemistry
  • Glasgow scientists Professor Lee Cronin, Gardiner Chair of Chemistry, and Professor Mike Blatt, Regius Professor of Botany, will lead the UK efforts in two of four transatlantic research teams exploring ways to overcome limitations in photosynthesis which could then lead to ways of significantly increasing the yield of important crops for food production or sustainable bioenergy. (enn.com)
  • reaction
  • Three of the research projects will focus on improving a reaction driven by an enzyme called Rubisco, which is a widely recognized bottleneck in the photosynthesis pathway. (enn.com)
  • Biology
  • Photosynthesis from Light to Life: An ISPR Meeting in Conjunction with Plant Biology 18 was held from July 14 to July 20, 2018 (the ISPR specific component was from July 17 to July 20) in Montreal, Canada. (photosynthesisresearch.org)
  • Editors
  • Professor Govindjee and his co-editors have done a magnificent work by producing an impressive lively picture of how the knowledge on Photosynthesis progressed during the twentieth century. (springer.com)
  • years
  • The study of photosynthesis has attracted the attention of a legion of biologists, biochemists, chemists and physicists for over 200 years. (springer.com)