Loading...
  • asymmetric
  • Soon after Bretscher had launched this 'revolutionary' idea, Zwaal and coworkers were able, not only to confirm Bretscher's observations, but also to complete the picture of the asymmetric distribution of the phospholipids in the human red cell membrane by using various highly purified phospholipases (see Refs. (springer.com)
  • The outer membrane is a complex, asymmetric structure composed of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) on the outer surface and phospholipids on the inner. (nanowerk.com)
  • double membrane
  • We speculate that the additional requirement for PC-PLC activity is for lysis of secondary double-membrane vacuoles formed during cell-to-cell spread. (asm.org)
  • This cell-to-cell spreading event results in the formation of secondary double-membrane vacuoles, from which bacteria rapidly escape to gain access to the cytosol of the secondary infected cell, where continued replication occurs ( 39 , 54 ). (asm.org)
  • interactions
  • A thermodynamic model is described, taking into consideration electrostatic interactions, which is used for the calculation of the partition coefficient as well as to derive the complete thermodynamic parameters describing the interaction of detergents with biological membranes (change in enthalpy, change in free energy, change in entropy etc). (mdpi.com)
  • they are the major component of biological membranes, are part of all major tissues and are concentrated in vital organs that require neuronal interactions. (mdpi.com)
  • cellular
  • Membrane fusion underlies many cellular events, including secretion, exocytosis, endocytosis, organelle reconstitution, transport from endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi and nuclear envelope formation. (biochemj.org)
  • Phospholipids are the fundamental building blocks of cellular membranes and are the major part of surfactant , the film that occupies the air/liquid interfaces in the lung. (encyclopedia.com)
  • nowadays
  • It is the aim of this chapter to review the various types of probes that are used nowadays for phospholipid localization studies and to discuss their specific possibilities and limitations. (springer.com)
  • It is then not surprising that phospholipids properties, such as chemical or crystal structure, self-assembly, hydration, phase transition, etc. have been long studied and are nowadays well understood [ 1 - 3 ]. (mdpi.com)
  • disruption
  • Neutron reflectivity revealed that the experiments reproduced in vivo behaviour, replicating the disruption of the outer membrane seen in living bacteria. (nanowerk.com)