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  • lipids
  • Stimulation of rat lymphocytes with the T-cell mitogen concanavalin A resulted in significant changes in the fatty acid composition of both neutral lipids and phospholipids (a decrease in the proportions of stearic, linoleic and arachidonic acids and an increase in the proportion of oleic acid). (ox.ac.uk)
  • Supplementation of the culture medium with particular fatty acids (myristic, palmitic, stearic, oleic, linoleic, alpha-linolenic, arachidonic, eicosapentaenoic or docosahexaenoic acid) led to enrichment of that fatty acid in both neutral lipids and phospholipids. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Structure
  • Secondary structure predictions from the amino acid sequence suggest that the binding of a phospholipid stabilizes helicity of the amphipathic helices while the reduction of disulfide bonds would affect the stability of the N-terminal helix. (semanticscholar.org)
  • Function
  • To explore the function of distinct linear segments of ORP1S in phospholipid binding and vesicular transport regulation, we generated a series of 15 open reading frames coding for diagnostic regions within ORP1S. (biochemj.org)
  • Protein
  • Phospholipid-Protein Kinase C Involvement in the Adrenergic Regulation of Pinealocyte Cyclic AMP: A Model of How Modulators Act? (springer.com)
  • Phospholipid scramblase 1 (PLSCR1), a lipid-binding protein that enters the nucleus via the nonclassical NLS (257)GKISKHWTGI(266). (wikipedia.org)
  • Phospholipid transfer protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the PLTP gene. (wikipedia.org)
  • The encoded protein transfers phospholipids from triglyceride-rich lipoproteins to high density lipoprotein (HDL). (wikipedia.org)
  • Binding of phospholipid transfer protein (PLTP) to apolipoproteins A-I and A-II: location of a PLTP binding domain in the amino terminal region of apoA-I". J. Lipid Res. (wikipedia.org)
  • Other names in common use include peroxidation-inhibiting protein, PHGPX, peroxidation-inhibiting protein: peroxidase, glutathione, (phospholipid hydroperoxide-reducing), phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase, hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase, or glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4). (wikipedia.org)
  • lecithin
  • Cargill Incorporated (U.S.)is a major player in the lecithin market and has a major share in the phospholipids market. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • A fewof the key players in the lecithin &phospholipids marketinclude Cargill Incorporated (U.S.),The Solae Company (U.S.), Archer Daniels Midland Company (U.S.),LasenorEmulSl (Spain), Lipoid GMBH (Germany),Avanti PolarLipids Inc. (U.S.), and VAV Life Sciences Pvt. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • The top four players in the lecithin market accounted for about 60% of the market in 2013 by market volume, while the top four players in the phospholipids market accounted for about 93% of market share. (marketsandmarkets.com)
  • The first phospholipid identified in 1847 as such in biological tissues was lecithin, or phosphatidylcholine, in the egg yolk of chickens by the French chemist and pharmacist, Theodore Nicolas Gobley. (wikipedia.org)
  • localization
  • It is the aim of this chapter to review the various types of probes that are used nowadays for phospholipid localization studies and to discuss their specific possibilities and limitations. (springer.com)
  • Bacteria
  • Phospholipid-derived fatty acids (PLFA) are widely used in microbial ecology as chemotaxonomic markers of bacteria and other organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • Phospholipids can occur in many biological classes (such as in plant roots, fungi, as well as in soil bacteria), so care has to be taken in over-assigning PLFA biomarkers to the wrong class. (wikipedia.org)
  • The basic premise is that as individual organisms (especially bacteria and fungi) die, phospholipids are rapidly degraded and the remaining phospholipid content of the sample is assumed to be from living organisms. (wikipedia.org)
  • As the phospholipids of different groups of bacteria and fungi contain a variety of somewhat unusual fatty acids, they can serve as useful biomarkers for such groups. (wikipedia.org)
  • enzymes
  • 1-LysoPC can be produced from phosphatidylcholine by enzymes having phospholipase A1 activity, that is, enzymes hydrolyzing specifically at the sn-1 position of a phospholipid and releasing a fatty acid. (wikipedia.org)
  • naturally
  • This accomplishment not only established conclusively the constitution and configuration of a naturally occurring phospholipid as being "L- α -," or, in the newer nomenclature, "3- sn -," but made a phospholipid available for the first time in pure form for biochemical and biophysical studies. (springer.com)
  • cell
  • Soon after Bretscher had launched this 'revolutionary' idea, Zwaal and coworkers were able, not only to confirm Bretscher's observations, but also to complete the picture of the asymmetric distribution of the phospholipids in the human red cell membrane by using various highly purified phospholipases (see Refs. (springer.com)
  • The phospholipids are not forced too closely together, which means that the membrane is not rigid, which is what gives the cell the ' wobbly ' effect we are taught in our early years of education. (everything2.com)
  • Composition
  • Once the phospholipids of an unknown sample are saponified, the composition of the resulting PLFA can be compared to the PLFA of known organisms to determine the identity of the sample organism. (wikipedia.org)
  • PLFA profiles and composition can be determined by purifying the phospholipids and then cleaving the fatty acids for further analysis. (wikipedia.org)