• Within the past decade, physicists have detected quantum phase transitions, changes that arise entirely from quantum fluctuations -- the jittering of subatomic particles as described by Heisenberg s uncertainty principle. (innovations-report.com)
  • As the metals change quantum phases, they pass through a stage known as the "critical point" in which all electrons throughout the material respond collectively and can no longer be regarded as individual particles. (innovations-report.com)
  • The results are explained with allowance for the magnetic moment relaxation in single-domain particles and phase transitions in a system of. (ebscohost.com)
  • And finally, to add texture to it all, researchers led by Amy Gladfelter, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, report in the same issue that the shape of RNA determines the content, biophysical properties, and phase separation of RNA-protein assemblies, proving that there is much more to know about these particles and their regulation in health and disease. (alzforum.org)
  • Condensed matter physics is a branch of physics that deals with the physical properties of condensed phases of matter, where particles adhere to each other. (wikipedia.org)
  • Qualitavely, these phase transitions are analogous to gait shifts in animal locomotion as well as phenomena common to other physical and biological systems in which new "modes" or spatiotemporal patterns arise when the system is parametrically scaled beyond its equilibrium state (Haken, 1983). (springer.com)
  • Clear, concise and complete explanations rigorously address transitions from the atomic scale up, providing the quantitative concepts, analytical tools and methods needed to understand modern research in materials science. (cambridge.org)
  • The resulting effect may be viewed as a unique type of quantum phase transition that is driven by the size of the system rather than by an external field or coupling strength. (pnas.org)
  • Photoinduced phase transition is a process to the nonequilibrium phases generated from an equilibrium by shining on high energy photons, and the nonequilibrium phase is a macroscopic excited domain that has new structural and electronic orders quite different from the starting ground state (equilibrium phase). (wikipedia.org)
  • The theoretical paper predicts that a mathematical irregularity called a divergence occurs at every "quantum critical point," a stage materials pass through as they change phases. (innovations-report.com)
  • One of these is the locally-critical quantum phase transition, a new class of quantum phase transition first proposed by Si and colleagues in an article in Nature two years ago. (innovations-report.com)
  • In the large self-propulsive force limit, we provide evidence of a phase transition from disordered to ordered motion which manifests itself as a change of type of the limit model (from hyperbolic to diffusive) at the crossing of a critical noise intensity. (aimsciences.org)
  • Beyond a critical frequency the originally prepared out-of-phase, antisymmetric mode is replaced by a symmetrical, in-phase mode involving simultaneous activation of homologous muscle groups. (springer.com)
  • Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena is a 20-volume series of books, comprising review articles on phase transitions and critical phenomena, published during 1972-2001. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volume 1: Exact Results (1972) ISBN 0122203011 'Introductory Note on Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena', by C.N. Yang. (wikipedia.org)
  • Volume 5b (1976) ISBN 0122203054 'Monte Carlo Investigations of Phase Transitions and Critical Phenomena', by K. Binder. (wikipedia.org)
  • A quantum critical point is a point in the phase diagram of a material where a continuous phase transition takes place at absolute zero. (wikipedia.org)
  • Less commonly a first-order transition can be made quantum critical. (wikipedia.org)
  • It is named after Tom W. B. Kibble, who pioneered the study of domain structure formation in the early universe, and Wojciech H. Zurek, who related the number of defects it creates to the critical exponents of the transition and to its rate - to how quickly the critical point is traversed. (wikipedia.org)
  • This prediction is universal, and the power exponent is given in terms of the critical exponents of the transition. (wikipedia.org)
  • Let us consider a system that undergoes a continuous phase transition at the critical value λ = λ c = 0 {\displaystyle \lambda =\lambda _{c}=0} of a control parameter. (wikipedia.org)
  • The special value of the parameter at which the system changes its phase is the system's critical point. (wikipedia.org)
  • This transition region is illustrated in the photomicrograph presented above, which demonstrates the high degree of order induced by the magnetic field. (fsu.edu)
  • Contrary to classical phase transitions, quantum phase transitions can only be accessed by varying a physical parameter-such as magnetic field or pressure-at absolute zero temperature. (wikipedia.org)
  • Topological defects in lambda transition universality class[clarification needed] systems including: screw/edge-dislocations in liquid crystals, magnetic flux tubes in superconductors, and vortices in superfluids. (wikipedia.org)
  • This material shows metamagnetism with a low-temperature first-order metamagnetic transition where the magnetization jumps when a magnetic field is applied within the directions of the layers. (wikipedia.org)
  • Landau, L.: The theory of phase transitions. (springer.com)
  • The modern meaning of the term was introduced by Leo Kadanoff in the 1960s,[citation needed] but a simpler version of the concept was already implicit in the van der Waals equation and in the earlier Landau theory of phase transitions, which did not incorporate scaling correctly. (wikipedia.org)
  • citation needed] The core observation was that, for all of the different systems, the behaviour at a phase transition is described by a continuum field, and that the same statistical field theory will describe different systems. (wikipedia.org)
  • In this paper we first survey recent advances on phase transition phenomena which are related to natural subclasses of the recursive functions. (springer.com)
  • We demonstrate that the evolutionarily conserved low-complexity protein, BuGZ, undergoes phase transition or coacervation to promote assembly of both spindles and their associated components. (nih.gov)
  • For both types of mechanics, the standard mathematical approach is to consider two concepts: The complete state of the mechanical system at a given time, mathematically encoded as a phase point (classical mechanics) or a pure quantum state vector (quantum mechanics). (wikipedia.org)
  • In particular, we discuss the following aspects: a cascade of freezing transitions for confined colloids, stable one-component quasicrystals for charged colloids, reentrant melting and anisotropic solid phases for star polymer solutions and reentrant nematic ordering for suspensions of the tobacco-mosaic virus. (ebscohost.com)
  • The temperature-induced order-disorder transition in Li 2 NH is demonstrated to be triggered by Li sub-lattice melting. (diva-portal.org)
  • Nanostructured materials can be synthesized by utilizing the domain growth that accompanies first-order phase separation. (unt.edu)
  • Where the linearized Poissonâ€"Boltzmann cell model fails: Spurious phase separation in charged colloidal suspensions. (ebscohost.com)
  • For better or worse, liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) happens. (alzforum.org)
  • Nuclear-import receptors and arginine methylation regulate phase separation and aggregation of RNA-binding proteins in the cytosol. (alzforum.org)
  • Specifically, there is a detectability transition in the stochastic block model, below which no algorithm can label nodes better than chance. (princeton.edu)
  • Since PE has a small headgroup and readily forms inverted micelle phases it should, according to the stalk model, promote the formation of these stalks. (wikipedia.org)
  • The model rose to prominence in the 1980s after it was found to capture the essence of the superfluid-insulator transition in a way that was much more mathematically tractable than fermionic metal-insulator models. (wikipedia.org)