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  • right parietal cortex
  • The results suggest involvement of two independent systems in situations of response conflict, with right parietal cortex being a crucial site for automatic activation of competing motor plans and prefrontal regions acting independently to inhibit action plans irrelevant to current task goals. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Magnetic Resonan
  • We used two common indicators of aging, motor performance speed and brain iron deposition measured in vivo using magnetic resonance imaging, to determine the potential effect of CR on elderly rhesus macaques eating restricted ( n = 24, 13 males, 11 females) and standard ( n = 17, 8 males, 9 females) diets. (jneurosci.org)
  • we used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) during overt semantic word generation and simultaneous intrascanner atDCS to investigate effects on performance and task-related activity. (jneurosci.org)
  • premotor
  • Thus, while there were activations in the right hemisphere for the choice versus simple reaction time task when the subjects used their left (contralateral) hand, there were activations in left prefrontal, premotor and parietal areas whether the right (contralateral) or left (ipsilateral) hands were used. (ox.ac.uk)
  • semantic
  • To investigate the underlying mechanisms for visual talent in FTLD (behavioral variant FTD [bvFTD] and semantic dementia [SD]) patients, we measured performance on a visual search paradigm that includes both feature and conjunction search, while simultaneously monitoring saccadic eye movements. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Modulation of parietal activation by semantic distance in a number comparison task. (semanticscholar.org)
  • degeneration
  • While patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) show deficits in attention, manifested by inefficient performance on visual search, new visual talents can emerge in patients with frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), suggesting that, at least in some of the patients, visual attention is spared, if not enhanced. (pubmedcentralcanada.ca)
  • Adult
  • We demonstrated, for the first time in a parietal patient, that J.J. was unable to adapt to the visual perturbation induced by the optical prisms with either hand within four times the number of trials required by healthy adult subjects. (ox.ac.uk)
  • regions
  • These findings indicate a critical role for parietal regions in action planning when there is response competition. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Neuroimaging studies of prenatal alcohol exposure have reported differences in the structure and metabolism of many brain systems, including in frontal, parietal, and temporal regions, in the cerebellum and basal ganglia, as well as in the white matter tracts that connect these brain regions. (springer.com)
  • Psychology
  • Teachers as well as students can use the information to improve performance in mathematics, said Sian Beilock , associate professor in psychology at the University of Chicago. (healthcanal.com)
  • attention
  • rTMS over the PPC on either side did not affect performance in the motor attention task. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Critically, only ANS improvement induced by parietal tRNS + Training transferred to proficiency in other parietal lobe-based quantity judgment, i.e., time and space discrimination, but not to quantity-unrelated tasks measuring attention, executive functions, and visual pattern recognition. (ox.ac.uk)
  • thought
  • We trained overall 40 human participants on a simple and well established paradigm assessing the ability to discriminate numerosity--or the number of items in a set--which is thought to rely on an "approximate number sense" (ANS) associated with parietal lobes. (ox.ac.uk)
  • Memory
  • This review will expand on the results from Söderqvist and Bergman Nutley (2015) showing improvements in reading and math performance two years following Cogmed Working Memory Training (CWMT) , put these results in a wider theoretical context and discuss these in relation to conflicting results from other studies. (frontiersin.org)
  • Training
  • Specifically, we will review the research investigating whether improving WM capacity using Cogmed WM training can lead to improvements on academic performance. (frontiersin.org)
  • Based on the theoretical complexity described we highlight some methodological issues that are important to take into consideration when designing and interpreting research on WM training and academic performance, but that are nonetheless often overlooked in the current research literature. (frontiersin.org)
  • Study
  • The aims of this study were to analyze the performance of elderly on the CDT and evaluate inter-rater reliability of the CDT scored by using a specific algorithm method adapted from Sunderland et al. (scielo.br)