• Visual backward masking is frequently used to study the temporal dynamics of visual perception. (uni-paderborn.de)
  • While it remains unclear whether these responses reflect conscious perception, itself, as opposed to pre- or post-perceptual processing, the results suggest that conscious perception of target sounds in complex listening environments may engage diverse neural mechanisms in distributed brain areas. (elsevier.com)
  • Metacontrast masking is a powerful illusion to investigate the dynamics of perceptual processing and to control conscious visual perception. (metu.edu.tr)
  • Levels of processing during non-conscious perception: a critical review of visual masking. (ens.fr)
  • A perceptual phenomenon used by Gestalt psychologists to demonstrate that events in one part of the perceptual field may affect perception in another part. (uams.edu)
  • Predictive processing starts off as a story about perception, and it's worth saying a few words about what it looks like in the perceptual domain before bringing it into the domain of action. (edge.org)
  • Wiegand K, Gutschalk A. Correlates of perceptual awareness in human primary auditory cortex revealed by an informational masking experiment. (uni-heidelberg.de)
  • The researchers came to their conclusions following a review of all known scientific literature published that examined the effects of various face masks and respiratory loading devices on physiological and perceptual responses to physical activity. (ucsd.edu)
  • Neutron 3 Advanced Crack Serial Key Advanced Mac powerful new features like Track Assistant and Masking Meter, Neutron helps you quickly reach an optimal starting point, clearly identify perceptual frequency collisions, and fully wield creative control over all your mix decisions. (vsthomes.com)
  • iZotope Neutron Advanced mac crack powerful new features like Track Assistant and Masking Meter, Neutron helps you quickly reach an optimal starting point, clearly identify perceptual frequency collisions, and fully wield creative control over all your mix decisions. (vsthomes.com)
  • The plugin includes the first Track Assistant and Masking Meter technologies in this direction. (setapak.site)
  • article{Scharlau_2007, title={Temporal processes in prime-mask interaction: Assessing perceptual consequences of masked information. (uni-paderborn.de)
  • The prediction has been confirmed by studies using temporal-order judgments: For certain asynchronies between mask and reference stimulus, temporal-order reversals are quite frequent (e.g. (uni-paderborn.de)
  • However, it may be argued that these reversals were due to a response bias in favour of the mask rather than true temporal-perceptual effects. (uni-paderborn.de)
  • External noise presented in temporal contiguity with a target impairs perceptual performance, reflecting the temporal tuning of the perceptual template. (gcu.ac.uk)
  • Deriving the temporal characteristics of the perceptual template, however, requires an observer model that segregates the impact of non-linearities and intrinsic inefficiencies of the observer in order to account for the impact of external noise in various temporal configurations. (gcu.ac.uk)
  • In Experiment 1, we showed that the perceptual template model successfully accounts for temporal masking functions in foveal Gabor orientation identification masked by external noise with a wide range of temporal configurations, and estimates the temporal characteristics of the perceptual template. (gcu.ac.uk)
  • In Experiment 2, we extended the paradigm and the model to compare the temporal tuning characteristics of the perceptual template in central pre- and simultaneous cuing of endogenous spatial attention in a Gabor orientation identification task in visual periphery. (gcu.ac.uk)
  • We found that endogenous spatial attention excludes external noise by both sharpening the temporal window of the perceptual template and (mostly) reducing the impact of external noise uniformly across the entire temporal window. (gcu.ac.uk)
  • Temporal context affects interval timing at the perceptual level. (hhu.de)
  • More efficient spatial and temporal processing induced by perceptual learning that may be generalized to improve complex visual functions, such as reading and object recognition, is suggested. (glassesoff.com)
  • Deep network speech enhancement systems commonly aim to estimate filter masks, or opt to work on the waveform signal, potentially neglecting relationships across higher dimensional spectro-temporal features. (cornell.edu)
  • One of our core interests is the neural basis of scene analysis and auditory perceptual awareness. (uni-heidelberg.de)
  • Future work will aim to disentangle the role of auditory and supramodal brain areas for perceptual awareness and auditory-based action sequences using no-response paradigms, pupil-dilation tracking, and non-invasive neurostimulation in normal participants and patients with neglect. (uni-heidelberg.de)
  • Early dissociation between neural signatures of endogenous spatial attention and perceptual awareness during visual masking. (ens.fr)
  • Neural Events and Perceptual Awareness. (philpapers.org)
  • Angry and Happy Faces Perceived Without Awareness: A Comparison with the Affective Impact of Masked Famous Faces. (philpapers.org)
  • In Experiment 3, we used object substitution masking (OSM) to reduce awareness of target stimuli. (edu.au)
  • One reason for this difficulty probably is that important speech perceptual cues may be missing or inconsistent, thus preventing a child with a compromised Central Auditory Nervous System from being able to develop strong perceptual saliency or phonological awareness of the speech code. (hearinghealthmatters.org)
  • Our district OT found that students with difficulties in sensory processing, sensory awareness, and/or perceptual skills usually have handwriting problems. (ldonline.org)
  • A smaller score indicates better perceptual quality. (mathworks.com)
  • May have better perceptual properties and/or result in 'less compromised' efficient implementations. (xiph.org)
  • He is currently a Professor of Neuroscience and Psychology and a member of the Center for Perceptual Systems and the Institute for Neuroscience. (utexas.edu)
  • Visual neuroscience: The puzzle of perceptual stability. (hhu.de)
  • Time course of the subjective contrast enhancement for a second stimulus in successively paired above-threshold transient forms: Perceptual retouch instead of forward masking. (wikipedia.org)
  • Using speech masks for multi-channel speech enhancement gained attention over the last years, as it combines the benefits of digital signal processing (beamforming) and machine-learning (learn the speech mask from data). (tugraz.at)
  • Nasal metathesis: Perceptual enhancement (Hume 1997, 1998). (osu.edu)
  • These models predict that the perceptual latency of a visual backward mask is shorter than that of a like reference stimulus that was not preceded by a masked stimulus. (uni-paderborn.de)
  • Behavioral experiments resulted in unimodal type-A and type-B backward masking functions for opposite and same contrast polarity conditions, respectively. (metu.edu.tr)
  • Age differences in central perceptual processing: A dichoptic backward masking investigation. (ijcrr.com)
  • The most important psychoacoustics fact is the masking effect of spectral sound elements in an audio signal like tones and noise. (design-reuse.com)
  • We propose a neural network architecture that learns the speech mask from the spatial information hidden in the multi-channel input data, by using the dominant eigenvector of the Power Spectral Density (PSD) matrix of the noisy speech signal as feature vector. (tugraz.at)
  • Spectral mask estimation using bidirectional long short-term memory (BLS. (deepai.org)
  • Using a two-noise masking paradigm, the present study investigates the spectral resolution of neural populations in primary auditory cortex (A1) of awake macaques and the degree to which it matches psychophysical frequency resolution. (elsevier.com)
  • Fishman, YI & Steinschneider, M 2006, ' Spectral resolution of monkey primary auditory cortex (A1) revealed with two-noise masking ', Journal of neurophysiology , vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 1105-1115. (elsevier.com)
  • Our experiments show that the residual (skip) connections in the proposed system are a prerequisite for successful spectral reconstruction, i.e., without filter mask estimation. (cornell.edu)
  • Perceptual fluency is the ease of processing stimuli based on manipulations to perceptual quality (retrieval fluency is the ease with which information can be retrieved from memory). (neuropsy-webdesign.de)
  • The McGurk Effect refers to perceptual illusions in speech that occur as a result of the dual processing of auditory and visual stimuli. (bialikbreakdown.com)
  • Specifically, we hypothesised that target stimuli that matched a previously presented memory cue would be less susceptible to visual masking. (edu.au)
  • In this context our aim is to shift the video coding paradigm from rate-distortion optimisation to rate-quality modelling, where region-based parameters are combined with perceptual quality metrics to inform and drive the coding and synthesis processes. (ukri.org)
  • JzCzHz is derived from JzAzBz, which is a perceptual color space developed for HDR and published in 2017, with better properties than CIE Lab from 1976, allowing near-perfect hue linearity, for a robust hue/saturation masking. (photographyfuse.com)
  • Errors at high frequencies are masked, and non-audible components are eliminated. (aes.org)
  • Harmon and Julesz claim that high spatial frequencies introduced by quantized blocking mask the lower spatial frequencies which convey information about the face, preventing recognition. (elsevier.com)
  • The Masking Meter allows you to visually identify and correct perceptual collisions between instrument frequencies that can lead to masking between, for example, guitar and vocals, bass and drums, and other issues that can lead to "muddy" or overcrowding in the mix. (setapak.site)
  • Majority of choice-related variability in perceptual decisions is present in early sensory cortex. (utexas.edu)
  • Due to this, the alarms are susceptible to simultaneous masking, the phenomenon where one tone or sound cannot be perceived (total masking) or can only be partially perceived (partial masking) in the presence of another tone or sound due to limitations of the human sensory system. (cdc.gov)
  • Here, we sought to directly test the effects of correlated variability on sensory discrimination by using optogenetic activation to induce correlations in Area V4 as monkeys performed an orientation discrimination task near perceptual threshold. (elifesciences.org)
  • In the perceptual domain, the idea, familiar I'm sure to everybody, is that our perceptual world is a construct that emerges at the intersection between sensory information and priors, which here act as top-down predictions about how the sensory information is likely to be. (edge.org)
  • it allows us to directly visualize cortical activity in real-time, while subjects perform demanding perceptual or motor tasks. (utexas.edu)
  • Both recognition tasks, therefore, presented the subject with a situation in which his erroneous initial hypotheses about the nature of the stimulus were gradually disconfirmed, as the degree of ambiguity (degree of focus or masking level) was slowly reduced. (ets.org)
  • In the double-blind, placebo-controlled study, titled Acute effects of Sceletium tortuosum (Zembrin), a dual 5-HT reuptake and PDE4 inhibitor, in the human amygdala and its connection to the hypothalamus ​and published in the journal Neuropsychopharamcology, 16 healthy individuals were supplemented with Zembrin and then asked to perform both perceptual load and emotion masking tasks. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • The week will feature talks from both Simons and IFML participants on topics of mutual interest including algorithms, deep learning, robustness, reinforcement learning, and applications in core perceptual tasks such as vision and navigation. (berkeley.edu)
  • In complex acoustic environments, even salient supra-threshold sounds sometimes go unperceived, a phenomenon known as informational masking. (elsevier.com)
  • Steriade 2000): In the expected (but non-occurring) unmetathesized form (VʃkC), the stop would be flanked by consonants and thus, be in a context with poor perceptual cues (absence of vowel formant transitions, potential absence of release burst, compressed duration (masking) of phonetic cues). (osu.edu)
  • Similar masking effects of natural backgrounds on detection performances in humans, macaques, and macaque-V1 population responses. (utexas.edu)
  • There's also no evidence to support any differences by sex or age in physiological responses to exercise while wearing a face mask," added Hopkins, who specializes in exercise physiology and the study of lungs under stress. (ucsd.edu)
  • In order to reduce the quantity of data needed to represent head-related impulse responses by as much as 40%, a perceptual approach uses the ipsilateral response as the basis for the contralateral response. (aes.org)
  • 1) explain the fundamental perceptual mechanisms of the Human Visual System. (rug.nl)
  • We suggest that the added noise mutes mechanisms which would otherwise impose a block structure on the image, allowing the alternative perceptual organization of the hidden face to reemerge. (elsevier.com)
  • Although the findings here do not directly preclude other proposed mechanisms for metacontrast, they highlight the involvement of recurrent intrachannel inhibition in metacontrast masking. (metu.edu.tr)
  • In this study a metacontrast masking experiment is conducted together with electroencephalography (EEG) recordings in order to investigate the neural mechanisms underlying visual masking phenomena. (metu.edu.tr)
  • 5, 6, 15, 16 Upwards of 80% blockage has been achieved in human experiments, 4 with cloth masks in some studies performing on par with surgical masks as barriers for source control. (cdc.gov)
  • 2) use psychovisual procedures for designing and conducting simple perceptual experiments and making new measurements or interpret and reproduce results from the literature when necessary. (rug.nl)
  • Evidence in favor of this hypothesis is obtained in four experiments that manipulated the perceptual strength of foveal and peripheral primes. (bbk.ac.uk)
  • Experiments 1 and2 demonstrate that when the perceptual strength of peripheral primes is gradually increased by delaying mask onset, positive prime-target compatibility effects (reflecting the absence of response inhibition) turn into negative effects (indicating the presence of response inhibition). (bbk.ac.uk)
  • Experiments 3 and 4 demonstrate that when the perceptual strength of foveal primes is gradually decreased by degradation, negative compatibility effects turn into positive effects. (bbk.ac.uk)
  • In three experiments, we tested whether expression modulates the perceptual saliency of diagnostic facial features and whether the feature's saliency depends on the face configuration. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • Two experiments investigated the relative strength of the visual percept generated by famous and unfamiliar faces, using masked 17 ms exposure. (philpapers.org)
  • During the COVID-19 pandemic, the wearing of face masks became mandatory in public areas or at workplaces in many countries. (springeropen.com)
  • This included mandatory face masks in public settings or workplaces and contact tracing. (springeropen.com)
  • Full-spherical directivity measurements of the HEAD acoustics HMS II.3 head and mouth simulator with different face masks. (tu-berlin.de)
  • This study investigates perceptual effects of discharge rate adaptation in the auditory-nerve fiber. (su.se)
  • We challenge the core prediction of local theories based on recently discovered long-lasting postdictive effects demonstrating that features can be represented for hundreds of milliseconds in perceptual areas without being consciously perceived. (philpapers.org)
  • Visual masking as interaction of prediction and certainty. (tobias-elze.de)
  • Our system yields superior results, both in terms of perceptual speech quality and speech mask prediction error. (tugraz.at)
  • As these perceptual effects allow the online control of movement execution, movement control should be more efficient if representation and related effect anticipation is more precise Thus, athletes with domain-specific motor expertise are better in movement prediction and can make more evaluative use of the perceptual action feedback (Kunde et al. (cit-ec.de)
  • Participants were presented with masked facial features or noise at perceptual conscious threshold. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • Imperceptible somatosensory single pulse and pulse train stimulation oppositely modulate mu rhythm activity and perceptual performance. (mpg.de)
  • Similar neural and perceptual masking effects of low-power optogenetic stimulation in primate V1. (utexas.edu)
  • You can apply Levels and Curves filters in either perceptual or linear mode. (gimp.org)
  • While previously this was done using listening tests, we show that psychoacoustic masking curves can be used to automatically scale each watermark frame's amplitude to be as high as possible while remaining below the masking level. (amazon.science)
  • By combining band sensitivities, background luminance, and texture masking, Safranek and Johnston [ 2 ] measured the JND threshold for each coefficient in a given subband to set the quantization level in a differential pulse code modulation (DPCM) quantizer. (springeropen.com)
  • Chou and Li [ 5 ] estimated the JND threshold by the dominant between the luminance masking and the texture masking. (springeropen.com)
  • The threshold in quiet is increased by the masking effect of a tonal or noisy audio signal. (design-reuse.com)
  • For every tone in the audio signal, a masking threshold can be calculated. (design-reuse.com)
  • If another tone lies below this masking threshold, the louder tone masks it and it remains inaudible. (design-reuse.com)
  • What belongs together retrieves together - The role of perceptual grouping in Stimulus-Response Binding and Retrieval. (uni-freiburg.de)
  • We therefore assessed whether stimulus context influences brightness processing by measuring unconscious priming with metacontrast masking. (philpapers.org)
  • A change in mask polarity (i.e., opposite mask polarity) shifted this masking function to a monotonic increasing function such that the target visibility was strongly suppressed at stimulus onset asynchronies less than 50 ms. This transition in metacontrast function has been typically interpreted as an increase in intrachannel inhibition of the sustained activities functionally linked to object visibility and identity. (metu.edu.tr)
  • We employed a contour detection task under same and opposite target-mask contrast polarity conditions, together with varying stimulus onset asynchronies (SOA). (metu.edu.tr)
  • Whether or not N400 activity is readily discernable in the scalp-recorded signal will depend on a host of factors including the context and task in which the stimulus is embedded (which, among other things, affects the degree to which overlapping activity might mask the N400 response), as well as various biological factors. (scholarpedia.org)
  • MPEG-4 AAC comprises MPEG-2 AAC plus a perceptual noise substitution tool, a long-term predictor tool and tools for bit-rate scalability. (design-reuse.com)
  • Participants detected a luminance-contrast target pattern (Gabor patch) flanked by two collinear masks. (sensoryproject.org)
  • Foveal masked primes give rise to stronger perceptual representations than do peripheral primes, resulting in stronger response activations. (bbk.ac.uk)
  • In the present study, we examined metacontrast masking across different contrast polarities by employing a contour discrimination task combined with EEG (Electroencephalography). (metu.edu.tr)
  • When the target and mask had the same contrast polarity, a typical U-shaped metacontrast function was observed. (metu.edu.tr)
  • Another industry first, Neutron's Masking Meter allows you to visually identify perceptual frequency collisions, which can result in guitars masking lead vocals, bass covering up drums, and other issues that can cause a "muddy" or overly crowded mix. (vsthomes.com)
  • Masked primes presented prior to a target can trigger response activation processes that may later be subject to inhibition. (bbk.ac.uk)
  • There might be a perceived greater effort with activity, but the effects of wearing a mask on the work of breathing, on gases like oxygen and CO2 in blood or other physiological parameters are small, often too small to be detected," said the study's first author Susan Hopkins, MD, PhD, professor of medicine and radiology at University of California San Diego School of Medicine. (ucsd.edu)
  • For healthy persons, the effects of wearing a mask on these physiological markers were minimal, no matter what type of mask was worn or the degree of exercise. (ucsd.edu)
  • Effects may be physical non-auditory (damage to body tissue, decompression sickness), auditory (temporary or permanent hearing damage), perceptual (masking of sounds/communication), behavioural (displacement from an area, disruption of social bonds, gross interruption of normal behaviour), or stress related. (iwdg.ie)
  • SnPM8b was used for statistical inferences, i.e. for One Sample t-tests testing for positive and negative effects in Co-twin1 and Co-twin2, using the GM mask and controlling for differences in sex and verbal/perceptual IQ. (confex.com)
  • The detection accuracy data was analysed using Signal Detection Theory (SDT), to examine the effects of expression and configuration on perceptual precision (d') and response bias (c), separately. (birmingham.ac.uk)
  • Because sound can be mildly or profoundly affected among dyslexic students, many aspects of the change in learning - whether it's through remote only or in person - distancing, masks, and physical barriers can have significant effects on sound. (dyslexicadvantage.org)
  • This study explored the effects of perceptual training using the GlassesOff's mobile application on naturally decreased crowded visual acuity in uncorrected presbyopia. (glassesoff.com)
  • Collectively, these results suggest that corrective training using the GlassesOff technology, even in the adult visual system, can prove effective, and its enduring effects are the basis for a revival of a developmental cascade that can lead to reduced perceptual impairments. (glassesoff.com)
  • It also delves into their social and perceptual effects. (wlu.ca)
  • 7, 8 Cloth masks not only effectively block most large droplets (i.e., 20-30 microns and larger), 9 but they can also block the exhalation of fine droplets and particles (also often referred to as aerosols) smaller than 10 microns 3, 5 which increase in number with the volume of speech 10-12 and specific types of phonation. (cdc.gov)
  • These words were rendered ambiguous by masking them with a mixture of other speech sounds and ambiguity was slowly reduced by the gradual attenuation of the mask. (ets.org)
  • Optimizing digital speech coders by exploiting masking properties of the human ear", Journal of Acoustical Society of America, vol. 66 (6), Dec., 1979, pp. 1647-1652, M.R. (pdfkul.com)
  • Perceptual restoration of masked speech in human cortex. (langneurosci.org)
  • The equal perceptual weighting between VGRM and SRM occurred at their intersection, suggesting that this listening condition may be optimal to improve a normal hearing listener's speech segregation performance in cocktail party listening environments. (ufl.edu)
  • We demonstrate how a speech mask can be used to construct the Minimum Variance Distortionless response (MVDR), Generalized Sidelobe Canceler (GSC) and Generalized Eigenvalue (GEV) beamformers, and a MSE-optimal postfilter. (tugraz.at)
  • The figure gives an overview of the neural network we used to estimate the speech mask. (tugraz.at)
  • In particular, we use reduced-precision DNNs for estimating a speech mask from noisy, multi-channel microphone observations. (deepai.org)
  • This speech mask is used to obtain either the Minimum Variance Distortionless Response (MVDR) or Generalized Eigenvalue (GEV) beamformer. (deepai.org)
  • We apply a fast kernel method for mask-based single-channel speech enhan. (deepai.org)
  • Consequently, receivers face challenges related to acoustic interference and auditory masking that are not unlike the human cocktail party problem, which refers to the problem of perceiving speech in noisy social settings. (umn.edu)
  • This coder has been designed to take maximum advantage of human auditory masking in that it divides the audio spectrum of each channel into narrow frequency bands of different sizes optimized with respect to the frequency selectivity of human hearing. (afterdawn.com)
  • This result is clearly at odds with a theory of high-frequency (or critical band) masking. (elsevier.com)
  • A method is disclosed for determining estimates of the perceived noise masking level of audio signals as a function of frequency. (pdfkul.com)
  • Rounded exponential functions, used to model auditory filter shapes in psychoacoustic studies of frequency resolution, provided excellent fits to neural masking functions. (elsevier.com)
  • These findings parallel results of psychoacoustic studies in both monkeys and humans, and thus indicate that a representation of perceptual frequency resolution is available at the level of A1. (elsevier.com)
  • The MP3 lossy audio knowledge compression algorithm takes benefit of a perceptual limitation of human listening to called auditory masking In 1894, the American physicist Alfred M. Mayer reported that a tone could be rendered inaudible by one other tone of decrease frequency. (vangentholding.com)
  • 2. Overview of Enhanced-AC-3 Enhanced AC-3 (E-AC-3) is a frequency-domain perceptual audio coding system. (rfc.dk)
  • Time blocks of an audio signal are converted from the time domain to the frequency domain by a transform (the Modified Discrete Cosine Transform (MDCT)) so that a model of the human auditory perceptual system can be applied. (rfc.dk)
  • The perceptual model predicts in which frequency regions the auditory system will be least able to detect the quantization noise from data rate reduction. (rfc.dk)
  • The arms of NEXI can choose up a weight of up to 10 kilos and the plastic masking of the chassis can detect any kind of human touch. (repro-tronics.com)
  • Thus, better coding efficiency and improved coding perceptual quality is achieved by taking advantage of the human auditory system. (design-reuse.com)
  • The main idea is to use human beings' natural perceptual. (kronland.fr)
  • It is a perceptual coding algorithm developed to allow the use of lower data rates with a minimum of perceived degration of sound quality. (afterdawn.com)
  • The proposed Extended Exemplar-based Region-Filling Algorithm uses a patch-based reconstruction procedure and masked images are created automatically using the Dynamic Mask Generation Algorithm. (springeropen.com)
  • created an algorithm describing auditory masking with high accuracy. (vangentholding.com)
  • Beyond similarity: Masking of the target is sufficient to cause the attentional blink. (goucher.edu)
  • We studied perceptual similarity of different plant odours by conditioning individual carpenter ants to one odour, and subsequently testing their response to another, structurally different odour. (silverchair.com)
  • In a new study, published November 16, 2020 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society , a team of American and Canadian researchers concluded that while sensations of dyspnea might increase, there is little empirical evidence that wearing a face mask significantly diminishes lung function, even when worn during heavy exercise. (ucsd.edu)
  • The mask can introduce musical noise artifacts, limiting its perceptual performance and that of techniques that use it. (aes.org)
  • Furthermore, since so much non-classical music contains intentional distortion, unless you're familiar with a particular recording, the music itself tends to mask the codec's artifacts. (blogarithms.com)
  • Generate spatial quality masks that indicate the high spatially active blocks, noticeable artifacts blocks, and noise blocks in the image. (mathworks.com)
  • To reach this goal, the perceptual coder has to remove not only statistical redundancy, but also perceptual redundancy of images. (springeropen.com)
  • In [ 7 ], the masking thresholds derived in a locally adaptive fashion based on subband decomposition are applied to the design of a locally adaptive perceptual quantization scheme for achieving high performance in terms of quality and bit rate. (springeropen.com)
  • Tang [ 8 ] further investigated perceptual video coding by incorporating the motion attention model, visual sensitivity model, and visual masking model for the purpose of adaptive quantization. (springeropen.com)
  • Some patients may experience dissociation, perceptual disturbances or nausea. (neurowellnessspa.com)
  • A number of grouping principles appear to underlie ASA, many of which are related to principles of perceptual organization discovered by the school of Gestalt psychology. (wikipedia.org)
  • Spontaneous and training-induced cortical plasticity in MD patients: Hints from lateral masking. (visionscience.com)
  • We investigate perceptual timing by methods of psychophysics. (tobias-elze.de)
  • In one perceptual load task, called the high load condition, participants were asked to remember whether letter strings superimposed over the image of a threatening face contained two specified letters. (nutraingredients-usa.com)
  • In this study, we tested how well participants perform at remembering faces and whether they wore a mask, and if this depends on familiarity. (springeropen.com)
  • Our results show that: (a) Participants remembered familiar faces better than unfamiliar ones, regardless of mask wearing. (springeropen.com)
  • b) Participants remembered unmasked faces better than masked faces, regardless of familiarity. (springeropen.com)
  • c) Participants were significantly worse at remembering whether an unfamiliar face was wearing a mask or not-even if they indicated remembering the face. (springeropen.com)
  • e) Participants showed a bias to indicate that unfamiliar faces wore a mask, even if they did not. (springeropen.com)
  • In the imagery task, participants imagined the masks immediately after seeing them. (sensoryproject.org)
  • If a director masks a participant's voice to protect their identity the director is essentially rebalancing a duty to the audience with a duty to protect their participants. (wordpress.com)
  • Participants who were unable to detect familiarity from masked 17 ms faces did report a vague, partial visual percept. (philpapers.org)
  • Masks are required indoors for all participants regardless of vaccination status. (berkeley.edu)
  • By reducing or eliminating coding noise wherever there are no audio signals to mask it, the sound quality of the original signal can be subjectively preserved. (afterdawn.com)
  • Perceptual redundancy can quantitatively be measured as error detection thresholds or noise amplitudes of just noticeable distortion (JND) [ 1 ], by which signals can be neither undercoded nor overcoded. (springeropen.com)
  • 704/227 useful in forming the noise masking function. (pdfkul.com)
  • The target was masked by a low-contrast white-noise mask. (helsinki.fi)
  • Tinnitus isn't curable, although antidepressants appear to help some patients, as does the use of masking noise to diminish focus on the ringing sensations. (disabled-world.com)
  • Evaluation of several ablation network variants is carried out using signal-to-distortion ratio and perceptual measures, on audio data that includes known and unknown noise types as well as reverberation. (cornell.edu)
  • Anecdotal evidence points to improved suppression of impulsive noise sources with the variational U-Net compared to the recurrent mask estimation network baseline. (cornell.edu)
  • The addition of the external message (or key) should be in such a way that the addition does not cause perceptual distortions and remains robust from attacks to remove it. (springeropen.com)
  • These studies have estimated, on theoretical grounds, that the reduction in correlated variability accounts for a large fraction (about 80%) of the perceptual benefit due to attention. (elifesciences.org)
  • Is perceptual learning influenced by inherent variability of phonetic category? (sjsu.edu)
  • This task puts the current GAN and VAE based image synthesis models to an unprecedented test wherein exact pixel-level matching is required instead of high-level perceptual differences. (facebook.com)
  • Accurately measuring the perceptual redundancy is important to the success of perceptual coding. (springeropen.com)
  • The neural basis of informational masking (and its release) has not been well-characterized, particularly outside auditory cortex. (elsevier.com)
  • In this paper, we present a blockwise optimization method for masking-ba. (deepai.org)
  • Analytical orientation In contrast to a holistic orientation, an analytical orientation emphasizes the importance of the components that combine to form our perceptual experiences. (skidmore.edu)