Loading...
  • Lazarus
  • Como instrumentos, foram utilizados: Questionário para caracterização sociodemográfica e clínica, Escala de Estresse Percebido (PSS-14), Inventário de Estratégias de Coping de Folkman e Lazarus, para os quais foram utilizados estatísticas descritivas e testes de comparação e correlação. (usp.br)
  • 2002
  • In a large study involving parents of both children with cancer and parents with children who were relatively healthy, the results showed that chronic psychological stress might reduce the immune system's reactions to hormonal secretions that were normally used to fight the inflammatory response (Miller, Cohen, & Ritchey, 2002). (personalityresearch.org)
  • Burden, stress and distress are more than four times higher in family carers of PWD than the general population ( Thommessen , Aarsland , & Braekhus , 2002). (austmta.org.au)
  • rumination
  • Thus, rumination helps explain how chronic stress causes repeated (acute) activation of one's stress-mediating physiological systems, the effects of which accumulate over time, resulting in hypertension risk. (hindawi.com)
  • In this paper, we will attempt to provide specifications concerning the respective domains of acute and chronic stress and to present a model and review evidence that points to rumination -the cognitions and negative affect that stem from the experience of an acute stressor-as a key mechanism through which stress exerts its pejorative effects on autonomic functioning and the resting BP level. (hindawi.com)
  • Interventions
  • Programs from Australia, Europe and North America were found and collated into (i) family interventions, (ii) peer-support programs, (iii) online interventions and (iv) bibliotherapy. (mja.com.au)
  • To the extent that we believe that stress-however it is defined-is indeed a risk factor for HTN, it is crucial that we identify the pathways through which it may lead to sustained elevated BP if we are to develop effective interventions to reduce stress, with the aim of reducing high BP and associated long term disease risk. (hindawi.com)
  • posttraumatic
  • What determines posttraumatic stress and growth following various traumatic events? (istss.org)
  • Veterans experience high rates of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and suicidal behaviors when compared to the general public. (unl.edu)
  • research
  • 1- Substance Abuse and Dependence Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran. (ac.ir)
  • This study provides partial support for the Elaborated Environmental Stress Hypothesis, however further research is required. (frontiersin.org)
  • The results on coping and social support provide a foundation for further research regarding informing the asthma/allergy patient and family members about effective coping strategies and the importance of adequate social support. (diva-portal.org)
  • Specifically, one highly active area of research is where psychologists have been studying the effects that stress and psychopathology have on the immune system. (personalityresearch.org)
  • Research published in the journal Nature Human Behaviour that was conducted by psychologists at Yale, the University of Oxford, University College London, and the International School for Advanced Studies shines some light on the brain's ability to form social impressions. (psychcentral.com)
  • In fact, research indicates that perceived social support that is untapped can be more effective and beneficial than utilized social support. (wikipedia.org)
  • However, the experiences of fathers of children with ASD are largely unexplored and the coping strategies these men employ to cope with the challenges they face have received little research attention. (scielo.org.za)
  • This research aimed to explore the phenomenological experiences of fathers of preschool children with ASD by gaining a better understanding of the manner in which these individuals attempted to cope with their situation. (scielo.org.za)
  • Support for the dimensional approach to conceptualising ASD can be found in the research literature. (scielo.org.za)
  • Study
  • The study was part of a larger study which was approved by University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences. (ac.ir)
  • Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to test the predictive power of perceived stress, social support, bidirectional acculturation (i.e. (springeropen.com)
  • This study, the first to elucidate the cumulative effects of severe stress and forgiveness on mental health, led authors to suggest development of a more forgiving coping strategy may be beneficial in reducing stress-caused disorders and conditions. (psychcentral.com)
  • Using the Transactional Model of Stress and Coping as the theoretical framework, this study documented the self-reported stress of MSW students using the Perceived Stress Scale. (sc.edu)
  • This study was conducted using a convenience sample of 372 MSW students enrolled in a master of social work program during the Fall 2010 semester. (sc.edu)
  • The participants in the current study related the stress they experienced to a number of challenges associated directly with their children's behaviour, as well as to the effects that parenting a child with ASD had on their own wellbeing and functioning. (scielo.org.za)
  • For example, following a meta-analytic study Macintosh and Dissanayake (2004) concluded there was insufficient evidence to support the validity of Asperger's syndrome as being distinct from High Functioning Autism. (scielo.org.za)
  • theoretical
  • This paper outlines the theoretical foundations for the use of group songwriting as a medium to support family caregivers and presents a short case illustration of its use in practice. (austmta.org.au)
  • Moreover, the notions of "chronic" and "acute" stress, and how they relate to one another, have not been clearly delineated, with little theoretical work targeted at identifying the respective domains of each. (hindawi.com)
  • engage
  • It may be difficult for the caregiver to engage in social activities previously enjoyed due to the demands of caregiving (Van Bruggen , Gussekloo , Bode, et al. (austmta.org.au)
  • This can be seen as the presence of companions to engage in shared social activities. (wikipedia.org)
  • extent
  • Structural support (also called social integration ) refers to the extent to which a recipient is connected within a social network, like the number of social ties or how integrated a person is within his or her social network. (wikipedia.org)
  • theories
  • A recent comprehensive review by Kuo ( 2014 ) further marshals evidence clearly pointing to the pervasive and profound influences of the stress-coping-adaptation paradigm on contemporary theories of acculturation and cultural adjustment. (springeropen.com)
  • Theories of stress and disease came a bit later, and a multitude of experimental and field studies show that stress is indeed linked, both epidemiologically and causally, to physiological dysregulation and chronic illness. (hindawi.com)
  • Social support theories and models were prevalent as intensive academic studies in the 1980s and 1990s , and are linked to the development of caregiving and payment models, and community delivery systems in the US and around the world. (wikipedia.org)
  • experiences
  • The current findings highlight the value and relevance of empirically examining the stress-coping-adaptation experiences of diverse populations from an affective conceptual framework, particularly with the inclusion of positive affect. (springeropen.com)
  • Role
  • Perceived mood also seems to play a role in immune system effectiveness. (personalityresearch.org)
  • Adolescents with and without a facial difference: The role of friendships and social acceptance in perceptions of appearance and emotional resilience. (arctichealth.org)
  • it describes a process whereby family carers co-create 3 songs that focus on the positives and challenges of caregiving with a view to helping them cope with their caregiving role, exploring their changing role as a carer , and grieving the loss of a potentially different future life path. (austmta.org.au)
  • self-esteem
  • e.g. individualistic countries tend to value self-esteem matters, communal societies value social acceptance matters. (prezi.com)
  • quality of l
  • Carmona-Bayonas, A. 2018-06-04 00:00:00 Purpose Despite the burgeoning geriatric population with cancer and the importance of understanding how age may be related to mental adjustment and quality of life so far, differences in coping strategies and psychological harm between the elderly and adults are hardly being taken into account to modify the approach to this population. (deepdyve.com)
  • model
  • As mental health is part of the holistic health concept, we highlight the biopsychosocial-spiritual (BPSS) model: incorporating the biological, psychological, social, and spiritual factors affecting the health status and especially the psychological vulnerability of health professionals. (springer.com)
  • Del- Pino - Casado , Frias- Fri´As -Osuna, Palomino-Moral, & Pancorbo -Hidalgo, 2011) and the Pearlin Stress Process Model ( Pearlin , Mullan , Semple , & Skaff , 1990). (austmta.org.au)
  • In the multivariable model, help from one's spouse (t=3.10, p =.002), religion (t=2.68, p =.008), overall ambiguity (t=2.64, p =.009), and family income (t=2.33, p =.021) were associated with higher coping scores. (e-chnr.org)
  • A stress-coping model of mental illness stigma: II. (wikiversity.org)
  • environmental
  • The Elaborated Environmental Stress Hypothesis provides a causal framework to explain this association. (frontiersin.org)
  • Finally, in general, those with asthma and allergy reported receiving most support from their partner, other family members and health care, and least support was perceived by those with low asthma/allergy severity.The findings suggest that co- and multimorbidity with environmental intolerances is relatively common in asthma and allergy, and should therefore be included in the clinical anamnesis for this patient group. (diva-portal.org)
  • individuals
  • However, there is also the possibility that individuals exposed to trauma show resilience or they exhibit positive transformations in the process of coping with adversity. (istss.org)
  • Individuals in European social democracies such as the Netherlands and Denmark were least lonely. (encyclopedia.com)
  • disorders
  • The dimensional conceptualisation of ASD proposes that the core features of ASD, namely ( a ) social skills deficits, ( b ) communication difficulties, and ( c ) restricted interests and repetitive behaviours, occur along a continuum rather than being indicative of discrete, independent syndromes or disorders (First & Tasman, 2004). (scielo.org.za)
  • found
  • Moreover, the most common way of coping with asthma and allergy was found to be strategies such as avoiding environments that are believed to affect health, and trying to accept the situation, independent of asthma/allergy severity. (diva-portal.org)
  • Scoping projects conducted in 1999 3 and 2008 4 found that peer-support programs were the main form of intervention offered in Australia. (mja.com.au)
  • However, Fraser and colleagues 5 found that the evaluation methodology employed by most programs, including such peer-support programs, was weak and thus their effectiveness was uncertain. (mja.com.au)