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  • Arabidopsis
  • Arabidopsis mutants lacking the CLV3 peptide have an increased amount of fruit tissue. (eurekalert.org)
  • They selected Arabidopsis thaliana, a model plant with 32 CLE peptide-encoding genes, and generated a collection of gene knockout tools that corresponded to each of the 32 genes. (eurekalert.org)
  • A collection of mutants for CLE-peptide-encoding genes in Arabidopsis generated by CRISPR/Cas9 mediated gene targeting. (eurekalert.org)
  • Redundant proteases mediate the formation of a peptide signal for the abscission of floral organs in Arabidopsis . (sciencemag.org)
  • CLV3/ESR-related ('CLE') peptide family - CLV3 encodes a small secreted peptide that functions as a short range ligand to the membrane-bound CLV1 receptor like kinase that together with CLV2 (a receptor-like protein) function to maintain stem cell homeostasis in Arabidopsis shoot apical meristems. (wikipedia.org)
  • Proopiomelanocortin
  • Dopamine acts primarily through the reward centers of the brain, whereas serononin primarily acts through effects on neuropeptide Y (NPY)/agouti-related peptide (AgRP) [stimulate appetite] and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) [induce satiety] neurons located in the arcuate nucleus. (wikipedia.org)
  • regulate
  • The circulating gut hormones that regulate many pathways in the body result in can either stimulate or suppress appetite. (wikipedia.org)
  • genes
  • Using genome editing technology, researchers from Kumamoto University , Japan generated a new, comprehensive genetic resource collection of plants with knocked out CLE peptides-encoding genes. (eurekalert.org)
  • CLE peptides are a group of plant-specific peptide hormones that play a role in cell signaling and are regulated by CLE genes. (eurekalert.org)
  • Many scientists are currently researching plant genetics because the genes for many uncharacterized peptide hormones have not yet been discovered. (eurekalert.org)
  • Even though peptide hormone-encoding genes are difficult to study, they can generate a wealth of genetic resources for future research. (eurekalert.org)
  • Other studies attempted to show the existence of relaxin family peptide genes in the tunicate Ciona, but it has not been shown that any of these are in the same linkage group as modern relaxin genes. (wikipedia.org)
  • neurohypophysial
  • The finding of significant amounts of this classically "neurohypophysial" hormone outside the central nervous system raises many questions regarding its possible importance in these different tissues. (wikipedia.org)
  • Intra-axonal transport and turnover of neurohypophysial hormones in the rat" (PDF). (wikipedia.org)
  • tyrosine
  • The hormone itself is part of a larger family, often referred to as red pigment concentrating hormones (RPCH) discovered in crustaceans and the typical makeup of hormones in this family includes a length between 8 and 10 amino acids, blocked N and C termini, phenylalanine or tyrosine at position 4 and tryptophan at position 8. (wikipedia.org)