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  • intermediate
  • Addition of elongation factor Ts (EF-Ts) to this intermediate leads to rapid reduction of the linewidth to that expected for random distribution of interactions of one 17O and two 16O atoms of GDP with Mn2+, and is not distinguishable from that exhibited by (Rp)-[beta-17O]GTP in the corresponding complex in the presence of EF-Ts. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • Cleavage
  • Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy has been used to obtain information on the structure and stability of the products of GTP cleavage at the active site of elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) from Bacillus stearothermophilus. (uni-regensburg.de)
  • translational
  • These results suggest that 2A-2B processing is a eukaryote-specific, co-translational event.We successfully reproduced 2A-2B processing in the reconstituted system even without eRFs.Our results indicate that this unusual event occurs in the elongation phase of translation. (nih.gov)
  • kinase
  • In Arabidopsis ( Arabidopsis thaliana ), the best-characterized PTI pathway involves the perception of bacterial flagellin, or its immunogenic peptide flg22, by the plasma-membrane associated receptor kinase FLAGELLIN SENSING 2 (FLS2). (plantphysiol.org)
  • This antigen was over-expressed by a stressful (heat-stressed) environment, and was identified as elongation factor 2 kinase (EF-2K) by western blotting. (hindawi.com)
  • encodes
  • This gene encodes an isoform of the alpha subunit of the elongation factor-1 complex, which is responsible for the enzymatic delivery of aminoacyl tRNAs to the ribosome. (cancerindex.org)
  • Here, using an eEF-2K-derived peptide (eEF-2KCBD) that encodes the region necessary for its CaM-mediated activation, we provide a structural basis for their interaction. (nih.gov)
  • complexes
  • Pre-mRNA 3′-end maturation is achieved by a mechanism requiring four different protein complexes assembled from approximately twenty factors. (usda.gov)
  • A global understanding of this essential process is still missing due to the inability to structurally characterize the entire complexes, even though structures of the isolated factors have been obtained. (usda.gov)
  • Enzymes
  • In addition to MAMPs, PRRs also perceive endogenous damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs), including plant cell wall fragments released by pathogen lytic enzymes or peptides synthesized de novo during pathogen infection ( Boller and Felix, 2009 ). (plantphysiol.org)
  • gene expression
  • Sequestration of a transcription factor in a cellular membrane and releasing it on demand is an additional layer of gene regulation that is considered a rapid mode to reprogram a gene expression casca. (bioportfolio.com)
  • But since the stability of ARP was uniform within the control and exposed groups (Kruskal-Wallis, Control P = 0.99, Exposed P = 0.98), this gene can still be used in calculations of the normalization factor in examinations of spatial target gene expression throughout the liver. (nih.gov)
  • We have characterized the promoter region of the human elongation factor 1 alpha-encoding gene (EF-1 alpha) and developed a versatile expression system which has a wide host range and a high efficiency of gene expression. (nih.gov)
  • recent
  • Several recent studies have demonstrated that HSPs could help antigenic peptides (of self or foreign origin) transfer onto MHC molecules and that HSP-chaperoned antigenic peptides could induce antigen specific CTL and CD4 + T cells [ 19 - 21 ]. (hindawi.com)
  • Reductase
  • Further, some studies have suggested that host factors, including the immune response to alkyl hydroperoxide reductase, and interleukin 1 (IL-1) gene family polymorphism, et al. (hindawi.com)
  • nucleus
  • The zinc finger protein ZPR1 is present in the cytoplasm of quiescent mammalian cells and translocates to the nucleus upon treatment with mitogens, including epidermal growth factor (EGF). (nih.gov)