• Significantly, our study reveals insights into the genetic mechanisms of niche adaptation of fungal wilt pathogens, advances our understanding of the evolution and development of their pathogenesis, and sheds light on potential avenues for the development of novel disease management strategies to combat destructive wilt diseases. (broadinstitute.org)
  • Comparative genomics yields insights into niche adaptation of plant vascular wilt pathogens. (broadinstitute.org)
  • To gain insights into the mechanisms that confer the organisms' pathogenicity and enable them to proliferate in the unique ecological niche of the plant vascular system, we sequenced the genomes of V. dahliae and V. albo-atrum and compared them to each other, and to the genome of Fusarium oxysporum, another fungal wilt pathogen. (broadinstitute.org)
  • Our analyses identified a set of proteins that are shared among all three wilt pathogens, and present in few other fungal species. (broadinstitute.org)
  • Publication date: Available online 10 June 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Sujogya Kumar Panda, Yugal Kishore Mohanta, Laxmipriya Padhi, Walter LuytenAbstractThe anti-microbial activity of crude extracts (hexane, acetone, ethanol, and aqueous) of 46 edible plants from Odisha, India, was studied using a broth microdilution assay against 8 common food-borne pathogens (Gram-positive: Bacillus cereus. (usda.gov)
  • Even though they are loaded with synthetic preservatives, they can still harbor food borne pathogens such as salmonella. (naturalnews.com)
  • The identification of protozoan pathogens is based upon direct detection of the respective causative agent in clinical specimens and/or upon detection of specific immune reactions of the host. (els.net)
  • Although numerous protocols for molecular detection of protozoan pathogens have been established in the past years, consent on the most reliable technique is missing for most protozoan taxa, thus demonstration of the causative agent in native material or stained smears is still the gold standard for detection. (els.net)
  • Now, with genetic sequencing becoming prevalent, we can start to focus on the biology of the pathogens themselves. (amnh.org)
  • thus, identification of anthropogenic reservoirs of potential pathogens is of public health concern ( 3 , 6 ). (pnas.org)
  • The researchers separated a DNAzyme into two inactive halves that both selectively bind to a specific gene segment of the pathogen to be detected. (innovations-report.com)
  • it can be made to detect every kind of pathogen, as the researchers demonstrated by detecting gonorrhea, syphilis, malaria, and hepatitis B. In a freeze-dried state, the reagents can be stored with no problem - an important requirement for use in the field. (innovations-report.com)
  • Transmission of pathogens occurs through many different routes, including airborne, direct or indirect contact, sexual contact, through blood, breast milk, or other body fluids, and through the fecal-oral route . (wikipedia.org)
  • Without proper preparation in blood diseases and airborne pathogens, costly OSHA and state-specific regulatory fines could be levied. (nsc.org)
  • How have genetic data altered our understanding of pathogens? (amnh.org)
  • Supramap puts genetic information into geospatial context with other data, such as host populations, to provide a visualization of how pathogens are spread among humans and animals. (amnh.org)
  • Although opportunistic pathogens commonly are cultured from shower facilities, there is little knowledge of either their prevalence or the nature of other microorganisms that may be delivered during shower usage. (pnas.org)
  • After that, we will cover the various methods by which pathogens can transmit from one person to the next, thereby causing an epidemic. (coursera.org)
  • Evolutionary medicine has found that under horizontal transmission, the host population might never develop tolerance to the pathogen . (wikipedia.org)
  • Some of the diseases that are caused by viral pathogens include smallpox , influenza , mumps , measles , chickenpox , ebola , and rubella . (wikipedia.org)
  • They examined a protein used by the pathogen to divert the material transport within the cells for its own purposes. (scienceblog.com)
  • Added to meat and poultry products during processing, the ingredients generally are easy to use, inexpensive in comparison to other interventions, and effective as a key hurdle in a multi-hurdle approach to pathogen reduction/elimination. (provisioneronline.com)
  • It gives us a fresh look at epidemiology by allowing us to track pathogens across space in real time and to make reports, akin to weather maps, of where and when drug-resistant or especially dangerous strains are emerging and spreading. (amnh.org)
  • Luckily for us, resistance helps pathogens only in a drug-filled environment. (redorbit.com)
  • Virulence (the tendency of a pathogen to cause damage to a host's fitness ) evolves when that pathogen can spread from a diseased host, despite that host being very debilitated. (wikipedia.org)
  • This feature can be used to identify specific pathogens in food samples. (usda.gov)
  • The principal pathways have different episodic time frames, but soil has the longest or most persistent potential for harboring a pathogen. (wikipedia.org)
  • We conclude that showerheads may present a significant potential exposure to aerosolized microbes, including documented opportunistic pathogens. (pnas.org)
  • A pathogen may be described in terms of its ability to produce toxins , enter tissue, colonize, hijack nutrients, and its ability to immunosuppress the host. (wikipedia.org)
  • On the contrary, we should develop more new drugs, to give new answers to the adaptive strategies of pathogens, and we should protect those drugs, for instance by using them in combination therapies. (redorbit.com)
  • In this never-ending arms race we should use our drugs wisely, to minimize the chances for pathogens to develop resistance. (redorbit.com)