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  • Tendons
  • Therefore, this study aims to investigate the effect of sex-steroids on relaxin receptor isoforms (RXFP1 & RXFP2) expression in the ligaments and tendons of the knee. (medsci.org)
  • The stay apparatus is a group of ligaments, tendons and muscles which "lock" major joints in the limbs of the horse. (wikipedia.org)
  • The stay apparatus is an arrangement of muscles, tendons and ligaments that work together so that an animal can remain standing with "virtually no" muscular effort. (wikipedia.org)
  • In the hind limbs, the major muscles, ligaments and tendons work with the reciprocal joints of the hock and stifle, which are a reciprocal apparatus that forces the hock and stifle to flex and extend in unison. (wikipedia.org)
  • Anatomical structures important in the stay apparatus include: The suspensory apparatus, including the superficial and deep digital flexor tendons along with the proximal and distal check ligaments. (wikipedia.org)
  • laxity
  • This raised the possibility that female sex-steroids are involved in the mechanism underlying this injury via affecting the expression of the receptors for relaxin, a peptide hormone known to modulate ligament laxity. (medsci.org)
  • stabilize
  • In essence, the accessory check ligaments act as tension bands, they stabilize the carpus (called the "knee" in horses), fetlock and bones of the foot. (wikipedia.org)
  • cartilage
  • During pregnancy in mice, relaxin is involved in transformation of pubic joint cartilage into a more flexible and elastic interpubic ligament in order to accommodate the enlarging uterus [ 11 ]. (medsci.org)
  • occur
  • ACL injuries can be categorized into groups- contact and non-contact based on the nature of the injury Contact injuries occur when a person or object come into contact with the knee causing the ligament to tear. (wikipedia.org)
  • rotation
  • The meniscofemoral ligament is a primary internal rotation stabilizer and a secondary external rotation stabilizer, activated when the sMCL fails. (wikipedia.org)
  • The meniscotibial ligament acts to secondarily stabilize internal rotation. (wikipedia.org)
  • pain
  • As this critical ligament supports your arches, a strain can cause irritation and swelling resulting in pain with every step. (mytopfitness.com)
  • upon
  • Occasionally, stimulation of the body's natural ability to heal the native ligament, called a "healing response", is relied upon. (wikipedia.org)